• Title, Summary, Keyword: Arc discharge

Search Result 362, Processing Time 0.045 seconds

Analysis of Contact Loss Arc Spectrum between Contact Wire and Pantograph Material using a Spectrometer (광계측기를 이용한 전차선-팬터그래프 재질별 이선아크 스펙트럼 분석)

  • Chang, Chin-Young;Jung, No-Geon;Park, Jong-Gook;Koo, Kyung-Wan;Kim, Jae-Moon
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
    • /
    • v.62 no.12
    • /
    • pp.1803-1808
    • /
    • 2013
  • To maintain contact between catenary and pantograph copper is important in order to transmit power smoothly on Current collection system. But, Arc discharge with strong light is generated because of contact loss. Therefore, Arc discharge detection is important measurement factor judging performance of current collection system. In this paper, It is described to results of arc discharge applying UV detection technology using arc generator. And Arc discharge was detected using the most commonly used processing catenary and rigid catenary and pantograph copper of electric rolling stock for securing arc detection instrument reliability. Results of contact loss detection instrument in this paper will be used for maintenance of current collection quality and system.

ARC Discharge Sound Source in Underwater (수중 아-크 방전음원에 관한 연구)

  • Chang, Jea-Hwan;Chang, Jee-Won
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
    • /
    • v.21 no.1
    • /
    • pp.12-18
    • /
    • 1985
  • In general the impulse sound sources of underwater generated by electric arc discharge had used static energy of the charged capacitors. The author proposed an underwater arc discharge sound source using secondary voltage of high voltage transformer without capacitors. The arc discharge device was composed of a high voltage transformer and a switching system. The impulse current in the primary turn of the high voltage transformer is controlled by the switching system and inductive current of the secondary turn in the high voltage transformer is used in making impulsive arc discharge. A series of experiment have been carried out to observe the acoustic characteristics of the impulse sound source generated by the arc discharge. The results obtained were as follows: 1. Secondary current at the time of arc discharge keeps after ohm's law in the beginning and the maximum current flows out as soon as arc discharge breaks out. 2. A time difference between a start of applied current and a generation of arc discharge sound is the 3msec and it is generated arc sound when breaking down electric insulation at maximum voltage. 3. The sharper the end of electrodes and the higher the secondary voltage, the higher the sound pressure level. 4. Arc discharge sound was generated even at the distance of 100cm between electrodes and was stably reproductive at the gap of 1cm to 100cm. 5. Electric arc discharge sound wave is a shock wave of pulse-width of 0.15msec and spectral distribution of it is plenty of low frequency components less than 10 KHz.

  • PDF

A study on the arc discharge characteristics of liquid insulating materials for electrical discharge machine (방전가공기용 액체 절연재료의 아크 방전 특성 연구)

  • 김상현;김해종;마대영;신태민
    • Electrical & Electronic Materials
    • /
    • v.8 no.5
    • /
    • pp.564-571
    • /
    • 1995
  • This paper deals with the arc discharge characteristics of kerosene oil as a basic study on electrical discharge machine. Using needle electrode the discharge voltage, discharge current, discharge energy and the shape of discharge crater are measured. In consequence, it becomes clear that the discharge crater(depth, height, diameter) is depending on the discharge energy. Rapid increase in depth, height and diameter of discharge crater was observed during initial discharge, where discharge energy is large. However, rather slow decrease of those values was found when discharge energy is low or N is more than 3. As the ratio of $I_p$$T_on$ increase, the shape of discharge crater gets near circle. The protuberances of the discharge crater were not formed by the melted needle electrode but by the that of work piece.

  • PDF

A Study on Energy Recovery Circuit in Sputtering Plasma Power supply for arc Discharge Prevention (스퍼터용 플라즈마 전원장치의 아크방지를 위한 에너지 회생회로에 대한 연구)

  • Ban, Jung-Hyun;Han, Hee-Min;Kim, Joohn-Sheok
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers P
    • /
    • v.61 no.3
    • /
    • pp.116-121
    • /
    • 2012
  • Recently, in the field of renewable energy such as solar cells including the semiconductor and display industries, thin film deposition process is being diversified. Furthermore, to deal with trend of making high-quality and fast, the high-capacity and output plasma power supply which can control high density plasma is required. The biggest problem is arc discharge caused by using high voltage power supply. Thus, the key function of plasma power supply is to prevent arc discharge and there is a need to maintain the possible minimum arc energy. In DC sputtering power supply, on a periodic basis (-)voltage powering up is able to significantly reduce arcing, as well as arc discharge prevention, and maintaining uniform charge density. This conventional method for powering up (-)voltage requires heavy mutual inductance of the transformer to avoid distortion problem of the output voltage. This study is about energy recovery circuit for arc discharge prevention in sputtering plasma power supply. By using energy recovery circuit, it is possible to reduce the mutual inductance and size of the transformer dramatically, prevent distortion of the output voltage and has a stable output waveform. This work was proved through simulation and experimental study.

Discharge Characteristics of a KSTAR NBI Ion Source

  • Chang Doo-Hee;Oh Byung-Hoon
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
    • /
    • v.35 no.3
    • /
    • pp.226-233
    • /
    • 2003
  • The discharge characteristics of a prototype ion source was investigated, which was developed and upgraded for the NBI (Neutral Beam Injection) heating system of KSTAR (Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research). The ion source was designed for the arc discharge of magnetic bucket chamber with multi-pole cusp fields. The ion source was discharged by the emission-limited mode with the control of filament heating voltage. The maximum ion density was 4 times larger than the previous discharge controlled by a space-charge-limited mode with fully heated filament. The plasma (ion) density and arc current were proportional to the filament voltage, but the discharge efficiency was inversely proportional to the operating pressure of hydrogen gas. The maximum ion density and arc current were obtained with constant arc voltage ($80{\sim}100V$), as $8{\times}10^{11}cm^{-3}$ and 1200 A, respectively. The estimated maximum beam current was about 35 A, extracted by the accelerating voltage of 80kV.

Highly Sensitive Partial Discharge Sensor with Remote Monitoring Capabilities (원격감시 기능을 갖는 고감도 부분방전센서)

  • Choi, Kyoo-Nam
    • The Journal of the Korea institute of electronic communication sciences
    • /
    • v.10 no.3
    • /
    • pp.349-356
    • /
    • 2015
  • Remote monitoring partial discharge sensor, equipping with hybrid filter combining optical and electrical noise reduction capabilities and with signal integrating function to calculate total arc energy, was investigated. Hybrid filter showed insensitivity to fluorescent and incandescent lamps under simulated distribution panel condition. Signal integrating function showed selective detection capability corresponding to different arc energy levels, while convention arc sensor had difficulty to discriminate arc energy level due to bursty arc waveform and peak level detection characteristics. The sensor showed possibility for application to remote monitoring partial discharge sensor, since it detected arc energy level corresponding to normal open and close discharge in low voltage 100A MCCB at 2m distance.

Characteristics of RC Circuit with Transistors in Micro-EDM (트랜지스터 부착 RC 방전회로의 마이크로 방전가공 특성)

  • Cho Pil Joo;Yi Sang Min;Choi Deok Ki;Chu Chong Nam
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
    • /
    • v.21 no.12
    • /
    • pp.44-51
    • /
    • 2004
  • In a micro-EDM, it is well known that an RC circuit is suitable as a discharge circuit because of its low pulse width and relatively high peak current. To increase machining speed without changing unit discharge energy, charge resistance should be decreased. But, when the resistance is very low, continuous (or normal) arc discharge occurs, electrode wear increases and machining speed is reduced remarkably. In this paper, an RC circuit with transistors is used in a micro-EDM. Experimental results show that the RC circuit with transistors can cut off a continuous (o. normal) arc discharge effectively if the duty factor and switching period of the transistor are set up optimally. Through experiments with varying charge resistances, it is shown that the RC circuit with transistors has about two times faster machining speed than that of an RC circuit.

수은정유기 아아크관경크기에 대한 정량적 고찰

  • 천희영
    • 전기의세계
    • /
    • v.16 no.4
    • /
    • pp.6-10
    • /
    • 1967
  • The deionization behavior in plasma during arc discharge of mercury arc rectifier depends on ambipolar diffusion. It is shown here in the quantitative analysis that a diameter of arc path which affects the mercury arc rectifier characteristics is related with the density of charged particles in plasma, the particle number of extruguish ion, the deionizing time and the recovering time of grid controlled ability. The conclusion would he useful for designing a diameter of arc path of mercury arc rectifier by quantitative method. And it could be applied to the designing of electrical apparatus using arc discharge phenomena.

  • PDF

Characteristics of RC circuit with Transistor in Micro-EDM (트랜지스터 부착 RC 방전회로의 마이크로 방전가공 특성)

  • 조필주;이상민;최덕기;주종남
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.235-240
    • /
    • 2002
  • In micro-EBM, it is well blown that RC circuit is suitable for discharge circuit because of its low pulse width and relatively high peak current. To increase machining speed without changing unit discharge energy, charge resistance should be decreased. But, if very low, continuous (or normal) arc discharge occurs, then increases electrode wear and reduces machining speed remarkably. In this paper, RC circuit with transistor is used to micro-EDM. Experimental results show that RC circuit with transistor can cut off continuous (or normal) arc discharge effectively if duty factor and switching period of transistor are set up optimally. Through experiments with varying charge resistance, it can be known that RC circuit with transistor has about two times faster machining speed than that of RC circuit. Especially, it has prominent rise-effect of machining speed in low unit discharge energy, so that a high-quality and high-speed micro-EDM can be realized through RC circuit with transistor.

  • PDF

Frequency Spectrum Analysis of Series Arc and Corona Discharges (직렬 아크 및 코로나 방전의 주파수 스펙트럼 분석)

  • Kil, Gyung-Suk;Jung, Kwang-Seok;Park, Dae-Won;Kim, Sun-Jae;Han, Ju-Seop
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
    • /
    • v.23 no.7
    • /
    • pp.554-559
    • /
    • 2010
  • In this paper, we analyzed the frequency spectrum of radiated electromagnetic pulses generated by series arc- and corona- discharges as a basic study to develop an on-line diagnostic technique for power facilities installed inside closed-switchboards. To simulate series arc and corona discharges, five types of electrode system which consists of needle and plane electrodes were arranged. The experiment was carried out in an electromagnetic shielding room, and the measurement system consists of an ultra log antenna and an EMI receiver. From the experimental results, the frequency spectrum exists in ranges from 30 MHz to 2 GHz for a series arc discharge and 30 MHz to 1.2 GHz depending on defects for a corona discharge. The peak frequency of the series arc- and corona- discharges were 100 MHz to 160 MHz and 40 MHz to 80 MHz, respectively.