• Title, Summary, Keyword: Bacillus subtilis

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Effects of Bacillus subtilis on Growth Performance and Resistance to Salmonella Infection in Broiler Chickens

  • Yoo, Jae Hong
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.277-281
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    • 2013
  • The experiment was undertaken to see the effects of Bacillus sp. on the growth performance and disease resistance to Salmonella sp. infections. The use of probiotic microbes in poultry is commonly practiced. In this study, Bacillus subtilis was tested using a total of 120 chicks of age of 1 day after hatching. The growth traits examined were body weight gain and feed conversion rate. And also, the Salmonella resistance of Bacillus subtilis was tested after the chicks were orally administered with Salmonella pullorum by gavage force injections. The result showed that Bacillus subtilis yielded a high feed efficiency, consequently increased growth rate. For the effect of Bacillus subtilis on Salmonella infection, Bacillus subtilis significantly improved the resistance to Salmonella pullorum infection. Various clinical symptoms of Salmonella infection were highly decreased by addition of Bacillus sp.

Biological Control of Garlic White Rot Accused by Sclereotium cepivorum and Sclereotium sp. Using Bacillus subtilis 122 and Trichoderma harzianum 23 (Bacillus subtilis 122와 Trichoderma harzianum 23에 의한 마늘 흑색썩음균핵병의 생물적 방제)

  • Lee Sang-Yeob;Lee Sang-Bum;Kim Yong-Ki;Hwang Soon-Jin
    • Research in Plant Disease
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.81-84
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    • 2006
  • Trichoderma harzianum 23 WP and Bacillus subtilis 122 WP were formulated as antagonists of Sclerotium cepivorum and Sclerotium sp. of garlic white rot. In the field test, applications of Trichoderma harzianum WP and Bacillus subtilis WP reduced garlic white rot by Sclerotium cepivrum from 10.9% in the control to 4.1% and 6.2%, respectively at Taean. Also at Seosan, applications of Trichoderma harzianum 23 WP and Bacillus subtilis 122 WP reduced garlic white rot by Sclerotium sp. from 17.8% in the control to 1.2% and 2.6%, respectively. Treatment of Trichoderma harzianum 23 WP and Bacillus subtilis 122 WP increased garlic yield in two area. Therefore, Trichoderma harzianum 23 WP and Bacillus subtilis 122 WP have shown potential as biofungicides of garlic white rot in the two different pathogens.

Development of Functional Doenjang for Antioxidative and Fibrinolytic Activity (항산화와 혈전용해 활성을 갖는 기능성 된장의 개발)

  • 류병호
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.559-568
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    • 2003
  • The aim of present study is to investigated on the development of the functional doenjang possessing antioxidative and fibrinolytic activity. A strain, BH-23 showing antioxidative and fibrinolytic activity was isolated from traditionally doenjang, and then identified as Bacillus subtilis based on moophological, physiological, and biochemical characteristics, and named as Bacillus subtilis BH-23. The optimal pH level and temperature conditions were 5.0 and $40^{\circ}C$, NaCl concentration was grown well at 15% Antioxidative and fibrinolytic activity of Bacillus subtilis BH-23 was accoidance with growth conditions of the original state. By comparising with traditionally commercialized doenjang, it is prepared with Bacillus subtilis BH-23. The final results evaluated with positive elements rised above the surface such as color, taste and flavor without ammonia. Therefore, it is safe to assume, doenjang has strong market value in the food industry.

Characterization of Cellulase from Bacillus subtilis NSC Isolated from Soil (토양으로부터 단리한 Bacillus subtilis NSC 유래 Cellulase의 특성 규명)

  • Kim, Sang Jin;Park, Chang-Su
    • Journal of Chitin and Chitosan
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.228-233
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    • 2018
  • We isolated microorganisms from soil, which is sampled at forest, Kyeonbuk, Korea, as cellulolytic microorganisms. The isolated strains were identified by analysis of 16S rRNA gene from the starins. The result, four kinds of Bacillus subtilis, one kind of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens, and one kind of Bacillus cereus were identified. Among these strains, Bacillus subtilis was selected due to its high cellulase activity and this strain was named as Bacillus subtilis CNS. The optimum pH and temperature of the cellulase from Bacillus subtilis CNS was pH 5.0 and $40^{\circ}C$, respectively. In the investigation of pH and temperature stability, the cellulase from Bacillus subtilis NSC stabled pH 4.0~6.0 range and until $40^{\circ}C$ for 30 min perfectly. In the enzyme activity for various cellulosic substrate, cellulase from Bacillus subtilis CNS showed the highest activity for CM-cellulose. And, the enzyme activities for alkali swollen cellulose, Alpha-cellulose, Sigmacell-cellulose, and Avicel were approximately 31%, 8%, 8% and 4% of activity for CM-cellulose, respectively. In the degradation of CM-cellulose, the 0.26 U/ml and 0.52 U/ml of cellulase showed 0.43 and 0.76 U/ml activity for CM-cellulose after the reaction of 120 min, respectively.

Cultural Characterization of Bacteriolytic Bacillus subtilis SH-1 Isolated from Pusan Coastal Sea (해양에서 분리한 용균세균인 Bacillus subtilis SH-1의 배양특성)

  • 류병호;진성현
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.231-237
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    • 1995
  • Bacillus subtilis SH-1 have been isolated and identified from coastal sea, in Pusan, The optimal cultural characterization of Bacillus subtilis SH-1 for 속 production of bacteriolytic enzyme was determained. Bacillus subtilis SH-1 produced the bacteriolytic enzyme well in the medium consist of 1.0% glucose, 1.0% yeast extract, 1.0% NaCI, 0.02% $K_2HPO_4,\;0.002%\;MgSo_4{\cdot}7H_2O,\;0.001%\;MnSO_4{\cdot}5H_2O,\;0.0001%\;FeSO_4{\cdot}7H_2O$. The optimal medium pH, incubation temperature, and shaking tome for the highest production of the enzyme were 8.0, $30^{\circ}C$ and 28 hours respectively.

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Effects of Bacillus subtilis Supplementation on Egg Quality, Blood Characteristics and Fecal $NH_3-N$ in Laying Hens (산란계에 Bacillus subtilis의 급여가 계란 품질, 혈액 성상 및 분내 암모니아태 질소 함량에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim H. J.;Woo J. S.;Kwon O. S.;Min B. J.;Shon K. S.;Jo J. H.;Chen Y. J.;Kim I. H.
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.9-14
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    • 2005
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effects of Bacillus subtilis on the egg qualify, blood characteristics and fecal $NH_3-N$ in laying hens. A total of two hundred fifty two laying hens were randomly allocated into three treatments with seven replications for six weeks. Dietary treatments included 1) CON (control; basal diet), 2) BS0.2(control + $0.2\%$ Bacillus subtilis) and 3) BS0.4 (control +$0.4\%$ Bacillus subtilis). For overall Period, hen-day egg production tended to increase by the Bacillus subtilis $0.4\%$ in the diets, but was no significant difference. Egg weight, egg shell breaking strength, egg shell thickness, Haugh Unit, yolk color unit and egg yolk index were not affected by treatments. Difference of egg weight and egg shell breaking strength in the BS0.2 treatment tended to increase without significant difference. Difference of egg yolk index in laying hens fed Bacillus subtilis was increased (P<0.05). The concentrations of red blood cell (RBC) and white blood cell (WBC) were not significant difference. $NH_3-N$ concentration in feces with BS0.4 treatment was significantly (P<0.05) lower than control. In conclusion, dietary Bacillus subtilis could decrease fecal $NH_3-N$.

Characteristics of Flavor and Functionality of Bacillus subtilis K-20 Chunggukjang (Bacillus subtilis K-20에 의한 청국장의 향미성분 및 기능성식품에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Young-Sook;Jung, Hyuck-Jun;Park, Young-Sook;Yu, Tae-Shick
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.475-478
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    • 2003
  • Bacillus subtilis K-20 chunggukjang is widely used in making soy sauces and bean pastes which are Korean traditional fermented foods. Bacillus subtilis K-20 chunggukjang was cultured, and fermented at $40^{\circ}C$ and 90% humidity for 96 hr after homogenizing with garlic, garlic and onion, and garlic, onion, and ginger. As a result, a product with pizza flavor and taste was obtained from Bacillus subtilis K-20. This product could be used as a functional food to promote immunity.

Comparative Study of Extracellular Proteomes for Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus amyloliquefaciens

  • Lauan, Maria Claret;Santos, IlynLyzette;Lim, Jinkyu
    • Current Research on Agriculture and Life Sciences
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.30-37
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    • 2013
  • Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus amyloliquefaciens are closely related species that share a similar genomic background, and are both known to secrete large amounts of proteins directly into a medium. The extracellular proteomes of two strains of Bacillus subtilis and two strains of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens were compared by 2-D gel electrophoresis during the late exponential growth phase. The relative abundance of some minor protein spots varied among the four strains of Bacillus. Over 123 spots of extracellular proteins were visualized on the gel for B. subtilis CH 97, 68 spots for B. subtilis 3-5, 230 spots for B. amyloliquefaciens CH 51, and 60 spotsfor B. amyloliquefaciens 86-1. 2D gel electrophoresis images of the four Bacillus strains showed significantly different protein profiles. Consistent with the 2D gel electrophoretic analysis, most of the B. subtilis proteins differed from the proteases secreted by the B. amyloliquefaciensstrains. Among the proteins identified from B. subtilis, approximately 50% were cytoplasmic and 30% were canonically extracellular proteins. The secreted protein profiles for B. subtilis CH 97 and B. subtilis 3-5 were quite different, as were the profiles for B. amyloliquefaciens CH 51 and 86-1. The four proteomes also differed in the major protein composition. The B. subtilis CH 97 and B. amyloliquefaciens CH 51 proteomes both contained large amounts of secreted hydrolytic enzymes. Among the four strains, B. subtilis 3-5 secreted the least number of proteins. Therefore, even closely related bacteria in terms of genomic sequences can still have significant differences in their physiology and proteome layout.

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Properties of Promoters Transferred to the Donor Strain, Alkali-tolerant Bacillus sp. YA-14. (공여 균주인 알카리 내성 Bacillus속에 도입된 Promoter 의 특성)

  • 유주현;구본탁;정용준
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.188-192
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    • 1989
  • The promoters from akali-tolerant Bacillus sp. YA-14 chromosomal DMA cloned in B. subtilis using pPL703 were stably transferred to the donor strain. In alkali-tolerant Bacillus sp., the promoters revealed similiar properties with in B. subtilis but were preyed to be more efficient than in B. subtilis comparing with pPL708. Alkali-tolerant Bacillus sp. harboring the recombinant plasmid, p-l2Bl, was abnormally more inducible with chloramphenicol than B. subtilis haying the plasmid. Therefore the host-vector system using this recombinant plasmid and alkali-tolerant Bacillus sp. was expected to be more available.

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Isolation, identification, and probiotic characteristics of Bacillus strains affecting the biogenic amine content in fermented soybean paste (발효 된장의 바이오제닉 아민 함량에 영향을 미치는 바실러스균의 분리 동정 및 프로바이오틱 특성)

  • Lim, Eun-Seo
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.55 no.2
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    • pp.131-142
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    • 2019
  • The primary objective of this study was to determine the content of biogenic amines in Korean traditional fermented soybean pastes (doenjang) and to isolate potential probiotic Bacillus sp. with the ability to inhibit biogenic amines accumulation. There were significant differences in the bacterial cell counts, pH value, titratable acidity, salinity, and biogenic amine content between the samples. Among Bacillus strains isolated from doenjang, Bacillus (B.) licheniformis DB102, B. subtilis DB203, B. stearothermophilus DB206, Bacillus sp. DB209, Bacillus sp. DB310, B. coagulans DB311, B. cereus DB313, B. amyloliquefaciens DB714, Bacillus sp. DB917, B. cereus DB 915, B. subtilis DB1020, and Bacillus sp. DB1022 were found to be able to produce biogenic amines. On the other hand, biogenic amine-degrading strains were identified as Bacillus sp. DB403, Bacillus sp. DB407, B. subtilis DB517, B. licheniformis DB612, and B. subtilis DB821. In particular, Bacillus sp. DB407 and B. subtilis DB821 showed probiotic properties including tolerance to artificial digestive juices, adherence to intestinal epithelial cells, resistance to antibiotics, and antibacterial activity against biogenic amine-producing strains. In conclusion, the two probiotic Bacillus strains may be considered as the suitable starter for manufacture of fermented soybean foods with low biogenic amines content.