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Study on the Anchovy Boat Seine-IV An Experiment to Mechanize the Hauling Operation of Bag Net (기선권현 강의 연구 -IV)

  • 이병기
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.95-100
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    • 1979
  • In fishing with the anchovy boat seine, it is required to haul up the bag net without injuring anchovy body. Not to injure anchovy body, the bag net is operated with 30 to 34 crews in the traditional method. With a view point of decreasing crews, the authors tried to operate the bag net with side drum winch and derrick boom. Side drum winch was installed beside the engine casing and it was operated by the main engine through the belt, pulley and bevel gear. The derrick boom, 7 meters long, was installed above the working deck which is located in the stern of the common boat seiner. Three single blocks are attached to the boom, each 2 meters apart from the top. A hook was attached to the free end of the block line for hooking up the bolch line which attached inside the bag net especially prepared for the purpose. The hauling end of the block line was induced to the side drum winch for hauling up the bag net. By using this mechanism, the bag net was hauled up with peeling the bag net just like in the traditional method. So the following results are found. (1) No injury of anchovy body was found in the process of hauling up. (2) The bag net can be operated by mere 14 crews. (3) Duration, spent in hauling up the bag net, was almost the same when the catch are a little amount, and less duration was needed by the experimented method than the traditional one when the catch are a large amount. the bag net. By using this mechanism, the bag net was hauled up with peeling the bag net just like in the traditional method. So the following results are found. (1) No injury of anchovy body was found in the process of hauling up. (2) The bag net can be operated by mere 14 crews. (3) Duration, spent in hauling up the bag net, was almost the same when the catch are a little amount, and less duration was needed by the experimented method than the traditional one when the catch are a large amount.

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Studies on the Behaviour of Fish Schools in the Main-Net of a Large Scale Set-Net Using a Scanning Sonar ( III ) - The Behaviour of Anchovy Engraulis Japonica Sonar-III (소나 관찰에 의한 대형정치망내 어군행동의 연구 ( III ) - 원통내 멸치어군의 행동과 원통의 기능)

  • Kim, Mung-Kwan;Inoue, Yoshihiro;Park, Jeong-Sik
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.217-222
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    • 1996
  • The moving behaviour of anchovy schools(There were small schools of sardine and round-herring in this anchovy schools} in the bag - net of a large scale set - net was investigated using a scanning sonar, in the Kishihata set - net fishing ground located in Nanao city Ishigawa prefecture, Japan from Dec. 1st to Dec. 4th, 1992. The results obtained are summarized as follows ; 1. Moving behaviour of fish schools between two bag - nets was more in the daytime than in the nighttime. 2. The rate of entering fish schools from the first bag -- net to the second bag - net were 78% when the fish school in the second bag -- net existed. The result suggest that fish school existence in the second bag - net affected the rate of entering fish schools from the first bag - net to the second- bag - net. However, the time of stay of fish school that entered the second bag -- net was very short when the fish school in the second bag - net existed densely. The result suggest that a high fish density in the second bag - net might enlarge the escape rate 3. The majority of fish schools moved to the center and off shore side of the bag - net when fish schools entered the bag - net.

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Studies on the Behavior of Fish Schools in the Main-Net of a Large Scale Set-Net Using Scanning Sonar ( IV ) - The Behaviour of Trigate mackerel Auxis tapeinosoma School in the Playground and the Catching Function of the Playground- (소나 관찰에 의한 대형정치망내 어군행동의 연구 ( IV ) - 헛통에서 몽치다래 어군의 행동과 헛통의 어획기능)

  • 김문관
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.6-12
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    • 1998
  • The moving behaviour of Yellowtail Seriola quinqueradiata schools in the main-net of a large scale set-net was investigated in relation to the catching function of the funnel-net by a scanning sonar. The investigation was took place in the Kishihata set-net fishing ground located in Nanao city Ishigawa prefecture, Japan from Nov. 9 to Nov. 13, 1992. The obtained results are summarized as follows; 1. Fish schools showed the greatest number at the playground in the morning and at the bag-net in the afternoon. The fish schools remained long time in the main-net. 2. The rate of fish school through the funnel-net was smaller than that of fish school which is though the playground and bag-net. Because the Yellowtail school changed the shape of school in passing the funnel-net. 3. The rate of entering the bag-net was 24%, among the fish school heading to the outer funnel-net. But, the rate of escaping to the playground was 27%, among the fish school heading to the inner funnel-net. It seems that the structure of the outer funnel-net was not enough to lead the fish to the bag-net. However, the structure of the inner funnel-net was very effective at preventing escape. 4. It is appropriate to haul the net in the morning in considering the number of accumulated fish in the bag-net during the survey.

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Fundamental Studies on the Net-Shape of the Drag Net ( III ) - The Relationship between the Section Shape and the Porosity of Netting in the Bag Net - (저예망의 어구형상에 관한 기초적 연구 III)

  • 이주희
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.89-98
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    • 1985
  • As a primary step in studying the effects of the netting porosity on the net-shape in the four-seam trawling net, a series of experiments were performed changing the porosity of each panel, with the simplified mo:iel of the bag net made of porous vinyl film and that ma:ie of net webbing. These models were suspended horizontally in circularly flowing water, with two pairs of susp~nding threais to four points of symetry at the border of the bag mouth in place of both wing nets. And then, the section shape of the bag mouth photographed and the tensions on both pairs of suspending threads were measured with two load cells in circularly flowing water. From the results, the auther estimated an experimental equation from the relationship between the porosity of each panel in the bag net and the section shape of the bag mouth, h/w=k (l-Pr_u/lPr_s)

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The Opening Efficiency of half size modified net for the Anchovy Boat Seine (기선권현망 축소형 개량어구의 전개성능)

  • An, Young-Su;Jang, Choong-Sik;Lee, Ju-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.40 no.4
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    • pp.255-267
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    • 2004
  • This study was conducted in order to improvement of fishing gear and fishing operating system for anchovy boat seine by bag net A-type and B-type was attached with half size modified nets. Field experiments were carried out observe geometry of nets by catcher boats. The obtained results are summarized as follows : The actual ratio of net opening in each part of the half size modified nets was increased from fore part to back part of the nets as shown the smallest value about 20% in wing net and the biggest value about 110% in bag net. In addition, vertical net opening of B-type net as measured as 10.9~11.8m in fore bag net and 5.8~8.0m in after bag net were 1~2m greater than 9.0~13.6m of A-type one, and 2~3m less than 9.3~10.4m of A-type one, respectively. Vertical net opening of half size modified net was shown as less variation of towing depth from wing net to inside wing net than those of traditional nets due to stable vertical performance. The mesh distortion or drift and variation of vertical net opening were decreased by improvement of bag nets in order to minimized shape of net pocket phenomenon whenever towing speed is slow. Bag net B-Type attached with dual flapper was shown as less variation in width of bag net and less escapement of anchovy.

A Study on the Leading Effect of Fish Attracting Lamps on Fish Schools into a Set-net -3. The Practical Experiment on the Leading of Fish Schools by the Attracting Lamps- (집어등에 의한 정치망에의 어군유도에 관한 연구 3. 유도등에 의한 어군유도의 실용화 시험)

  • 김석종
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.277-283
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    • 1999
  • For the purpose of leading horse mackerel Trachurus japonicus schools, mackerel Scomber japonicus schools and arrow squid Todarodes pacificus schools, which migrate to the Cheju coast and are caught by the set-net, to the set-net by attracting lamps, we made five attracting lamps and took a practical experiment in the Gwiduk and Dongbuk set-net fishing ground. In the set-net with two bag-nets, we compared the amount of catch of both bag-nets by the means of switching on and off the each attracting lamps in order, switching off the attracting lamps in order which had been switched on and moving an attracting lamp.In the bag-net with an attracting lamp, horse mackerel, mackerel and arrow squid were caught the most, on the other hand, yellow tail Seriola quinqueradiata, striped mullet Mugil cephalus were caught in large quantities in the bag-net without attracting lamp. File fish Stephanolepis cirrhifer, Dusky spinefoot Siganus fuscescens were caught evenly in both bag-nets regardless of an attracting lamp.This result indicates that the amount of horse mackerel, mackerel, arrow squid can be increased by the use of attracting lamps in the set-net fishing method.

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Analysis on the Movement of Bag-Net in Set-Net by Telemetry Techniques (텔레메트리 기법에 의한 정치망 원통의 거동 해석)

  • 황보규;신현옥;양용림;이주희
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.24-34
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    • 2001
  • The authors reconstruct a mooring type underwater positioning system to measure the movement of bag-net in a set-net by long base line mode with four transponders attached on the bag-net in latitudinal and a transponder fixed on the sea bed. To confirm the practical use of the system, the field experiments were carried out at the Jaran Bay, Kosung, Kyungnam Prov., on October 6, 2000 (neap tide) and November 28, 2000 (spring tide). And the vertical oscillation of bag-net was observed with three data loggers attached on the bottom of bag-net in longitudinal on November 28, 2000. The longitudinal movement range, the latitudinal one and the vertical one of the bag-net were 3.2 m, 3.4 m and 2.1 m. respectively. At the spring tide, these variations were 7.8 m, 7.8 m and 5.0 m, respectively. The vertical oscillation range about the bottom of the bag-net at near point of the slope net, at the middle part and at far point from the slope net were 3.2 m, 3.7 m and 8.4 m, respectively. The depth of the bottom net was decreased and its vertical oscillation appeared frequently when the current speed was more than 10 cm/s and the current direction was significantly different from the longitudinal axis of the bag-net. The variation of hydrophone coordinates measured by the transponder fixed on the sea bed presents that hydrophones equipped to the frame line of the set-net could be moved within several meters due to the tidal current. The fact indicates that the compensation of hydrophone coordinates is necessary to reduce the measuring errors. The position measuring errors of x, y and z axis of the system measured in the cage of aquaculture were 0.6 m, 0.8 m, and 1.2 m, respectively. And the errors of the transponders those were close to the base lines or placed in the baselines were smaller than those of others.

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A Study on Improvement for Fishing Gear and Method of Pound Net - I - Net Shapes of the Commerical Net in the Flow - (정치망 어구어법의 개발에 관한 연구-I - 현용어구의 흐름에 대한 형상 변화 -)

  • Yun, Il-Bu;Lee, Ju-Hee;Kwon, Byeong-Guk;Cho, Young-Bok;Yoo, Jae-Bum;Kim, Seong-Hun;Kim, Boo-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.40 no.4
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    • pp.268-281
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    • 2004
  • A study was carried out in order to estimate the deformation of the pound net according to the current by the model test in the circulating water channel. The tension of the frame rope and the variation of net shape were measured to investigate the deforming of the model pound net in the flow. The results are obtained as follows; 1. The experimental equation between tensions (R) of the frame rope and velocity (ν)was found to be R=$19.58v^{1.98}$($r^2$=0.98) in case of the upperward flow with fish court net and R=$26.90v^{1.72}$($r^2$=0.95)at the upperward flow with bag net according to the velocity from 0.0m/s to 0.6m/s, respectively. 2. As the variation of flow speed inside of the model net was gradually decreased according as which is passed through netting panels, in case of the upperward flow with fish court net, the flow speed was about 70% of initial flow speed at 0.1m/s, 60% at 0.2m/s, 50% at 0.3m/s and 40% 0.4~0.6m/s at the measurement point(h) inside of the first bag net, respectively. In case of the upperward flow with bag net, as the flow speed was steeply decreased according as which if passed through the second bag net, it was 30~60% of the initial flow speed and was 20~30% inside of the first bag net and was about 10~20% inside of the inclined passage net. 3. In case of the upperward flow with fish court net, the variation of deformed angle of fish court net was from 0$^{\circ}$ to 70$^{\circ}$and that of inclined passage net was from 0$^{\circ}$ to 63$^{\circ}$and that of the second bag net was from 0$^{\circ}$ to 47$^{\circ}$ . 4. In case of the upperward flow with fish court net, the variation of deformed angle of the second bag net was changed from 0$^{\circ}$ to 70$^{\circ}$and that of the inclined passage net was from 0$^{\circ}$ to 55$^{\circ}$ and that of the fish court net was from 0$^{\circ}$ to 50$^{\circ}$. The depth ratio of the first bag net was changed from 0% to 35% and that of the second bag net was from 0% to 20% and that of the inclined passage net was from 0% to 35%. In the flow speed 0.5m/s, the inclined passage net was raised up to the entry of the bag net and then prevented it more over 90%. 5. To be increased the opening volume of pound net, it needs to attach the added weight outside of the fish court net, inclined passage net and bag net. At the same time, it needs to adjust the tension of the twine for maintenance of the shape.

Dynamic Behavior of Model Set Net in the Flow (모형 정치망의 흐름에 대한 거동)

  • Jung, Gi-Cheul;Kwon, Byeong-Guk;Le, Ju-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.275-284
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    • 1997
  • This experiment was carried out to measure the sinking depth of each buoy, the change in the net shape of the net, and the tension of sand bag line according to the R (from bag net to the fish court) and L (from fish court to the bag net) current directions and their velocity by the model experiment. The model net was one-fiftieth of the real net, and its size was determined after considering the Tauti’s Similarity Law and the dimension of the experimental tank. 1. The changes of the net shape were as follows : In the current R, the end net of fish court moved 20mm down the lowerward tide and 10mm upper part. So the whole model net moved up at 0.2m/sec. The shape of the net showed an almost linear state from bag net to the fish court at 0.6m/sec. In the current L, the door net moved 242mm down the lowerward tide and 18mm upper part. So the whole model net moved up at 0.2m/sec. The net shape showed an almost linear state from the fish court to the bag net at 0.5m/sec. 2. The sinking depths of each buoy were as follows: In the current R, the head buoy started sinking at 0.2m/sec and sank 20mm, 99mm at 0.3m/sec and 0.6m/sec, respectively. The end buoy didn't sink from 0m/sec to 0.6m/sec but showed a slight quake. In the current L, the end buoy started sinking at 0.1m/sec, and sank 5mm and 108mm at 0.2m/sec and 0.6m/sec, respectively. The whole model net sank at 0.5m/sec except the head buoy. 3. The changes of the sand bag line tension were as follows: In the current R, the tension affected by the sand bag line of the head buoy showed 273.51g at 0.1m/sec increased to 1298.40g at 0.6m/sec. In the current L, the tension affected by the sand bag line of the end buoy on one side showed 137.08g at 0.1m/sec increased to 646.00g at 0.6m/sec. The changes in the sand bag line tension were concentrated on the sand bag line of the upperward tide with increasing velocity at the R and L current directions. However, no significant increase in tension was observed in the other sand bag lines.

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Development of the Automatic Hauling Operation System by Three boats for Anchovy Boat Seine (기선권현망어업의 3척식 자동화 양망시스템 개발)

  • An, Young-Su;Jang, Choong-Sik;Lee, Myeong-Kyu
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.41 no.2
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    • pp.147-155
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    • 2005
  • This study was conducted in order to improve the automatic fishing operation system for anchovy boat seine by comparison with the fishing gear geometry and efficiency using the labor saving nets and the combined type net with midwater trawl. Field experiments were carried out to observe the geometry of nets and improve the fishing operation system by catcher boats. The vertical net opening of fore wing net, square, fore bag net and after bag net of the combined type net were varied in the range of 9.9~12.9. 16.2~28.2, 6.8~12.1 and 9.5~15.2m respectively, when the towing speed was 1.0m/sec and the distance between boats were 100m, 200m, 300m. The vertical net opening of the combined type nets was gradually decreased as function of with increasing the distance between catcher boats. Labor saving net which was maintained the net opening and towing depth stable was more suitable for the automatic hauling operation system by improvement of bag net rather than the combined type nets which was impossible in swallow depth and near to anchovy school. 3 boats hauling operation system of the labor saving net was carried out by crane with power block in 2 catcher boats for improvement of hauling operation and pushing equipment of anchovy cooking system in the processing boat for maintain more anchovy in dry frame. From the results of field experiments, 3 boats hauling operation system with power block and improved cooking system was very 3 boats hauling operation system with power block and improved cooking system was very useful and more practical as hauling time 20~35min and No. of fishermen 12~13 in comparison with the traditional system such as hauling time 30~50 min and No. of fishmen 28~38.