• Title, Summary, Keyword: B-cell lymphoma T-cell lymphoma

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Herb medications on angiocentric T-cell lymphoma with intra-abdominal metastasis : a case report (복강내 전이된 혈관 중심성 T-세포 림프종의 한방치료 : 증례보고)

  • Kim, Yong-Su;Yoon, Seong-Woo
    • Journal of Korean Traditional Oncology
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.93-98
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    • 2005
  • Angiocentric T-cell lymphoma is a rare form of peripheral T-cell lymphoma. The disease typically manifests clinically as an aggressive, progressively destructive disorder often with a fatal outcome. It is the aim of the present paper to derive further studies evaluating the effectiveness of Korean traditional medicine on angiocentric T-cell lymphoma with intra-abdominal metastasis. A patient with high fever, weight loss, night sweat and general weakness(B symptoms) was diagnosed as angiocentric T-cell lymphoma and chemotherapy was done more than 10 times. But the response to chemotherapy was poor, finally the lymphoma involved liver and spleen. The abdominal CT showed the hepatosplenomegaly, diffuse lymphoma of liver and spleen, massive ascites, minimal pleural effusion. Then the patient gave up the chemotherapy and only herb medications (Bohyunsoamtang-A,B) were administered. The ascites, high fever and hepatosplenomegaly gradually reduced to normal. He survived for 7 years after first diagnosis, which is much longer than average survival time in angiocentric T-cell lymphoma with B symptoms. This case may give us a possibility of that Korean traditional herb medications offer potential benefits for patients with angiocentric T-cell lymphoma, and more researches are needed.

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Primary Central Nervous System Lymphoma : Clinical Analysis and Prognostic Factors (원발성 중추신경계 임파종의 임상적 특징과 예후인자에 대한 연구)

  • Kwon, Heum Dai;Huh, Ryoong;Kim, Dong Seok;Park, Yong Gou;Choi, Joong Uhn;Chung, Sang Sup
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.29 no.12
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    • pp.1628-1633
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    • 2000
  • Objective : The incidence of primary CNS lymphoma(PCNSL) has been increasing recently. The purpose of this study is to establish of prognostic factors and treatment options for PCNSL. Methods : Thirty-one PCNSL patients were treated in our institute between 1985 and 1997. All patients were histologically confirmed via stereotactic biopsy or open biopsy. The authors retrospectively analyzed clinical characteristics of PCNSL and prognostic factors, including histological cell types, immunohistological cell types and treatment options of PCNSL. Our data were statistically analyzed using Kaplan Meier survival curve and multivariated ANOVA test. Results : The clinical and radiological characteristics of PCNSL were resembled to those of other reports. The most common histological subtype was diffuse large cell type(55.5%). In immunohistolgical study, the incidence of T-cell lymphoma(35.7%) was very higher than that of others. The radiotherapy could prolonged patients' survival(p=0.021). One-year and 3-year survival rate of PCNSL were 66.9% and 45.9%, respectively. One-year survival rate of B cell and T cell lymphoma were 72.7% and 50.0%, respectively. The patients with B-cell lymphoma showed better prognosis than patients with T-cell lymphoma(p=0.049). Conclusion : On the basis of our data, active radiotherapy could prolong patients' survival. the T-cell lymphoma revealed higher incidence than those of other reports and had poor prognosis than that of B cell lymphoma.

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Application of Immunophenotyping and Heteroduplex Polymerase Chain Reaction (hPARR) for Diagnosis of Canine Lymphomas

  • Sirivisoot, Sirintra;Techangamsuwan, Somporn;Tangkawattana, Sirikachorn;Rungsipipat, Anudep
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.2909-2916
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    • 2016
  • Background: Canine malignant lymphoma is classified into B- or T-cell origin, as in the human case. Due to differences in prognosis, a suitable method needs to be developed for lineage identification. Aims: To determine the accuracy of immunophenotypic and molecular information between three methods: immunocytochemistry (ICC), immunohistochemistry (IHC) and heteroduplex polymerase chain reaction for antigen receptor rearrangements (hPARR) in spontaneous canine lymphomas. Materials and Methods: Peripheral blood, fine needle aspiration and tissue biopsies from enlarged peripheral lymph nodes prior to treatment of 28 multicentric lymphoma patients were collected. Cytopathology and histopathology were examined and classified using the updated Kiel and WHO classifications, respectively. Anti-Pax5 and anti-CD3 antibodies as B- and T-cell markers were applied for immunophenotyping by ICC and IHC. Neoplastic lymphocytes from lymph node and white blood cell pellets from peripheral blood were evaluated by hPARR. Results: In this study, low grade B-cell lymphoma accounted for 25% (7/28), high grade B-cell lymphoma for 64.3% (18/28) and high grade T-cell lymphoma for 10.7% (3/28). According to the WHO classification, 50% of all cases were classified as diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. In addition, ICC showed concordant results with IHC; all B-cell lymphomas showed Pax5+/CD3, and all T-cell lymphomas exhibited Pax5-/CD3+. In contrast to hPARR, 12 B-cell lymphomas featured the IgH gene; seven presented the $TCR{\gamma}$ gene; five cases showed both IgH and $TCR{\gamma}$ genes, and one case were indeterminate. Three T-cell lymphomas showed the $TCR{\gamma}$ gene. The percentage agreement between hPARR and ICC/IHC was 60%. Conclusions: Immunophenotyping should not rely on a single method. ICC or IHC with hPARR should be used concurrently for immunophenotypic diagnosis in canine lymphomas.

Oral Extranodal Non Hodgkin's Lymphoma: Series of Forty Two Cases in Malaysia

  • Ramanathan, Anand;Mahmoud, Hagir Abd Rahman;Hui, Lew Pit;Mei, Ng Yan;Valliappan, Valliammai;Zain, Rosnah Binti
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.1633-1637
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    • 2014
  • Background: Lymphoma is a malignant neoplasm of lymphoid tissue classified into Hodgkin's and non- Hodgkin's types. It mostly affects lymph nodes although a considerable proportion of Non-Hodgkin's cases occur in extranodal sites. Materials and Methods: Selected cases diagnosed as non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) during the period of 1980 to 2012 were retrieved from the archives of the Oral Pathology Diagnostic Laboratory, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Malaya. The sections from the formalin-fixed paraffin embedded tissue blocks were stained with H&E as well as with LCA, CD20, and CD3. Results: The mean age was 41.6 years with a male: female ratio of 1.3:1. Out of the forty two cases, nineteen were Malays, eighteen were Chinese, followed by Indians (3) and Indonesians (2). The most common site of involvement was the mandible (22.2%), followed by the maxilla and palate (19.4% each). Most of the lesions presented as a painless progressive swelling. Only thirty six cases were further subdivided into B or T cell types. The majority were B-cell type (26 cases), of these 6 cases were Burkitt's lymphomas. Only ten cases were T-cell lymphoma, with three cases of NK/T-cell lymphoma. Conclusions: In this series of 42 patients diagnosed as extranodal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, the lesions appeared as painless swellings, mostly in men with the mandible as the most frequent site of involvement. Majority were B-cell lymphomas with Malays and Chinese being equally affected whereas lymphomas were rare in the Indian ethnicity. T-cell lymphomas were found to be common in the Chinese ethnic group.

Primary Peripheral Gamma Delta T-Cell Lymphoma of the Central Nervous System: Report of a Case Involving the Intramedullary Spinal Cord and Presenting with Myelopathy

  • Yim, Jeemin;Song, Seung Geun;Kim, Sehui;Choi, Jae Won;Lee, Kyu-Chong;Bae, Jeong Mo;Jeon, Yoon Kyung
    • Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine
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    • v.53 no.1
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    • pp.57-61
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    • 2019
  • Primary central nervous system lymphoma of T-cell origin (T-PCNSL) is rare, and its clinicopathological features remain unclear. Peripheral T-cell lymphoma of γδ T-cell origin is an aggressive lymphoma mainly involving extranodal sites. Here, we report a case of γδ T-PCNSL involving the intramedullary spinal cord and presenting with paraplegia. A 75-year-old Korean woman visited the hospital complaining of back pain and lower extremity weakness. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed multifocal enhancing intramedullary nodular lesions in the thoracic and lumbar spinal cord. An enhancing nodular lesion was observed in the periventricular white matter of the lateral ventricle in the brain. There were no other abnormalities in systemic organs or skin. Laminectomy and tumor removal were performed. The tumor consisted of monomorphic, medium-to-large atypical lymphocytes with pale-to-eosinophilic cytoplasm. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells were CD3(+), TCRβF1(-), TCRγ(+), CD30(-), CD4(-), CD8(-), CD56(+), TIA1(+), granzyme B(+), and CD103(+). Epstein-Barr virus in situ was negative. This case represents a unique T-PCNSL of γδ T-cell origin involving the spinal cord.

MiR-449a attenuates autophagy of T-cell lymphoma cells by downregulating ATG4B expression

  • Zhang, Nan;Qiu, Ling;Li, Tao;Wang, Xiao;Deng, Rui;Yi, Hai;Su, Yi;Fan, Fang-yi
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.53 no.5
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    • pp.254-259
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    • 2020
  • Increasing evidence suggests the role of miR-449a in the regulation of tumorigenesis and autophagy. Autophagy plays an important role in the malignancy of T-cell lymphoma. However, it is still unknown whether miR-449a is associated with autophagy to regulate the malignancy of T-cell lymp homa. In this study, we for the first time demonstrated that miR-449a enhanced apoptosis of T-cell lymphoma cells by decreasing the degree of autophagy. Further, miR-449a downregulated autophagy-associated 4B (ATG4B) expression, which subsequently reduced the autophagy of T-cell lymphoma cells. Mechanistically, miR-449a decreased ATG4B protein level by binding to its mRNA 3'UTR, thus reducing the mRNA stability. In addition, studies with nude mice showed that miR-449a significantly inhibited lymphoma characteristics in vivo. In conclusion, our results demonstrated that the "miR-449a/ATG4B/autophagy" pathway played a vital role in the malignancy of T-cell lymphoma, suggesting a novel therapeutic target.

A Case of Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma Involving the Ipsilateral Parotid and Lateral Neck (동측 이하선과 측경부에 발생한 혈관면역모세포 T세포 림프종 1예)

  • Hong, Seok Jung;Lee, Mi Ji;Kim, Seung Woo
    • Korean Journal of Head & Neck Oncology
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.37-40
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    • 2019
  • Angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL) is a rare subtype of malignant lymphoma (ML), accounting for only 1 to 2% of all non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). Although ML of the parotid gland is rare, the majority are B-cell types. The AITL occurring synchronously in the parotid gland and lateral neck has not been reported earlier. It is classified as a high-grade malignancy with aggressive clinical features, and the prognosis is worse than any other type of NHL. We recently encountered a 72-year-old man with multiple mass on the ipsilateral parotid tail and lateral neck, and he was finally diagnosed as AITL. We report the unique and rare disease entity with a brief literature review.

Case of a Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Patient Treated with Traditional Korean Medicine Treatment (미만성 거대 B세포 림프종 환자의 한의약치료 증례보고)

  • Kim, In Soo;Cheong, Min Sung;Oh, Hyun Seung;Lee, Young Su
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.233-237
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    • 2014
  • This case report that the therapeutic effects of traditional Korean medicine(TKM) treatment on the tumor response in a diffuse large B-cell lymphoma(DLBL) patient. A patient was treated by acupuncture, pharmacopuncture, moxibustion, cupping and herbal medicine once a week at least for 12 months. we evaluated the grade of chief complaints and performed blood tests and sonography, abdominal CT periodically. After 1 month administration with TKM treatment, the symptoms of the patient vanished obviously. the size of inguinal lymphoma decreased gradually through 3 months. then from 3 to 10 months, the size of inguinal lymphoma remained as it is. TKM treatment was maintained continuously. in the abdomino-pelvic CT performed after 12 months, the patient didn't complain any symptom and the size of inguinal lymphoma decreased a little again. This case study supports that TKM treatments may have a efficacy in treating diffuse large B-cell lymphoma(DLBL) patients.

Solitary Lymphoblastic Lymphoma of the Thoracic Spine

  • Park, Dong Am;Park, Sang Gon;Kim, Seok Won
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.52 no.6
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    • pp.564-566
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    • 2012
  • Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma rarely originates from bone, and even more infrequently from a vertebral body. Lymphoblastic lymphoma is a rare type of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, and results from an abnormality in adaptive immune cells. A 27-year-old man presented with a two-month history of night sweats, weight loss, and severe back pain. Radiological studies demonstrated an osteolytic lesion compressing the subarachnoid space at the T11 level. Posterolateral fusion with decompression was performed and a pathologic examination confirmed lymphoblastic lymphoma of the B-cell precursor type. To our knowledge, this is the first report of solitary lymphoblastic lymphoma from B-cell precursors in of the thoracic spine. Herein, we discuss the presenting symptoms and the management of this rare case of lymphoblastic lymphoma.

Epirubicin Inhibits Soluble CD25 Secretion by Treg Cells Isolated from Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma Patients

  • Li, Lan-Fang;Wang, Hua-Qing;Liu, Xian-Ming;Ren, Xiu-Bao
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.1721-1724
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    • 2013
  • Objective: To investigate the effect of epirubicin on soluble CD25 (sCD25) secretion by CD4+CD25+ regulatory T (Treg) cells isolated from diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients. Methods: Treg cells were isolated from the peripheral blood mononuclear cells isolated from the newly diagnosed DBLCL patients. The concentration of sCD25 in the supernatant was determined with a commercial sCD25 (IL-2R) enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit. The fluorescence intensity of CD25 was detected by flow cytometry. Results: Cell survival rate was significantly decreased along with the increase of epirubicin concentration after treatment for 24 h. There was also a significant difference in the concentration of sCD25 between the epirubicin group and the control group (P<0.01). A positive correlation between the Treg cells survival rate and the concentration of sCD25 was detected (r=0.993, P<0.01). When equal numbers of CD4+CD25+ Treg cells of the epirubicin group and the control group were cultured for another 24 h without epirubicin the CD25 fluorescence intensity on the surface of Treg cells was obviously higher in the epirubicin group than that in the control group (P<0.01), while the sCD25 concentration in the supernatant in the epirubicin group was significantly lower than that in the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion: Epirubicin may improve the body's immune functions by inhibiting the sCD25 secretion by Treg cells in DLBCL patients.