• Title, Summary, Keyword: Araneidae

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Fine Structural Study on the Capture Threads-producing Organs in Nephila clavata L. Koch (Araneae: Araneidae) II. Flagelliform Glands (무당거미(Nephila clavata L. Koch))

  • 문명진;김우갑
    • The Korean Journal of Zoology
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.354-364
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    • 1990
  • The ultrastructure and silk formational process of the flagelliform glands, one of the capture thread producing organs in the orb web spider (Nephila clavata L. Koch), have been studied with electron microscope. A pair of flagelliform glands consist of three distinct regions: excretory duct, storage sac and convoluted tail. This gland is connected to the large spinning tube (spigot) of the posterior spinnerets with two pairs of aggregate glands, and showed a characteristic spigot structure called "triad". The excretory duct consists of three long segments surrounded by the same sheath of connective tissue. The distal duct near the spinning tube bears the electron lucent subcuticles which have the functions of water removal and orientation of the silk fiber, whereas the proximal duct near the sac contains the cuticule precursor transported through the intercellular space. Cytoplasms of the sac and tail regions have well developed rough endoplasmic reticulum and contain the round secretory granules commonly, but the electron densities and internal textures of the granules do not coincided. Adjacent epithelial cells are connected with the specialized septate junctions, and secretory granules accumulated at the apical pole are released to the lumen by the apocrine secretion.secretion.

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Spider Fauna of Mt. Gajisan in Gyeongsangnam-do, Korea (가지산의 거미상)

  • Lee, Sue-Yeon;Kim, Seung-Tae;Jung, Jong-Kook;Yoo, Jeong-Seon;Lee, Joon-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Biology
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.108-113
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    • 2010
  • Spider fauna of Mt. Gajisan in Miryang, Gyeongsangnam-do was investigated from June to October. Collecting spiders was made by sweeping, beating, sieving and pitfall trapping. Total 66 species of 59 genera belonging to 20 families were identified from 317 collected spiders. Species richness was high in Salticidae (12 species, 20.0%), Theridiidae (8 species, 12.1%), Linyphiidae (5 species, 7.6%), Araneidae, Corinnidae, Gnaphosiade and Thomisidae (4 species, 6.1% repectively), Tetragnathidae, Amaurobiidae and Philodromidae (3 species, 4.5% repectively). Zoogeographical species were 1 Pantropical species (1.5%), 4 Palearctic species (6.1%) and 3 Korean endemic species (4.5%). This result will be a valuable monitoring data in comparative study of mountain spiders.

Spider Fauna in Mt. Jumbong from Korea (점봉산의 거미상)

  • 이준호;강방훈;박홍현;남궁준;김승태
    • The Korean Journal of Soil Zoology
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.21-32
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    • 2000
  • A faunistic study on the spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) from Mt. Jumbong Kangwon-do was carried out from 1996 to 1999. During the survey period, 144 species of 88 genera belonging to 27 families including 5 undetermined species were identified from 900 collecting individuals. The dominant families were Linyphiidae 21 species; 14.6% of total species), Araneidae (20 species, 13.9%), Theridiidae (16 species, 11.1%), and Salticidae 12 species, 8.3%). The composition of the species of web builders was richer than that of hunters. As for species commonness with adjacent countries, the numbers of common species between Mt. Jumbong and Japan, Mt. Jumbong and China, and Mt. Jumbong and Russia were 15 species (80.4%), 98 species (68.5%), and 48 species (33.6%), respectively. The number of common species among these four regions were 39 species (27.3%). So, the spider species composition in Mt. Jumbong seemed being much similar to those in neighbor countries. An outline of biogeographical distribution of spiders can be summarized as 1 Cosmopolitan species (0.7%), 16 Palearctic species (11.2%), 7 Holarctic species (4.9%), 25 Korean endemic species (17.4%) and no Oriental species. In the spider fauna at Mt. Jumbong, therefore, there are high level of occurrence of Korean endemic species with northern spiders as Palearctic and Holarctic species. The level and direction of man-made development may have negative effect on regional biota.

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Fine Structural Study on the Capture Thread-Producing Organs in Nephila clavata L.Kocn (Aranese: Araneidae) I. Aggregate Gladns (무당거미(Nephila clavata L.Koch) 포획사 생성기관의 미세구조에 관한 연구 I. 수상선)

  • 문명진;김우갑
    • The Korean Journal of Zoology
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.211-220
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    • 1989
  • The fine structure of the aggregate glands-one of the capture thread producing organs-in the orb web spider, Nephila clavata L.Koch, is studied with light and electron microscopes. Gluey capture threads or sticky spirals of the orb web are originated from the silks of two flagelliform glands and four aggregate glands which are connected to the posterior spinnerets, and the arrangement fo their spigots(large spinning tubes) shows a charaterstic form called "triad". The aggregate galnd is composed of large and multilobed secretory portion and thick excretory duct surrounded by large irregular nodules. The excretory duct of the aggregate galnds basically consists of three superposed types of cells which are inner columnar epithelium, nodule-forming cells and outer connestives. The cuticles of the proximal duct near the secretory portion are composed of endocuticle and exocuticle, whereas ghe distal duct near the spinning tubes has a electron lucent subcuticle which had the functions of water removal and orientation of silk fibers. In the cytoplasmic process of the large and irregular nodule-forming cells surrounded by invaginations of the plasma membranes, numerous mitochondria and glycogen particles are contained. The maturational level of the nodule cells is perceived from the appearence of these cell inclusions. The secretory portion of the glands which porduce the secretory silk material shows two layers of the cells which are simple cuboidal epithelium and several connective layers. In the cytoplasm of the glandular epithelial cell, rough endoplasmic reticulums are well developed, and two types of secretory granules are observed. Between the adjacent epithelial cells, specialized septate junctions are formed along the plasma membranes.membranes.

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