• Title, Summary, Keyword: Aroclor

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Alcaligenes eutrophus 균주의 성장과 Poly-Beta-hydroxybutyrate 합성에 미치는 포도당과 암모늄농도의 영향

  • 이용우;유영제
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.607-612
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    • 1990
  • The biodegradation of Aroclor 1242 was investigated by the mixed cultivation of the natural bacterial isolates and a genetically engineered microorganism (GEM). The natural strain of MS-1003 degraded the Aroclor 1242 through the ortho-cleavage pathway, while the other strains through the meta-cleavage pathway. When the MS-1003 strain was additionally inoculated into the 1 day culture of the DJ-26 strain and then cultivated for 2 days, the Aroclor was degraded up to 86% and resulted in increase of the meta-cleavage product. But in the MS-1003 culture inoculated with the DJ-26, degradation of the Aroclor was limited to the level of each pure culture. By the mixed cultivation of the DJ-26 strain together with the DJ-12 or its GEM strain of DF-10, which degrades the Aroclor through the meta-cleavage pathway, degradation of the Aroclor as well as production of the meta-cleavage compound were lower than those of each pure culture. The degradation of Aroclor 1242 by the GEM strain was not improved over the parental strain. Therefore, a form of cometaboiism of Aroclor 1242 was found in the mixed culture of the DJ-26 and MS-1003 strains which degrade the Aroclor through the different metabolic pathway, but in the mixed culture of the DJ-26 and DJ-12 strains degrading Aroclor 1242 through the same pathway, a kind of competetion for the substrate was observed.

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Comparison the quantification method of PCBs in waste transformer oils (절연유 중 폴리염화비페닐류의 정량법 비교)

  • Kim, Kyeo-Keun
    • Analytical Science and Technology
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.206-215
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    • 2005
  • Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were commercially produced as complex mixtures beginning in 1929. The PCBs manufactured commercially are known by a variety of trade names including; Aroclor (USA), Phenoclor (France), Kaneclor (Japan), Sovol (USSR) and so on. PCBs are a class of 209 congeners that were widely used in a wide variety of applications, including dielectric fluid in transformers and large capacitors; heat transfer fluids; hydraulic fluids; lubricating and cutting oils; and as additives in pesticides, paints, adhesives, sealants, and plastics. The quantification methods of peak matching and coefficient comparison were compared using the Aroclor 1242, 1248, 1254, 1260 standards. Also, six transformer oils were analyzed as a main source of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) emission into the environment. The transformer oils contained the pure and mixed of Aroclor 1242, Aroclor 1254, and Aroclor 1260. The analytical results using two quantification methods showed the little difference between the measured results.

In vitro Effects of TBT, TPhT and Aroclor 1254 on Oocyte Maturation and Ovulation in O1ive Flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) (넙치 (Paralichthys olivaceus)의 in vitro 난모세포 성숙과 배란에 미치는 TBT, TPhT 및 Aroclor 1254의 영향)

  • BAEK Hea-Ja;JUNG Jee-Hyun;JEON Joong-Kyun
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.34 no.6
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    • pp.584-587
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    • 2001
  • The effects of tributyltin (TBT), triphenyltin (TPhT) and Aroclor 1254 on germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD) and ovulation of olive flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) were investigated in in vitro bioassay. TBT, TPhT and Aroclor 1254 showed the inhibition effects on GVBD and ovulation in response to HCG. The oocyte response appeared to be more sensitive to TBT than Aroclor 1254. TBT was more effective in inhibition GVBD at concentrations of 0.1 and 1 ppm. However, no significant inhibition was obseued in concentrations tested ($0.0001\~1\;ppm$). Significant inhibition of ovulation in response to HCG occurred at TBT (0.01, 0.1, 1 ppm), TPhT (0.01, 0.1, 1 ppm) and Aroclor 1254 (0.01, 1 ppm, except 0,1 ppm), compared to HCG control, The lowest ovulation rate was measured at 1 ppm TBT, These data suggest that TBT (or TPhT) could possibly interfere the actions of progestogens to induce GVBD and ovulation in in vitro bioassay system.

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Effects of Environmental Factors on Degradation of Aroclors by Gram-negative Bacteria (Gram 음성세균에 의한 Aroclor 분해에 미치는 환경요소의 영향)

  • 김치경;김문식
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.145-150
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    • 1990
  • The effects of environmental factors on degradation of Aroclor 1242 were investigated with four Gram-negative bacterial isolates. Their biodegradabilities of the Aroclor were well correlated to their growth rates on the Aroclor added as a sole carbon and energy source. The optimum concentration of the Aroclor for biodegradation of the substrate in MM2 medium was 0.5mg/ml in HK-100, HK-123, and MS-1003 strains, but 1 mg/ml in DJ-26 strain. The optimum temperature and pH were $30^{\circ}C$ and 7.0, respectively, for all the strains. On the basis of the results which the strain of DJ-26 showed the highest degradability of the Aroclor as well as the highest growth rate under the optimum environmental conditions, the bacterial isolate identified as Pseudomonas sp. was found to be a strain usable for treatment of the toxic and recalcitrant chemical pollutants, such as polychlorinated aromatic hydrocarbons.

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Toxic effects of Aroclor 1016 and bisphenol A on marine green algae Tetraselmis suecica, diatom Ditylum brightwellii and dinoflagellate Prorocentrum minimum (해양 녹조류 Tetraselmis suecica, 규조류 Ditylum brightwellii, 와편모조류 Prorocentrum minimum에 대한 Aroclor 1016과 비스페놀 A의 독성 효과)

  • Ebenezer, Vinitha;Ki, Jang-Seu
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.52 no.3
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    • pp.306-312
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    • 2016
  • Microalgae are the potential bioindicators of environmental changes, for the environmental risk assessment as well as to set limits for toxic chemical release in the aquatic environment. Here, we evaluated the effects of two endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs), namely bisphenol A (BPA) and Aroclor 1016, on the green algae Tetraselmis suecica, diatom Ditylum brightwellii, and dinoflagellate Prorocentrum minimum. Each species showed wide different sensitivity ranges when exposed to these two EDCs; the 72 h effective concentration ($EC_{50}$) for these test species showed that Aroclor 1016 was more toxic than BPA. $EC_{50}$ values for the diatom D. birghtwellii were calculated at 0.037 mg/L for BPA and 0.002 mg/L for Aroclor 1016, representing it was the most sensitive when compared to the other species. In addition, these results suggest that these EDC discharge beyond these concentrations into the aquatic environments may cause harmful effect to these marine species.

A Comparative Study on Adsorption of PCB Congeners in Mineral Oil by Activated Carbon (활성탄에 의한 광유내 PCB Congeners의 흡착에 관한 비교 연구)

  • Ryoo, Keon Sang
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.41 no.5
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    • pp.239-245
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    • 1997
  • The sorption kinetic was studied to evaluate feasibility of removing PCBs from mineral oil with activated carbon. Adsorption efficiency for Aroclor 1242 which is composed of lower chlorinated PCB formulations was $\geq$ 95%, whereas the adsorption efficiency for Aroclor 1260 having higher chlorinated constituents was considerably lower with the efficiency falling to 75%. The observed difference in the adsorption efficiency is attributed to the geometry of PCBs with non-planar and coplanar structure. The concentration of coplanar PCBs is appreciably higher in Aroclor 1242. Since toxicity is primarily associated with coplanar congeners, the preferential adsorption of coplanar congeners by activated carbon accounts for the fact that toxicity reduction can be achieved through this process. The efficiency of process was assessed in terms of Toxicity Equivalence Factor (TEF).

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Toxicological Efects of Aroclor 1254 on the Embryonic Development of the Olive Flounder Paralichthys olivaceus

  • Min, Eun Young;Kang, Ju Chan
    • Fisheries and aquatic sciences
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.253-260
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    • 2013
  • We investigated the toxicological effects of Aroclor 1254 on the fertilized eggs, embryos and larvae of the olive flounder Paralichthys olivaceus. The survival rate and hatching success of the embryos decreased significantly in treated groups in an Aroclor 1254-dose-dependent manner. Significant differences were found at ${\geq}5{\mu}g/L$ Aroclor 1254 compared to the control group. Hatching success occurred at ${{\leq}}10{\mu}g/L$ Aroclor 1254, which was not significantly different to the control. Embryo malformation increased significantly at ${\geq}1{\mu}g/L$, and included yolk-sac and tail-flexure abnormalities. There was a significant decrease in the survival rate of the larvae at ${\geq}5{\mu}g/L$, which was accompanied by the malformations described above. Notably, concentrations as low as $1{\mu}g/L$ caused a significant increase in abnormalities in the larvae, including incidences of multi-focal hemorrhages, pericardial and yolk-sac edema, inhibition of swim bladder inflation and severe developmental delay. The responses to Aroclor 1254-induced toxicity were generally similar among fertilized eggs, embryos and larvae from three separate flounder hatcheries: Cheju Island, Yeosu and Chungnam, South Korea. These results indicate the high acute toxicity of Arolcor 1254 concentrations of which as low as $1{\mu}g/L$ in olive flounder larvae can affect unhatched embryos. To conclude, the average $LC_{50}$ values for Aroclor 1254 in the embryos and larvae were 50.92 and $3.08{\mu}g/L$, respectively. Additionally, the average $EC_{50}$ values, based on the rate of damage were 14.72 and 5.6$1{\mu}g/L$, respectively.

New evidences of neurotoxicity of aroclor 1254 in mice brain: potential of coenzyme q10 in abating the detrimental outcomes

  • Majumdar, Anuradha;Nirwane, Abhijit;Kamble, Rahul
    • Environmental health and toxicology
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    • v.29
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    • pp.1.1-1.7
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    • 2014
  • Objectives The present subacute study was designed to evaluate the effect of coenzyme Q 10 (CoQ10) in the 28 days aroclor 1254 exposure induced oxidative stress in mice brain. Methods Biochemical estimations of brain lipid peroxidation (LPO), reduced glutathione (GSH), and activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and acetyl cholinesterase (AChE), and histopathological investigations of brain tissue were carried out. Results Oral exposure of aroclor 1254 (5 mg/kg) led to significant decrease in levels of GSH, and activities of SOD, CAT, GPx, and AChE, and increase in LPO. These aberrations were restored by CoQ10 (10 mg/kg, intraperitoneal injection [IP]). This protection offered was comparable to that of L-deprenyl (1 mg/kg, IP) which served as a reference standard. Conclusions Aroclor 1254 exposure hampers the activities of various antioxidant enzymes and induces oxidative stress in the brains of Swiss albino mice. Supplementation of CoQ10 abrogates these deleterious effects of aroclor 1254. CoQ10 also apparently enhanced acetyl cholinesterase activity which reflects its influence on the cholinergic system.

Separation properties of 209 PCB congeners on capillary columns and identification of PCBs congeners in aroclor standards for source identification (오염원 해석을 위한 폴리염화비페닐류(PCBs) 209 이성체의 컬럼별 분리 특성과 Aroclor 표준품의 이성체 확인)

  • Kim, Kyoung-Soo;Kim, Kyeo-Keun;Kim, Jong-Guk
    • Analytical Science and Technology
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.352-364
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    • 2006
  • This study was performed to search for useful separation properties and elution orders of three GC columns (DB-1, DB-5MS, SPB-Octyl) for 209 PCBs congeners using M-1668A-0.01X-SET of the AccuStandard Inc.. In addition, to confirm the quantitative peak in peak pattern method, the IUPAC Nos. of PCBs congener peaks were identified with 4 Aroclor standards (Aroclor-1242, 1248, 1254 and 1260). The separation property of dioxin-like PCBs congeners by four columns (DB-1, DB-5MS, SP-2331 and SPB-Octyl) was excellent in SP-2331. DB-1 and SPB-Octyl columns are necessary to use with a column of other types.

Aroclor 1254 May Induce Common DNA Effects in Developing Paralichthys olivaceus Embryos and Larvae

  • Min, Eun Young;Kang, Ju Chan
    • Fisheries and aquatic sciences
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.461-469
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    • 2014
  • Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are persistent pollutants in aquatic environments, often causing the decline or disappearance of wild populations. In this study, we used a random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) assay to evaluate the effects on the genomic DNA of olive flounder embryo and larval stages of exposure to Aroclor 1254 at concentrations of 1, 5, 10, 20, and $40{\mu}g/L$. We compared RAPD fingerprints of exposed and non-exposed samples. Polymorphisms were revealed as the presence and/or absence of DNA fragments between the two samples. A dose-dependent increase in the number of polymorphic bands was observed with Aroclor 1254 treatment. Also, RAPD profiles of animals exposed to Aroclor 1254 exhibited an increase in the frequency values (FV) compared to the control. A phenogram constructed using neighbor-joining method indicated that genomic template stability in developing embryo and larval stages was significantly affected at ${\geq}5{\mu}g/L$. This study suggested that DNA polymorphisms detected by RAPD analysis could be used as an investigative tool for environmental toxicology and as a useful biomarker in early life stages for the detection of potential genotoxicants.