• Title, Summary, Keyword: B. subtilis

Search Result 1,033, Processing Time 0.042 seconds

Identification of a Newly Isolated Protease-producing Bacterium, Bacillus subtilis FBL-1, from Soil (토양으로부터 새로이 분리된 단백질 분해효소 생산 미생물 Bacillus subtilis FBL-1의 동정)

  • Kim, Mina;Si, Jin-Beom;Wee, Young-Jung
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
    • /
    • v.44 no.2
    • /
    • pp.185-193
    • /
    • 2016
  • A novel proteolytic bacterium was isolated from soil at Yeungnam University, South Korea. The strain, named FBL-1, was rod-shaped with a smooth surface. Biolog and API 50CHB test results revealed that strain FBL-1 was a Bacillus species. Based on 16S rDNA sequencing and chemotaxonomic characterization, the strain was identified as Bacillus subtilis because it had the highest homology with Bacillus subtilis subsp. subtilis NCIB 3610 (99.5%). In liquid culture at 37℃ with shaking at 200 rpm, fructose and yeast extract were found to be the best carbon and nitrogen sources, respectively, for cell growth and protease production. The highest protease activity (451.640 U/ml) was obtained when the strain was cultured in medium containing 20 g/l of fructose and 5 g/l of yeast extract. Although further studies are needed to characterize the protease and enhance its activity, the newly isolated protein-degrading B. subtilis FBL-1 can be applicable for the production of peptides and for the degradation of proteins in various industries.

Isolation, identification, and probiotic characteristics of Bacillus strains affecting the biogenic amine content in fermented soybean paste (발효 된장의 바이오제닉 아민 함량에 영향을 미치는 바실러스균의 분리 동정 및 프로바이오틱 특성)

  • Lim, Eun-Seo
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
    • /
    • v.55 no.2
    • /
    • pp.131-142
    • /
    • 2019
  • The primary objective of this study was to determine the content of biogenic amines in Korean traditional fermented soybean pastes (doenjang) and to isolate potential probiotic Bacillus sp. with the ability to inhibit biogenic amines accumulation. There were significant differences in the bacterial cell counts, pH value, titratable acidity, salinity, and biogenic amine content between the samples. Among Bacillus strains isolated from doenjang, Bacillus (B.) licheniformis DB102, B. subtilis DB203, B. stearothermophilus DB206, Bacillus sp. DB209, Bacillus sp. DB310, B. coagulans DB311, B. cereus DB313, B. amyloliquefaciens DB714, Bacillus sp. DB917, B. cereus DB 915, B. subtilis DB1020, and Bacillus sp. DB1022 were found to be able to produce biogenic amines. On the other hand, biogenic amine-degrading strains were identified as Bacillus sp. DB403, Bacillus sp. DB407, B. subtilis DB517, B. licheniformis DB612, and B. subtilis DB821. In particular, Bacillus sp. DB407 and B. subtilis DB821 showed probiotic properties including tolerance to artificial digestive juices, adherence to intestinal epithelial cells, resistance to antibiotics, and antibacterial activity against biogenic amine-producing strains. In conclusion, the two probiotic Bacillus strains may be considered as the suitable starter for manufacture of fermented soybean foods with low biogenic amines content.

Variation of fibrinolytic enzyme activity produced Bacillus subtilis by gene cloning (유전자 cloning에 의한 Bacillus subtilis의 fibrinolytic enzyme 활성 변화)

  • 이홍석;유천권;이철수;강상모
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
    • /
    • v.28 no.1
    • /
    • pp.14-20
    • /
    • 2000
  • The transformation of Bacillus subtilis K-54 and J-10 was carried out with constructed vectors containing structure and enhancer genes of aprN and prtR, to increase their fibrinolytic enzyme activity. Bands for the aprN and prtR genes were identified from B. subtilis J-10 by PCR that was carried out with the constructed primers for the genes. In addition, the gene fragments contained promoter site based on the results of analysing their nucleotide sequence. The two gene fragments, aprN and prtR, obtained by the PCR, were, then, inserted to vector such as T-vector and E.coli/Bacillus shuttle vector. The constructed vector were designated as pAPR2 (aprN), pENC2 (prtR) and pFLA1 (aprN and prtR), respectively. The constructed vector was used for transformation of the strains of B.subtilis J-10 and B. subtilis K-54 and the fribrinolytic activity of the transformed strains was investigated. The introduction of the vector, pAPR2 and the fibrinolytic activity of the transformed strains was investigated. The introduction of the vector, pAPR2 and pFLA1, resulted in the increase of fibrinolyitic enzyme activity in B. subtilis J-10 by 27.3% and 16%, respectively. However, the introduction of pENC2 to B. subtilis J-10 did not seem to induce increase of the enzyme activity. The strain of B.subtilis K-54 transformed with pENC2 showed an increased fibrinolytic activity by 5 folds compared with that of the original strain of B. subtilis K-54.

  • PDF

Quality characteristics of popped rice Doenjang prepared with Bacillus subtilis strains (Bacillus subtilis 균주를 이용하여 제조한 팽화미 된장의 품질 특성)

  • Lee, Kyung Ha;Kim, Eun Ju;Choi, Hye Sun;Park, Shin Young;Kim, Jae Hyun;Song, Jin
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
    • /
    • v.22 no.4
    • /
    • pp.545-552
    • /
    • 2015
  • This study investigated the quality characteristics of popped rice Doenjang prepared with different Bacillus strains (Bacillus subtilis KACC 15935, and Bacillus subtilis HJ18-9). The changes in the enzyme activity (protease, cellulase, and ${\alpha}$-amylase), amino-type nitrogen and ammonia-type nitrogen contents, and the reducing sugar were investigated during the fermentation period. Enzymes such as protease, cellulase, and a-amylase plays an important role in the changes in composition of nutrients, and in flavor and taste of popped rice Doenjang. Protease activities of the popped rice deonjang fermented with different Bacillus strains (control, B. subtilis KACC 15935, and B. subtilis HJ18-9) was in the range of 171.77-185.97 unit/g at the beginning of fermentation, and there were no significant differences among the samples. On the other hand, the protease activity in popped rice Doenjang fermented with B. subtilis HJ18-9 increased significantly up to $248.77{\pm}4.53unit/g$ at the end of fermentation (p<0.05). Cellulase activity and a-amylase activity of popped rice Doenjang in HJ18-9 was higher than these of other samples. After 56 days of fermentation, amino-type nitrogen in popped rice deonjang fermented with control, B. subtilis KACC 15935, and B. subtilis HJ18-9 increased significantly up to $174.99{\pm}3.70$, $166.59{\pm}1.40$, $225.39{\pm}3.70mg%$, respectively (p<0.05). These results suggested that B. subtilis HJ18-9 was a suitable starter for the preparation of soybean paste.

Application of LFH-PCR for the Disruption of SpoIIIE and SpoIIIG of B. subtilis

  • Kim, June-Hyung;Kim, Byung-Gee
    • Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering:BBE
    • /
    • v.5 no.5
    • /
    • pp.327-331
    • /
    • 2000
  • The application of LFH-PCR(long flanking homology region-PCR) for Bacillus subtilis gene disruption is presented. Without plasmid- or phage-vector construction, only by PCR, based on a DNA sequence retrieved from B. subtilis genome data base, kanamycin resistance gene was inserted into two genes of B. subtilis involved in sporulation, spoIIIE and spoIIIG. The effect of gene disruption on subtilisin expression was examined and the sporulation frequency of two mutants was compared to that of the host strain. For this purpose, only 2 or 3 rounds of PCR were required with 4 primers. We first demonstrated the possibility of LFH-PCR for rapid gene disruption to characterize an unknown functional gene of B. subtilis or other prokaryote in the genomic era.

  • PDF

Construction of Bacillus subtilis strain engineered for expression of porcine β-defensin-2/cecropin P1 fusion antimicrobial peptides and its growth-promoting effect and antimicrobial activity

  • Xu, Jian;Zhong, Fei;Zhang, Yonghong;Zhang, Jianlou;Huo, Shanshan;Lin, Hongyu;Wang, Liyue;Cui, Dan;Li, Xiujin
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.30 no.4
    • /
    • pp.576-584
    • /
    • 2017
  • Objective: To generate recombinant Bacillus subtilis (B. subtilis) engineered for expression of porcine ${\beta}-defensin-2$ (pBD-2) and cecropin P1 (CP1) fusion antimicrobial peptide and investigate their anti-bacterial activity in vitro and their growth-promoting and disease resisting activity in vivo. Methods: The pBD-2 and CP1 fused gene was synthesized using the main codons of B. subtilis and inserted into plasmid pMK4 vector to construct their expression vector. The fusion peptide-expressing B. subtilis was constructed by transformation with the vector. The expressed fusion peptide was detected with Western blot. The antimicrobial activity of the expressed fusion peptide and the recovered pBD-2 and CP1 by enterokinase digestion in vitro was analyzed by the bacterial growth-inhibitory activity assay. To analyze the engineered B. subtilis on growth promotion and disease resistance, the weaned piglets were fed with basic diet supplemented with the recombinant B. subtilis. Then the piglets were challenged by enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (E. coli). The weight gain and diarrhea incidence of piglets were measured after challenge. Results: The recombinant B. subtilis engineered for expression of pBD-2/CP1 fusion peptide was successfully constructed using the main codons of the B. subtilis. Both expressed pBD-2/CP1 fusion peptide and their individual peptides recovered from parental fusion peptide by enterokinase digestion possessed the antimicrobial activities to a variety of the bacteria, including gram-negative bacteria (E. coli, Salmonella typhimurium, and Haemophilus parasuis) and grampositive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus). Supplementing the engineered B. subtilis to the pig feed could significantly promote the piglet growth and reduced diarrhea incidence of the piglets. Conclusion: The generated B. subtilis strain can efficiently express pBD-2/CP1 fusion antimicrobial peptide, the recovered pBD-2 and CP1 peptides possess potent antimicrobial activities to a variety of bacterial species in vitro. Supplementation of the engineered B. subtilis in pig feed obviously promote piglet growth and resistance to the colibacillosis.

Expression of the Promoter for the Maltogenic Amylase Gene in Bacillus subtilis 168

  • Kim Do-Yeon;Cha Choon-Hwan;Oh Wan-Seok;Yoon Young-Jun;Kim Jung-Wan
    • Journal of Microbiology
    • /
    • v.42 no.4
    • /
    • pp.319-327
    • /
    • 2004
  • An additional amylase, besides the typical $\alpha-amylase,$ was detected for the first time in the cytoplasm of B. subtilis SUH4-2, an isolate from Korean soil. The corresponding gene (bbmA) encoded a malto­genic amylase (MAase) and its sequence was almost identical to the yvdF gene of B. subtilis 168, whose function was unknown. Southern blot analysis using bbmA as the probe indicated that this gene was ubiquitous among various B. subtilis strains. In an effort to understand the physiological function of the bbmA gene in B. subtilis, the expression pattern of the gene was monitored by measuring the $\beta-galactosidase$ activity produced from the bbmA promoter fused to the amino terminus of the lacZ struc­tural gene, which was then integrated into the amyE locus on the B. subtilis 168 chromosome. The pro­moter was induced during the mid-log phase and fully expressed at the early stationary phase in defined media containing $\beta--cyclodextrin\;(\beta-CD),$ maltose, or starch. On the other hand, it was kept repressed in the presence of glucose, fructose, sucrose, or glycerol, suggesting that catabolite repression might be involved in the expression of the gene. Production of the $\beta-CD$ hydrolyzing activity was impaired by the spo0A mutation in B. subtilis 168, indicating the involvement of an additional regu­latory system exerting control on the promoter. Inactivation of yvdF resulted in a significant decrease of the $\beta-CD$ hydrolyzing activity, if not all. This result implied the presence of an additional enzyme(s) that is capable of hydrolyzing $\beta-CD$ in B. subtilis 168. Based on the results, MAase encoded by bbmA is likely to be involved in maltose and $\beta-CD$ utilization when other sugars, which are readily usable as an energy source, are not available during the stationary phase.

Complete genome sequence of Bacillus subtilis BS16045 isolated from Gochujang (고추장에서 분리된 Bacillus subtilis BS16045의 유전체 서열 분석)

  • Jeon, SaeBom;Heo, Jun;Uhm, Tai-Boong
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
    • /
    • v.53 no.1
    • /
    • pp.55-57
    • /
    • 2017
  • Bacillus subtilis BS16045 was isolated from Gochujang, a Korean red chili paste, in order to get a starter strain that can be used for preservation of the fermented foods. We report the whole genome sequence of B. subtilis BS16045, which contains 4,165,121 bp with a G+C content of 43.6%. We also confirmed the set of antibiotic genes producing surfactin, kanosamine, bacillaene, plipastatin, subtilosin A, and bacilysin, which are related to antifungal and antibacterial activities. These results indicate that B. subtilis BS16045 could be a potential starter strain for solving contamination by food-borne pathogens in the soybean products factory.

Proteome Analysis of Bacillus subtilis When Overproducing Secretory Protein

  • Jang Mi;Park Byoung-Chul;Lee Do-Hee;Kho Chang-Won;Cho Sa-Yeon;Lee Baek-Rak;Park Sung-Goo
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
    • /
    • v.16 no.3
    • /
    • pp.368-373
    • /
    • 2006
  • Bacillus subtilis and related Bacillus species are frequently used as hosts for the mass production of recombinant proteins. Accordingly, this study examined the cellular response of B. subtilis to the overexpression of a soluble secretory protein. As such, the lichenase derived from B. cereus was overexpressed in B. subtilis, initially localized in the cytoplasm as a mature form and then secreted into the medium. Thereafter, the proteome of B. subtilis was analyzed using 2D electrophoresis and MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. The expression of several heat-shock proteins, such as dnaK and groEL, was increased under this condition. In addition, manganese superoxide dismutase and NADH dehydrogenase were also upregulated in the lichenase-secreting B. subtilis. Therefore, it was concluded that the transient accumulation of a secreted protein in B. subtilis before secretion acted as a stress on the cell, which in turn induced the expression of various protective proteins.

Expression of a $\beta$-1,3-Glucanase Gene from Bacillus circulans in B. subtilis and B. megaterium (Bacillus subtilis와 Bacillus megaterium에서의 $\beta$-1,3-glucanase 유전자의 발현)

  • 김기훈;김지연;김한복;이동석
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
    • /
    • v.37 no.4
    • /
    • pp.253-258
    • /
    • 2001
  • A Bacillus circulans KCTC3004 $\beta$-1,3-glucanase gene contained in a recombinant plasmid pLM460 derived from subcloning the original recombinant plasmid pLM530 was trasferred into a new shuttle vector plasmid pLMS1180 by ligating linearized DNAs of pLM460 and pUB110. B. subtilis RM125 and B. megaterium ATCC14945 transformed with pLMS1180 produced the $\beta$-1,3-glucanase substantially. Most of the enzyme was produced during the exponential growth period. The maxium activities of the $\beta$-1,3-glucanase produced by the Bacillus transformants were compared with that of the B. circulans gene donor strain. The B. subtilis RM125 (pLM1180) enzyme showed the activity 14 times higher than that of the gene donor cells, followed by the B. megaterium ATCC14945 (pLMS 1180) enzyme with activity 5 times higher than that of the gene donor cells. While E. coli secreted about 7% of the produced enzyme, B. subtilis excreted the enzyme into the medium wholly and B. megaterium about 97% of the total product. The SDS-PAGE of this enzyme produced in E. coli (pLMS1180), B subtilis (pLMS1180) or B. megaterium (pLMS1180) indicated a molecular weight of 38,000. The enzymes overproduced in three different host cells hydrolyzed laminarin to produce mainly laminaribiose, laminaritriose, and laminarioligosaccharides. The plasmid pLMS1180 was stable in B. megaterium, E. coli, but was unstable in B. subtilis.

  • PDF