• Title, Summary, Keyword: B-cell lymphoma T-cell lymphoma

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A Case of T-cell Primary Pulmonary Lymphoma Diagnosed by $TCR{\gamma}$ gene rearrangement ($TCR{\gamma}$ 유전자 재배열로 진단된 T세포 원발성 폐림프종 1예)

  • Choi, Young Mee;Kim, Seung Joan;Kwon, Soon Seog;Kim, Young Kyoon;Kim, Kwan Hyoung;Moon, Hwa Sik;Park, Sung Hak;Song, Jeong Sup
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.43 no.6
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    • pp.1001-1007
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    • 1996
  • 반복되는 흉막염 및 폐렴을 주소로 내원한 30세 남자환자에서 경기관지 폐생검과 흉수내 림프구에 대한 유세포 분석 및 T세포 수용체 유전자 재배열 분석을 실시하였다. 경기관지 폐생검 조직의 연역조직화학 염색상 대부분의 림프구가 T세포 표식자인 UCHLl 에 대해 강하게 염색되었고, B세포 표식자인 L26에 대해서는 거의 염색되지 않았다. 흉수에서 추출한 림프구의 유세포 분석상 CD3양성 CD2양성인 T림프구가 대부분이었고, 이들 림프구에 대해 중합효소연쇄반응을 이용한 T세포 수용체 유전자 재배열 분석을 하였더니 $TCR{\gamma}$ 유전자 재배열과 클론성을 관찰할 수 있었다. T세포 원발성 폐림프종으로 진단하였고, 문헌고찰과 함께 보고하는 바이다.

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Imaging Anatomy of Waldeyer's Ring and PET/CT and MRI Findings of Oropharyngeal Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma

  • Zhang, Chun-Xing;Liang, Long;Zhang, Bin;Chen, Wen-Bo;Liu, Hong-Jun;Liu, Chun-Ling;Zhou, Zheng-Gen;Liang, Chang-Hong;Zhang, Shui-Xing
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.8
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    • pp.3333-3338
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    • 2015
  • Background: This study was conducted to analyze positron emission tomography (PET) / computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) performance with oropharyngeal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (ONHL).Materials and Methods: The complete image data of 30 ONHL cases were analyzed, all patients were performed PET / CT and MRI examination before the treatment, with the time interval of these two inspections not exceeding 14 days. The distribution, morphology, MRI signal characteristics, enhancement feature, standardized uptake value (SUV) max value and lymph node metastasis way of the lesions were analyzed. Results: Among the 30 cases, 23 cases were derived from the B-cell (76.7%), 5 cases were derived from the peripheral T cells (16.7%) and 2 cases were derived from the NK/T cells (6.7%). 19 cases exhibited the palatine tonsil involvement (63.3%). As for the lesion appearance, 10 cases appeared as mass, 8 cases were the diffused type and 12 cases were the mixed type. 25 cases exhibited the SUVmax value of PET / CT primary lesions as 11 or more (83.3%). MRI showed that all patients exhibited various degrees of parapharyngeal side-compressed narrowing, but MRI still exhibited the high-signal fat, and the oropharyngeal mucosa was intact. 25 cases were associated with the neck lymph node metastasis, among who 22 cases had no necrosis in the metastatic lymph nodes, while the rest 3 cases exhibited the central necrosis in the metastatic lymph nodes. Conclusions: PET / CT and MRI have important value in diagnosing and determining the lesion extent of ONHL.

Primary Spinal Epidural Lymphoma Mimicking Epidural Abscess in a Diabetic - A Case Report - (당뇨 환자에서 경막외 농양과의 감별을 요한 원발성 척추 경막외 임파종 - 증례보고 -)

  • Kim, Se Hoon;Lim, Dong Jun;Cho, Tai Hyoung;Chung, Yong Gu;Lee, Hoon Kap;Lee, Ki Chan;Suh, Jung Keun
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.395-399
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    • 2001
  • Primary spinal epidural lymphoma(SEL), i.e. occurring in the absence of any detectable extraspinal lymphoproliferative disorder, is an unusual cause of spinal cord compression. The authors report a 48-year-old, diabetic woman presented with back pain followed by acute paraparesis and voiding difficulty. She had been treated with acupunctures on her back before admission, and complete blood count showed leukocytosis with neutrophilia and increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate(ESR). Thoracic spine magnetic resonance imaging(MRI) revealed an epidural mass extending from T5 to T8 with compression of the spinal cord. Emergency decompressive laminectomy was performed with a tentative diagnosis of spinal epidural abscess, but a B-cell lymphoma was final pathologic diagnosis. Further staging showed no other sites of lymphoma, and the spinal lesion was treated by chemotherapy and radiotherapy. The authors stress that primary SEL can mimic spinal epidural abscess(SEA) in the diabetic patient and should be a diagnostic consideration in patients with a syndrome of acute spinal cord compression manifested by a prodrome of back pain and neuroimaging consistent with an epidural compressive lesion, especially in a diabetic.

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Hesperidin Induces Apoptosis in SNU-668, Human Gastric Cancer Cells

  • Park, Hae-Jeong;Ra, Je-Hyun;Han, Mi-Young;Chung, Joo-Ho
    • Molecular & Cellular Toxicology
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.31-35
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    • 2007
  • Hesperidin, known as a flavonoid constituent of citrus, has been known to reduce the proliferation of several cancer cells. We investigated whether hesperidin-induced cell death on SNU-668, human gastric cancer cells. The cytotoxicity of hesperidin on SNU-668 cells was determined by 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay at the concentration of 1, 10, 50, and 100 ${\mu}M$. Cell viability by hesperidin was 53.18$\pm$2.85% of control value at 100 ${\mu}M$. The cell death by hesperidin showed apoptotic features, which were confirmed using a combination of 4, 6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) staining and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT)-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay. In the apoptosis-regulating genes, treatment of hesperidin decreased mRNA expression of B-cell CLL/lymphoma 2 (BCL2), whereas expression of BCL2-associated X protein (BAX) was increased. The mRNA expression and the activity of caspase3 (CASP3), a major apoptotic factor, was significantly increased by hesperidin treatment. These results suggest that hesperidin could induce apoptosis through CASP3 activation on SNU-668, human gastric cancer cells.

Acacia ferruginea Inhibits Tumor Progression by Regulating Inflammatory Mediators-(TNF-α, iNOS, COX-2, IL-1β, IL-6, IFN-γ, IL-2, GM-CSF) and Pro-Angiogenic Growth Factor-VEGF

  • Sakthivel, Kunnathur Murugesan;Guruvayoorappan, Chandrasekaran
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.3909-3919
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    • 2013
  • The aim of the present investigation was to evaluate the effect of A ferruginea extract on Dalton's lymphoma ascites (DLA) induced tumours in BALB/c mice. Experimental animals received A ferruginea extract (10 mg/kg.b.wt) intraperitoneally for 14 consecutive days after DLA tumor challenge. Treatment with extract significantly increased the life span, total white blood cell (WBC) count and haemoglobin (Hb) content and decreased the level of serum aspartate transaminase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), gamma glutamyl transferase (${\gamma}$-GT) and nitric oxide (NO) in DLA bearing ascites tumor models. In addition, administration of extract significantly decreased the tumour volume and body weight in a DLA bearing solid tumor model. The levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-${\alpha}$), interleukin-1 beta (IL-$1{\beta}$), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and granulocyte monocyte-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF), as well as pro-angiogenic growth factors such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) were elevated in solid tumour controls, but significantly reduced by A ferruginea administration. On the other hand, the extract stimulated the production of interleukin-2 (IL-2) and interferon-gamma (IFN-${\gamma}$) in animals with DLA induced solid tumours. Increase in $CD4^+$ T-cell population suggested strong immunostimulant activity for this extract. GC/MS and LC/MS analysis showed quinone, quinoline, imidazolidine, pyrrolidine, cyclopentenone, thiazole, pyrazole, catechin and coumarin derivatives as major compounds present in the A ferruginea methanolic extract. Thus, the outcome of the present study suggests that A ferruginea extract has immunomodulatory and tumor inhibitory activities and has the potential to be developed as a natural anticancer agent.

Combination between Taxol-Encapsulated Liposomes and Eruca sativa Seed Extract Suppresses Mammary Tumors in Female Rats Induced by 7,12 Dimethylbenz(α)anthracene

  • Shaban, Nadia;Abdel-Rahman, Salah;Haggag, Amany;Awad, Doaa;Bassiouny, Ahmad;Talaat, Iman
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.117-123
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    • 2016
  • Taxol (paclitaxel) is a powerful anti-cancer drug widely used against several types of malignant tumors. Because Taxol may exert several side effects, a variety of formulations have been developed. One of these features liposomes, regarded as one of the most promising drug carriers, biocompatible and best able to reduce drug toxicity without changing efficacy against tumor cells. Eruca sativa seed extract (SE) is considered a promising natural product from cruciferous vegetables against breast cancer, increasing chemotherapeutic and eliminating harmful side effects. The effects of Taxol-encapsulated liposomes (T) alone and in combination between Eruca sativa seed extract on nuclear factor kappa B (NF-${\kappa}B$), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) gene expression levels were investigated in rat mammary gland carcinogenesis induced by 7,12 dimethylbenz(${\alpha}$) anthracene (DMBA) using qRT-PCR. The results showed that DMBA increased NF-${\kappa}B$, COX-2 and Bcl-2 gene expression levels and lipid peroxidation (LP), while decreasing glutathione-S-transferase (GST) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities and total antioxidant concentration (TAC) compared to the control group. T and T-SE treatment reduced NF-${\kappa}B$, COX-2 and Bcl-2 gene expression levels and LP. Hence, T and T-SE treatment appeared to reduce inflammation and cell proliferation, while increasing apoptosis, GST and SOD activities and TAC.

Apoptosis and Proliferative Activity of Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma : Correlation with Bcl-2 and P53 Protein Expression (비호지킨림프종에서 아포프토시스 및 세포증식 : Bcl-2, P53 단백발현과의 관계)

  • Oh, Yoon-Kyeong;Lee, Mi-Ja;Jeon, Ho-Jong
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.73-80
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    • 2002
  • Purpose : Tumor growth in a given neoplasm is the net result of cell proliferation and cell loss, and apoptosis is the most significant component of continuous cell loss in most tumors. In this study, we examined non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL, n=67) immunohistochemically for the presence of Bcl-2 oncoprotein and P53 protein and compared apoptotic indices (Als) and Ki-67 proliferative indices (percentages of Ki-67 positive cells). Materials and Methods : 67 patients with NHL were evaluated : 3 low-grade and 64 intermediate-grade. The phenotype was determined in 65 cases : 47 $(70\%)$ were B cell type and 18 $(27\%)$ were T ceil type. Als and Ki-67 proliferative indices were determined immunohistochemically and the overexpression of P53 and Bcl-2 protein were also evalutated. Results : The overexpressions of Bcl-2 protein and P53 protein were found in $40\%$ (26/65) and $31\%$ (20/65). The Al ranged from $0\%\;to\;15\%$ (mean 2.16, median 1.2). Cellular Bcl-2, which counteracts apoptosis, was significantly (p=0.005) associated with Als. Ki-67 proliferative indices ranged from $1\%\;to\;91\%$ (mean 55.4), and P53 was significantly (p=0.000) associated with Ki-67 proliferative indices. A positive correlation between Als and Ki-67 proliferative indices was revealed (p=0.012) in Bcl-2 positive patients. Conclusion : In NHL, we observed a correlation between Als and Bcl-2 expression, between Ki-67 proliferative indices and P53 expression, and between Als and Ki-67 proliferative indices in Bcl-2 positive patients. Our results suggest that cell apoptosis may be inseparable from cell proliferation during tumor growth.

A Case Report of Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Patient Treated with Samchilchoongcho-Jung in Conjunction with Alectinib (알렉티닙과 삼칠충초정을 병용하여 호전된 진행성 비소세포성 폐암환자 1례)

  • Ko, Myung-hyun;Myong, Ji-soo;Park, So-jung;Jeon, Hyung-joon;Lee, Yeon-weol;Cho, Chong-kwan;Yoo, Hwa-seung
    • Journal of Korean Traditional Oncology
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 2019
  • Objective: The purpose of this study is to report the clinical effectiveness of advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with Samchilchoongcho-Jung (HAD-B1) in conjunction with Alectinib. Methods: The patient was diagnosed with Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) mutated (2+) non-small cell lung cancer adenocarcinoma stage IV, suffering from edema of lower extremities, dyspnea, pleural effusion, general weakness, insomnia. The patient being treated with Alectinib was treated with Samchilchoongcho-Jung (HAD-B1) for disease control and symptom management. The clinical outcomes were measured by National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Event (NCI-CTCAE), Numeral rating scale (NRS) and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG). Results: After treatment, dyspnea and edema of lower extremities was relieved from NRS 7 to 5, and 6 to 1 respectively. And ECOG score of the patient was improved from grade 3 to 2. During and after treatment, we didn't find any severe toxicities on laboratory findings. Conclusion: This case study suggests that Samchilchoongcho-Jung (HAD-B1) may improve symptom relief and life quality of NSCLC patient in conjunction with Alectinib.

Mycosis Fungoides Responsive to Oral Alitretinoin and Ultraviolet B Phototherapy: A Case Report

  • Han, Song Hee;Hong, Ji Youn;Hong, Joo Ran;Hur, Min Seok;Youn, Hae Jeong;Lee, Yang Won;Choe, Yong Beom;Ahn, Kyu Joong
    • Korean journal of dermatology
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    • v.56 no.10
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    • pp.636-639
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    • 2018
  • Mycosis fungoides is the most common type of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. Patients with early stage disease usually respond well to conventional therapies, with a relatively favorable prognosis. However, a few patients are refractory to treatment and need alternative strategies, even at the patch and plaque stages. We report the case of a middle-aged woman with long-standing and refractory mycosis fungoides that responded to combination therapy with the 308-nm excimer laser and oral alitretinoin.

Clinical Features and Prognostic Factors in 41 Patients of Primary Nasal/Nasopharyngeal Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma: Prognostic Significance of Immunophenotype (비/비인강 비호즈킨 림프종의 임상양상과 예후 인자 : 면역 표현형의 임상적 의의)

  • Park Soon-Seo;Park Jong-Beom;Suh Cheol-Won;Park Ji-Woon;Lim Soo-Duk;Huh Joo-Ryung;Nam Soon-Yuhl;Kim Sang-Yoon;Lee Ho-Gyu;Chang Hye-Sook;Kim Tae-Won;Lee Je-Hwan;Kim Sung-Bae
    • Korean Journal of Head & Neck Oncology
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.149-155
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    • 1999
  • Objectives: To study the clinical features of the primary nasal/nasopharyngeal non-Hodgkin's lymphomas and to evaluate the implication of immunophenotyping as a prognostic factor. Patients and Methods: From January 1990 to December 1997,41 patients(median age, 41 years) of primary nasal/nasopharyngeal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma were studied. The clinical records and paraffin-embedded tissue blocks were reviewed retrospectively. The histologic features, immunophenotypic findings(pan-T, pan-B, CD3, CD56) and Epstein-Barr virus in situ hybridizatios were examined. The prognostic factors for clinical outcome were evaluated in these patients. According to Ann-Arbor system, there were 30 patiets(73%) with stage IE, 4(10%) with stage IIE, 3(7%) with stage IIIE, 4(10%) with stage IVE lymphoma. Among the patients with stage IE/IIE, 4 patients received local radiation alone, 4 received chemotherapy alone, 25 received combination chemotherapy and radiotherapy and 1 refused treatment. The patients with stage IIIE/IVE were given combination chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Results: Immunophenotyping were performed in 40 patients and staining results were as follows: 3(7%) patients with B cell, 17(42%) with T cell, 18(44%) with NK/T cell(CD56 positive), and two patients with unclassifiable result. Epstein-Barr(EB) virus in situ hybridization were performed in 28 patients and 23(82%) patients had positive EBV-encoded RNAs(EBERs). 21(55%) patients achieved a complete remission. There was no difference in complete remission between radiation alone and combination therapy. With median follow-up of 30 months, 5-years disease free survival of complete responders was 60% and 5-years overall survival rate was 36%. Multivariate analysis showed that better overall survival was related with absence of B symptoms, ECOG performance${\leq}1$ and non-NK cells. Conclusion: Most of all cases were positive for EBER. Since NK/T phenotype carried the worst prognosis, analysis for CD56 expression should be done. Further prospective studies were warranted to evaluate the role of chemotherapy in stage IE/IIE.

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