• Title, Summary, Keyword: Athletic ability

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The Effect of Kindergarten's Factors on Athletic Movement Ability in $4{\sim}5$ Years Old Children (유치원 특성 변인이 $4{\sim}5$세 유아의 운동능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Oh, Yeon-Joo
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.407-415
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of kindergarten's factors on athletic movement ability in early childhood. The factors included teacher's perception of athletic movement, length of time for physical activity, and number of athletic facilities in the kindergarten. The subjects consisted of 551 children aged from four to five years in 8 private kindergartens. The instruments used for this study were the obstacle course of Project Spectrum for measuring athletic movement ability, and the questionnaire to investigate the teacher's perception, length of time for physical activity, and number of athletic facilities in the kindergarten. The data from all the tests were analyzed by correlation and regression analyses. The results of this study exhibited that the length of time for physical activity was the most important factor among three factors, and the teachers' perception of athletic movement and the number of athletic facilities in the kindergarten were also deciding factors for the children's athletic movement ability.

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PNF Exercise, the Athletic Performances and the Ability of Exercise Capacity in Taekwondo (태권도 경기력 및 운동수행능력과 PNF운동)

  • Heo, Jun-Ho
    • PNF and Movement
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.21-27
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    • 2011
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to investigate PNF exercise, the athletic performances and the ability of exercise capacity in Taekwondo. Methods : This is a literature study with books and articles, seminar note and books for PNF international course. Results : The PNF exercise was efficient at improving flexibility and muscle strengthening in Taekwondo athletes. Kinematic characters of Yupchagi and Dollyuchagi in Taekwondo were analogous to Lower extremity Flexion-Abduction-Internal Rotation patterns in PNF, and the kinematic character of Apchagi was to analogous to Lower extremity Flexion-Adduction-External Rotation pattern in PNF. Movements of Upper extremities and Lower extremities during kicking were similar to PNF patterns. The PNF is efficient at improving athletic performances and the ability of exercise capacity in Taekwondo. Conclusion : The result of this study showed that PNF patterns and kicking that is one of the basic movement in Taekwondo have many similarities. With that PNF patterns was the training methods to improve flexibility and muscle strengthening, PNF patterns are considered to improve athletic performances and the ability of exercise capacity in Taekwondo.

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Relationships between Children's Friendship Quality, Self-Perception and School Adjustment (아동의 친한 친구와의 관계와 자아지각 및 학교적응과의 관계)

  • Moon, Eun Jung;Sim, Hee Og
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.99-113
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    • 2001
  • In this study of the relationships between quality of children's friendships, their self-perception and school adjustment, 434 4th, 5th, and 6th graders replied to a series of questionnaires. Girls reported higher levels of quality of friendship in the areas of emotional security, help, intimacy, and acknowledgement than boys. Boys showed higher levels of self-perception in cognitive competence, athletic ability and social acceptance than girls. Positive friendship quality and friendship satisfaction were related to self-perception and school adjustment. Variables that influenced school adjustment were social behavior, cognitive competence, global self-worth, pleasure in companionship, and athletic ability. For boys, variables which influenced school adjustment were social behavior, cognitive competence, pleasure in companionship, and global self-worth. For girls, the variables were global self-worth, cognitive competence, trust, social behavior, and athletic ability.

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Different of Physical Activity Using Visual Stimulation Smart Device on Children's Athletic Ability and Attention Concentration (시각자극 스마트기기를 활용한 체육활동에 따른 유아의 운동능력과 주의 집중력의 차이)

  • Lim, DONG-HO;LEE, SO-MI
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.415-420
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of physical activity using visual stimulation smart devices on the athletic performance and attention - The conclusion is as follows. The physical activity using visual stimulation smart device was applied to the infant. The pre - and post - experiment results showed that the infants of the experimental group were higher than those of the control group. Specifically, the ability of the infant to participate in physical activity using the visual stimulation smart device was improved by sit-up bending and centering ability. Also, physical activity using visual stimulation smart device helped to improve attention of infants. In other words, it was confirmed that information and communication technology (ICT) and physical activity affect both physical and cognitive development of infants. Therefore, in order to improve the athletic ability and concentration of children more effectively, it is possible to maximize the educational effect by teaching the contents using various contents that can motivate the infant rather than the same teaching method.

The Study of Relationship among Body Composition, Athletic Ability and Nutritional Status of Young Women (여대생의 비만지수에 따른 영양소 섭취량과 운동능력 및 신체 구성과의 상관관계)

  • Lee Hyun-Ok;Lee Youn-Shin
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.127-134
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    • 2005
  • This study was conducted to investigate the correlations among body composition, athletic ability and nutritional status according to BMI in Korean college students. The anthropometric measurements of three groups showed significant differences in weight, body fat, waist, hip, WHR, skinfold thickness(p<0.001). There were significant difference in vitamin A and niacin by their BMI(p<0.05). There were significant increase in trunk flexion(p<0.05) and maximal oxygen uptake(p<0.05) in subjects as their BMI. There were negative correlation between weight and foot balance, maximal oxygen uptake. Also, foot balance and maximal oxygen uptake were negatively related with BMI. There was a significant positive correlation between BMI and flexion(p<0.50). Grip strenth(p<0.01) and back strenth(p<0.05) were positively related with WHR. Overweight group was significantly inferior in muscular power and endurance but was better in muscular strength than the other groups. Based on this study, the further studies on obesity indice are required for health promotion among young women population.

A Study on Factors Influencing Exercise Intent and Behavior in Middle School Students (중학생의 운동의지 및 운동이행과 관련요인에 대한 분석연구)

  • Chung, Young Sook
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.116-125
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    • 1991
  • The purposes of this study are to identify the degree of exercise intent and behavior and to determine factors influencing exercise and behavior in middle school students. The subjects for this study were 658 middle school students in Chonbuk area. The data were obtained by questionaire for the period from Nov. 1 to Dec. 20, 1990. The instrument used for the study were included 6 existing scales and 2 scales developed by the researcher for this study. They are: 1) The exercise intent scale to assess the exercise plan even when they had no longer physical education. 2) The current exercise behavior to measure of exercise frequency for 1 week. 3) The scale to measure the level of self -esteem. 4) The scale to measure the level of knowledge about exercise. 5) The scale to measure the level of the perceived ability to make commitment. 6) The scale to measure the level of the perceived benifit of exercise. 7) The scale to measure the level of the perceived athletic ability. 8) The scale to measure the level of the attitude toward physical education. The data were analyzed using frequency, percentage, one way ANOVA, Pearson Coeffecients Correlation and stepwise multiple regression. The following; results were obtained. 1. Exercise intent level was in the intermediate range(mean on five point scale of 3.66, with 1 = definitely no). 2. The current exercise behavior level was relatively low(mean=1.77, with l=less than once per week and 4 = 4 or more times per week). 3. Self -esteem levels were in the intermediate range(mean on five point scale of 2.96, a mean of 5.0 indicate highest level of self-esteem.) 4. The levels of perceived ability to make commitments were in the intermediate range(mean=3.05, with 5.0 as most able). 5. The levels of perceived exercise as benificial were relatively high(mean=3.72, with 5.0 as most benificial). 6. Knowledge levels about exercise were realatively high(mean=3.97, with 5.0 as most knowledgeable). 7. The levels of perceived athletic ability were in intermediate range(mean=3.01, with 5.0 as highest score). 8. The levels of attitudes toward physical education were in the intermediate range(mean=3.29, with 5.0 as most favorable). 9. Among the general characteristic variables, sex, interest sports activities were related to the difference of exercise intent levels. 10. Of the predictor variables analyzed, self - esteem, perceived benifit of exercise, perceived athletic ability, knowledge about exercise and attitude about physical education correlated significantly and positively with exercise intent. Correlations of predictors with current exercise behavior were similiar to exercise intent, exept knowledge about exercise. 11. The stepwise multiple regression analysis shows findings as follows: 1) The most important factor to explain the difference of exercise intent was current exercise behavior. 2) The most improtant factor to explain the difference of current exercise behavior was perceived athletic ability.

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Effect and Value of Custom-made Mouthguard in Athletic Performance (맞춤형 마우스가드의 효능과 실제)

  • Lee, sungbok Richard
    • The journal of the Korean dental association
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    • v.53 no.9
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    • pp.602-609
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    • 2015
  • The aim of this document is to evaluate the effect of bite balance on physical fitness and motor capacity to determine the importance of the occlusal stability as a possible action mechanism of occlusal appliance including mouthguards on physical performances. We all remember that day when the prominent athlete was in the news wearing a mouthguard to improve human athletic performance. I once had investigated the determinants of athletic performance in all sorts of sports. Most of the studies had overinterpretation of results and lack of evidence to support the information. However, I discovered great expectations for new possibility in this field and settled for a more academic approach to this intriguing subject. The followings are some examples of the subject 1. Archers who wore occlusal appliances to increase the vertical dimension of occlusion by 2~3mm increased their ability to focus and to maintain good sense of balance. Their accuracy rate has been improved. The appliance was made of acrylic resin (a type of plastic). 2. Canoe players who wore occlusal appliances to increase the vertical dimension of occlusion by 5mm surpassed longtime competitor and won the race with 10 seconds gap. 3. A cycle rider who wore an occlusal appliance to treat his malocclusion surpassed his old record from 10.8 seconds to 10.3 seconds. His muscle reflexes (anaerobic exercise) and endurance (aerobic exercise) has been enhanced. 4. Occlusal appliances had a good effect on athletic performance in most sports such as swimming, diving, and weightlifting. As for the clenching on dentition, people clench their teeth when they push their physical and mental limits during sports activities. Clenching can be induced by physical exertion when maximum muscle strength is retained and this is similarly found in different types of exercises. In addition, restraint of respiratory function is observed. Therefore, creating a occlusal balance with occlusal appliance or mouthguard promoted a favorable influence when an athlete clenches.

Development of Children's Perceptions of Popular and Unpopular Peers (인기아와 비인기아에 대한 아동의 인식 발달)

  • Kang, In-Seol;Chung, Kai-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.209-224
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    • 2009
  • This study examined the development of children's perceptions of popular and unpopular peers. Subjects were 784 children in kindergarten, $2^{nd}$, $4^{th}$, and $6^{th}$ grades. Research findings were that : (1)socio-metric popularity and perceived popularity correlated positively with athletic ability, academic ability, and prosocial behavior. Whereas two subtypes of aggression(physical aggression and relational aggression) correlated negatively with sociometric popularity, perceived popularity correlated positively with relational aggression in 6th grade. (2)Social behaviors consistently emerged across developmental periods as predictors of popularity. (3)Academic ability was an important characteristic of popular children. (4)Teachers' praise and punishment affected popularity in kindergarten and $2^{nd}$grade children, but peer effect was more important for $4^{th}$ and $6^{th}$graders.

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The Assessment of the Postural Control Ability of the Volleyball Players With Functional Ankle Instability Using Balance Master System

  • Kim, Ho-Sung;Ahn, Chang-Sik;Choi, Jong-Duk
    • Physical Therapy Korea
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.18-26
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    • 2008
  • The present study was aimed at investigating the postural control ability of volleyball players with functional ankle instability. The subjects were 26 male volleyball players were divided into 2 groups (13 subjects with functional ankle instability and 13 subjects with ankle stability) who could evaluate Questionnaire. All the male participants were tested by a Balance Master System. This study were to measure of static balance ability, dynamic balance ability, motor function the difference between functional ankle instability group and control group. Ankle instability group and stable group in postural sway ($^{\circ}/sec$) on film surface with eye closed in modified clinical test sensory interaction on balance, and left unilateral stance with eye opened and closed were significantly different (p<.05). The ankle instability group and stable group in limit of stability were significantly different (p<.05). The ankle instability group and stable group in left/right rhythmic weight shirt were significantly different (p<.05). The ankle instability group and stable group in turn time (sec) & turn sway ($^{\circ}$) during step/quick turn and end sway ($^{\circ}/sec$) in tandem walk were significantly different (p<.05). This study showed that volleyball players with functional ankle in stability were effected postural control ability by static balance & dynamic balance ability. Further study is needed to measure various athletic with functional ankle instability for clinical application.

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Development of Evaluation Items for Play Ability & Operation Management in Golf Course (골프장의 경기성 및 운영관리 향상을 위한 평가항목 개발)

  • Seok, Young Han;Moon, Seok Ki;Lee, Eun Yeob
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study is to discovered assessment items for improving athletic efficiency and management of golf courses. Through this, the study intended to provide basic data for creating competitive golf courses and management. Important assessment items were selected by inducing preliminary assessment items and conducting a preliminary survey and a main survey for specialists through a theoretical study. For the survey results studied, reliability and average value for importance were calculated using SPSS/PC Window Release 12.0. As assessment of importance by assessment area, in athletic efficiency assessment, course management level was the highest, followed by fairness of games and operation of games. In management assessment, importance of service level, information management, facility management, management of game assistants, etc. were high. As assessment of importance by assessment item, it was found that 'variety of golf shot' and 'the length of a course' were important in course layout. Also 'start interval among teams' and 'disturbance of play' were assessed as important items in game operation, while 'fair reservation' and 'rounding rotation time' were important in fairness of games. In addition, in information management, 'kind service of golf course staffs' and 'prompt reservation and notification' were found to be important assessment items. In facility management, all assessment indexes were over 4.0, which means all of them are important for quality of golf course and competitiveness. In membership service, 'appropriate price of goods for sale' and 'service for members' were relatively important assessment items. Further, in management of game assistants, 'qualifications and skillfulness of game assistants' was assessed as a very important index. Although the current study only selected important items to assess excellent golf courses, it is necessary to apply the study results to the actual sites and verify them for golf course both at domestic and abroad.