• Title, Summary, Keyword: Attention concentration

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Relation of the Depression and Attention Concentration by Smoking Status among Adolescents (청소년의 흡연과 우울 및 주의집중력과의 관계)

  • Byeon, Young-Soon;Lee, Hea-Shoon
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.231-238
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between depression and attention concentration by smoking status among adolescents. Methods: Depression was measured by Radloff's Center for Epidemiological studies Depression(1977) and modified by Korean(Chon & Lee, 1992), attention concentration measured by Nideffer's Test of Attention and Interpersonal Style(1976) and modified by Korean adolescents(Seo, 2004; Shin, 1988). The collected data was analyzed by the $Mean{\pm}SD$, ${\chi}^2$-test, ANOVA, Scheffe and Pearson correlation coefficient(SPSS 13.0). Results: 1. The smoking level appeared to heavy smoking group 31(22%), light smoking group 15(11%), non smoking group 92(67%). 2. The smoking level was different between the time to begin smoking, period of smoking and smoking amount/day. 3. Smoking group's depression was higher than those of the non smoking group and attention concentration was lower than those of the non smoking group. 4. The smoking amount had a significant positive correlation with depression and a significant negative correlation with attention concentration. Depression had a significant negative correlation with attention concentration. Conclusion: The result of this study offered the basis data for smoking prevention and treatment of adolescents.

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A Study on the Attention Concentration Properties in Convergent Exploration Situations in Cafe Space - Focusing on Gaze and Brain wave Data Analysis - (카페공간에 대한 수렴적 탐색상황에서의 주의집중 특성의 분석 방법에 관한 연구 - 선택적 주시데이터에 의한 뇌파 데이터 분석을 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Jong-Ha;Kim, Ju-Yeon;Kim, Sang-Hee
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.30-40
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    • 2016
  • This study analyzed the attention concentration tendencies of one(1) subject who showed convergent exploratory acts actively through the gaze-brainwave measurement experiment of cafe space images and our research findings are as follows. First, the areas of interest (AOIs) that the subject gazed visually by paying attention to it and concentrating on it at a cafe space include counter&menu area, sign area, partition area, image wall area, stairs area, and movable furniture area, and built-in furniture area: seven areas in total. Second, conscious gaze frequency appeared the highest in counter&menu area, and conscious gaze appeared more later than in initial times. Third, conscious gaze pattern was divided into the zone that explored various areas dispersely (distributed exploratory zone) and the zone that explored between particular areas concentratedly (intensive exploratory zone). Fourth, as a result of analyzing the brainwave attention concentration, it was found that the attention concentration in prefrontal lobe (Fp1, Fp2) and frontal lobe (F3, F4) rose to a higher level in the zone of 15 to 16 seconds and this time zone was considered to be a zone where gazing at counter&menu area was very active. In addition, the attention concentration appeared higher in the initial zone than in the later zone, among the entire experimental time zones. Finally, as a result of analyzing the changes in activation by brain portion of the SMR wave expressed when maintaining the arousal and attention concentration, it was found that the right prefrontal lobe and the frontal lobe became activated in the time zone when the intensive exploration of "counter&menu area" and "movable furniture${\leftrightarrow}$built-in furniture area" had occurred and the time zone when the intensive exploration of "image wall${\leftrightarrow}$partition area" and "counter&menu${\leftrightarrow}$sign area" had occurred.

Effects of mindfulness-based qigong for children's concentration ability (마음챙김 기공이 소아청소년의 주의집중력에 미치는 영향)

  • Hong, Soon-Sang;Cho, Seung-Hun
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.49-58
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    • 2012
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of Mindfulness-based concentration qigong for children (MBCQ-C) in healthy children with subjective poor attention. Methods : This study examined the effects of MBCQ-C on healthy children with subjective poor attention, who vistied Korean medicine hospital neuropsychiatry outpatient clinic. The MBCQ-C was practiced with 11 participants, 2 of them quit in the middle of the program, and hence, they were excluded for data analysis. MBCQ-C consisted of 8 sessions, and each session took about 60 minutes. The outcome measurement was Frankfurter Aufmerksamkeits-Inventar (FAIR), which measured selective attention, self-control and sustained attention. Results : The results of this study showed that selective attention, and sustained attention were significantly improved. Self-control also improved, but without any statistical significance. These results indicate MBCQ-C was effective for the improvement of attention abilities, but self-control, including upper cognition area needs more consistent exercise. Conclusions : The MBCQ-C consisting of 8 sessions were shown to be an effective intervention in improving the attention abilities of healthy children with subjective poor attention.

Changes in EEG According to Attention and Concentration Training Programs with Performed Difference Tasks (주의·집중훈련 프로그램의 두 가지 과제수행에 따른 뇌파 변화)

  • Chae, Jung-Byung
    • PNF and Movement
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.97-106
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in EEG through attention. Concentration training and performing tasks are important factors in the improvement of motor learning ability. Methods: In the experiment, 22 healthy people were divided into two groups: the trail making test (TMT) group and the computerized neurocognitive function test (CNT) group. A one-way Neuro Harmony M test to see whether there was a significant difference among the groups. Results: The TMT group showed a significant increase in ${\alpha}$ wave, ${\alpha}$ wave sequence, and ${\beta}$ wave sequence; however, there were no significant differences in SMR wave, SMR wave sequence, and ${\beta}$ wave. The CNT group showed increases in ${\alpha}$ wave, ${\alpha}$ wave sequence, SMR wave, SMR wave sequence, and ${\beta}$ wave sequence; however, there was no significant difference in ${\beta}$ wave. In EEGs before and after two performance tasks were changed, there were significant differences in ${\beta}$ wave, SMR wave, SMR wave sequence; however, there were no significant differences in ${\alpha}$ wave sequence, ${\beta}$ wave, and ${\beta}$ wave sequence. Conclusion: Attention training and concentration training offer feedback and repetition for constant stimulus and response. Moreover, attention training and concentration training can contribute to new studies and motivation by developing fast sensory and motor skills through acceptable visual and auditory stimulation.

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Effect of Volleyball Program on Physical Fitness and Attention Concentration of Middle School Students with Intellectual Disabilities (배구 프로그램이 중학교 지적장애학생의 체력과 주의집중력에 미치는 효과)

  • Bae, Kwang-Youl
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.175-182
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    • 2020
  • The study aims to verify the effects of volleyball programs on the fitness and attention-intensive abilities of students with intellectual disabilities in middle school. Physical strength and attention concentration were analyzed to verify the effectiveness of the volleyball program. The volleyball program was applied to the experimental group three times a week, 90 minutes a week, a total of 36 times for 12 weeks. To verify the effectiveness of physical strength and attention concentration, the PPS-D intellectual disability student test and ATA concentration test were used to verify the effectiveness of attention concentration The six-minute walking figure related to cardiopulmonary functions was improved compared to those with intellectual disabilities who did not participate in the volleyball program, the report showed. We can see improvements in muscular function-related sit-ups and flexibility-related sit-ups compared to those with intellectual disabilities who did not participate, and significant changes have been seen in the distance of the place-wide jump related to net worth. We could also confirm that it had a positive effect on the improvement of selective attention concentration, and that the change in self-control, continuous attention, and selective attention among middle school students had a positive effect on the improvement.

Effects of National Gymnastics and Brain Gymnastics on Frontal Lobe Activity

  • Jeon, Kyung Hee
    • Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.896-901
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    • 2015
  • The effects of national gymnastics and brain gymnastics on brain activity were analyzed in 20 healthy university students. The students were assigned to either a national gymnastics group or a brain gymnastics group. Their frontal lobe activity was recorded before and after the exercise, and the resting, attention, and concentration indexes of brain waves were measured. The resting index significantly decreased and concentration index significantly increased(p<.05) after the exercise in both the national and brain gymnastics groups. However, the attention index significantly increased only after brain gymnastics, and, on the contrary, decreased after national gymnastics. These findings suggest that brain gymnastics is effective for improving attention.

EEG & Pitch data based learning concentration determination system (EEG & Pitch 데이터 기반의 학습 집중 판단 시스템)

  • Kim, Jeong-Sang;Kim, Jin-Woo;Kim, Jae-Hyeong;Seo, Jeong-Wook
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • pp.687-689
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    • 2018
  • The current EEG device can determine the concentration, but can not determine the concentration of the state. Therefore, we distinguish attitude based on Mindwave Attention data and additionally Pitch data to distinguish whether or not we are looking at a video object, and suggest a method to obtain better performance. Attention data were measured in the state where the images were viewed and concentrated. In the case of the Pitch data, Sit was measured when sitting on a desk and Lie when lying down. Attention value was 38 or more. When the value of the Pitch is smaller than -48, it is judged that it is in a prone state. When the concentration and sitting state were satisfied with this threshold value, it was judged that they focused on watching the actual video.

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A Serious Game Design for Sustaining Concentration and Improving Reading Comprehension of Children with ADHD (ADHD 아동의 집중도 유지 및 읽기이해를 위한 기능성게임 디자인)

  • Park, Seungie;Park, Kyungeun;Kihl, Taesuk
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Computer Game
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.105-111
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    • 2017
  • This study designs an interactive serious game for children with ADHD to sustain attention concentration and improve their reading comprehension skill. This serious game enables to read fairy tale interactively. The fairy tale consists of 6 sequences and the game assigns tasks for concentration training to 2, 4, 5, and 6 sequences. Executing concentration task, MindWave BCI is used to measure brain waves and to judge success of failure of the task with that measurement. Game play data and concentration data were stored in a sever real time. As the experiment progressed, the concentration levels of the participants are sustained stable. The results of paired t-test on pre- and post- reading ability, short reading comprehension, and story understanding are significant. It is expected that this study will help game design for children with ADHD as well as reading disability.

Effects of Horticultural Activities Designed to Stimulate Five Senses on the Sensory Development of Children

  • Yun, Hae Soon;Yun, Suk Young;Choi, Byung Jin
    • Journal of People, Plants, and Environment
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.369-378
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to look into the effect of horticultural activities designed to stimulate five senses on a child's sensory development. This study selected 22 children at 'H' child community center located in D city as research subjects, and conducted a program consisting of 12 sessions (once a week) from January 4 to March 29, 2017. Each session's horticultural activities were designed to stimulate all five senses in children. The research results are as follows: first, the control group didn't show any significance in changes of attention concentration by sense before/after implementing the program, but in case of the experimental group, all senses but a major hand tactile sense were found significantly improved. For visual sense assessments, selective attention was improved from 4.5 scale before implementing the horticultural activity to 7.6 scale(p=.000); sustained attention was improved from 4.3 scale before implementing the activity to 7.8 scale after implementing the activity(p=.000); self-control was improved from 4.3 scale before implementing the activity to 7.3 scale (p=.000), and in case of tactile concentration, a non-major hand dexterity was enhanced from 29.6 seconds before implementing the activity to 23.2 seconds(p=.000) after implementing the activity, but a major hand didn't show any significant change. In the measurement of auditory concentration, it was significantly improved from 9.4 score before implementing the activity to 12.2 score (p=.001) after implementing the activity. Olfactory concentration was also significantly improved from 1.2 score before implementing the activity to 2.2 score(p=.002) after implementing it. Taste concentration was also found improved significantly from 4.3 score before implementing the activity to 5.6 score(p=.001) after implementing it. The results suggest that applying horticultural activities that can stimulate all five senses using natural objects familiar and interesting to children will be effective for sensory development of children.

Effect of a Multi-Sensory Play Therapy Program on the Attention and Learning of Children with ADHD (다감각놀이치료 프로그램이 ADHD 아동의 주의집중력과 학습에 미치는 영향)

  • Oh, Hyewon;Kim, Koun
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.23-32
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    • 2019
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of multi-sensory treatment programs on attention and learning in ADHD children. Methods : The program was provided for 50 minutes twice a week for a total of 12 times over 6 weeks. The FAIR concentration test was used to identify the children's concentration of attention before and after the intervention. The children's learning ability was evaluated using K-ABC. Results : When attention was evaluated using FAIR, there was a significant increase in all dependencies of performance value (P), quality value (Q), and continuity value (C) (p>.05). In addition, when learning ability was evaluated using K-ABC, learning ability in general increased significantly (p>.05). The multi-sensory play therapy program had a positive effect on the children's attention and learning ability and thus it is a positive intervention method for children with ADHD. Conclusion : In addition to providing challenging activities, the program showed that it was possible to elicit the children's interest by engaging a variety of senses at the same time. This is believed to have motivated them internally to engage actively in the program.