• Title/Summary/Keyword: Bacteriological study

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A BACTERIOLOGICAL STUDY ON THE PRULENT LESION (화농성 병소의 임상세균학적 고찰)

  • Shim, Mi-Ja;Lee, Sung-Woo;Kwon, Byung-Sae
    • The Journal of the Korean dental association
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.143-146
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    • 1978
  • The bacterial behaviour against antibiotics and pattern were examined with 88 strains of 10 species, isolated from pus collected in the infirmary of college of dentistry, and Seoul national university hospital during recent 7 years. 1. Isolated bacterial species and their relative incidences were, as follows, coagulase positive staphylococcus 50%, alpha hemolytic streptococcus 17%, Pseudomonas aeruginosa 10% and coagulase negative staphylococcus 8%. 2. Gentamycin reveals the highest sensitibity and cephalosporine follows it.

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Hygienic Status of Kitchen Utensils used at College Student's Home in Seoul City (서울시내(市內) 대학생가정(大學生家庭)에서 사용(使用)하는 식품(食器)의 위생학적(衛生學的) 조사(調査))

  • Chung, Kyu-Sun
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.13-25
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    • 1971
  • During a period from October 1st to November 15th in 1971, We made a survey on hygienic status of kitchen utensils used at 270 college student's home in 9 districts of Seoul city. The results obtained could be summarized as follows. In bacteriological study on the kitchen utensils 20.7% of them revealed contaminations with general bacterial counts of over 100/m1 and 20.0% of them with coliform bacteria. It was probable that degrees of bacterial contamination of the kitchen utensils were chiefly attributable to levels of education of housewives and living standard of individual household. Factors that were presumed to be directly responsible for the contamination were sources and storage of water and methods of washing the utensils. One of the major sources of contamination was derived from the use of a piece of cloth (Hangjoo) to wipe up the utensils after soashing. Hygienic treatment of Hangjoo in urgently needed. Otherwise, it is desirable not to used the Hangjoo and leave the utensils dry after washing them with boiling water.

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Bacteriological Study of Sea Water and Oyster in Charan Bay, Korea (자란만의 해수 및 굴의 세균학적 연구)

  • CHOI Jong-Duck;JEONG Woo-geon;KIM Poong-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.429-436
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    • 1998
  • A bacteriological study of sea water and oyster in Charan Bay was conducted to evaluate sanitary conditions of the bay and compliance of waters with the recommended bacteriological criteria for the designated area of shellfish cultivation, The Samples were collected at 23 sampling stations(Fig. 1 and Fig. 2) estaslished once a month from January 1997 to December 1997, During the study period, temperature ranged from 4.7 to $25.6^{\circ}C$, transparency ranged from 3.3 to 6.2m chemical oxygen demand ranged from 1.67 to 2.18 mg/$\ell$, dissolved oxygen demand ranged from 5.4 to 10.0 mg/$\ell$ dissolved nitrogen ranged from 1.65 to 7.88 $\mu$g-at/$\ell$, phosphate ranged from 0.15 to 1.16 $\mu$g-at/$\ell$, Chlorophylla-a ranged from 0.95 to 12.69mg/$\ell$. The coliform group and fecal coliform MPN's of sea water were ranged from <1.8$\~$l,600 and <1.8$\~$540, respectively. The coliform group and fecal coliform MPN's of oysters were ranged from <18$\~$16,000 and <18$\~$1,400, respectively. The viable cell counts in oyster ranged from $1.5\times10^2$ to $7.5\times10^3$. The bacteriological criteria of sea water in shellfish growing area should be less than 70 per 100 ml of sea water for median value of coliform MPN, and below $10\%$ of the samples which contain over than 230 for coliform MPN or over than 43 for fecal coliform MPN. The sea water from 432 samples were complied water coliform criteria recommended for designated shellfish growing area. The coliform group, fecal coliform, classification of coliform group with IMViC reactions and pathogenic vibrios were analyzed. During the study period, infectious bacteria such as Vibrio cholerae, Salmonella sp, and Shigella sp, were not detected from the samples, but detection ratios of Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Vibrio vulnifirus were $7\~17\%$ in summer months.

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Bacteriological Study about the Death of Cultured Doctor Fish, Garra rufa in the Aquarium

  • Lee, Ji-Yoon;Gang, Nam-I;You, Jin-Sol;Ko, Chang-Yong;Lee, Ki-Won;Han, Won-Min;Kim, Eunheui
    • Journal of Marine Life Science
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.18-24
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    • 2016
  • Since April 2012, doctor fish in the breeding tank and in the quarantine tank in Hanwha Aquaplanet Yeosu Aquarium have been dying, accompanied by diffuse bleeding around the mouth, in the chin, and at the bottom of the abdomen. In this study, the cause of death would be examined through the bacteriological study of doctor fish and the rearing water quality in the aquarium. The water quality and the bacterial counts of the rearing water in the exhibit tank and in the quarantine tank were analyzed once a week, starting from August to November 2014. Water quality was measured based on the following data: temperature was in the range of 24.5~26.8℃, pH at 6.77~7.94, DO at 6.15~8.61 ppm, ammonia at 0~0.93 ppm, nitrite at 0.009~0.075 ppm, and nitrate at 1.1~40.9 ppm. Studies revealed that the differences in these water quality factors were not related to the death of doctor fish. Bacterial counts in the rearing waters of Garra rufa slightly increased to 103~104 CFU/ml, just before the death of the doctor fish. Twelve strains of bacteria were isolated from the dead fish and rearing waters. The isolates were identified as Aeromonas veronii, Citrobacter freundii, Pseudorhodoferax aquiterrae, Shewanella putrefaciens, and Vibrio anguillarum on the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequences. The most dominant species was C. freundii, which showed medium sensitivity to florfenicol and norfloxacin, and was resistant to amoxacillin, doxycycline, oxytetracycline, tetracycline, and trimethoprim. Ten isolates were confirmed to be pathogenic to the doctor fish. Doctor fish infected with C. freundii and S. putrefaciens showed high mortality in the experimental groups. These results indicate that the variation in bacterial numbers in the rearing water was related to the death of doctor fish. C. freundii and S. putrefaciens were directly implicated in causing the death of doctor fish in the aquarium.

Bacteriological Study of Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae Isolated from the Pigs in Youngnam Area (영남지방 돼지에서 분리한 Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae의 세균학)

  • 백영숙;이진술;김영은;김봉환
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.49-61
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    • 1991
  • The present study was conducted to investigate biochemical, serologic, and pathogenic characteristic of E. rhusiopathiae isolated from the cases of acute septicemic swine erysipelas in Youngnam provinces during the period from June 1988 to September 1990. The majority of biochemical and cultural properties of E. rhusiopathiae isolated from pigs affected with acute erysipelas were identical to those of the standard strain employed. All of the 45 isolates were serotype la. All isolates were highly susceptible to penicillin G, lincomycin, cephalothin, ampicillin, erythromycin (MIC : 0.025-0.78IU or ${\mu}g$ / ml ), and moderately susceptible to oleandomycin, oxytetracycline, chloramphenicol (MIC : 0.78-25${\mu}g$ / ml ). Kanamycin and sulfadimethoxine showed no activity against the isolates(MIC : >400${\mu}g$ / ml ). The MICs of dihydrostreptomycin presented two distribution peaks ; of 45 strains, 5(11.1%) were resistant to dihydrostreptomycin(MIC : 400${\mu}g$ / ml ). All of 5 selected isolates were pathogenic for mite and $LD_{50}$ was $3.7{\times}10^3$viable cells. Mice immunized subcutaneously with live vaccine did not die after challenge to virulent isolates of E. rhusiopathiae.

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Serological and bacteriological study on canine brucellosis in the large kennel farms in Gyeongbuk province (경북지방 개 브루셀라병 다두 발생농장의 혈청학적 및 세균학적 조사)

  • Kim, Seong-Guk;Seo, Hee-Jin;Kim, Soon-Tae;Jang, Young-Sul;Jo, Min-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.129-134
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    • 2010
  • Canine brucellosis is a contagious disease of the reproductive tract that cause mainly abortion and infertility in dog. A serological and bacteriological survey was conducted for breeding kennels which were suffered from frequent outbreak of canine brucellosis in Gyeongbuk province in 2009. Among 138 samples, 45 serum samples were sero-positive. Brucella canis was isolated from 30 blood samples of the seropositive cases, and from 2 samples of 62 sero-negatives. The biochemical properties of 32 isolates were characterized with no production of H2S, no fermentation of carbohydrates, hydrolyzation of urea, and development of thionin dye medium. At amplification of BCSP and 16S-rRNA gene using PCR, 711bp and 905bp DNA fragments were detected in agarose. Three tandem repeat pattern was shown in genotyping by Multi-locus VNTR assay (MLVA).

A Pathological and Bacteriological Study on the Mammary Glands of Korean Native Cows Slaughtered in Gwangju Area (광주지역에서 도태되는 한우 유방의 병리학적 및 세균학적 연구)

  • 이정치;김혜라;이채용;이정길
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.280-285
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    • 2004
  • Pathological and bacteriological studies were made of a total of 111 udders from slaughtered Korean native cows originating from various locations in Chonnam province. Incidence of supernumerary teats was 8.1%. Gross lesions were found in 21.4% of mucous membranes of total teat cisterns; these lesions comprised epithelial hyperplasia (12.6%), congestion (4.1%), slight fibrosis (3.8%) and severe fibrosis with congestion (0.9%). Gross lesions in the glandular tissues were found in 35.1% of cows; these lesions comprised slight fibrosis (27.9%), moderate fibrosis (6.3%) and severe fibrosis with pus (0.9%). Mastitis was found only in one cow. One hundred and twenty-five strains of microorganisms were isolated from mammary gland fragments of the cows. Pathogens most commonly isolated were Staphylococcus spp.; most of them were minor mammary pathogens. Major mammary pathogens were Streptococcus spp. (9.6%) and E. coli (2.4%). Most of the isolates were susceptible to many of 13 antimicrobial agents used, but Streptococcus spp. and Gram-negative rods showed resistance to 7 and 8 agents, respectively. 97.5% of the isolates showed susceptibility to amoxicillin, but only 55.8% to erythromycin.

A Bacteriological Study on the Sea Waters and Oyster in Puk Ma , Korea (북만의 해수 및 굴의 세균학적 특성)

  • Park, Jong-Duck;Jeong, Woo-Geon
    • The Korean Journal of Malacology
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.19-26
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    • 1998
  • 북만 해수의 물리 화학적 및 미생물학적 특성과 북만에서 양식되고 있는 굴에 대한 세균학적 수질을 조사하여 수출용 패류생산지정 해역수질에 합당한가를 파악함과 동시에 지표세균의 조성, 병원성 세균 등을 조사한 결과를 요약하면 다음과 같다.사 기간중 불반 해수의 수온은 6.8 -23.$0^{\circ}C$, 투명도는 2.7-5.9m, COD 1.55-2.12 mg/1, DO 6.3-10.1 mg/1, 용존질소 1.63-20.87 $\mu\textrm{g}$-at/1, 인산염 0.16-1.66 $\mu\textrm{g}$-at/1, Chlorophyll. a는 1.04-6.78 mg/ ㎥범위였으며 염분농도는 31.57-34.47$\textperthousand$였다. 북만 해수의 세균학적 수질은 통영항, 인평포, 법송포 및 북신만 안쪽의 일부 해역을 제외하고는 수출용 패류의 생산해역의 수질기준에 합당하였다. 대장균군의 최확수는 양식을 하지 않는 조사지점 1과 2를 제외하고 해수 100ml 당 < 3.0-4,600의 범위였으며 230을 초과하는 시료의 비율은 10.7%였고, 분변계 대장균의 최확수는 <3.0-1,100의 범위였으며 43을 초과하는 시료의 비율은 9.5%로 한계치 10%를 약간 상회하였다. 대장균군의 분류겨로가 Escherichia coli가 약 52%나 되어 오염원의 주류가 분변오염임을 알 수 있었다. 살모넬라, 시겔라, 콜레라균 등 수인성 병원세균은 검출되지 않았다. 병원성 비브리오균은 여름철인 6-8월 사이에는 시료의 9-22%에서 양성으로 나타났다. 굴 내에 생균수는 2.0 x $10^{2}$-1.6 x $10^{3}$범위였고 대장균군의 최확수는 <18 - 16,000, 중앙치는 176, 분변계 대장균은 <18-2,400, 중앙치는 었다.

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Clinical Bacteriological and Observations on Infectious Bovine Keratoconjunctivitis (IBK) in an Integrated Dairy Farm (대단위(大單位) 낙농목장(酪農牧場)에서의 소전염성결막각막염(傳染性結膜角膜炎)(IBK)의 임상적(臨床的) 및 세균학적(細菌學的) 관찰(觀察))

  • Seok, Ho-bong
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.53-59
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    • 1985
  • A group of 80 Holstein calves, many with clinical signs of infectious bovine keratoconjunctivitis in summer seasons, was assembled for bacteriologic and ophthalmologic studies at an integrated dairy farm. Observations were started from 1980 to 1984 but bacteriological study was only carried out from thor spring in 1981 and continued during the Autumn in 1981. Corneal lesions and drugs sensitivity were also observed and the results obtained were as follows: 1. Occurrences of IBK-affected cattle during the 5 years were predominent to calves in summer. 2. Among 142 eyes from 80 cattle, 53 isolates of Moraxella bovis(37.3%) were isolated from 37 cattle(46.3%). The prevalence of the infection for clinical eyes were higher than nonclinical eyes calves. 3. Miscellaneous organisms were found from age groups of 5 months to 9 months old. It were 8 hemolytic Neisseria spp., 3 Fungi, Mycoplasma sp. and 1 Pseudomonas sp., but 9 samples were unknown. 4. Prevalence of infection with M. bovis in bilateral clinical eyes were higher than unilateral eyes. 5. Incidence of corneal lesion was predominent in early stage as a watery tears(21.0%) and late stage as a leukomas of corneal opacity(22.8%). 6. The number of isolations of M. bovis and incidence of IBK varied from year to year; Higher incidence of IBK clinical signs were showed in calves from 5 months to 10 months old and the number of isolations of M. bovis was declined in order 8 months(100.0%), 4 months(75.0%), 5 months(66.6%) and 8 months(66.6%) old calves. 7. Chloramphenicol, Nitrofurantoin and Cephalothin were highly sensitive against M. bovis isolates and then Tetracycline, Neomycin, Erythromycin and Kanamycin were intermediate but low sensitive to Streptomycin, Colistin and Penicillin.

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Marine Bacteriological Quality and Dynamics in Tongyeong Coastal Area, Gyung-nam, Korea (통영연근해역의 해양세균학적 수질 및 동태에 관한 연구)

  • 최종덕
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.372-379
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    • 1999
  • A bacteriological study of sea water and oyster in Tongyeong coastal area was conducted to evaluate sanitary conditions of the bay and compliance of waters with the recommended bacteriological criteria fur the designated area of shellfish cultivation. The Samples were collected at 5 zone, 34 sampling stations(Fig. 1) established once a month from September 1997 to August 1998. During the study period, temperature ranged from 6.9 to 23.6$^{\circ}C$, transparency ranged from 2.6 to 6.2 m, chemical oxygen demand ranged from 1.35 to 1.82 mg/ι, dissolved oxy-gen ranged from 5.0 to 9.9 mg/ι, dissolved nitrogen ranged from 1.60 to 8.17 $\mu\textrm{g}$-at/ι, phosphate ranged from 0.14 to 1.21 $\mu\textrm{g}$-at/ι, Chlorophyll-a ranged from 2.03 to 69.9 mg/㎥, respectively. The coliform group and fecal coliform MPN's of sea water were ranged from <3.0~1,600 and <3.0~540, respectively. The coliform group and fecal coliform MPN's of oysters were ranged from <18~16,000 and <18~2,200, respectively. The viable cell counts in oyster ranged from $1.5\times$10$^2$to 8.2$\times$10$^3$. The coliform stoup, fecal coliform, classification of coliform group with IMViC reactions and pathogenic vibrios were analyzed. 437 strains that were obtained from Tongyeoung coastal area seawater samples represented E. coli group 47.5%, C. freundii group 14.8%, K. aerogenes 10.9%, unknown 26.8%, respectively. During the study period, infectious bacteria such as Vibrio ohoEerae, Salmonella sp. and Shigella sp. were not detected from the samples, but detection ratios of Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Vibrio vulnificus were 12~21% in summer months.

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