• Title, Summary, Keyword: BLWTL

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Wind tunnel model studies to predict the action of wind on the projected 558 m Jakarta Tower

  • Isyumov, N.;Case, P.C.;Ho, T.C.E.;Soegiarso, R.
    • Wind and Structures
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    • v.4 no.4
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    • pp.299-314
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    • 2001
  • A study of wind effects was carried out at the Boundary Layer Wind Tunnel Laboratory (BLWTL) for the projected 558-m high free-standing telecommunication and observation tower for Jakarta, Indonesia. The objectives were to assist the designers with various aspects of wind action, including the overall structural loads and responses of the Tower shaft and the antenna superstructure, the local wind pressures on components of the exterior envelope, and winds in pedestrian areas. The designers of the Tower are the East China Architectural Design Institute (ECADI) and PT Menara Jakarta, Indonesia. Unfortunately, the project is halted due to the financial uncertainties in Indonesia. At the time of the stoppage, pile driving had been completed and slip forming of the concrete shaft of the Tower had begun. When completed, the Tower will exceed the height of the CN-Tower in Toronto, Canada by some 5 m.

Performance Verification of Smart Passive Damping System using MR damper (자기유변유체 감쇠기에 기반한 스마트 수동 감쇠 시스템의 성능 평가)

  • Cho, Sang-Won;Jang, Ji-Eun;Yoon, Woo-Hyun;Lee, In-Won
    • Proceedings of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.505-512
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    • 2005
  • MR damper is one of the most promising control devices for civil engineering applications to earthquake hazard mitigation. However, a control system including a power supply, controller, and sensors is required to maximize the performance of the MR damper and this complicated control system is not effective to most of large civil structures. This paper proposes and experimentally verified a smart passive damping system using MR(Magnetorheological) dampers by introducing electromagnetic induction(EMI) system as an external power source to MR damper. It is easy to build up and maintain EMI system, because it does not require any control system such as a power supply, controller, and sensors. Numerical simulations using experimental model of EMI system are carried to verify the effectiveness of the proposed EMI system. The performances of smart passive damping system are compared with those of passive and semiactive MR dampers.

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Application of tuned liquid dampers in controlling the torsional vibration of high rise buildings

  • Ross, Andrew S.;El Damatty, Ashraf A.;El Ansary, Ayman M.
    • Wind and Structures
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.537-564
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    • 2015
  • Excessive motions in buildings cause occupants to become uncomfortable and nervous. This is particularly detrimental to the tenants and ultimately the owner of the building, with respect to financial considerations. Serviceability issues, such as excessive accelerations and inter-story drifts, are more prevalent today due to advancements in the structural systems, strength of materials, and design practices. These factors allow buildings to be taller, lighter, and more flexible, thereby exacerbating the impact of dynamic responses. There is a growing need for innovative and effective techniques to reduce the serviceability responses of these tall buildings. The current study considers a case study of a real building to show the effectiveness and robustness of the TLD in reducing the coupled lateral-torsional motion of this high-rise building under wind loading. Three unique multi-modal TLD systems are designed specifically to mitigate the torsional response of the building. A procedure is developed to analyze a structure-TLD system using High Frequency Force Balance (HFFB) test data from the Boundary Layer Wind Tunnel Laboratory (BLWTL) at the University of Western Ontario. The effectiveness of the unique TLD systems is investigated. In addition, a parametric study is conducted to determine the robustness of the systems in reducing the serviceability responses. Three practical parameters are varied to investigate the robustness of the TLD system: the height of water inside the tanks, the amplitude modification factor, and the structural modal frequencies.

Dynamic response of transmission line conductors under downburst and synoptic winds

  • Aboshosha, Haitham;El Damatty, Ashraf
    • Wind and Structures
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.241-272
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    • 2015
  • In the current study, dynamic and quasi-static analyses were performed to investigate the response of multiple-spanned and single-spanned transmission line conductors under both downburst and synoptic winds considering different wind velocities and different length spans. Two critical downburst configurations, recommended in the literature and expected to cause maximum conductor reactions, were considered in the analyses. The objective of the study was to assess the importance of including the dynamic effect when predicting the conductor's reactions on the towers. This was achieved by calculating the mean, the background and the resonant reaction components, and evaluating the contribution of the resonant component to the peak reaction. The results show that the maximum contribution of the resonant component is generally low (in the order of 6%) for the multiple-spanned system at different wind velocities for both downburst and synoptic winds. For the single-spanned system, the result show a relatively high maximum contribution (in the order of 16%) at low wind velocity and a low maximum contribution (in the order of 6%) at high wind velocity for both downburst and synoptic winds. Such contributions may justify the usage of the quasi-static approach for analyzing transmission line conductors subjected to the high wind velocities typically used for the line design.