• Title, Summary, Keyword: BCRP

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BCRP Expression in VX2 Rabbit Liver Tumours and its Effects on Tumour Recurrence, Metastasis and Treatment Tolerability

  • Li, Cai-Xia;Zhang, Kai;Xie, Fu-Bo
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.9
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    • pp.5089-5093
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    • 2013
  • Objective: This study aimed to investigate the effects of BCRP expression on tumor recurrence, metastasis and treatment tolerability. Methods: A VX2 rabbit liver tumor model was established. Division was randomly into 4 groups: namely saline control group; A group, given hydration lipiodol; B group, Ad-p53; and C group, Ad-p53+hydration lipiodol. After the intervention, samples were collected to detect the BCRP, MMP-2, VEGF and PCNA. Results: The expression of BCRP, MMP-2, PCNA and VEGF in tumors in Group A had no significant difference when compared with the control group, while in B and C group, the values were significantly lower (P<0.05). BCRP positive expression in metastatic lesions significantly increased (P<0.05), and was correlated with MMP-2 ($X^2=6.172$, P=0.0131). Conclusions: BCRP may play an important role in mediating liver cancer multidrug resistance to chemotherapy, and may be correlated with tumor recurrence and metastasis, which leads to weakened treatment effect. Ad-P53 can down-regulate the expression of related genes, playing a role in multidrug resistance reversal and increased sensitivity in liver cancer treatment.

in vitro Modulation of P-glycoprotein, MRP-1 and BCRP Expression by Mangiferin in Doxorubicin-Treated MCF-7 Cells

  • Louisa, Melva;Soediro, Tjahjani Mirawati;Suyatna, Frans Dhyanagiri
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.1639-1642
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    • 2014
  • The multidrug resistance phenotype is one of the major problems in development of cancer cell resistance to chemotherapy. Some natural compounds from medicinal plants have demonstrated promising capacity in enhancing anticancer effects in drug resistant cancer cells. We aimed to investigate whether mangiferin might have an ability to re-sensitize MCF-7 breast cancer cells previously treated with short-term doxorubicin in vitro, through the modulation of efflux transporters, P-glycoprotein (P-gp), MRP1 and BCRP. We exposed MCF-7 breast cancer cells pretreated with doxorubicin for 10 days to mangiferin (10, 25 or 50 ${\mu}M$) for 96 hours. Afterwards, we evaluated influence on cell viability and level of mRNA expression of P-gp, MRP1 and BCRP. Doxorubicin given in combination with mangiferin at low concentrations (10 and 25 ${\mu}M$) failed to give significant reduction in cell viability, while at the highest concentrations, the combination significantly reduced cell viability. The mRNA expression analysis of P-gp, MRP1 and BCRP showed that mangiferin had inhibitory effects on P-gp but no effects on MRP1 and BCRP. In conclusion, we suggest that mangiferin at high concentrations can be used as chemosensitizer for doxorubicin therapy. This effect might be attributed by inhibitory effects of mangiferin on P-glycoprotein expression.

Physiologically-based pharmacokinetic predictions of intestinal BCRP-mediated drug interactions of rosuvastatin in Koreans

  • Bae, Soo Hyeon;Park, Wan-Su;Han, Seunghoon;Park, Gab-jin;Lee, Jongtae;Hong, Taegon;Jeon, Sangil;Yim, Dong-Seok
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.321-329
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    • 2018
  • It was recently reported that the $C_{max}$ and AUC of rosuvastatin increases when it is coadministered with telmisartan and cyclosporine. Rosuvastatin is known to be a substrate of OATP1B1, OATP1B3, NTCP, and BCRP transporters. The aim of this study was to explore the mechanism of the interactions between rosuvastatin and two perpetrators, telmisartan and cyclosporine. Published (cyclosporine) or newly developed (telmisartan) PBPK models were used to this end. The rosuvastatin model in Simcyp (version 15)'s drug library was modified to reflect racial differences in rosuvastatin exposure. In the telmisartan-rosuvastatin case, simulated rosuvastatin $C_{maxI}/C_{max}$ and $AUC_I/AUC$ (with/without telmisartan) ratios were 1.92 and 1.14, respectively, and the $T_{max}$ changed from 3.35 h to 1.40 h with coadministration of telmisartan, which were consistent with the aforementioned report ($C_{maxI}/C_{max}$: 2.01, $AUC_I/AUC$:1.18, $T_{max}:5h{\rightarrow}0.75h$). In the next case of cyclosporine-rosuvastatin, the simulated rosuvastatin $C_{maxI}/C_{max}$ and $AUC_I/AUC$ (with/without cyclosporine) ratios were 3.29 and 1.30, respectively. The decrease in the $CL_{int,BCRP,intestine}$ of rosuvastatin by telmisartan and cyclosporine in the PBPK model was pivotal to reproducing this finding in Simcyp. Our PBPK model demonstrated that the major causes of increase in rosuvastatin exposure are mediated by intestinal BCRP (rosuvastatin-telmisartan interaction) or by both of BCRP and OATP1B1/3 (rosuvastatin-cyclosporine interaction).

Involvement of NRF2 Signaling in Doxorubicin Resistance of Cancer Stem Cell-Enriched Colonospheres

  • Ryoo, In-geun;Kim, Geon;Choi, Bo-hyun;Lee, Sang-hwan;Kwak, Mi-Kyoung
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.482-488
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    • 2016
  • Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are a subset of tumor cells, which are characterized by resistance against chemotherapy and environmental stress, and are known to cause tumor relapse after therapy. A number of molecular mechanisms underlie the chemoresistance of CSCs, including high expression levels of drug efflux transporters. We investigated the role of the antioxidant transcription factor NF-E2-related factor 2 (NRF2) in chemoresistance development, using a CSC-enriched colonosphere system. HCT116 colonospheres were more resistant to doxorubicin-induced cell death and expressed higher levels of drug efflux transporters such as P-glycoprotein (Pgp) and breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) compared to HCT116 monolayers. Notably, levels of NRF2 and expression of its target genes were substantially elevated in colonospheres, and these increases were linked to doxorubicin resistance. When NRF2 expression was silenced in colonospheres, Pgp and BCRP expression was downregulated, and doxorubicin resistance was diminished. Collectively, these results indicate that NRF2 activation contributes to chemoresistance acquisition in CSC-enriched colonospheres through the upregulation of drug efflux transporters.

Flavonoids: An Emerging Lead in the P-glycoprotein Inhibition

  • Gadhe, Changdev G.;Cho, Seung Joo
    • Journal of the Chosun Natural Science
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.72-78
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    • 2012
  • Multidrug resistance is a major obstacle in cancer chemotherapy. Cancer cells efflux chemotherapeutic drug out of cell by means of transporter and reduce the active concentration of it inside cell. Such transporters are member of the ATP binding cassettes (ABC) protein. It includes P-gp, multiple resistant protein (MRP), and breast cancer resistant protein (BCRP). These proteins are widely distributed in the human cells such as kidney, lung, endothelial cells of blood brain barrier etc. However, there are number of drugs developed for it, but most of them are getting transported by it. So, still there is necessity of a good modulator, which could effectively combat the transport of chemotherapeutic agents. Natural products origin modulators were found to be effective against transporter such as flavonoids, which belongs to third generation modulators. They have advantage over synthetic inhibitor in the sense that they have simple structure and abundant in nature. This review focuses on the P-gp structure its architecture, efflux mechanism, herbal inhibitors and their mechanism of action.

Genetic Polymorphisms in Drug Transporters and Regulatory Xenobiotic Receptors in Korean Population

  • Lee, Sang-Seop;Shin, Jae-Gook
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Toxicology Conference
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    • pp.27-29
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    • 2004
  • Drug transporters play an essential role in the absorption, distribution and elimination of clinical drugs, nutrients and toxicants. The importance of the transporters is exampled by therapeutic failure in cancer chemotherapy that is mainly caused by the overexpression of multidrug resistance (MDR)-related transporters. In addition, the transporters may involve in drug-drug interactions that lead to serious adverse drug responses and some transporters also contribute to inter-individual variation in drug responses. As an effort to understand the mechanism underlying the inter-individual variation of transporters activity, genetic and environmental factors influencing the expression or function of the transporters have extensively explored through last decade. Among them, genetic polymorphism of drug transporter encoding genes has generated much interest since the discovery of functional single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of MDRl gene. Besides drug transporters, xenobiotic receptors also modulate drug disposition by regulating the transcription of drug metabolizing enzymes and drug transporters. Among many xenobiotic receptors, pregnane X receptor (PXR) and constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) are two most well characterized since these receptors show wide substrate specificities and regulate the expression of various enzymes involved in drug disposition. Recently, several functional genetic polymorphisms were reported in PXR coding gene. In the present study, genetic polymorph isms of two drug transporters, MDR1 and BCRP, and two xenobiotic receptors, PXR and CAR, were investigated in Korean population.

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Genetic Polymorphisms in Drug Transporters and Regulatory Xenobiotic Receptors in Korean Population

  • Lee, Sang-Seop;Shin, Jae-Gook
    • Proceedings of the Korea Environmental Mutagen Society Conference
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    • pp.27-29
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    • 2004
  • Drug transporters play an essential role in the absorption, distribution and elimination of clinical drugs, nutrients and toxicants. The importance of the transporters is exampled by therapeutic failure in cancer chemotherapy that is mainly caused by the overexpression of multidrug resistance (MDR)-related transporters. In addition, the transporters may involve in drug-drug interactions that lead to serious adverse drug responses and some transporters also contribute to inter-individual variation in drug responses. As an effort to understand the mechanism underlying the inter-individual variation of transporters activity, genetic and environmental factors influencing the expression or function of the transporters have extensively explored through last decade. Among them, genetic polymorphism of drug transporter encoding genes has generated much interest since the discovery of functional single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of MDR1 gene. Besides drug transporters, xenobiotic receptors also modulate drug disposition by regulating the transcription of drug metabolizing enzymes and drug transporters. Among many xenobiotic receptors, pregnane X receptor (PXR) and constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) are two most well characterized since these receptors show wide substrate specificities and regulate the expression of various enzymes involved in drug disposition. Recently, several functional genetic polymorphisms were reported in PXR coding gene. In the present study, genetic polymorphisms of two drug transporters, MDR1 and BCRP, and two xenobiotic receptors, PXR and CAR, were investigated in Korean population.

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Cellular and regional specific changes in multidrug efflux transporter expression during recovery of vasogenic edema in the rat hippocampus and piriform cortex

  • Kim, Yeon-Jo;Kim, Ji-Eun;Choi, Hui-Chul;Song, Hong-Ki;Kang, Tae-Cheon
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.48 no.6
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    • pp.348-353
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    • 2015
  • In the present study, we investigated the characteristics of drug efflux transporter expressions following status epilepticus (SE). In the hippocampus and piriform cortex (PC), vasogenic edema peaked 3-4 days after SE. The expression of breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP), multidrug resistance protein-4 (MRP4), and p-glycoprotein (p-GP) were decreased 4 days after SE when vasogenic edema was peaked, but subsequently increased 4 weeks after SE. Multidrug resistance protein-1 (MRP1) expression gradually decreased in endothelial cells until 4 weeks after SE. These findings indicate that SE-induced vasogenic edema formation transiently reduced drug efflux pump expressions in endothelial cells. Subsequently, during recovery of vasogenic edema drug efflux pump expressions were differentially upregulated in astrocytes, neuropils, and endothelial cells. Therefore, we suggest that vasogenic edema formation may be a risk factor in pharmacoresistent epilepsy. [BMB Reports 2015; 48(6): 348-353]

The Effects of Crinum asiaticum on the Apoptosis Induction and the Reversal of Multidrug Resistance in HL-60/MX2

  • Hyun, Jae-Hee; Kang, Jung-Il;Kim, Sang-Cheol;Kim, Elvira;Kang, Ji-Hoon;Kwon, Jung-Mi;Park, Doek-Bae;Lee, Young-Jae;Yoo, Eun-Sook;Kang, Hee-Kyoung
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.29-36
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    • 2008
  • The present study investigated the anti-proliferative and chemosensitizing effects of Crinum asiaticum var. japonicum against multi-drug resistant (MDR) cancer cells. The 80% methanol extract, chloroform ($CHCl_3$) fraction and butanol (BuOH) fraction of C. asiaticum inhibited the growth of mitoxantrone (MX) resistant HL-60 (HL-60/MX2) cells. When HL-60/MX2 cells were treated with the $CHCl_3$ and BuOH fractions, DNA ladder and sub-G1 hypodiploid cells were observed. Furthermore, the fractions reduced BcI-2 mRNA levels, whereas Bax mRNA levels were increased. These results suggest that the inhibitory effect of C. asiaticum on the growth of the HL-60/MX2 cells might arise from the induction of apoptosis. Treatment of HL-60/MX2 cells with the fractions markedly decreased the mRNA levels of the multi-drug resistance protein-1 and breast cancer resistance protein. The $CHCl_3$ fraction and hexane fraction increased MX accumulation in HL-60/MX2 cells. These results imply that the $CHCl_3$ fraction of C. asiaticum plays a pivotal role as a chemosensitizer. We suggest that components of C. asiaticum might have a therapeutic potential for the treatment of MDR leukemia.