• Title, Summary, Keyword: Ardisia crispa

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Antiplatelet Effect of AC7-1 isolated from Ardisia crispa

  • Han, Byung-Hoon;Kang, Young-Hwa;Suh, Dae-Yeon;Park, Man-Ki
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Applied Pharmacology
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    • pp.69-69
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    • 1997
  • In the screening of tropical medicinal plants using PAE receptor binding assay, the ether extract of Ardisia crispa showed the potent antagonistic activity. Ardisia crispa have been used to heal the scurf, earache, orchitis, fever and diarrhoea, cough and given to the mother after childbirth to ‘wash out dirty blood’ in Malaysia. By means of activity guided isolation, compound AC7-1 was isolated as the potent PAF antagonist. In this study, antiplatelet effects of compound AC7-1 were examined in vitro platelet aggregation assay using the chronolog aggregometer. Compound AC7-1 inhibited PAF-, collagen-, ADP-, thrombin-induced platelet aggregation in human, rabbit and rat platelet rich plasma. In vitro rabbit platelet aggregation, the IC$\_$50/ value of compound AC7-1 was 5 ${\times}$ 10$\^$-6/ M against PAF(5 ${\times}$ 10$\^$-7/M)-induced aggregation. The IC$\_$50/ values of AC7-1 on PAF-induced platelet aggregation increased with increase of the concentration of PAF used. This result suggested the competitive nature of the AC7-1 antagonism. In vitro rat platelet aggregation, the IC$\_$50/ values of AC7-1 on collagen-, ADP-induced platelet aggregation were 4 ${\times}$ 10$\^$-6/ M, 2 ${\times}$ 10$\^$-5/ M, respectively. Also in vitro human platelet aggregation, AC7-1 potently inhibited both the primary phase and secondary phase of thrombin-induced aggregation.

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Isolation of a Quinone-rich Fraction from Ardisia crispa Roots and its Attenuating Effects on Murine Skin Tumorigenesis

  • Yeong, Looi Ting;Hamid, Roslida Abdul;Yazan, Latifah Saiful;Khaza'ai, Huzwah
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.2301-2305
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    • 2013
  • Ardisia crispa (Family: Myrsinaceae) is an evergreen, fruiting shrub that has been traditionally used as folklore medicine. Despite a scarcity of research publications, we have succeeded in showing suppressive effects on murine skin papillomagenesis. In extension, the present research was aimed at determining the effect of a quinone-rich fraction (QRF) isolated from the same root hexane extract on both initiation and promotion stages of carcinogenesis, at the selected dose of 30 mg/kg. Mice (groups I-IV) were initiated with a single dose of 7,12-dimethylbenz(${\alpha}$)anthracene (DMBA, $100{\mu}g/100{\mu}l$) followed by repeated promotion of croton oil (1%) twice weekly for 20 weeks. In addition, group I (anti-initiation) received QRF 7 days before and after DMBA; group II (anti-promotion) received QRF 30 minutes before each croton oil application; group III (anti-initiation/promotion) was treated with QRF as a combination of group I and II. A further two groups served as vehicle control (group V) and treated control (group VI). As carcinogen control, group IV showed the highest tumor volume ($8.79{\pm}5.44$) and tumor burden ($3.60{\pm}1.17$). Comparatively, group III revealed only 20% of tumor incidence, tumor burden ($3.00{\pm}1.00$) and tumor volume ($2.40{\pm}1.12$), which were significantly different from group IV. Group II also showed significant reduction of tumor volume (3.11), tumor burden (3.00) and tumor incidence (11.11%), along with prominent increase of latency period of tumor formation (week 12). Group I, nonetheless, demonstrated marked increment of tumor incidence by 40% with prompted latency period of tumor formation (week 7). No tumor formation was observed in groups V and VI. This study provided clear evidence of inhibitory effects of QRF during promotion period which was in agreement with our previous findings. The mechanism(s) underlying such effects have yet to be elucidated.

Inhibitory Effects of Malaysian Medicinal Plants on the Platelet-Activating Factor (PAF) Receptor Binding

  • Jantan, Ibrahim Bin;Kang, Young-Hwa;Suh, Dae-Yeon;Han, Byung-Hoon
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.86-89
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    • 1996
  • Methanolic extracts of 25 species of Malaysian medicinal plants were screened for platelet-activating factor (PAF) receptor binding activity using rabbit platelet. Extracts of Cinnamomum sintoc, Ixonanthes iconsandra, Paederia foetida, Piper aduncum, Premna integrifolia, Ardisia crispa, and Ardisia elliptica showed significant inhibitory effect on the platelet-activating factor (PAF) receptor binding.

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Antithrombotic and Antimetastatic Substance from Some Medicinal Plants

  • Han, Byung-Hoon;Kang, Young-Hwa
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Applied Pharmacology
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    • pp.104-107
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    • 1998
  • The studies for antithrombotic substances from medicinal plants in my laboratory were started from the studies on PAF-antagonistic substances from Korean medicinal plants. The screening studies of PAF-receptor binding antagonistic activity were conducted on the extracts of 300 Korean medicinal plants, 37 tropical medicinal plants, 20 mushrooms, and 30 vegetables. From the results of screening studies, it was possible to select two Korean medicinal plants, i.e. 1) the leaf of Biota orientalis and 2) the seed of Arctium lappa, and two tropical medicinal plants, i.e. 3) the rhizome of Alpinia officinarum and 4) the leaf of Ardisia crispa as the candidates for the activity guided isolation of PAF-antagonistic substances.

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