• Title, Summary, Keyword: Bacterial growth

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Inhibition of Bacterial Growth with Silver Wire Iontophoresis (은 이온도입이 세균성장에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee Jae-Hyoung;Kim Joo-Young;Jekal Seung-Joo
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.61-67
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    • 1995
  • The silver cation has broad-spectrum antibiotic activity toward Gram-positive, Gram-negative, fungal. aerobic and anerobic micro-organisms. Silver has been used to care of infected wound. pyogenic arthritis, and chronic osteomyelitis. The purpose of this study was to determine whether pure silver wire iontophoresis using milliamperage direct current has an inhibitory effect on growth in vitro of 3 different species of bacteria-Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Using agarose based media, silver iontophoresis performed at 0, 1, 2, 4, 8 mA for 15 minutes. All experiments were performed in triplicate. Following iontophoresis, inhibition zone width of bacterial growth was measured with calliper. The inhibition of bacterial growth occured at the anodal silver electrode. Inhibition zone width of bacterial growth was significantly increased in all three bacterial species (p<0.05). Between bacterial species, inhibition zone width was not significantly different. Inhibition gone and amperage showed a highly significant positive linear relationship (p<0.001). The result of this study showed that pure silver wire iontophoresis with milliamperage direct current, as well as microamperage direct current, can inhibit bacterial growth in vivo.

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SOME FACTORS INFLUENCING TRI-L-ALANINE DISAPPEARANCE AND RUMEN BACTERIAL GROWTH YIELD IN VITRO

  • Ha, J.K.;Kennelly, J.J.;Lee, S.C.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.4 no.4
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    • pp.369-375
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    • 1991
  • A series of in vitro incubation studies with washed rumen bacteria were conducted to determine the influence of incubation time and concentrations of peptides, alanine, ammonia nitrogen and carbohydrate on the rate of peptide disappearance and on bacterial growth. Disappearance rate of tri-alanine (ala3) under various conditions was between 30.6 and $58.2mg\;hr^-$ per gram bacterial dry matter. Ala3 was removed from the incubation medium in an almost linear fashion as incubation time and ala3 concentration was increased. Washed rumen bacteria utilized ala3 faster than di-l-alanine (ala2) at all concentrations. Adding 9mM carbohydrate significantly increased ala3 disappearance, but level of ammonia nitrogen had no influence on ala3 disappearance. The presence of alanine in the medium significantly lowered ala3 utilization by rumen bacteria. Bacterial dry matter and nitrogen growth yield were not influenced by alanine and peptides when incubation medium already contained a sufficient level of ammonia nitrogen. Increased ammonia nitrogen in the presence of ala3 did not stimulate bacterial growth. Carbohydrate significantly increased bacterial dry matter and nitrogen growth as expected. Results indicate that the rate of peptide utilization by rumen bacteria may be altered by type and concentration of peptides, and energy supply, and this may be mediated through changes in numbers and type of bacteria.

Invisible Signals from the Underground: Bacterial Volatiles Elicit Plant Growth Promotion and Induce Systemic Resistance

  • Ryu, Choong-Min;Farag, Mohammed A.;Pare, Paul. W.;Kloepper, Joseph W.
    • The Plant Pathology Journal
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.7-12
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    • 2005
  • Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) are a wide range of root-colonizing bacteria with the capacity to enhance plant growth and control plant pathogens. Here we review recent progress that indicate some PGPR strains release a blend of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) that promote growth in Arabidopsis seedlings and induce resistance against Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora. In particular, the volatile components 2,3-butanediol and acetoin released exclusively from the PGPR strains triggered the greatest level of growth promotion and induced systemic resistance. Pharmacological applications of 2,3-butanediol promoted the plant growth and induced resistance, while bacterial mutants blocked in 2,3-butanediol and acetoin synthesis was devoid of growth-promotion and induced resistance capacities. The results suggested that the bacterial VOCs play a critical role in the plant growth promotion and induced resistance by PGPR. Using transgenic and mutant lines of Arabidopsis, we provide evidences that the signal pathway activated by volatiles from one PGPR strain is dependent on cyto-kinin activation for growth promotion and dependent on an ethylene-signaling pathway for induced pathogen resistance. This discovery provides new insight into the role of bacterial VOCs as initiators of both plant growth promotion and defense responses in plants.

In Vitro Antagonistic Effects of Bacilli Isolates against Four Soilborne Plant Pathogenic Fungi

  • Kim, Wan-Gyu;Weon, Hang-Yeon;Lee, Sang-Yeob
    • The Plant Pathology Journal
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.52-57
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    • 2008
  • Twenty isolates of Bacillus spp. obtained from livestock manure composts and cotton-waste composts were tested for in vitro antagonistic effects against soilborne plant pathogenic fungi, Fusarium oxysporum, Phytophthora capsici, Rhizoctonia solani AG-4, and Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. Seven isolates of Bacillus spp. had antagonistic effects on mycelial growth of all the isolates of F. oxysporum tested. The bacterial isolate RM43 was the most effective to inhibit the mycelial growth of the fungal isolates. Twelve isolates of Bacillus spp. had antagonistic effects on mycelial growth of all the isolates of P. capsici tested. The bacterial isolates M34 and M47 were very effective to inhibit the mycelial growth of the fungal isolates. Thirteen isolates of Bacillus spp. had antagonistic effects on mycelial growth of all the isolates of R. solani AG-4 tested. The bacterial isolates M27 and M75 were very effective to inhibit the mycelial growth of the fungal isolates. Fourteen isolates of Bacillus sp. had antagonistic effects on mycelial growth of all the isolates of S. sclerotiorum tested. The bacterial isolates M49 and M75 were very effective to inhibit the mycelial growth of the fungal isolates. The antagonistic effects of most Bacillus spp. isolates against the isolates of the four fungi differed depending on the fungal species and the isolates of each fungus. The bacterial isolates M27 and M75 were the most effective to inhibit the mycelial growth of all four fungi.

Cultural Conditions for Mass Production of Antagonistic Bacillus subtills CAP134 (길항균 Bacillus subtillis CAP134의 대량생산을 위한 배양조건)

  • 박흥섭;조정일
    • Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.87-99
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    • 1996
  • Cultural conditions for mass production of the antagonistic bacteria, Bacillus subtills CAP134 against pathogens causing major airborne diseases to apple tree, effect of temperature, pH, carbon and nitrogen source in the culture broth were investigated. The bacterial growth was most vigorous when the temperature and pH of the culture broth was 30~$35^{\circ}$C, and 7, respectively. As for carbon source, dextrose was best followed in order by dextrose(monosaccharides)>sucrose(disaccharides)$\geq$saccharose(di-saccharides)>starch (polysaccharides). Among different sugars, bacterial growth was favored by in the order of brown, black and white sugars, indicating that the bacterial growth might be promoted by the minor elements presented as impurities in the less purified sugars. As for nitrogen source, organic forms were better to bacterial growth than inorganic forms, that is polypeptone was best followed in order by soy sauce, soybeen milk and inoganic nitrogens. Differences in bacterial growth among different forms of inorganic nitrogen were negligible.

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Introduction of a Bacterial Hemoglobin Gene for Improving Bacterial Growth under Hypoxic Condition

  • Chung, Chung-Nam;Yoon, Suk-Ran;Jun, Woo-Jin;Shim, Sang-In;Park, In-Ho;Chung, Jin-Woong
    • Journal of agriculture & life science
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    • v.43 no.6
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    • pp.77-84
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    • 2009
  • Using recombinant DNA technology, the vector system containing minimal fragment of a bacterial hemoglobin gene (vgb) was constructed. When this vector was inserted into Escherichia coli, the growth of the host was significantly improved in both viable cell counts and absorbance measurement, compared to that of the wild type strain. In addition, by minimizing the size of bacterial hemoglobin in the vector, the ability of vgb in growth improvement was augmented, due to the reduction of metabolic burden from the maintenance and replication of the plasmid. By using this system, it is expected that the growth of microorganisms can be improved even in the hypoxic condition.

Cultural Conditions for Mass Production of Bacillus subtilis CAP141 (Bacillus subtilis CAP141의 고농도 배양조건)

  • 조정일;박흥섭
    • Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.85-98
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    • 1997
  • Cultural conditions for mass production of the antagonistic bacteria, Bacillus subtills CAP141 against pathogens causing major airborne diseases to apple trees, effects of temperature, pH, carbon and nitrogen source in the culture broth were investigated. The bacterial growth was most vigorous when the temperature and pH of the culture broth was 30~35$^{\circ}$C and 7, respectively. As for carbon source, dextrose was best followed in order by dextrose(monosaccharide) > sucrose(disaccharide) $\geq$ saccharose (market disaccharides) > starch (polysaccharieds). Among different sugars, bacterial growth was favored by in the order of brown, black and white supars, indicating that the bacterial growth might be promoted by the minor elements presented as impurities in the less purified sugars. As for nitrogen source, organic forms were better to bacterial growth than inorganic forms, that is polypeptone was best followed in order by soy sauce, soybeen milk and inorganic nitrogens. Differences in bacterial growth among different forms of inorganic nitrogen were negligible.

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The Effect of Ultrasound on Bacterial Growth (초음파가 세균성장에 미치는 영향)

  • Choe Hyun-Ju;Park Rae-Joon;Hwang Tae-Yeun
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.311-317
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    • 2000
  • The puroose of the study was carried out to investigate the change of bacterial growth in vitro according to intensities and exposure time. to basic data far ultrasound and clinical research. The Staphylococcus aureus which are commonly isolated from open wound were incubated in an incubator for 24 hours following expoure 1MHz continuous ultrasound(CUS). Then quantitative bacterial counts were obtained. The results were as following. 1. The groups CUS was appied changed in bacterial growth according to intensities and time respectively. 2. The groups CUS was appied showed the inhibitory effect of bacterial growth. 3. The number of S. aureus significantly reduced to fellowing expoure $3.0w/cm^2$ CUS during 20min.

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Effect of Soil Properties and Soil Bacterial Community on Early Growth Characteristics of Wild-simulated Ginseng (Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer) in Coniferous and Mixed Forest (침엽수림과 혼효림에서 토양특성과 토양세균 군집이 산양삼 초기 생육특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Ki Yoon;Kim, Hyun Jun;Um, Yurry;Jeon, Kwon Seok
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.183-194
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    • 2020
  • Background: This study investigated the effect of soil properties and soil bacterial community on early growth characteristics of wild-simulated ginseng (Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer) in coniferous and mixed forest experimental fields. Methods and Results: The soil bacterial community was analyzed using a high throughput sequencing technique (Illumina MiSeq sequencing). The relationship between the soil bacterial community, soil properties, and growth characteristics of wild-simulated ginseng were analyzed using principal coordinate analysis (PCoA) and the Pearson's correlation analysis. Soil properties and soil bacterial community showed significant difference with forest physiognomy. Results of Pearson's correlation analysis and PCoA showed that the soil properties (soil pH, organic matter, total nitrogen, and cation exchange capacity) and soil bacterial community had significant correlation with tree species ratio and early growth characteristics of wild-simulated ginseng. Conclusions: This study clearly demonstrated the effect of soil properties and soil bacterial community on early growth characteristics of wild-simulated ginseng in coniferous and mixed forest. Moreover, these results will help in the selection of suitable cultivation sites for wild-simulated ginseng.

Isolation of Rhizobacteria in Jeju Island Showing Anti-Fungal Effect against Fungal Plant Pathogens

  • Lee, Chung-Sun;Kim, Ki-Deok;Hyun, Jae-Wook;Jeun, Yong-Chull
    • Mycobiology
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.251-254
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    • 2003
  • To select active bacterial strains to control plant diseases, 57 bacterial strains were isolated from the rhizosphere of the plants growing in various areas such as coast, middle and top of Halla Mountain in Jeju Island. Anti-fungal effect of isolated bactrial strains was tested in vitro by incubating in potato dextrose agar with isolates of four fungal plant pathogens Rhizoctonia solani, Fusarium oxysporum, Colletotrichum gloeosporioides and C. orbiculare, respectively. Thirty-four bacterial strains inhibited the hyphal growth of the plant pathogens, from which 17 strains inhibited one of the tested fungi, 10 strains two fungi, six strains three and a strain TRL2-3 inhibited all of the tested fungi. Some bacterial strains could inhibit weakly the hyphal growth of the plant pathogens, whereas some did very strongly with apparent inhibition zone between the plant pathogens and bacterial strains indicating the unfavorable condition for hyphal growth. Although there was no apparent inhibition zone, some bacterial strains showed a strong suppression of hyphal growth of plant pathogens. Especially, the inhibition by TRL2-3 was remarkably strong in all cases of the tested plant pathogens in this study that could be a possible candidate for biological control of various plant diseases.