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Physicochemical Properties of Mung Bean Starch and Texture of Cold-Stored Mung Bean Starch Gels added with Soy Bean Oil (대두유 첨가가 녹두전분의 이화학적 특성과 저온저장 녹두전분겔의 텍스쳐에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Eun-Jung;Oh, Myung-Suk
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.513-520
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    • 2011
  • This study was carried out to investigate the physicochemical properties of mung bean starch and the texture of cold-stored (5$^{\circ}C$ for 0, 24, 48, and 72 hours) mung bean starch gels added with soy bean oil (0, 2, 4, 6%). The swelling power of mung bean starch added with soy bean oil did not significantly change, whereas solubility increased significantly. Soluble carbohydrate content of mung bean starch added with soy bean oil decreased without any significant differences, whereas soluble amylose content decreased significantly. In RVA viscosity, pasting temperature and peak viscosity of mung bean starch added with soy bean oil were not significantly different, whereas minimum viscosity decreased and breakdown and consistency increased significantly. In RVA viscosity, there were no differences according to concentration of soy bean oil. DSC thermograms show that onset temperature of mung bean starch added with soy bean oil did not significantly change, whereas the enthalpy increased in the case of 4% and 6% oil addition. Rupture properties of freshly prepared mung bean starch gels added with soy bean oil increased in the case of 2% and 4% oil addition, and oil addition to mung bean starch gels suppressed changes in rupture properties during cold storage. There were no significant differences in the texture of freshly prepared mung bean starch gels added with soy bean oil, whereas hardness, chewiness, and gumminess of cold-stored mung bean starch gels added with soy bean oil decreased. In the above textural charactristics, there were no differences due to concentration of soy bean oil. Thus, the addition of 2-4% soy bean oil to mung bean starch is appropriate for improving the quality characteristics of cold-stored mung bean starch gels.

The Sensory Evaluation of Bread with Added $\alpha$-Azuki bean Powder for Manufacturing Small Red Bean Bread by Balanced Incomplete Block Design ($\alpha$-팥 분말 첨가 식빵 제조를 위한 균형된 불완비 블록법에 의한 관능 평가)

  • 고광진
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.239-246
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    • 1995
  • This study was prepared to optimize $\alpha$-azuki bean powder content by sensory evaluation method when manufacturing bread with added $\alpha$-azuki bean powder. These sensory characteristics were designed to investigate sensory evaluation about appearance, color, texture, taste and overall acceptability of small red bean bread by balanced incomplete block design. According to evaluated mean of adjusted treatments, appearance was represented high value in bread with added 3% and 6% $\alpha$-azuki bean powder than bread without $\alpha$-azuki bean powder. Bread without $\alpha$-azuki bean powder was revealed maximum sensory score value of color among whole treatments and vread with added 6% $\alpha$-azuki bean powder was revealed second highest sensory value. As $\alpha$-azuki bean powder content increased, sensory score of texture, taste and overall acceptability increased. and bread added 12% $\alpha$-azuki bean powder revealed maximum sensory score. On the results of this research about sensory characteristics for manufacturing bread with added $\alpha$-azuki bean powder, bread with added $\alpha$-azuki bean powder was considered optimum when12% $\alpha$-azuki bean powder was added wheat flour because of highest score of texture, taste and overall acceptability in spite of lower score of appearance and color.

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Harvesting performance of an experimental pick-up type pulse crop harvester for green kernel black bean

  • Choi, Yeong Soo;Han, Byung Hee;Yoo, Soo Nam
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.44 no.1
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    • pp.114-122
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    • 2017
  • An experimental pick-up type pulse crop harvester was built and its harvesting performance for green kernel black bean was evaluated. Field bean loss and harvested bean quality of the harvester were analyzed according to engine speeds of 2,000; 2,400; 2,800; 3,000; and 3,200 rpm, and travel speeds of 0.6; 1.0; and 1.4 m/s. Operating conditions and field capacity of the harvester for proper harvesting were estimated. The harvester had an optimum performance at a grain moisture content of 13.4%, an engine speed of 3,000 rpm, and a travel speed of 1.2 - 1.3 m/s. Subsequently, the picking-up, discharging, and total bean loss ratios were found to be 1.6, 1.3, and 2.9%, respectively. The whole bean, damaged bean, unthreshed bean, and foreign material ratios were determined to be 96.2, 1.0, 0.1, and 0.3%, respectively. Results showed that the harvester had lower bean loss and higher harvested bean quality than those of imported bean combines. The harvester could harvest 2 rows with a crop spacing of an approximately 1.4 m. Its optimum travel speed was estimated to be approximately 1.2 m/s when harvesting performance was taken into account using such variables as field bean loss and harvested bean quality for green kernel black bean. Effective field capacity of the harvester was estimated at approximately 40 a/h.

Comparison of Physicochemical Propertres of Various Bean Starches -Cowpea, mung bean, kidney bear and red bean- (두류 전분의 이화학적 특성비교 -동부, 녹두, 강낭콩, 팥-)

  • Sohn, Kyung-Hee;Yoon, Gae-Soon;Chung, Hea-Jung;Chae, Sun-Hee
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.13-19
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    • 1990
  • Cowpea, mung bean, Kidney bean and red bean are simular properties. In order to elucidate the similarity among these four starches, some physicochemical properties of starches were compared. Water binding capacity of kidney bean and red bean (199%) starches are higher than mung bean and cowpea. The solubility, swlling power and optical transmittance of the four starches showed a similar pattern, but kidney bean and red bean starches had a lower swelling power than cowpea starches. Cowpea, mung bean, kidney bean and red bean starches had the blue value of 0.41, 0.47, 0.42 and 0.50, the alkali content of 8.4, 8.0, 4.13, 4.13, the amylose content of amylose of 30,000, 29,268, 52, 173 and 33, 611 and glucose unit per segment of amylopectin of 27.6, 26.8, 18.35 and 12.9 respectively. The results of X-ray diffraction studies showed A pattern for four starches.

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Instrumental and Sensory Characteristics of Yanggaeng Mixed with Kidney Bean Sediment (강낭콩 앙금 혼합율에 따른 양갱의 기계적.관능적 특성)

  • Park, Sun-Hee;Cho, Eun-Ja
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.247-253
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    • 1995
  • The proximate composition and calorie of kidney bean sediment, amylogram, color, texture and sensory evaluation of Yanggaeng mixed with kidney bean sediment. Significant differences in the protein and fat contents were noticed among kidney bean sediment samples. The amylograms of sediment mixed with sugar and/or agar showed no peak and increase of viscosity compared with the control. When the Yanggaeng was prepared from the mixture of sediments of red bean and kidney bean, noticiable color changes were observed at 30% level of kidney bean sediment. Hardness and cohesiveness of Yanggaeng were increased but elasticity decreased as the proportion of kidney bean sediment increased. Sensory evaluation of Yanggaeng stored at $4^{\circ}C$ for 24 hr revealed that the product prepared from the mixture of red bean sediment (70%) and kidney bean sediment (30%) was not significantly different (p<0.05) compared with that from the 100% red bean sediment.

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A Study for Natural Dyeing Textiles with Bean-Juice Treatment Method (콩즙 처리 방법에 따른 천연염색포의 염색성 연구)

  • Park, Kyeon-Soon;Choi, In-Ryu;Bae, Kye-In
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.85-92
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    • 2007
  • This study focused on bean-juice treatment method which have dyeing property to indigo, yellow soil, sappan wood, cochineal and also on the possibility of applying to mordanting. This is different from the active mordanting using chemicals. Natural mordants with development of dyeing are not harmful, also are the medicines for disease. Limestone and ash neutralize the acidic soil. bean-juice protein adhere to cellulose surface and change the physical properties of protein so that coloring of dye is better than before and film non-soluble in water is made. Therefore the color made from bean-juice process lasts after washing. This study try to show one of the ways to improve the current method using the heavy metal which can have bad effects for environment and human being. Bean-juice(raw bean, heated bean) treatment method can be the way to fix the natural dyeing problem of bad dyeing. Bean-juice had been treated under various condition with pre-treatment, post-treatment and raw bean, heated bean. Following results are obtained in this study. In the case of Indigo dyeing, pre-treatment of heated bean shows the biggest difference of color. In the case of yellow soil dyeing, pre-treatment of raw bean-juice shows the biggest gap of color. Pre-treatment of heated bean in sappan wood dyeing case and post-treatment of raw bean show bigger color difference than pre-treatment of raw bean. In cochineal dyeing, raw bean pre-treatment shows the biggest color difference.

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A Comparison Study on Physicochemical Properties of Two Small Red Bean ( Black and Red ) Starches and Gels (거두와 적두전분의 이화학적 특성 및 Gel 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Chae, Seon-Hee;Sohn, Kyung-Hee
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.7-14
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    • 1990
  • This study has been carried out in order to investigate the physicochemical properties of two small red bean starches. Some of rheological properties of the starch gels were also studied by experiments of various starch concentrations. Water binding capacity of black bean starch was 172.3% and that of red bean starch was 199.0%. Black bean starch had lower swelling power than red bean starch, but the solubility of the black bean starch was higher. When the temperature increased from 60$^{\circ}C$ to 70$^{\circ}C$, the transmittance of two starches rapidly increased. The gelatinized temperature in DSC for black bean was 66.2$^{\circ}C$ and that for red bean was 66.0$^{\circ}C$. Black bean and red bean starches had the blue vlaues of 0.55 and 0.56 and the alkali numbers of 4.40 and 4.13. The molecular weight of amylose was 40,000 and 33,611. The amylose contents of two starches were same at 52%. Brabender Amylographs of two small red bean starch pastes showed C pattern, which is stable. The results of compression test pointed out that TPA parameters varied with the change of storage time, and black bean starch gels had the higher TPA value. The retrogradation study by glucoamylase digestion method revealed that red bean starch gels were more easily retrogradated than black bean. X-ray diffraction patterns of two small red bean starches were A pattern, and diffraction peaks disappeared with gelatinization of starches.

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Comparison of Physicochemical Properties of Legume Starches (두류전분의 이화학적 특성 비교)

  • Kweon, Mee-Ra;Ahn, Seung-Yo
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.334-339
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    • 1993
  • Physicochemical properties such as amylose content, swelling power, gelatinization and DSC of legume starches were investigated. The granule shape of legume starches was oval. The size of cowpea and mung bean were smaller than kidney bean and red bean. The amylose content of mung bean and kidney bean was larger and were $25{\sim}29%$. Swelling power of kidney bean starch was much lower than other starches in all temperature range. In gelatinization temperature by Brabender amylogram, red bean starch was low, but kidney bean starch was rather high. Amylographic hot-paste viscosity and set back of cow pea, mung bean and red bean starches were high. But those of kidney bean starch were very low. DSC results Indicated kidney bean starch gelatinized in higher temperature. From above results, row pea and mung bean starches were similar in granule size and shape, solubility and swelling power, amylogram, and DSC thermogram. But kidney bean starch was very different and red bean starch was slightly different with the physicochemical properties of cow pea and mung bean starches.

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The analysis on the production of bean curd industry in Korea (두부 산업의 생산 실태 분석)

  • Kim, Sounghun;Lee, Kyei-Im;Choi, Ji-Hyeon
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.40 no.4
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    • pp.411-416
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    • 2013
  • In Korea, bean curd is one of most important foods and bean curd industry keeps growing. Korean bean curd industry has complicated structure with a few large-scale manufacturers and many small-size manufacturers, which causes difficulty in figuring the strategy for the promotion of bean curd industry. In order to solve this problem, more specific studies are required. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the production sector of Korean bean curd and to present the implications for the promotion of Korean bean curd industry. Survey analyses to producers was conducted for this research. The results of studies present a few findings: First, the solution for the easier purchase of raw material (soybean) should be prepared. Second, the support for marketing as well as R&D to small-size manufacturers is required. Third, the monitoring and controlling of unfair trading in bean curd market should be strengthened. Forth, the certification programs for the bean curd products should be managed.

A Bibliographical Analysis on Bean sprouts (콩잎에 대한 문헌적 고찰)

  • Lee, Sun Ah;Park, Sang Young;Ahn, Sang Woo
    • The Journal of Korean Medical History
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.109-115
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    • 2008
  • Bean sprouts have been one of the vital food for our ancestor for a long time. They were also hardy wild plants or first-aid medicine for needy people. Even nowadays they are served at table. For examples, bean curd, bean-curd dregs, bean sprouts, soybean paste, fermented soybeans, hot pepper paste, and soy are our daily food. Moreover bean sprouts are widely favored at the age of the well-being. Bean sprouts for a recover from a hangover, soybean paste for the prevention of cancer, beans leaf as the best well-being food for a diet, and so on. Thus the paper explains the origin of bean sprouts and their application as a food or medicinal stuff with the analysis of the various and wide-spread records.

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