• Title/Summary/Keyword: Automatic parameter calibration

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Large Scale Rainfall-runoff Analysis Using SWAT Model: Case Study: Mekong River Basin (SWAT 모형을 이용한 대유역 강우-유출해석: 메콩강 유역을 중심으로)

  • Lee, Dae Eop;Yu, Wan Sik;Lee, Gi Ha
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.60 no.1
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    • pp.47-57
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    • 2018
  • This study implemented the rainfall-runoff analysis of the Mekong River basin using the SWAT (Soil and Water Assessment Tool). The runoff analysis was simulated for 2000~2007, and 11 parameters were calibrated using the SUFI-2 (Sequential Uncertainty Fitting-version 2) algorithm of SWAT-CUP (Calibration and Uncertainty Program). As a result of analyzing optimal parameters and sensitivity analysis for 6 cases, the parameter ALPHA_BF was found to be the most sensitive. The reproducibility of the rainfall-runoff results decreased with increasing number of stations used for parameter calibration. The rainfall-runoff simulation results of Case 6 showed that the RMSE of Nong Khai and Kratie stations were 0.97 and 0.9, respectively, and the runoff patterns were relatively accurately simulated. The runoff patterns of Mukdahan and Khong Chaim stations were underestimated during the flood season from 2004 to 2005 but it was acceptable in terms of the overall runoff pattern. These results suggest that the combination of SWAT and SWAT-CUP models is applicable to very large watersheds such as the Mekong for rainfall-runoff simulation, but further studies are needed to reduce the range of modeling uncertainty.

Evaluation on applicability of on/off-line parameter calibration techniques in rainfall-runoff modeling (온·오프라인 매개변수 보정기법에 따른 강우-유출해석 적용성 평가)

  • Lee, Dae Eop;Kim, Yeon Su;Yu, Wan Sik;Lee, Gi Ha
    • Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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    • v.50 no.4
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    • pp.241-252
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    • 2017
  • This study aims to evaluate applicability of both online and offline parameter calibration techniques on rainfall-runoff modeling using a conceptual lumped hydrologic model. To achieve the goal, the storage function model was selected and then two different automatic calibration techniques: SCE-UA (offline method) and particle filter (online method) were applied to calibrate the optimal parameter sets for 9 rainfall events in the Cheoncheon catchment, upper area of the Yongdam multi-purpose dam. In order to assess reproducibility of hydrographs from the parameter sets of both techniques, the observed discharge of each event was divided into low flow (below average flow) and high flow (over average flow). The results show that the particle filter method, updating the parameters in real-time, provides more stable reproducibility than the SCE-UA method regardless of low and high flow. The optimal parameters estimated by SCE-UA are very sensitive to the selected objective functions used in this study: RMSE and HMLE. In particular, the parameter sets from RMSE and HMLE demonstrate superior goodness-of-fit values for high flow and low flow periods, respectively.