• Title, Summary, Keyword: Assessment Criteria

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The Development of the Observation Assessment Criteria concerning the Manipulative skills in Elementary School Science (초등학교 과학실험 기구 조작 기능에 대한 관찰 평가 준거 개발 - 초등학교 화학 단원을 중심으로 -)

  • 최행숙;백성혜
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.65-73
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study is tile development of tile observation Assessment criteria that is used to assess manipulative skills in elementary science. The procedures of developing observation Assessment criteria are as follows. First, we investigated the actual condition about science process skills assessment with tile questionnaire. Second, we selected 7 experimental apparatus through the analysis of the science textbooks. The selected experimental apparatus are dropper, alcohol lamp, thermometer, test tube, filtering device, able balance, graduated cylinder Third, the observation Assessment criteria arc developed through tile analysis of the related experimental textbooks, the demonstrations, and the questionnaire, Forth, tile validity is verified by science education specialists and graduate students who major in science education. Fifth, the first jilter-rater agreement is investigated in the result of the field with observation criteria of which the validity was verified. The second inter-rater agreement is investigated through the revision and the addition of the criteria with the low agreement. In result, the jilter-rater agreement ranged from 0.86 to 0.98. One of the major problems in observation assessment is the rater's subjective viewpoint. So, this research shows a more specified scale and criteria for the assessment. This suggests that the observation Assessment criteria developed in tile study satisfies the high reliability and validity requirements. Considering the results, this criteria call be used effectively for assessing manipulative skills of elementary school students.

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Analysis of Internet Usage Patterns of Health Consumers for Internet Health Information Assessment Criteria (인터넷 건강정보 평가 기준을 위한 건강 소비자의 인터넷 이용행태 분석)

  • Cho, Kyoung-Won;Kam, Sin;Chae, Young-Moon
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.15-28
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    • 2007
  • Objectives: In this paper, the survey on internet usage patterns of health consumers was conducted and analyzed in order to determine internet health information assessment criteria for providing correct consumer health information on web-sites. Methods: By using a survey questionnaire with 16 questions on general information and 20 questions on internet health information, data were collected from September 16 to 25, 2005 from 476 participants through an internet web site, http://www.hp.go.kr. Frequency analysis, t-test, and multiple regression were used in order to analyze the difference in assessment criteria, factors influencing assessment criteria, factors influencing user satisfaction, etc. Results: General characteristics of the study population were: the persons over age 40 were the smallest age group; women were accounted for 74.2%; and the persons with average income were the largest income group; and the persons with average health status were the largest health group. Most widely used health information were: exercise, disease, and diet, in order. There was significant difference(p=.001) in importance of assessment criteria between the persons in medical institutions and the persons not in medical institutions. There was no significant difference in other assessment criteria. We also found that contents of websites and easy to use were more important factors than elucidation of information providers and information sources including speciality of information in quality assessment criteria of internet health information. Discussion and Conclusion: Results of this paper were compared with the previous studies from the literatures. Contrary to the previous studies in the literature, there was significant difference in importance of assessment criteria between the persons in medical institutions and the persons not in medical institutions. In order to apply the study results to develop health contents for consumer, there is a need for further upgrade the proposed assessment criteria based on expert opinion.

Review on the Conservation Value and Assessment Criteria of Vegetation (식생의 보전가치와 평가기준에 대한 검토)

  • Choung, Heung-Lak;Song, Jong-Suk;Lee, Kyu Song;Kim, In-Taek;Kim, Jong-Hong;Yang, Keum-Chul;Chun, Young-Moon
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.339-355
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    • 2006
  • In this paper, we reviewed the assessment criteria and conservation value used to evaluate vegetation. The Degree of Green Naturality (DGN) and the Grade of Vegetation Conservation (GVC) are both sets of criteria that estimate the degree of human disturbance or natural value of vegetation. The criteria are extensively used in decision-making about the natural environment conservation and environment impact assessment. Sometimes, social issues can rise because the criteria are not clear. This study aims to evaluate the criteria based on the many aspects of the related literatures and suggest reasonable revised criteria. In addition, criteria for representing the relative value of valuable vegetation conservation are suggested. The DGN and GVC are essentially same; both have 11 degrees and 5 grades. While the DGN is subdivided into levels of anthropogenic disturbances, the GVC indicates the priority for conserving valuable vegetation. Therefore, the DGN is very useful for assessing land development projects, etc., while the GVC is needed to delineate the Ecological Assessment Map(EAM). In conclusion, it is desirable that both criteria should be used together appropriately.

Analyzing the Differential Views between the Designers and the Users on Certification Assessment Criteria of the G-SEED System - Focused on Certification Assessment Criteria for Apartment Buildings - (녹색건축 인증제도 평가항목에 대한 설계 실무자 및 사용자 의식 차이 분석 - 공동주택 인증 평가항목을 중심으로 -)

  • Choi, Yeo-Jin
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.87-92
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: The green building certification system in Korea was introduced in 2002 and developed as an improvement version of the G-SEED(Green Standard for Energy and Environmental Design) system in 2013. This study conducts surveys targeting architectural designers and users on significance of certification assessment criteria for apartment buildings on the G-SEED system and examines the differential views between the two groups on assessment criteria. Method: First, The AHP(Analytic Hierarchy Process) method was used to find importance of assessment criteria and then the importances were compared with weighted points on the certification standard. Second, the t-test was used to investigate differential views between designer and user groups on certification assessment criteria based on drawn importances. Result: (1) While designer group considered land use and transportation, energy and environmental pollution, and water circulation management as more important, user group did material and resource, maintenance management, ecological environment, and indoor environment as more important. (2) Based on t-test results, sustainable energy, water circulation system, site management, habitat, acoustical environment, and light environment were found to be different on importance between the two groups.

A Study on the Features of Writing Rater in TOPIK Writing Assessment (한국어능력시험(TOPIK) 쓰기 평가의 채점 특성 연구)

  • Ahn, Su-hyun;Kim, Chung-sook
    • Journal of Korean language education
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.173-196
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    • 2017
  • Writing is a subjective and performative activity. Writing ability has multi-facets and compoundness. To understand the examinees's writing ability accurately and provide effective writing scores, raters first ought to have the competency regarding assessment. Therefore, this study is significant as a fundamental research about rater's characteristics on the TOPIK writing assessment. 150 scripts of the 47th TOPIK examinees were selected randomly, and were further rated independently by 20 raters. The many-facet Rasch model was used to generate individualized feedback reports on each rater's relative severity and consistency with respect to particular categories of the rating scale. This study was analyzed using the FACETS ver 3.71.4 program. Overfit and misfit raters showed many difficulties for noticing the difference between assessment factors and interpreting the criteria. Writing raters appear to have much confusion when interpreting the assessment criteria, and especially, overfit and misfit teachers interpret the criteria arbitrarily. The main reason of overfit and misfit is the confusion about assessment factors and criteria in finding basis for scoring. Therefore, there needs to be more training and research is needed for raters based on this type of writing assessment characteristics. This study is recognized significantly in that it collectively examined writing assessment characteristics of writing raters, and visually confirmed the assessment error aspects of writing assessment.

Assessment Criteria and Capability Scores for Upper Extremity Functions from Inclusive Design Perspectives

  • Kim, Taesun
    • Science of Emotion and Sensibility
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.89-100
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    • 2016
  • Inclusive design is increasingly gaining attention, as some people find using products difficult after becoming physically impaired, despite daily use. However, making inclusive products is a challenge for designers or companies, as a lack of knowledge and tools stems their low involvement in it. Developing inclusive design tools is thus needed. This study developed criteria to assess upper extremity capabilities corresponding to specific daily activities. A questionnaire survey was conducted among 58 physiatrists and orthopedists. Non-parametric statistics were employed and medians were adopted as representative scores in the assessment criteria based on normality and reliability test results, non-normal data, and strong reliability of respondents in ranking. Consequently, an assessment tool was developed with 14 criteria (divided into range of motion and strength) and capability scores between 0 and 100, which discerned the moderately impaired from the severely disabled and fully capable. Since the doctors agreed to adopt the criteria but assign numeric values, especially for mild impairments, their capability assessment perception was likely influenced by dichotomy. To compensate for these deficits, qualitative or ergonomic approaches are considered simultaneously.

An Assessment of Electric Shock Hazard by Safety Criteria Using Graphical Method (그래프법을 이용한 안전기준에 의한 감전위험성 평가)

  • 김두현;강동규
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.53-60
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    • 2001
  • This paper presents a graphical method for hazard assessment of electric shock by safety criteria. For the human body to be safety actual body current should not exceed safety criteria, i.e. allowable body current. The assessment method presented in this paper is based m the safety criteria of the IEEE Standard 80 as well as the IEC 479-1. The hazard can be assessed in terms of alterable touch voltages instead of alterable body current. Thus, the hazard assessment of given electric shock condition is referred to a procedure by which the actual touch voltages are compared with the allowable (safe) touch voltages. Since the IEC 479-1 safety criteria are nonlinear, the graphical method is presented for the hazard assessment. Body current and body voltage are calculated with the allowable touch voltage. A comparison of the safety criteria of two widely accepted standards, i.e. the IEEE Std 80 End the IEC 479-1 is proposed. Also Thevenin equivalent resistance is obtained from electric shock model expressed by two-port earth-grid-foot system. On the basis of calculated results, the allowable touch voltage, the body current and the body voltage we can conduct the hazard or safety assessment and estimate the severity of electric shock.

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Improved Criteria for Condition Assessment of Bridges Based on Visual Inspection (교량의 외관 조사에 의한 상태평가기준 개선안)

  • Oh, Byung-Hwan;Shin, Kyung-Joon;Kim, Kwang-Soo;Kim, Ji-Sang;Lee, Sang-Cheol
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.205-213
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    • 2001
  • The condition assessment of bridges is one of the important procedures in the safety evaluation of the structures. The current inspection guideline is rather ambiguous and vague so that the inspection results based on the existing guidelines are highly subjective and varing from person to person and even day to day for a given person. It is therefore, necessary to improve the current inspection criteria in order to provide consistent results in safety assessment. To circumvent possible inconsistencies in inspection and rating of bridge components, the revised criteria have been proposed in this study. The proposed guideline and criteria may be efficiently used for the realistic and consistent assessment of bridge structures.

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Establishment of Assessment Criteria for Apartment Housing Remodeling Performance Grading Indication System (공동주택 리모델링 성능등급표시제도에 있어서 평가기준 설정)

  • Baek, Cheong-Hoon;Kim, Soo-Am;Yang, Hyeon-Jeong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Building Construction Conference
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    • pp.153-154
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    • 2018
  • It is required that an evaluation method that can present the performance after remodeling to residents objectively as the increase in demand for remodeling. New construction is able to evaluate through housing performance grading indication system. However, there are some parts that are difficult to apply as assessment criteria of new construction in remodeling. The purpose of this study is to establish the assessment criteria direction for each item in remodeling performance evaluation. In conclusion, we set up institutionalized items for remodeling performance evaluation, and propose to assessment criteria direction based on the characteristics of remodeling on extracted items.

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Development of Forests Ecosystem Assessment Technique of Environmental Impact Assessment(I) : In the Case of the Sanchong Pumping-up Power Plant of Mt. Chiri (환경영향평가중 삼림생태계 평가기법 개발 (I) : 지리산 산청 양수발전소 건설예정지를 중심으로)

  • Choi, Song-Hyun;Lee, Kyong-Jae
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.71-91
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    • 1995
  • In order to develop an appropriate set of criteria applicable for environmental impact assessment (EIA) of natural forest 8 items are proposed. The criteria are vegetation distribution area (DA), distribution pattern (DP), size (S), diameter of breast height of tree (DBH), humus (H), sustainment (ST), successional stage (SS) and impact of adjacent ecosystem (IAE), Each criterion has an interval which minimum 1 score to maximum 5 score Forest Evaluation Index (FEI) was obtained as the sum of 8 criteria value. Above 70% is considered to be absolutely conservative and from 50% to 70% range of total score is to be considered conservative. In the case of the Sancho˘ng Pumping-up Power Plant of Mt. Chiri, 8 criteria were applied base on actual vegetation map. Pinus densiflora community got 73%(29 scores) and Quercus variabilis - Q. serrata community got 60%(24 scores). This may be said that this local vegetation has high ecological potentiality. These criteria cannot always be absolutely evaluation tool. So it is expected to take the more time to be developed further, and holistically added by the other field such as fauna, geological feature etc.

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