• Title, Summary, Keyword: B7-H4

Search Result 3,244, Processing Time 0.056 seconds

Inhibition of mouse SP2/0 myeloma cell growth by the B7-H4 protein vaccine

  • Mu, Nan;Liu, Nannan;Hao, Qiang;Xu, Yujin;Li, Jialin;Li, Weina;Wu, Shouzhen;Zhang, Cun;Su, Haichuan
    • BMB Reports
    • /
    • v.47 no.7
    • /
    • pp.399-404
    • /
    • 2014
  • B7-H4 is a member of B7 family of co-inhibitory molecules and B7-H4 protein is found to be overexpressed in many human cancers and which is usually associated with poor survival. In this study, we developed a therapeutic vaccine made from a fusion protein composed of a tetanus toxoid (TT) T-helper cell epitope and human B7-H4IgV domain (TT-rhB7-H4IgV). We investigated the anti-tumor effect of the TT-rhB7-H4IgV vaccine in BALB/c mice and SP2/0 myeloma growth was significantly suppressed in mice. The TT-rhB7-H4IgV vaccine induced high-titer specific antibodies in mice. Further, the antibodies induced by TT-rhB7-H4IgV vaccine were capable of depleting SP2/0 cells through complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC) in vitro. On the other hand, the poor cellular immune response was irrelevant to the therapeutic efficacy. These results indicate that the recombinant TT-rhB7-H4IgV vaccine might be a useful candidate of immunotherapy for the treatment of some tumors associated with abnormal expression of B7-H4.

Effect of TLR4 and B7-H1 on Immune Escape of Urothelial Bladder Cancer and its Clinical Significance

  • Wang, Yong-Hua;Cao, Yan-Wei;Yang, Xue-Cheng;Niu, Hai-Tao;Sun, Li-Jiang;Wang, Xin-Sheng;Liu, Jing
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
    • /
    • v.15 no.3
    • /
    • pp.1321-1326
    • /
    • 2014
  • Background/Aim: Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and B7-H1, both normally expressed restricted to immune cells, are found to be aberrantly expressed in a majority of human tumors and may play important roles in regulation of tumor immunity. It has been shown that urothelial bladder cancer (UBC) patients can manifest tumoral immune escape which may be a potential critical factor in tumor pathogenesis and progression. However, so far, the mechanisms of UBC-related immune escape have not been clarified. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of TLR4 and B7-H1 on immune escape of UBC. Methods: Bladder cancer T24 cells were pre-incubated with LPS and co-cultured with tumor specific CTLs. CTL cytotoxicity and apoptosis rates were measured by MTT assay and flow cytometry, respectively. The effects of an ERK inhibitor on B7-H1 expression and CTL cytotoxicity against T24 cells were also evaluated. In addition, TLR4, B7-H1 and PD-1 protein expression was analyzed by immunohistochemistry in 60 UBC specimens and 10 normal urothelia. Results: TLR4 activation protected T24 cells from CTL killing via B7-H1 overexpression. However PD98059, an inhibitor of ERK, enhanced CTL killing of T24 cells by reducing B7-H1 expression. TLR4 expression was generally decreased in UBC specimens, while B7-H1 and PD-1 were greatly overexpressed. Moreover, expression of both B7-H1 and PD-1 was significantly associated with UICC stage and WHO grade classification. Conclusions: TLR4 and B7-H1 may contribute to immune escape of UBC. Targeting B7-H1 or the ERK pathway may offer new immunotherapy strategies for bladder cancer.

B7-H4 Expression is Associated with Cancer Progression and Predicts Patient Survival in Human Thyroid Cancer

  • Zhu, Jian;Chu, Bing-Feng;Yang, Yi-Peng;Zhang, Sheng-Lai;Zhuang, Ming;Lu, Wen-Jie;Liu, Ying-Bin
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
    • /
    • v.14 no.5
    • /
    • pp.3011-3015
    • /
    • 2013
  • Objective: This study aimed to investigate the expression of B7-H4 in human thyroid cancer and determine any association with patient clinicopathological parameters and survival. Methods: B7-H4 expression in 64 clinical thyroid cancer specimens was assessed with immunohistochemistry. Moreover, B7-H4 mRNA expression in 10 fresh resected specimens were evaluated by the reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Immunohistochemical staining of CD3 was performed to assess the number of tumor infiltrating T lymphocytes (TILs) in thyroid cancers. Results: Positive B7-H4 immunohistochemical staining was observed in 61 out of 64 (95.3%) specimens of thyroid cancer tissues. Significantly more B7-H4 mRNA copies were found in thyroid cancer tissue than that adjacent normal tissue. Moreover, B7-H4 expression in human thyroid cancer tissues was significantly correlated with patient TNM stages and extrathyroidal extension (P<0.05), being inversely correlated with the number of TILs (P<0.05). The overall survival rate of the patients with higher B7-H4 expression was significantly worse than that of the patients with lower B7-H4 expression. Conclusions: This present study suggests that high B7-H4 expression is associated with cancer progression, reduced tumor immunosurveillance and worse patient outcomes in human thyroid cancer.

A Co-inhibitory Molecule, B7-H4, Synergistically Potentiates Oral Tolerance by Inducing CD4+CD25+FoxP3+ T Cells

  • Wen, Lanying;Yang, Sung-Yeun;Choi, Jae-Kyoung;Kim, Young-Hee;Kwon, Eun-Hee;Lee, Hyun-Ji;Jeoung, Hae-Young;Hwang, Du-Hyeon;Hwang, Dong-Jin;Choi, In-Hak
    • IMMUNE NETWORK
    • /
    • v.8 no.1
    • /
    • pp.21-28
    • /
    • 2008
  • Background: A co-inhibitory molecule, B7-H4, is believed to negatively regulate T cell immunity by suppressing T cell proliferation and inhibiting cytokine production. However, the mechanism behind B7-H4-mediated tolerance remains unclear. Methods: Balb/c $(H-2^d)$ mice were fed with dendritic cell line, DC2.4 $(H-2^d)$ every day for 10 days. Meantime, mice were hydrodynamically injected with recombinant plasmid expressing B7-H4 fusion protein (B7-H4.hFc) or hFc via tail vein. One day after last feeding, mice were immunized with allogeneic B6 spleen cells. 14 days following immunization, mice were challenged with B6 spleen cells to ear back and the ear swelling was determined the next day. Subsequently, a mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR) was also performed and cytokines profiles from the reaction were examined by sandwich ELISA. Frequency of immunosuppressive cell population was assayed with flow cytometry and mRNA for FoxP3 was determined by RT-PCR. Results: Tolerant mice given plasmid expressing B7-H4.hFc showed a significant reduction in ear swelling compared to control mice. In addition, T cells from mice given B7-H4.hFc plasmid revealed a significant hyporesponsiveness of T cells against allogeneic spleen cells and showed a significant decrease in Th1 and Th2 cytokines such as IFN-${\gamma}$, IL-5, and TNF-${\alpha}$. Interestingly, flow cytometric analysis showed that the frequency of CD4+CD25+FoxP3+ Tregs in spleen was increased in tolerant mice given recombinant B7-H4.hFc plasmid compared to control group. Conclusion: Our results demonstrate that B7-H4 synergistically potentiates oral tolerance induced by allogeneic cells by increasing the frequency of FoxP3+ CD4+CD25+ Treg and reducing Th1 and Th2 cytokine production.

Non-isothermic Analysis of Reaction Rate for the Thermal Decomposition of Na2B4O7·10H2O (Na2B4O7·10H2O 열분해 반응속도의 비등온해석)

  • Choi, Ho-Sang;Park, Young-Tae;Lee, Soo-Kag
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
    • /
    • v.8 no.6
    • /
    • pp.1029-1033
    • /
    • 1997
  • Fundamental research of non-isothermic analysis of reaction rate has been carried out for the heat storage system using the thermal decomposition of $Na_2B_4O_7{\cdot}10H_2O$. It was found that the equilibrium temperature of the thermal decomposition reaction was lowered less than 373K in $Na_2B_4O_7{\cdot}10H_2O/Na_2B_4O_7{\cdot}5H_2O$ system, but the heat efficiency was unchanged. The initiation temperature of the reaction was varied from low to high temperature region with heating rate. The reaction order of the dehydration reaction by the thermal decomposition was appeared to be 0.67 by non-isothermic analysis, thereby $Na_2B_4O_7{\cdot}10H_2O$ may be used as a hemical heatstorage material.

  • PDF

The Characteristics of the Dehydration Reaction and the Durability for the Thermal Decomposition in Na2B4O7·10H2O/Na2B4O7·5H2O System (Na2B4O7·10H2O/Na2B4O7·5H2O 계의 열분해 탈수반응 및 내구성 고찰)

  • Choi, Ho-Sang;Park, Young-Tae
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
    • /
    • v.10 no.6
    • /
    • pp.885-888
    • /
    • 1999
  • This study was carried out to determine the reaction kinetic constant of the dehydration - thermal decomposition of $Na_2B_4O_7{\cdot}10H_2O/Na_2B_4O_7{\cdot}5H_2O$ and to investigate the durability during the repeated use of a chemical heat-storage material and the reproducibility of reaction system. The order of the dehydration reaction was 1st-order. The reaction rate was directly proportional to a partial pressure difference of water steam. The kinetic constant was 0.27 and the reproducibility of dehydration reaction for a kinetic constant and a reaction order was excellent. The activity variation in the durability test of a chemical heat-storage material was within range of ${\pm}5%$ during the repeatedly use in several times.

  • PDF

Efficient Synthesis of hypho-2,5-$S_2B_7H_{11}$ and Preparation of New nido-, arachno-, and hypho-Metalladithiaborane Clusters Derived from Its Anion hypho-$S_2B_7H_{10}{^-}$

  • 강창환;김성준;고재정;강상욱
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
    • /
    • v.16 no.11
    • /
    • pp.1067-1074
    • /
    • 1995
  • Reaction of arachno-S2B7H8- with either THF or 1,2-dimethoxyethane upon refluxing condition results in the formation of the previously known compound hypho-S2B7H10-. Protonation of hypho-S2B7H10- with HCl/Et2O generates hypho-2,5-S2B7H11 in good yield. This hypho-S2B7H10- anion has been employed to generate a series of new nido-, arachno-, and hypho-metalladithiaborane clusters. Reaction of the anion with Cp(CO)2FeCl results in direct metal insertion and the formation of a complex containing the general formula (η5-C5H5)FeS2B7H8. Spectroscopic studies of nido-6-CpFe-7,9-S2B7H8 Ⅰ demonstrated that compound Ⅰ was shown to have an nido-type cage geometry derived from an octadecahedron missing one vertex, with the iron atom occupying the three-coordinate 6-position in the cage and the two sulfurs occupying positions on the open face of the cage. Reaction of hypho-S2B7H10- with CoCl2/Li+[C5H5]- gave the previously known complex arachno-7-CpCo-6,8-S2B6H8 Ⅱ. Also, the reaction of the anion with [Cp*RhCl2]2 gave the complex arachno-7-Cp*Rh-6,8-S2B6H8 Ⅲ, the structure of which was shown to be that of complex Ⅱ. The similarity of the NMR spectra of Ⅱ and Ⅲ suggest that Ⅲ adopts cage structure similar to that previously confirmed for Ⅱ. A series of 9-vertex hypho clusters in which the sulfur atoms are bridged by different species isoelectronic with a BH3 unit, such as HMn(CO)4 or SiR2 have been prepared. Compounds Ⅳ,Ⅴ and Ⅵ are each 2n+4 skeletal electron systems and would be expected according to skeletal electron counting theory to adopt hypho-type polyhedral structures derived from an icosahedron missing three vertices. The complex hypho-1-(CO)4Mn-2,5-S2B6H9 Ⅳ was obtained by the reaction of the anion with (CO)5MnBr and has been shown from spectroscopic data to consist of a (CO)4Mn fragment bound to the two sulfur atoms S2 and S5 of hypho-S2B7H10-. Also, similar hypho-type complexes hypho-1-R2Si-2,5-S2B6H8 (R=CH3 Ⅴ, R=C6H5 Ⅵ) have been prepared from the reaction of hypho-S2B7H10- with R2SiHCl.

  • PDF

Synthesis and Tautomerism of Pyrido[2,3-b]pyrazines (Pyriodo[2,3-b]pyrazine류의 합성과 토토머화 현상)

  • Kim, Ho-Sik;Choi, Kyung-Ok;Kurasawa, Yoshihisa
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
    • /
    • v.44 no.5
    • /
    • pp.435-440
    • /
    • 2000
  • The reaction of 2-methoxycarlmethylen-l,2-dihydro-4H-pyrido[2,3-b]pyrazin-3-one(5) with hydrazine hydrate and ethylenediamine gave 2-hydrazinocarbonylmethylene-1,2-dihydro-4H-pyrido[2,3-b]pyrazin-3-one(6) and 2-aminoethylcarbamethylene-1,2-dihydro-4H-pyrido[2,3-b]pyrazin-3-one(7), res-pectively. The reaction of compound 6 or 7 with substituted benzaldehydes or heteroaryl aldehydes afforded pyrido[2,3-b]pyrazines(8-13). Some pyrin the enamine, methylene imine and enaminol forms in solution. The tau-tomer ratios were determined by the H NMR.

  • PDF

New Transition Metal Mediated Alkylation Reaction of arachno-$S_{2}B_{7}H_{8}$, Insertion Reaction of arachno-$S_{2}B_{7}H_{8}^{-}$ with $(CO)_{5}M$ {${C(R_{1})(R_{2})}$} $(M=Cr,\;W;\;R_{1}=CH_{3},\;C_{6}H_{5};\;R_{2}=OCH_{3},\;SC_{6}H{5})$: Synthesis and Characterization of arachno-$4-RCH_{2}-6,8-S_{2}B_{7}H_{8}\;(R=CH_{3},\;IIa;\;C_{6}H_{5},\;IIb)$

  • Hee-Joo Jeon;Jae-Jung Ko;Kang-bong Lee;Sang Ook Kang
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
    • /
    • v.14 no.1
    • /
    • pp.113-117
    • /
    • 1993
  • Good yield synthetic routes for the production of new B-alkyl-dithiaborane clusters are reported. The syntheses of the B-alkyl-dithiaboranes are based on the use of Fischer-type carbene reagents to activate the B-H bonds of dithiaborane for alkyl-addition reactions and are the first examples of transition-mediated reactions of dithiaborane to be reported. Thus, reactions employing arachno-$S_2B_7H_8$- and $(CO)_5M{C(R_1)R_2}$ (M = Cr, W; $R_1 = CH_3,\;C_6H_5;\; R_2 = OCH_3,\;SC_6H_5)$ were found to yield the intermidiate anions I, $[(CO)_5M{C(R_1)R_2S_2B_7H_8}]^-$, which upon protonation gave the corresponding neutral, air-sensitive cluster arachno-4-$RCH_2-6,8-S_2B_7H_8(R=CH_3,\;IIa;\;C_6H_5,\;IIb)$ range from 30 to 35% yield. Complexes IIa and IIb are isoelectronic with arachno-6,8-$S_2B_7H_9$ and, on the basis of the spectroscopic data, are proposed to adopt a similar arachno cage geometry in which an $RCH_2$ units are substituted to 4 position boron atom of the arachno-6,8-$S_2B_7H_9$.

  • PDF

Constituents of the Herb of Isodon excisus var. coreanus

  • Kim, Ho-Kyoung;Whang, Wan-Kyunn;Kim, Il-Hyuk
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
    • /
    • v.20 no.3
    • /
    • pp.291-296
    • /
    • 1997
  • The studies were carried out to evaluate the constituents in the aerial part of Isodon excisus var. coreanus (Labiatae). From the aqueous fraction of methanol extract, compound I (${\alpha}$-[[3-(3, 4-dihydroxyphenyl)-1-oxo-2-propenyl]oxy]-3,4-dihydroxy-benzenepropanoic acid), compound II (9-methyl-dihydroferulic acid-4-O-.betha.-D-glucopyranosyl $(1{\rightarrow}2)$-${\alpha}$-L- rhamnopyranosyl (1.rarw.4)-.betha.-D-glucopyranoside), compound III (ent-7.alpha., 11${\alpha}$,15.betha.-trihydroxy-kaur-16-en-1-O-.betha.-D-glucopyranoside) and compound IV ($2{\alpha}$,3${\beta}$,$7{\alpha}$,23-tetrahydroxy-olean-12 -en-28-oic acid 28-O-${\beta}$-D-glucopyranoside) were isolated and identified on the basis of their physicochemical and spectroscopic evidences[IR, FAB(-)MS,$^{1}H-NMR,$$^{13}C-NMR,$$ HMQC$$^{1}H-^{1}H $COSY and HMBC (Heteronuclear Multiple Bond Connectivity)]. Especially, New compounds II and III were named Isodonin A and Isodonin B respectively.

  • PDF