• Title/Summary/Keyword: Bank Efficiency

Search Result 12, Processing Time 0.067 seconds

Determinants of Commercial Banks' Efficiency in Bangladesh: Does Crisis Matter?

  • Banna, Hasanul;Ahmad, Rubi;Koh, Eric H.Y.
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
    • /
    • v.4 no.3
    • /
    • pp.19-26
    • /
    • 2017
  • Banks play a crucial role in bringing stability and economic development through their expected contribution in proper financial resource mobilisation across the economy. Despite the importance, there is little focus in recent literature which provided the empirical evidence how the global financial crisis affect the bank efficiency in Bangladesh. Thus, this paper aims to examine the effect of the global financial crisis and other factors on the efficiency of Bangladesh commercial banks. By employing the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) method, we computed the technical efficiency of individual banks operating in the Bangladesh banking sector during 2000 to 2013. The empirical findings indicate that the Bangladesh banking sector has exhibited the highest efficiency level during 2001, while efficiency seems to be at the lowest level during 2010. The study finds that crisis along with bank size, capital adequacy ratio, return on average equity and real interest rate have a significant effect on bank efficiency in Bangladesh. In order to keep the sound financial development of Bangladesh, banks operating in the Bangladesh banking sector have to consider all the potential technologies which could improve their profit efficiency levels, since the main motive of banks is to maximise shareholders' value or wealth through profit maximisation.

Trends in Indian Private Sector Bank Efficiency: Non-Stochastic Frontier DEA Window Analysis Approach

  • KUMAR, Ashish;ANAND, Nakul;BATRA, Vikas
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
    • /
    • v.7 no.10
    • /
    • pp.729-740
    • /
    • 2020
  • The study examines the efficiency of private sector banks in India with the help of Window DEA (Data Envelopment Analysis) for a period from 2005 to 2017. With a window of three years, the period was divided into 11 windows. The study outcomes show that 59.9% of all private sector banks in India operate at more than 0.9 level of efficiency, and there are only three occasions when banks were operating at the efficiency value between 0.6 to 0.7. Further, the consistency in the efficiency scores of the banks has also been analyzed using an efficiency mapping matrix, and the mean efficiency score of the bank in each window is studied. The score of standard deviation was interpreted accordingly for these banks. Banks that are showing the highest efficiency scores also have a higher variance of efficiency scores. There was no bank identified in the matrix that promises high-efficiency ratings with low variability. The study concludes that the analysis of the efficiency mapping matrix indicates that, as a DMU escalates in the efficiency scores, the standard deviation reflecting the risk in overall efficiency scores also tends to rise. The findings complement the concept of higher risk to higher return or greater efficiency.

Evaluation and Comparison of Bank Efficiency in Cross-Strait after ECFA

  • LIAO, Chang Sheng
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
    • /
    • v.7 no.10
    • /
    • pp.783-793
    • /
    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate whether the ECFA impacted the efficiency of banks in China and Taiwan from 2008 to 2017. This study follows Seiford and Zhu (2002), who recommend using the standard data envelopment analysis model to measure performance by increasing the desirable outputs and decreasing the undesirables. The finding was that overall technical efficiency increased from 2012 to 2017, reaching 0.575, 0.652, 0617, 0.689, 0.701 and 0.74, respectively. This result implies bank efficiency did indeed improve after China and Taiwan signed the ECFA cooperation agreement. The study found that the mean technical efficiency was 0.8756 in China, greater than Taiwan's mean of 0.3511, implying that Chinese banks experienced a greater increase in efficiency after signing the EFCA. One possible reason explored in this study is that China's economy is currently growing at the highest rate in the world, and the banks' efficiency has benefited from greater economic growth. This suggests that cross-strait sustained negotiations to consummate an agreement on trade in the services will be a very important mission in the future. This result also provides significant evidence suggesting that not accounting for undesirable output while estimating the evolution of the model may seriously distort efficiency results.

Analysis of Bank Efficiency Between Conventional Banks and Regional Development Banks in Indonesia

  • ABIDIN, Zaenal;PRABANTARIKSO, R.Mahelan;WARDHANI, Rhisya Ayu;ENDRI, Endri
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
    • /
    • v.8 no.1
    • /
    • pp.741-750
    • /
    • 2021
  • The research aims to analyze the level of efficiency by grouping banks during the period 2017 - 2018 into category 1 and category 2 banks and then dividing them as Regional Development Banks (BPD) and Non-BPD Conventional Commercial Banks (BUK) within each category. The research objects are banks within the categories BPD and BUK comprised 18 BPDs and 35 BUKs. The research methodology uses 3 stages, first, using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) we measure the level of bank efficiency; second, using the Tobit regression model we evaluate the effect of financial performance on DEA efficiency, and third, using the Mann-Whitney test we determine whether there is a difference in the efficiency of category 1 and 2 banks. The results showed that there was a decrease in the efficiency of category 1 and 2 banks but on average, the efficiency of category 1 banks is higher than category 2 banks. The estimation results of the Tobit regression model show that only the ROA variable affects the efficiency level of category 1 banks, while category 2 banks are influenced by NPL and ROA variables. In the Mann-Whitney test, it was proven that there were differences in efficiency between BUK and BPD in category 1 and 2 banks.

What Happened to Efficiency and Competition after Bank Mergers and Consolidation in Korea? (한국 은행들의 합병, 통합 이후 효율성과 경쟁도는 개선되었는가?)

  • Park, Kang H.
    • KDI Journal of Economic Policy
    • /
    • v.33 no.3
    • /
    • pp.33-55
    • /
    • 2011
  • Market concentration in the Korean banking industry has markedly increased since the financial crisis of 1997-1998 because of M&As, P&As, and consolidation of banks. With this change, there has been a growing concern over market power in the Korean banking sector. We examine the effects of market concentration on bank efficiency and competition for the period of 1992-2006. Three different indicators of bank inefficiency are used in this study, including X-inefficiency that is derived from the directional technology distance function. The level of competition is measured by both the H-statistic of the Panzar-Rosse model and the level of the net interest margin and its standard deviation. Empirical results indicate that market concentration has not improved bank efficiency through scale economies or scope economies. Instead, recent mergers, acquisitions and consolidation of banks resulted in an increase in inefficiency measured by the three different indicators: X-inefficiency, labor inefficiency and asset inefficiency. While an increase in market share of individual banks improved bank efficiency, an increase in the overall market concentration ratio resulted in lower efficiency. Our study also finds that the Korean banking sector has been monopolistically competitive throughout the sample period except for the crisis period according to the H-statistic. Although an increase in market concentration ratio has not changed the overall level of bank competition, it has a positive significant effect on the level of the average interest margin.

  • PDF

An Empirical Study of the Determinant Factors of Banking Efficiency of China (중국 은행효율성의 결정요인에 관한 실증적 연구)

  • Cho, Dae-Woo;Zhu, Hui-Qin
    • International Area Studies Review
    • /
    • v.12 no.2
    • /
    • pp.79-97
    • /
    • 2008
  • After entering into the WTO in October, 2001, China started opening her bank industry on a full scale and her financial markets from the end of 2006. It is true that the Chinese commercial banks should make efforts to enhance their operational efficiency for adapting the rapid change of financial environments. In this paper, the efficiency of 4 Chinese state-owned commercial banks and 11 share holding commercial banks has been estimated. Our Tobit model to find out the determinants of these banks' efficiency. The results are as follows: The efficiency of these banks kept being improved from 1999 to 2003. With regard to the relationship between the determinants and the bank efficiency, their capital ratios, ownership structures and government subsidies are significant at the 5% level while the return on asset(ROA) is significant at the 10% level. The relationship between the determinants and the efficiency has showed that the size, capital ratios, ROA and ownership structure showed significantly before the entry to WTO, on the other hand, after WTO their capital ratios are the only factor to determine their efficiencies.

Efficiency Assessment of Bank Branches: An Analysis Process Using DEA Model and Case Analysis (은행 지점의 효율성 평가: DEA 모형을 이용한 분석 절차 및 사례 분석)

  • 윤석진;서우종;정재우
    • Journal of the Korean Operations Research and Management Science Society
    • /
    • v.26 no.3
    • /
    • pp.39-52
    • /
    • 2001
  • Recently, the assessment of a bank efficiency focusing on its branches has been conceived as important in developing a competitive strategy. DEA (Data Envelopment Analysis) model can be employed as an effective analysis model for such an assessment. Therefore, this paper proposes an analysis process using DEA model to conduct an efficiency assessment of bank branches. The proposed process includes a segmentation of branches considering their competitive environment and strategy for target market : this approach can help to develop effective strategies for each group of branches. The proposed DEA model can analyze efficiency in terms of not only cost but also marketing. Finally, a real case is analyzed, demonstrating the effectiveness of the proposed model and process.

  • PDF

The Effect of the Bilateral Expansion of Korean & Chinese Banks on Bank Performance (한·중은행의 상호진출이 경영성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Pan, Qi-Xin;Byun, Hae-Young
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business
    • /
    • v.9 no.1
    • /
    • pp.57-76
    • /
    • 2018
  • This paper studies the influence of the bilateral expansion of Korean and Chinese banks on performance. To conduct the empirical analysis, we select eleven Banks in South Korea and thirteen Banks in China over the 2000-2014 time frame. The main regression results are as followed. First, the sample bank's overseas subsidiaries have a significant effect on profitability and the profitability is somewhat deteriorates. Second, the sample bank's overseas branch and subsidiaries have a significant effect on the bank's risk. That is, the loan loss provision ratio is slightly increased but impaired loan ratio is highly decreased. Third, the sample banks' overseas branch and subsidiaries also have a significant effect on bank efficiency. The ratio of customer deposits per employee worsens somewhat but the gross loan per employee are increased. In conclusion, as time passes, bank profitability or efficiency from mutual expansion of Korean banks and Chinese banks seem to be improving somewhat, and this phenomenon is more prominent at Korean banks than at Chinese banks.

  • PDF

Bank Capital, Efficiency and Risk: Evidence from Islamic Banks

  • ISNURHADI, Isnurhadi;ADAM, Mohamad;SULASTRI, Sulastri;ANDRIANA, Isni;MUIZZUDDIN, Muizzuddin
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
    • /
    • v.8 no.1
    • /
    • pp.841-850
    • /
    • 2021
  • This study aims to evaluate the relationship between bank capital, efficiency, and risk in Islamic banks. We use data from 129 Islamic banks in the world, retrieved from various data sources. We retrieved specific banking data from Moody's Analytics BankFocus and Thomson Reuters Eikon, while data at the country level was obtained from the World Bank website. This study uses various estimates both Pooled OLS (Ordinary Least Square) and Random Effect (RE). However, to overcome the issue of serial correlation which could cause bias in the results of the study, we used fixed-effect (FE) cluster estimates. The research results confirm the previous findings that bank capital positively affects bank stability (natural logarithm of Z-Score) and negatively affects credit risk (loan loss provision to total liabilities). The findings also show that efficiency has the same effect. The interaction test of bank capital and efficiency shows that efficiency encourages banks to reduce risk, including when bank capital is relatively lower. This finding is expected to have implications for the authorities to boost bank efficiency in addition to establishing several regulations related to capital. The efficiency implemented by the bank will encourage banks to act prudently so that the bank can maintain its performance through risk mitigation.

Islamic Bank Efficiency in Indonesia: Stochastic Frontier Analysis

  • OCTRINA, Fajra;MARIAM, Alia Gantina Siti
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
    • /
    • v.8 no.1
    • /
    • pp.751-758
    • /
    • 2021
  • This research is conducted to measure the efficiency level of Islamic banking in Indonesia and also to analyze the factors that can affect its efficiency level. This research used a purposive sampling technique to determine the sample size that will be used, with criteria that the bank has been operating since 2010 and consistently published its financial reports during the research period from 2011 until 2019; therefore, the total sample obtained was 11 samples. Analysis for efficiency level is done by using linear programming Stochastic Frontier Analysis (SFA), with test tool in the form of Frontier 4.1 and Eviews9 to find out what factors that affect efficiency. Efficiency test is done by involving input and output, while influence test used bank-specific variables comprising bank size, bank financial ratio, and macro-economy variable. Research result shows that there are only two banks that are almost close to being fully efficient firms, but the result still does not indicate that Islamic bank works efficiently. Results of the influence test show that factors affecting Islamic banking efficiency in Indonesia are bank size, Capital Adequacy Ratio (CAR), Non-Performing Finance (NPF), and Financing to Deposit Ratio (FDR), while other factors are not influential over the study period.