• Title, Summary, Keyword: Beef Cattle

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Causal Loop Analysis and Policy Simulation on the fluctuation of Korean Cattle Price (한우 가격 파동의 인과순환적 구조분석과 정책 시뮬레이션)

  • Choi, Nam-Hee
    • Korean System Dynamics Review
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.135-163
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    • 2013
  • This study aims to analyze the feedback loops and policy simulation of price fluctuation of Korean Cattle. The Korean Cattle market shows the 'Cycle of Beef' since 1970. In general, the market for agricultural commodities exhibit repeated cycles of prices and production. Why Beef products market in Korea shows the fluctuation of cattle and beef price repeatedly for forty years? To find an answer, this paper explores the feedback structure of the dynamics of the beef market by the systems thinking and build a stock-flow diagram model for the simulation of future behavior of the market sector of the Cattle. The dynamic simulation model was developed to identify and analyze the cyclical behavior among many variables, which is the number of cattle (calves, cow, etc.), the price of cattle, the demand for beef, the desirable number of cattle, slaughter, etc. The results of this study demonstrate that dominant feedback loops between the number of cattle and livestock prices. The demand for Beef and slaughter with time delay, also the results of the simulation to explain the persistence of future price fluctuations and actions meat market until 2025.

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A Case Study on Production and Distribution Situations of Korean Organic Beef Cattle (유기한우 생산 및 유통실태에 관한 사례연구)

  • Soung, Joung-Hyun;Kim, Ho
    • Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.173-188
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    • 2008
  • This study focused on production and distribution situations of Korean organic beef cattle at Hongseong Chungnam. Case Farmers have raised cattle organically based on interchange between a few Consumers' Life Cooperatives(CLC) and them. CLC furnished with funding to purchase calves and bought the cattle beef. However, they have many problems related to procuring organic feed in producing organic beef. Presently, they have used organic byproducts from sowing farming and prepared grass places. But they don't breed organic beef cattle in a large scale because of the limitation of organic feed output.

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Sequencing and Characterization of Divergent Marbling Levels in the Beef Cattle (Longissimus dorsi Muscle) Transcriptome

  • Chen, Dong;Li, Wufeng;Du, Min;Wu, Meng;Cao, Binghai
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.158-165
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    • 2015
  • Marbling is an important trait regarding the quality of beef. Analysis of beef cattle transcriptome and its expression profile data are essential to extend the genetic information resources and would support further studies on beef cattle. RNA sequencing was performed in beef cattle using the Illumina High-Seq2000 platform. Approximately 251.58 million clean reads were generated from a high marbling (H) group and low marbling (L) group. Approximately 80.12% of the 19,994 bovine genes (protein coding) were detected in all samples, and 749 genes exhibited differential expression between the H and L groups based on fold change (>1.5-fold, p<0.05). Multiple gene ontology terms and biological pathways were found significantly enriched among the differentially expressed genes. The transcriptome data will facilitate future functional studies on marbling formation in beef cattle and may be applied to improve breeding programs for cattle and closely related mammals.

Quality Characteristics of Beef Jerky Made with Beef Meat of Various Origin Places during Storage (원산지가 다른 쇠고기 육포의 저장 중 품질 특성)

  • Park, Gi-Hyung;Kwak, Eun-Jung;Lee, Young-Soon;Lee, Kyung-Hee
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.81-88
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to compare and evaluate the quality of beef jerky made with Korean beef meat, Korean beef cattle and imported beef meat from Austria and New Zealand. The beef jerky qualities were evaluated by sensory evaluation, measurement of crude lipid, fatty acid composition of lipid, and acid value and peroxide value, and of surface observation with a microscope. According to the preference test, whereas beef jerky made with Korean beef meat showed the highest score in color, glaze, palatability, and softness, while that of made with New Zealand beef meat did received the lowest score. The crude lipid content of jerky made with Korean and Austrian beef meat was higher than that of made with Korean cattle and New Zealand beef meat. Surface of jerky made with Korean and Austrian beef meat was gappier than that of made with Korean cattle and New Zealand beef meat, and the. The acid value of jerky made with Korean and Austrian beef meat was lower than that of made with Korean cattle and New Zealand beef meat. The peroxide value of jerky made with Korean cattle meat showed higher peroxide values from the initial storage time. However, the peroxide value whereas that of jerky made with Austrian beef meat was the lowest at initial storage time, it increased remarkably with storage time and showed the highest value after the 15th day of storage. We found that the change in quality of jerky made with Korean and Austrian beef meat was less than that those made of Korean cattle and New zealand beef meat. And it could be suggested that Korean cattle and New Zealand beef meat are not suitable in making jerky.

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Comparison of Flavor Characteristics and Palatability of Beef Obtained from Various Breeds (품종별 쇠고기의 풍미특성과 기호성 비교)

  • Park, Hyung-Il;Lee, Moo-Ha;Chung, Myung-Sub
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.500-506
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    • 1994
  • For comparison of beef quality, four kinds of beef (Korean native cattle beef, dairy cattle beef, imported beef, cross-bred beef) were investigated through tenderness, juiciness and flavor related components measurement and organoleptic tests. Flavor related chemical components such as NPN, IMP, free fatty acid and free amino acids were analyzed, water holding capacity, contents of hydroxyproline and intramuscular fat were measured for evaluation of beef tenderness. Instron was also used for measuring beef tenderness as an objective method. Triangle test and descriptive analysis test were conducted for comparison and evaluation of preference of various beef samples. In hardness analysis using Instron, imported and cross-bred beefs had higher value than that of Korean native cattle or dairy cattle beef. Water holding capacity and pH of Korean cattle beef was higher than that of others. The intramuscular fat content of Korean cattle beef was highest, so it was expected juicier than other beef. In flavor related compound analysis, NPN content of Korean native cattle beef was the lowest, which shows it spent the least time among sample meats after slaughter. IMP, hypoxantine and inosine were most abundant in Korean native cattle beef. In free amino acids analysis showed that the proportion of basic acid and aromatic acid content of Korean native cattle beef was highest, whereas that of sulfur containing amino acid of imported beef was highest. TBA value of Korean native cattle beef was the lowest, and analysis of fatty acid composition revealed that the proportion of unsaturated fatty acid of Korean native cattle beef was higher than imported and dairy cattle beef, but similar to cross-bred beef. Organoleptic test was performed by triangle test and descriptive analysis. In triangle test, most panelist could distinguish Korea native cattle beef from imported beef and cross-bred beef, imported beef from cross-bred beef. In descriptive analysis which relys on subjective standards of panelists, there was no difference among beef in aroma, flavor and tenderness except juiciness. Even though contents of non volatile flavor compounds in Korean native cattle beef were higher than those of other beef samples, there were no significant differences in subjective panel test. The results showed that Korean consumers do not have common standards for beef quality evaluation.

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A Study on the Difference in Importance and Performance of DINESERV's 5 Dimensions between Korean Native Cattle Beef and Imported Beef Restaurant

  • Cho, Yoon-Shik;Lee, Mi-Ock
    • Journal of the Korean Data and Information Science Society
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.1165-1172
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    • 2008
  • A considerable amount of research has focused on the dimensionality of service quality construct. To achieve and maintain their comprehensiveness and profitability, restaurant managers should manage and aim to continuously improve the level of service quality offered to their customers. This paper is focused on service quality in the Korean native cattle and imported beef restaurant industry in the Korea. So, this paper has adapted DINESERV scale so that restaurant managers can use it to determine how customers perceive the service quality in Korean native cattle beef restaurant and imported beef restaurant. The purpose of this research is to test the difference in importance and actual performance of 5 dimensions between the restaurants that sell the beef of Korean native cattle and imported cattle. The t-value is used to test difference of the importance and actual performance for DINESERV's 5 dimensions of the 2 restaurant types. But, there is no difference between Korean native cattle and imported beef restaurant.

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Current situation and future prospects for beef production in China - A review

  • Li, Xiang Zi;Yan, Chang Guo;Zan, Lin Sen
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.31 no.7
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    • pp.984-991
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    • 2018
  • The beef industry is an important part of livestock and meat production in China. China ranks third in the world for beef production. With the rapid development of the Chinese economy, beef consumption has grown rapidly, and beef consumption has been increasing with rising per capita gross domestic production. However, the domestic beef industry in China has not been able to keep pace with growth in consumption, making China a net importer of beef from other countries. Moreover, the volume of production has increased little despite rising demand. The slowing of growth in beef production in recent years has led to a sharp rise in beef prices. Domestic beef production and consumption is restricted by a shortage of beef cattle inventory. The Chinese beef industry is facing many technical problems including transformation of traditional practices, feeding and management systems, and genetic improvement of cattle breeds. The long-term, sustainable development of the Chinese beef industry is an important issue for China.

Current situation and future prospects for beef production in Thailand - A review

  • Bunmee, Thanaporn;Chaiwang, Niraporn;Kaewkot, Chonlathee;Jaturasitha, Sanchai
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.31 no.7
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    • pp.968-975
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    • 2018
  • Thailand is a country of native beef cattle resource farming. It has undergone rapid social and economic change in the past decade. Agricultural growth has been maintained by increasing the production of rice and cassava. Changing economic status also provides opportunities for beef cattle producers to meet increasing consumer demand for beef. Finishing beef cattle numbers in Thailand were about 1.0 M head in 2015. Beef produced in Thailand has exclusively been for domestic consumption. Only 1% of Thailand's beef cattle are for the premium market which is based on marbling score, 40% are sold into modern markets that consider muscling of cattle, and the remainder enter traditional markets. Cross-bred cattle for the premium market are raised within intensive systems. Most producers of premium beef are members of beef cooperatives, or have invested in their enterprises at high levels. Culled cow (native or cross-bred cattle) are mainly for small holder farm production. Malaysia, Indonesia, and other members of the Asian Economic Community (AEC) are set to become the largest beef market, which has been confirmed by 2015 through 2020 forecasts for consumption of beef that must increasingly be halal. These circumstances are likely to be challenging for beef producers in Thailand to gain a share of this market. Integration across all sectors involved in beef production in Thailand will be required.

Conservation of indigenous cattle genetic resources in Southern Africa's smallholder areas: turning threats into opportunities - A review

  • Nyamushamba, G.B.;Mapiye, C.;Tada, O.;Halimani, T.E.;Muchenje, V.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.603-621
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    • 2017
  • The current review focuses on characterization and conservation efforts vital for the development of breeding programmes for indigenous beef cattle genetic resources in Southern Africa. Indigenous African cattle breeds were identified and characterized using information from refereed journals, conference papers and research reports. Results of this current review reviewed that smallholder beef cattle production in Southern Africa is extensive and dominated by indigenous beef cattle strains adaptable to the local environment. The breeds include Nguni, Mashona, Tuli, Malawi Zebu, Bovino de Tete, Angoni, Landim, Barotse, Twsana and Ankole. These breeds have important functions ranging from provision of food and income to socio-economic, cultural and ecological roles. They also have adaptive traits ranging from drought tolerant, resistance to ticks and tick borne diseases, heat tolerance and resistance to trypanosomosis. Stakeholders in the conservation of beef cattle were also identified and they included farmers, national government, research institutes and universities as well as breeding companies and societies in Southern Africa. Research efforts made to evaluate threats and opportunities of indigenous beef cattle production systems, assess the contribution of indigenous cattle to household food security and income, genetically and phenotypically characterize and conserve indigenous breeds, and develop breeding programs for smallholder beef production are highlighted. Although smallholder beef cattle production in the smallholder farming systems contributes substantially to household food security and income, their productivity is hindered by several constraints that include high prevalence of diseases and parasites, limited feed availability and poor marketing. The majority of the African cattle populations remain largely uncharacterized although most of the indigenous cattle breeds have been identified.

Current situation and future prospects for beef cattle production in Indonesia - A review

  • Agus, Ali;Widi, Tri Satya Mastuti
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.31 no.7
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    • pp.976-983
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    • 2018
  • Increasing demand in developing countries for animal sources of food including red meat is predicted to double by 2050. In Indonesia, there has always been a gap between supply and demand of beef with national beef production only satisfying about 45% of demand. This paper aims to describe the current features and prospects for beef production systems in Indonesia. The first part of the article reviews and analyses Indonesian beef cattle production systems. The second part addresses issues related to the current systems for beef production that could become important for future development of the beef industry in Indonesia. Recommendations to improve breeding and reproduction, to empower smallholder farmers, to improve the capacity of industry-related institutions to enhance technology transfer, and to develop systems for industry development such as integration of palm oil or plantations with beef cattle production are briefly discussed.