• Title, Summary, Keyword: Base moment

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Rotational behavior of exposed column bases with different base plate thickness

  • Cui, Yao;Wang, Fengzhi;Li, Hao;Yamada, Satoshi
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.497-507
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    • 2019
  • Exposed column base connections are used in low- to mid-rise steel moment resisting frames. This paper is to investigate the effect of the base plate thickness on the exposed column base connection strength, stiffness, and energy dissipation. Five specimens with different base plate thickness were numerically modelled using ABAQUS software. The numerical model is able to reproduce the key characteristics of the experimental response. Based on the numerical analysis, the critical base plate thickness to identify the base plate and anchor rod yield mechanism is proposed. For the connection with base plate yield mechanism, the resisting moment is carried by the flexural bending of the base plate. Yield lines in the base plate on the tension side and compression side are illustrated, respectively. This type of connection exhibits a relatively large energy dissipation. For the connection with anchor rod yield mechanism, the moment is resisted through a combination of bearing stresses of concrete foundation on the compression side and tensile forces in the anchor rods on the tension side. This type of connection exhibits self-centering behavior and shows higher initial stiffness and bending strength. In addition, the methods to predict the moment resistance of the connection with different yield mechanisms are presented. And the evaluated moment resistances agree well with the values obtained from the FEM model.

Effects of Higher Modes on the Response Spectra of High-rise Buildings considering the Kinematic Interaction of a Foundation System (기초체계의 운동학적 상호작용을 고려한 고층건물의 응답스펙트럼에 미치는 고차모드의 영향)

  • Kim, Yong-Seok
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.85-92
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    • 2015
  • Response spectra of a building are made with a SDOF system taking into account a first mode shape, even though higher modes may affect on the dynamic responses of a high-rise building. A soft soil layer under a building also affects on the responses of a building. In this study, seismic responses of a MDOF system were investigated to examine the effects of higher modes on the response of a tall building by comparing them with those of a SDOF system including the kinematic interaction effect. Study was performed using a pseudo 3D finite element program with seven bedrock earthquake records downloaded from the PEER database. Effects of higher modes on the seismic responses of a tall building were investigated for base shear force and base moment of a MDOF system including story shear forces and story moments. Study results show that higher modes of a MDOF system contribute to a reduction of base shear force up to 1/4-1/5 of KBC and base moment. The effect of higher modes is more significant on the base shear force than on the base moment. Maximum story shear force and moment occurred at the top part of a building rather than at a base in the cases of tall buildings differently from short buildings, and higher modes of a tall building affected on the base forces making them almost constant at the base. A soft soil layer also affects some on the base shear force of a high-rise building independently on the soft soil type, but a soft soil effect is prominent on the base moment.

Development of a 6-axis Robotic Base Platform with Force/Moment Sensing (힘/모멘트 측정기능을 갖는 6축 로봇 베이스 플랫폼 개발)

  • Jung, Sung Hun;Kim, Han Sung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Industry Convergence
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.315-324
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    • 2019
  • This paper present a novel 6-axis robotic base platform with force/moment sensing. The robotic base platform is made up of six loadcells connecting the moving plate to the fixed plate by spherical joints at the both ends of loadcells. The statics relation is derived, the robotic base platform prototype and the loadcell measurement system are developed. The force/moment calibrations in joint and Cartesian spaces are performed. The algorithm to detect external force applied at a working robot is derived, and using a 6-DOF robot mounted on the robotic base platform, force/moment measurement experiments have been performed.

A new base plate system using deformed reinforcing bars for concrete filled tubular column

  • Park, Yong-Myung;Hwang, Won-Sup;Yoon, Tae-Yang;Hwang, Min-Oh
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.5 no.5
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    • pp.375-394
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    • 2005
  • An experimental study was conducted to develop a new base plate anchorage system for concrete filled tubular column under an axial load and a moment. The column was connected to a concrete foundation using ordinary deformed reinforcing bars that are installed at the inside and outside of the column. In order to investigate the moment resisting capacity of the system, horizontal cyclic loads are applied until the ultimate condition is reached with the axial load held constant. To derive a design method for moment resisting capacity, the reinforced concrete section approach was investigated with the assumption of strain compatibility. The results by this approach agreeded well with those of experiments when the bearing pressure of confined concrete and tangent modulus of steel bars are assumed appropriately. Also, it was found that the column interaction curve can be used to predict the yield strength of the base plate system.

Two-plane Hull Girder Stress Monitoring System for Container Ship

  • Choi Jae-Woong;Kang Yun-Tae
    • Journal of Ship and Ocean Technology
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.17-25
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    • 2004
  • Hull girder stress monitoring system for container ship uses four long-base-strain-gages at mid-ship to monitor the resultant stresses and the applied moment components of horizontal, vertical and torsional moments. The bending moments are estimated by using the conventional strain-moment relations, however, the torsional moment related to the warping strain requires the assumption of the shape of torsional moments over the hull girder. Though this shape could be a sine function with an adequate period, it largely depends upon certain empirical formulas. This paper introduces additional four long-base-strain-gages at mid-ship to derive the longitudinal slope of the warping strain because this slope is directly related to the torsional moment by Bi-moment concept. An open-channel-type cantilever beam has been selected as a simplified model for container ship and the result has proved that the suggested concepts can estimate the torsional component accurately. Finally this method can become reliable technique to derive all external moments in hull girder stress monitoring system for container ships.

Evaluation of Moment Resisting Post-Base Connection Using Multi-directional Connector (다방향 접합철물 삽입형 기둥-기초 접합부 모멘트 저항성능평가)

  • Kim, Keon-Ho;Lee, Sang-Joon
    • Journal of the Korea Furniture Society
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.331-337
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the moment resistance of glulam post-to-base connections by applying quasi-static cyclic loads. The connectors consisted of inserted plates and drifted pins according to the load direction. The connection types employed in this study were total three including two unidirectional types (H, V) and the multi-directional type (M). The moment resistance of 8 mm-plate M-type is compared to 6 mm plate. Total four types of Post-to-base connection are prepared and tested under pseudo-static reversed cyclic loading. Test results showed that the yield moment of multi-directional connection is about 2 times higher than that uni-directional connections. The ductility ratio of multi-directional connection determined by EEEP was higher that that of uni-directional connection. It was becoming higher as the thickness of plate is increased. The Finite Element Analysis was conducted to estimate the stress distribution behavior of tested connections. Results showed the failure of multi-directional type were caused by the split of pined hole and the shear failure of lifted part of post.

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Effect of semi-rigid connections in improvement of seismic performance of steel moment-resisting frames

  • Feizi, M. Gholipour;Mojtahedi, A.;Nourani, V.
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.467-484
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    • 2015
  • Seismic performances of dual steel moment-resisting frames with mixed use of rigid and semi-rigid connections were investigated to control of the base shear, story drifts and the ductility demand of the elements. To this end, nonlinear seismic responses of three groups of frames with three, eight and fifteen story were evaluated. These frames with rigid, semi-rigid and combined configuration of rigid and semi-rigid connections were analyzed under five earthquake records and their responses were compared in ultimate limit state of rigid frame. This study showed that in all frames, it could be found a state of semi-rigidity and connections configuration which behaved better than rigid frame, with consideration of the base shear and story drifts criterion. Finally, some criteria were suggested to locate the best place of the semi-rigid connections for improvement of the seismic performance of steel moment-resisting frames.

Shear behavior of exposed column base connections

  • Cui, Yao
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.357-371
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    • 2016
  • Column base connections are critical components in steel structures because they transfer axial forces, shear forces and moments to the foundation. Exposed column bases are quite commonly used in low- to medium-rise buildings. To investigate shear transfer in exposed column base plates, four large scale specimens were subjected to a combination of axial load (compression or tension) and lateral shear deformations. The main parameters examined experimentally include the number of anchor rod, arrangement of anchor rod, type of lateral loading, and axial force ratio. It is observed that the shear resisting mechanism of exposed column base changed as the axial force changed. When the axial force is in compression, the resisting mechanism is rotation type, and the shear force will be resisted by friction force between base plate and mortar layer. The specimens could sustain inelastic deformation with minimal strength deterioration up to column rotation angle of 3%. The moment resistance and energy dissipation will be increased as the number of anchor rods increased. Moreover, moment resistance could be further increased if the anchor rods were arranged in details. When the axial force is in tension, the resisting mechanism is slip type, and the shear force will be resisted by the anchor rods. And the shear resistance was reduced significantly when the axial force was changed from compression to tension. The test results indicated that the current design approach could estimate the moment resistance within reasonable acceptance, but overestimate the shear resistance of exposed column base.

Performance of RC moment frames with fixed and hinged supports under near-fault ground motions

  • Mohammadi, Mohammad Hossain;Massumi, Ali;Meshkat-Dini, Afshin
    • Earthquakes and Structures
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.89-101
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    • 2017
  • The focus of this paper is the study on the seismic performance of RC buildings with two different connections at the base level under near-fault earthquakes. It is well-known that the impulsive nature of the near-fault ground motions causes severe damages to framed buildings especially at base connections. In the scope of this study, two types of 3-dimensional RC Moment Frames with Fixed Support (MFFS) and Hinged Support (MFHS) containing 5 and 10 stories are assessed under an ensemble of 11 strong ground motions by implementing nonlinear response history analysis. The most vulnerable locations of MFFS, are the connections of corner columns to foundation especially under strong earthquakes. On the other hand, using beams at the base level as well as hinged base connections in MFHS buildings, prevents damages of corner columns and achieves more ductile behavior. Results denote that the MFHS including Base Level Beams (BLB) significantly shows better behavior compared with MFFS, particularly under pulse-type records. Additionally, the first story beams and also interior components undergo more actions. Role of the BLBs are similar to fuses decreasing the flexural moments of the corner columns. The BLBs can be constructed as replaceable members which provide the reparability of structures.

Experimental Study for the Aerodynamic Characteristics of Slanted-Base Ogive Cylinder (기저면이 경사진 Ogive실린더의 공력특성에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • 맹주성;양시영;오세진
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
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    • v.18 no.10
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    • pp.2664-2674
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    • 1994
  • Drag, lift, and pitching moment measurements have been made on a range of slanted-base ogive cylinders, using the KANOMAX wind tunnel and balance system. Test Reynolds numbers(based on model maximum diameter) varied from $0.54{\times}10^{5}{\;}to{\;}1.56{\times}10^{5}$. Crossflow velocity maesurement was conducted by 5-hole pitot tube at $Re_{D}=1.46{\times}10^{5}$. For two base angle $({\theta}=30$ and 45 deg.), aerodynamic forces and moment were measured with increasing angle of attack(0~30 deg.). Two types of wake flow were observed, a quasisymetric turbulent closure or a longitudinal vortex flow. Aerodynamic characteristics differ dramatically between the two wake types. It was found that the drag, lift and pitching moment coefficients increased with increasing angle of attack.