• Title, Summary, Keyword: B-cell lymphoma T-cell lymphoma

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Primary Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma of the Seminal Vesicle: a Case Report

  • Kwag, Kyung Su;Jang, Suk Ki;Yeon, Jae Woo;Kwon, Kye-Won;Son, Jeong Hwan;Kim, Hyuk Jung
    • Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.259-263
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    • 2016
  • Primary diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of the seminal vesicle is an extremely rare disorder, with only two cases reported in the English literature. Here, we present imaging findings of a case of primary diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of the seminal vesicle. On transrectal ultrasonography, the mass presented as a 3.0-cm-sized heterogeneous, hypoechoic lesion in the right seminal vesicle. Computed tomography (CT) revealed a mass with rim-like enhancement in the right seminal vesicle. On magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), the tumor showed iso-signal intensity on T1-weighted images and heterogeneously intermediate-high signal intensity on T2-weighted images. The tumor showed rim-like and progressive enhancement with non-enhancing portion on dynamic scanning. Diffusion restriction was observed in the mass. On fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography (FDG PET/CT) imaging, a high standardized uptake value (maxSUV, 23.5) by the tumor was noted exclusively in the right seminal vesicle.

Relapsed extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma in the mandible, Nasal Type: a case report and review of the literatures

  • Park, Young-Wook;Park, Yong-Tae;Choi, Kyo-Hee;Kim, Seong-Gon
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.329-332
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    • 2011
  • Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma (NTCL), nasal type is rare and highly fatal malignant neoplasm. Early diagnosis and establishing treatment plan are very difficult. Furthermore, NTCL in the mandible is an extremely rare condition. The clinical significance of presented case is the very rare location of NTCL. To the best of author's knowledge, this is the first reported case of NTCL of the mandible in the literature.

Primary Laryngeal Lymphoma (후두에 발생한 원발성 림프종)

  • Lee, Ho Joong;Kwon, Oh Jin;Woo, Seung Hoon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Laryngology, Phoniatrics and Logopedics
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.118-121
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    • 2013
  • Primary lymphoma of the larynx is rare, accounting for less than 1% of all laryngeal neoplasm. Early symptoms are ambiguous and nonspecific, and confirmation of the diagnosis is often difficult. The aim of this study was to report the experience of our department in the management of these aggressive lesions, as they require special diagnostic and therapeutic attention. We enrolled 3 patients who diagnosis of lymphoma involving the larynx were retrospectively reviewed. The histopathological diagnosis revealed 1 case of diffuse large B cell lymphoma, and 2 case of NK-T cell lymphoma. Details of the presentation, diagnostic procedures, treatment, and outcome of these patients were presented. Primary laryngeal lymphoma is a rare entity. Early symptoms are subtle and nonspecific, and confirmation of the diagnosis is often difficult. Because of the rarity of this tumor type, the optimal management remains controversial and it seems that should be managed not as a distinct disease entity but as an unusual presentation of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, according to the recent treatment trends.

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A Case of Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma with Diffuse Bilateral Pulmonary Infiltration and Whole Body Rash (양측 미만성 폐침윤과 전신 홍반을 동반한 말초 T세포 림프종)

  • Lee, Seung Hyeun;Ha, Eun Sil;Kim, Jung Ha;Jung, Jin Yong;Lee, Kyung Joo;Kim, Se Joong;Lee, Eun Joo;Hur, Gyu Young;Jung, Ki Hwan;Jung, Hye Cheol;Lee, Sung Yong;Lee, Sang Yeub;Kim, Je Hyeong;Shin, Chol;Shim, Jae Jeong;In, Kwang Ho;Kang, Kyung Ho;Yoo, Se Hwa
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.59 no.5
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    • pp.566-570
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    • 2005
  • Primary pulmonary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) account for 0.4% of all types of lymphoma. Most cases are of the mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) type, low grade B-cell lymphoma, but cases of the T-cell type are rare. The radiological findings frequently show hilar or mediastinal lymphadenopathy, but lung parenchymal involvement is uncommon. Here, a case of a patient, who presented with fever, generalized erythema, diffuse pulmonary infiltration and pleural effusion, diagnosed as a peripheral T-cell lymphoma, is reported.

Diagnostic and Prognostic Relevance of Bone Marrow Microenvironment Components in Non Hodgkin's Lymphoma Cases Before and After Therapy

  • Soliman, Amira H
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.12
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    • pp.5273-5280
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    • 2016
  • Objective: To evaluate stromal cells of the bone marrow microenvironment (BMM) in bone marrow trephine biopsy (BMTB) specimens, with a focus on fibronectin, tumor necrosis factor- alpha (TNF-${\alpha}$) and L-selectin in Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) patients, before and after therapy. Materials and Methods: A total of 80 de novo NHL patients, 64 with B-cell lymphomas 80%, (follicular cell lymphoma (FCL) in 32, chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL) in 12, and diffuse large cell lymphoma in 20) and 16 with T-cell lymphomas (20%) all diagnosed as T-Lymphoblastic lymphomas, were evaluated before and after therapy. For comparison, 25 age and sex matched BM donors, were included as a control group. BMTB material and BM aspirates were taken for morphological assessment of stromal cells, the plasma of these samples being examined for $TNF{\alpha}$ and L-selectin by ELISA, and fibronectin by radial immunodiffusion (RID). Results: BM stromal cells comprising reticular macrophages and fibroblasts were elevated in 53.3% of NHL cases at diagnosis, while BM fibronectin levels were decreased and BM $TNF{\alpha}$ and L-selectin were higher than in controls (p<0.05). In NHL cases, elevated values of BM $TNF{\alpha}$ and BM L-selectin were associated with signs of aggressive disease, including >1 extra nodal sites, detectable B symptoms, high grade, BM and CNS invasion, and a high International prognostic index (IPI) (p<0.05). Conclusion: BMM components, $TNF{\alpha}$, L-selectin and fibronectin, in NHL can be useful in evaluating disease activity, extent and response to treatment and as prognostic markers according to the IPI.

Primary Extra Nodal Non Hodgkin Lymphoma: A 5 Year Retrospective Analysis

  • Padhi, Somanath;Paul, Tara Roshni;Challa, Sundaram;Prayaga, Aruna K.;Rajappa, Senthil;Raghunadharao, D.;Sarangi, Rajlaxmi
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.10
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    • pp.4889-4895
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    • 2012
  • Background and Aim: The incidence of extra nodal non Hodgkin lymphoma (ENL) is rising throughout the world. However, data regarding ENL as a group is limited. The aim was to study the epidemiological and histomorphological trends of primary ENL (pENL) in India. Material and Methods: The biopsy materials from sixty eight patients with pENL (45 male, 23 female, M:F= 1.9:1), diagnosed over a five year period (2005-2009), were analysed and pathologically reclassified according to the World Health Organization (WHO) classification, 2008 criteria. Results: Primary extra nodal non Hodgkin lymphomas constituted 22.0% (68/308) of all non Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL). The mean age at presentation for pENL and primary nodal NHL was 43 years and 58 years, respectively with a male predilection (M: F=2:1). Central nervous system (CNS) constituted the most common extranodal site (20/68, 29.5%) followed by gastrointestinal tract (17/68, 25%), and nose/nasopharynx (8/68, 11.8%). Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL, not otherwise specified), extranodal marginal lymphoma of mucosa associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) type, and B cell NHL unclassified (U) were the three most common histological types observed. T-cell phenotype was rarely noted (4%). Follicular lymphomas and anaplastic large cell lymphoma, seen among nodal NHL, were absent at extra nodal sites. Majority (41/68, 60%) of the patients with pENL were immunocompetent and 55% were in stage I-II with favorable prognosis. Conclusion: Central nervous system was the most common site of ENL, followed by gastrointestinal tract. Majority of pENL occurred in immunocompetent hosts with a favorable prognosis.

Parotid Mass as First Presentation of Malignant Lymphoma (이하선 종괴로 발현된 악성 림프종)

  • Chung Woong-Youn;Lee Hyo-Sang;Seo Jin-Hak;Yang Woo-Ik;Park Cheong-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Head & Neck Oncology
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.26-31
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    • 2001
  • Background: Primary malignant lymphoma of the parotid gland is a rare disease and defined as any malignant lymphoma that first manifests in the parotid gland, regardless of the subsequent stage of the diseases, whether it arises in the parenchyma or intraglandular lymph nodes. This study was performed to review the clinicopathological characteristics of primary parotid lymphoma and identify its optimal treatment modality. Materials and Methods: Six cases with parotid mass as first presentation of malignant lymphoma between 1988 and 2000, were studied on the basis of clinical features, diagnostic tools, treatment modality, treatment outcomes, and clinical stage by Ann Arbor Criteria. All were microscopically reevaluated and classified by NCI working formulation. Results: All patients were males and mean age was 36.7 years (2-66 years). Rapid growing non-tender mass was presented in all the cases and cervical lymphnodes were palpated in 4 cases. However, there was not any evidence of concurrent autoimmune disease such as Sjogren's syndrom or Rheumatoid arthritis. One case was confirmed by surgical specimen after superficial parotidectomy, 2 by excisional biopsy, and 3 by incisional biopsy. The stage of disease by NCI working formulation was IE in 1 patient, IIE in 4 and IV in 1. All were classified into non-Hodgkin' lymphoma, of which there were 5 cases of B-cell type and 1 case of T-cell type. There were 3 diffuse large cell lymphomas, 1 Burkitt lymphoma, 1 MALT lymphoma and 1 T-lymphoblastic lymphoma. Three cases were treated by chemotherapy only, 2 by radiotherapy only and 1 by chemo-radiotherapy. One case with Burkitt lymphoma was died from the disease and one case was lost to follow-up. The others are alive with no evidence of recurrence. Conclusions: Although primary parotid lymphoma is rare and difficult to diagnose preoperatively, most were detected in early stage and showed a relatively good response to the chemotherapy or radiotherapy like other types of extranodal malignant lymphoma.

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T-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas: Spectrum of Disease and the Role of Imaging in the Management of Common Subtypes

  • Park, Hye Sun;McIntosh, Lacey;Braschi-Amirfarzan, Marta;Shinagare, Atul B.;Krajewski, Katherine M.
    • Korean Journal of Radiology
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.71-83
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    • 2017
  • T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHLs) are biologically diverse, uncommon malignancies characterized by a spectrum of imaging findings according to subtype. The purpose of this review is to describe the common subtypes of T-cell NHL, highlight important differences between cutaneous, various peripheral and precursor subtypes, and summarize imaging features and the role of imaging in the management of this diverse set of diseases.

Clinicopathologic and Survival Characteristics of Childhood and Adolescent Non Hodgkin's Lymphoma in Yazd, Iran

  • Binesh, Fariba;Akhavan, Ali;Behniafard, Nasim;Atefi, Aref
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.1585-1588
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    • 2014
  • Background: Data regarding childhood and adolescent non Hodgkin lymphomas in Iran are limited. The aim of this study was to assess the epidemiological and histomorphological features and survival of affected patients in our center. Materials and Methods: The clinicopathologic features and outcome of 44 children and adolescents with non Hodgkin lymphoma diagnosed during 2004-2012, were investigated retrospectively. The influence of potential prognostic parameters in overall survival was investigated by log-rank test and Cox regression analysis. Results: The mean age at presentation was $13.8{\pm}6.16$ years with a male predilection (M: F=3:1). Malignant lymphoma, not otherwise specified, diffuse large cell lymphoma and Burkitt lymphoma were the three most common histological types observed. The tumors were 36.4% intermediate grade, 27.3% high grade and 34.1% belonged to the malignant lymphoma not otherwise specified group. Immunohistochemistry findings were available in 39 cases. Out of these cases 33 (84.6%) had B cell lineage, 4 (10.25%) T cell lineage and 2 (5.12%) of the cases belonged to miscellaneous group. 3 year and 5 year survivals were 48% and 30% respectively and median survival was 36 months (95%CI=21.7-50.3 months). Overall survival in patients with high grade tumors was 19.5 months, in the intermediate group,79 months, and for malignant lymphomas not otherwise specified it was 33.6 months (p value=0.000). Conclusions: The survival rate for children and adolescents with non Hodgkin lymphomas at our center during 2004-2012 was at a low level.

Distribution of Ki67 Proliferative Indices among WHO Subtypes of Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma: Association with other Clinical Parameters

  • Hashmi, Atif Ali;Hussain, Zubaida Fida;Faridi, Naveen;Khurshid, Amna
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.20
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    • pp.8759-8763
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    • 2014
  • Background: Non-hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is a diverse group of disease encompassing divergent tumor types with contrasting clinical behaviors. We aimed to evaluate the usefulness of Ki67 index in segregating indolent from aggressive NHL and its association with clinical parameters. Materials and Methods: During a study period of 4.5 years, a total of 215 cases of lymphomas were diagnosed among of which 172 cases were NHL. Ki67 immunohistochemical staining was performed by the DAKO envision method. Average proportion of tumor cells stained was calculated to determine the proliferative index. Results: The mean age at diagnosis was 46.2 years +19.8 (3-81) with a male to female ratio of 1.5:1. Mean Ki67 index for indolent NHL included 23% for small cell, 25% for mantle cell, 28.5% for marginal zone and 34.6% for follicular lymphoma. On the other hand, mean Ki67 index for aggressive lymphomas were 66.4%, 66.9%, 80.3%, 83.3% and 94.4% for diffuse large B cell, T cell (NOS), anaplastic large cell, lymphoblastic and burkitts lymphoma respectively. No significant correlation was found between Ki67 index and other clinical parameters like age and extra nodal involvement. Conclusions: Ki67 index is a valuable IHC marker to distinguish indolent from aggressive lymphomas especially in small needle biopsies where exact typing may not be possible.