• Title, Summary, Keyword: Behavior

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Children's Sensation Seeking, Maternal Childrearing Behavior and Children's Problem Behavior (아동의 감각추구성향 및 어머니 양육행동과 남녀 아동의 문제행동과의 관계)

  • 정현희;오미경
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.38 no.6
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    • pp.171-183
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    • 2000
  • This study investigated the relationship among children's sensation seeking, maternal childrearing behavior and children's problem behavior. The subjects were 470 5th and 6th grade elementary school students in Pusan, Korea. Zuckerman's questionnaire on sensation seeking(1994), Park, Young Yae's questionnaire on maternal childrearing behaviors(1995) and Kim Hye Ryun's questionnaire on children's maladjustment behavior(1993) were used. The results were as follows : (1) According to sex, there were significant differences in sensation seeking stores, the aggressive behavior scores and distracted behavior scores. The boys got higher scores than girls in sensation seeking scores, and also in aggressive behavior scores and distracted behavior scores. (2) There were significant positive correlations between sensation seeking scores and the aggressive behavior scores for both boys and girls. And there were significant positive correlations between sensation seeking scores and the distracted behavior scores for both boys and girls. (3) Both sensation seeking and maternal child rearing behavior predicted aggressive behavior and distracted behavior for both boys and girls. For boy's aggressive behavior, sensation seeking and maternal child rearing behavior explained 8%, 8%, respectively. For boy's distracted behavior, sensation seeking explained 5%. And for girl's aggressive behavior, sensation seeking and maternal child rearing behavior explained 27%, 9%, respectively. For girl's distracted behavior, sensation seeking and maternal child rearing behavior explained 28%, 7%, respectively. The sensation seeking variable was the important predictor influencing on children's aggressive behavior and distracted behavior. Implications of this study were discussed in terms of sensation seeking and socialization.

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Study on the Theory of Planned Behavior applied to appearance management behavior: focused on skin care, makeup, apparel, hair and weight management behaviors (계획된 행동이론(TPB)을 적용한 외모관리행동에 대한 연구 - 피부, 화장, 의복, 헤어, 체중관리 행동을 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Ji-Young;Park, Kil-Soon
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.331-347
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to explore how the Theory of Planned Behavior applies to five appearance management behaviors and the effects of three variables - attitude, subjective norm, and perceived behavior control on appearance management behaviors. The research was conducted by surveying 410 female adult respondents between the ages of 20 to 40 with the goal of predicting the appearance management behavior of women. The data were analyzed using IBM SPSS Statistics 19.0 and Amos 19 in addition to Frequency analysis and path analysis. In the first case, the potential for applying appearance management theory on appearance management behavior of women was observed. The appearance management behavior performed by women was classified into five categories: skin care behavior, makeup management behavior, apparel management behavior, hair care behavior, and weight management behavior. It was determined all five behaviors could be predicted by applying the Theory of Planned Behavior. In the second case, effects of attitude related to subjective norm and perceived behavior control related to skin care behavior was statistically significant. In terms of makeup management behavior, all of the three variables were statistically significant. With regard to apparel management behavior, only subjective norm behavior was statistically significant. Concerning hair care behavior, attitude and perceived behavior control were statistically significant. On weight management behavior only attitude was statistically significant.

The Relationship Between Children's Behavior Problem and Their Food Behaviors (유아의 식생활행동과 행동문제와의 관련성 연구)

  • Kim, Jung-Hyun;Hwang, Hae-Shin
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.43 no.6
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    • pp.578-587
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    • 2010
  • This study was conducted to investigate the food behavior during the childhood, the influence of food behavior on internalizing and externalizing behavior problems, and the pattern of influence of food behavior on behavior problem depending on children's age and gender. A total of 171 children aged 5 and 6 years were selected who attended 3 nurseries and 1 kindergarten in Seoul, and the survey data responded by teachers were analyzed. The results were as follows. First, children with higher levels of food behavior showed less internalizing behavior problems compared to those with lower levels of food behavior. The main effects and interaction of gender and age were not significant. Second, children with higher levels of food behavior showed less externalizing behavior problems compared to those with lower levels of food behavior. For hyperactivity, interaction of age and food behavior was significant, and age and the interaction of age and food behavior affected children's agression. Food behavior of children affects behavior problem and, therefore, children with better food behavior showed less behavior problems in the same circumstances.

The Effects of Maternal Parenting Behavior on Preschoolers' Social Behavior: The Mediating Effect of Preschoolers' Executive Function (어머니의 양육행동이 유아의 사회적 행동에 미치는 영향: 유아의 실행기능의 매개효과)

  • Kim, Sora;Shin, Nana
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.47-67
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    • 2020
  • Objective: The main purpose of this study was to investigate the direct effect of maternal parenting behavior and indirect effects through preschoolers'executive function on three types of social behavior, prosocial, aggressive and withdrawn behavior. Methods: A total of 299 mothers and their preschool-aged children were the subjects of this study. Mothers completed the questionnaire that included measures of their parenting behavior, preschoolers' executive function, and social behavior. Results: First, mothers' positive parenting behavior had a direct effect on preschoolers' prosocial behavior, and mothers' negative parenting behavior had direct effects on preschoolers' aggressive and withdrawn behavior. Second, mothers' positive parenting behavior had indirect effects on preschoolers' prosocial, aggressive and withdrawn behavior through preschoolers' executive function. In contrast, indirect paths from maternal negative parenting behavior to social behavior through preschoolers' execution function were not significant. Conclusion/Implications: These findings underscore the importance of executive function during early childhood and suggest the need for effective parenting programs to promote executive function.

A Study on Fashion Behavior and Make-up Behavior in terms of the Lifestyle of Post Digital Generation (포스트 디지털 세대의 라이프스타일에 따른 패션행동 및 화장행동과의 관계)

  • Jung, Yun-Hee;Yoo, Tai-Soon
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.526-536
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    • 2008
  • This study is to analyze and examine the relations of lifestyle, fashion behavior, and make-up behavior of post digital generation and to provide the basic data which help to establish and perform the distinctive marketing strategies targeting the post digital generation. Subjects were 1,460 male and female undergraduates who attend colleges or universities in Seoul, Busan, and Daegu. Average, standard deviation, MANOVA, and ANOVA were conducted using SPSS 12.0 statistic program. The results were as follows: The higher points the group got in all the subfactors regarding information seeking pursuit and sensation intention fascination pursuit, the higher points the group had in the subfactors of fashion behavior and make-up behavior. The group with higher fashionenjoyment pursuit appeared to seek after more brand price choice behavior, internet shopping purchasing behavior, fashion information source seeking behavior, and impulse buying behavior in the subfactors of fashion behavior as well as more self-satisfaction appearance orientation and fashion information buying orientation in the subfactors of make-up behavior. With the group in pursuit of more multi activities, not only were brand price choice behavior and fashion information source seeking behavior in the subfactors of fashion behavior sought after more, but self-satisfaction appearance orientation and fashion information buying orientation in the subfactors of make-up behavior were pursued more as well. The more interpersonal relations the group had, the more self-satisfaction appearance orientation and fashion information buying orientation in the subfactors of make-up behavior as well as the more brand price choice behavior, fashion information source seeking behavior, impulse buying behavior, other-regarding behavior and independent buying behavior in the subfactors of fashion behavior the group had.

Testing the Theory of Planned Behavior in the Prediction and Intention of Smoking Cessation Behavior (일부 대학생의 금연의도 예측을 위한 계획된 행위이론(Theory of planned Behavior)의 검증)

  • Hyun, Hye-Jin
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.117-127
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    • 1998
  • The Theory of Planned Behavior has been shown to yield great explanatory power in health behavior as well as social behavior. This study was conducted to test the Theory of Planned Behavior in the prediction and intention of smoking cessation behavior in university student smokers. We conveniently sampled 204 university student smokers and investigated using questionaries, analyzing the data with the Pearson product-moment correlation, and multiple regression. The results are as follows : 1. There are significant correlations in direct and indirect measures of attitude toward smoking cessation behavior, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control. 2. Behavior belief is significant in predicting attitudes toward smoking cessation behavior. Normative belief is significant in predicting the subjective norm. Control belief is significant in predicting perceived behavioral control. 3. Attitude toward smoking cessation behavior, subjective norm are significant in predicting intention of smoking cessation behavior. In conclusion, this study demonstrated strong support for the Theory of the Planned Behavior and its use to predict smoking cessation behavior in university students smokers. But, as perceived behavioral control is not significant in predicting smoking cessation behavior, indepth research is needed to evaluate the usefullness of the Theory of Planned Behavior and Reasoned Action Theory.

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Relationships between child’s temperament and behavior problem (아동의 기질과 문제행동과의 관계)

  • 정현희;최경순
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between child’s temperament and behavior problem according to child’s sex. The subjects for this study were children’s mothers of 2nd grade selected from elementary schools in Busan. Han, Sae-Young’s questionnaires(1996) on child’s temperament and Kim, Min-Kyung’s questionnaires(1998) on child’s behavior problem were used. Statistical techniques such as t-test, Pearson’s correlation, multiple regression, canonical were used. The results were as follows : (1) According to sex, there were no significant differences in child’s temperament. But there were significant differences in child’s behavior problem. The boys got higher scores than girls in hyperactive/distractive behavior and in hostile/aggressive behavior. (2) There were significant correlations between child’s emotionality and hyperactive/distractive behavior, between child’s emotionality and anxious/fearful behavior, between child’s emotionality and hostile/ aggressive behavior, and between child’s activity and hyperactive/distractive behavior. (3) The predicted variables for child’s hyperactive/distractive behavior were emotionality and activity. The predicted variable for chid’s anxious/fearful behavior and hostile/aggressive behavior was emotionality. (4) Among three dimensions of boy’s temperament, the effective variable was emotionality. And among three dimensions of boy’s behavior problem were anxious/fearful behavior and hostile/aggressive behavior. Among three dimensions of girl’s temperament, the effective variable was emotionality. And among three dimensions of girl’s problem behavior was anxious/fearful behavior. Implications of this study were discussed in terms of child’s temperament and behavior problem.

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Analysis of Individual, Family and School Environment Factors Related to Children's Bullying Behaviors (또래괴롭힘 행동경향성에 관련된 개인, 가족 및 학교환경변인 탐색)

  • Kim, Youn-Hwa;Han, Sae-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.48 no.2
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    • pp.95-111
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    • 2010
  • We examined gender-specific behaviors in children and classified types of bullying behavior among 1,181 fifth and sixth grade elementary schools students. Differences were identified in individual variables, family environment variables, and school environment variables. Furthermore the behavioral tendencies of those variables towards bullying were also investigated. Collected data were subjected to descriptive and comparative statistical analysis using the SPSS program(Ver 15.0). Results showed that tendency towards bullying was gender specific. Bullying behavior, reinforcing behavior, assistant behavior, and onlooking behavior in boys were influenced by individual factors only. However, defending behavior in boys was influenced by individual and school factors, while victimizing behavior was influenced by individual and family factors. In girls, onlooking behavior was only influenced by individual factors, while reinforcing behavior was influenced by individual and family factors. Bullying behavior, defending behavior, assistant behavior, and victimizing behavior in girls were influenced by individual, family, and school factors.

Study on the Effects of College Students' Interpersonal Relations Disposition on Appearance Concern and Appearance Management Behavior (대학생의 대인관계성향이 외모관심도와 외모관리행동에 미치는 영향 연구)

  • Lee, Hyun-Ok;Ku, Yang-Suk
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.888-896
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    • 2014
  • This study examines the effect of college students' interpersonal relations disposition on appearance concern and appearance management behavior. Questionnaires were administered to 202 college students living in Daegu. The SPSS 20.0 package was utilized for data analysis which included frequency analysis, Cronbach's ${\alpha}$, factor analysis, cluster analysis, regression analysis, t-test and logistic regression. Five factors of appearance management behavior (body management behavior, skin care behavior, hair/fashion behavior, cosmetics usage behavior, plastic surgery behavior), seven factors of interpersonal relations disposition (independent/responsibility, sympathetic/receptive, sociable/friendly, competitive/aggressively, conspicuous/narcissistic, defiant/distrust, dominant /supreme) and two groups of appearance concern (high, low) were utilized for the problem analysis of the study. The results of this study were: First, Interpersonal relations disposition had an influence on appearance management behavior. Conspicuous/narcissistic type showed a positive influence on body management behavior, skin care behavior, hair/fashion behavior, cosmetics usage behavior, plastic surgery behavior. The sympathetic/receptive type showed a positive influence on skin care behavior and the competitive/aggressively type showed a positive influence on hair/fashion behavior; however, independent/responsibility type showed a negative influence on cosmetic usage behavior. Second, dominant /supreme type showed a negative influence on appearance concern; however, conspicuous/narcissistic type and defiant/distrust type showed a positive influence on appearance concern. Third, the appearance concern groups showed differences on appearance management behavior. The higher appearance concern group compared to the low appearance concern group were more active for cosmetics usage behavior, hair/fashion behavior, plastic surgery behavior, body management behavior and skin care behavior.

Effects of female college students' self-image and media involvement on appearance management behavior (여대생의 자기이미지와 미디어관여가 외모관리행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Jiyang;Yim, Eunhyuk;Chun, Hokyung
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.164-178
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study is to verify effects of female college students' self-image on appearance management behavior and investigate the differences caused by TV involvement and entertainer imitation on the appearance managing behavior. Respondents of the survey were 424 college females living in Seoul and Gyeonggi province. For statistical analysis, factor analysis and multiple regression were conducted using SPSS 18.0 program. The results of this study are as follows: First, self-image among college females were composed of 5 factors, which were active image, feminine image, intelligent image, gentle image and modern image. Second, college females' self-image influenced on skin management behavior, hair management behavior, make-up behavior, clothing behavior and weight management behavior significantly. Specifically, as respondents' active image and modern image are getting higher, they tend to perform skin management behavior, hair management behavior and clothing behavior. As female students' intellectual image and modern image were getting higher, more positive effects were found on make-up behavior. As female students' gentle image and active image were getting higher, there was more positive effects on weight management behavior. But, female students' self-image didn't show significant effects on cosmetic surgery behavior. Third, when subjects' TV involvement was high, self-image made greater effect on skin management behavior and cosmetic surgery behavior than those with low TV involvement. Forth, when entertainer imitation was high, self-image made greater effects on skin management behavior, hair management behavior, clothing behavior, make-up behavior, weight management behavior, cosmetic surgery behavior than those with low entertainer management.