• Title, Summary, Keyword: Araneidae

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Natural Enemies of the Black Pine Bast Scale(Matsucoccus thunhergianae) in the Black Pine Forests (해송(곰솔)림에 만연된 "솔껍질깍지벌래"의 포식천적에 관한 연구)

  • 김규진;이호범
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.73-80
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    • 1998
  • The natural enemies of Black pine bast scale (Matsucoccus thunbergianae) were surveyed total 24species, 7families, 4orders in predatory insects and 29species 1 lfamilies in a predatory spiders. In insect, Coleoptera IOspecies, Hymenoptera 7species, Hemiptera 6species, Dermaptera 1 species were investigated. Among them high frequency and population density were Chilocorus rubidus, Harmonia axyridis of Coleoptera, Brachyponera chinensis, Vesp~ilac rabro flavofasciata of Hymonoptea, Sphedanolestes impressicollis, Velinos nodipes of Hemiptera. Anatis halonis, Anisostictu kobensis of Coleoptea and Cydnocoris russatus of Hemiptea were newly investigated. In spiders, Araneidae gspecies, Thomisidae Sspecies, Lycosidae 3species, Salticidae 3species, Pisauridae 2species, Theridiidae 2species, Tetragnathidae 2species, Oxyopidae lspecies, Gnaphosidae I species, Clubionidae I species, Atypidae 1 species were investigated. Which high frequency and concentrating predatory species were Argiope bruennichii, Araneus ventricosus, Neoscona melloteei, Neoscona scylloides of Araneidae, Lycosa suzurii, Pirata sp. of Lycosidae, Marpissu elongata of Salticidae, Dolomedes stellatus of Pisauridae, Oxyopes sertatus of Oxyopidae. Neosconu scylloides, Cvclosa laticauda of Araneidae, Synema globosum, Xysticus ephippiatus, Misumenops tricu~pidat~o~f .T~h, omisidae, Marpissa elongata, Dendryphantes atratus of Salitidae, Perenethis .fascigera of Pisauridae, Tetragnatha pinicola of Tetragnathidae, Zelotes asiaticus of Gnaphosidae.

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한국산 큰새똥거미(Cyrtarachne inaequealis Thorell, 1895)의 생활사에 관한 연구

  • Jeong Seong Yeol;Kim Ju Pil
    • Proceedings of the Korea Society of Environmental Biology Conference
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    • pp.132-134
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    • 2002
  • The authors observed thee life history of Cyrtarachne inaequalis Thorell, 1895, during from September 21th, 2001 to April 17th, 2002. Cyrtarachne inaequalis Thorell, 1895 are distributed in oriental region including Korea, China, Japan, India, and Taiwan. The eggs were hatched out from March 31th, 2002 to April 1st, 2002. Cyrtarachne inaequalis Thorell, 1895 usually began to move after sunset. The structure of web was irregular. This study shoos the ecological Life of Cyrtarachne inaequalis Thorell, 1895.

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Spider Fauna in Quite and Galapagos Islands from Ecuador (키토와 갈라파고스 제도의 거미상)

  • 김주필
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Biology
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.263-267
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    • 2002
  • The faunistic study on the spiders (Arachnida, Araneae) from Quito and Galapagos Islands was carried out from 1st to 18th Aug. 2000. During the survey period, 50 species of 48 genera belonging to 22 families (include 1 undetermined species) were identified from 562 collecting individuals. The dominant family was Araneidae (Gasteracantha cancriformis : 32% of total species). The species of settling spiders were richer than those of hunting spiders among the identified spiders. The author redescribes and figures in detail Gasteracantha cancriformis, which was collected during a field trip of Quito and Galapagos Islands.

Study on Production of Cuticle Precursor within Silk Gland Duct of the Spider, Nephila clavata L. Koch (거미(Nephila clavata L. Koch) 견사선 분비관에서의 큐티클 전구체 생성에 관한 연구)

  • Moon, Myung-Jin
    • Applied Microscopy
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.20-32
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    • 1995
  • Ultrastructural aspects on the production of the duct cuticle and formation of cuticular precursors within silk glands of the orb web spider, Nephila clavata L. Koch(Araneae: Araneidae), were studied using transmission electron microscope. Four kinds of silk glands(ampullate glands, tubuliform glands, flageliform glands, and aggregate glands), which connected with large spinning tubes(spigots) of the spinnerets, were examined and discussed in terms of cuticle precursor production. Inner cuticular intima which composed of three layers of cuticles-subcuticle, endocuticle and exocuticle- were commonly originated from duct epithelial cells surrounding the cuticle. The morphology and internal textures of each cuticle precursors were very diverse according to the types of silk glands. However several common features were observed. These cuticle precursors were first produced from the rough endoplasmic reticulum and next concentration was accomplished through the Golgi complex. After this step, cuticle precursors were released to the cuticle layer as a form of secretory granule by the mechanism of merocrine secretion commonly.

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The Spider Fauna of Geojedo Island, Korea (거제도의 거미상)

  • Joo Pil Kim
    • Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.279-291
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    • 1998
  • To clarify the spider fauna of Geojedo Island, a field survery was conducted in August, 1997. As a result, 92 species belonging to 56 genera of 20 families were collected. Identified spider are composed of 6.60% Palaearctic, 7.70% Holarctic, 2.20% Oriental, 3.30% cosmopolitan species. Spiders of Theridiidae, Araneidae and Salticidae were dominant, 82(90.1%) and 75 species(82.4%) of spiders were found in common with Japan, China, respectively. Faunal similarities between Geojedo island and Deogjeong Archipelago, Chejudo Island, Ulleungdo Island, Chindo Island, Paiklyeongdo Island and Kogeumdo Island are discussed.

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Microstructural Organization of the Central Nervous System in the Orb-Web Spider Araneus ventricosus (Araneae: Araneidae)

  • Park, Yong-Ki;Moon, Myung-Jin
    • Applied Microscopy
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    • v.43 no.2
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    • pp.65-74
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    • 2013
  • Although the geometrical difference in body position between web-building and wandering spiders could affect the organization of their central nervous system (CNS), however most of our informations about spider's CNS are dependent on those revealed from the wandering spiders. Therefore, this paper describes microstructural organizations of the CNS in the geometric orb-web spider Araneus ventricosus. Similarly to other wandering spiders, the CNS of A. ventricosus is also consisted of a dorsal supraesophageal ganglion and a ventral subesophageal mass. The supraesophageal ganglia are fused together and made up of a large sized nerve cell clusters, whereas the subesophageal ganglia are made up of the foremost part of the ventral nerve cord. It has been revealed that the only nerve arising from the supraesophageal mass was the optic nerve which connected with four pairs of eyes, whereas a pair of pedipalpal and four pairs of appendage nerves including abdominal nerve pairs were arisen from the subesophageal nerve mass. Fibrous masses are highly organized into longitudinal and transverse tracts, and are only consisted of processes of neurons and the terminal ramnifications of peripheral sensory neurons. In addition, central fibrous mass of both the brain and the subesophageal mass are totally devoid of nerve cell bodies.

Individual physical variables involved in the stabilimentum decoration in the wasp spider, Argiope bruennichi

  • Kim, Kil Won
    • Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.157-162
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    • 2015
  • The physical factors of Argiope bruennichi (Araneae, Araneidae) that influence the stabilimentum decoration on the web, a conspicuous white silk structure reflecting much more ultraviolet light than other spider silks in the web, have been poorly understood. In this study, individual variables involved in decorating the webs with stabilimenta by A. bruennichi were examined. The results revealed that the physical condition of the female A. bruennichi affected the behaviors of the stabilimentum decoration on the web. Among the 82 female spiders building their webs, the 49 female spiders adding upper and lower stabilimenta on their web weighed less, and had a narrower cephalothorax and shorter abdomen than the 33 female spiders that did not use stabilimentum. The heavier females decorated their webs with stabilimentum of greater widths. There were also significant positive relationships between the stabilimentum area and the female spider's cephalothorax width, and between the stabilimentum area and female spider's abdomen length. Taken together, this study suggests that spiders allocate their resources in stabilimentum decoration as a functional response to the spider's physical conditions, and also supports the "prey-attraction hypothesis," which states that the use of stabilimentum increases the foraging success by attracting more prey to the web.

Preliminary Survey on Spider Fauna of DMZ Areas in Korea

  • Im, Moon Soon;Lee, Sue Yeon;Kim, Young Jin;Jung, Myung Pyo;Kim, Seung Tae
    • Journal of Forest and Environmental Science
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.262-274
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    • 2018
  • Spider fauna of Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) and adjacent areas in Korea was surveyed in 2001-2003, 2013-2015, and 2017. Total of 34 surveyed areas across 10 provinces were divided into four main regions (east coast, mid-east mountain, midland, and west coast areas) in accordance with administrative districts and topography. Total of 273 species of 145 genera in 32 families were identified from 10,886 collected spiders. In conclusion, the spider fauna in the DMZ is 281 species of 147 genera in 32 families with 162 species of 99 genera in 23 families in the previous reports. This corresponds to about 37.6% of the Korean spiders as of 2015. The species richness among surveyed localities was ranged 45 species to 92 species. The species richness of each taxon is high in Araneidae, Salticidae, Linyphiidae and Theridiidae. Habitat generalists were 22 species and habitat specialists were 69 species. The 143 species were web builders and 130 species were wanderers by the outlined life style. In DMZ spiders, only 7 species, Thymoites ulleungensis, Arcuphantes pennatus, Lycosa coreana, Allagelena koreana, Cybaeus mosanensis and Cybaeus triangulus, Kishidaia coreana, were recognized as Korean endemic. Five species, Scytodes thoracica, T. ulleungensis, Lycosa labialis, Takeoa nishimurai, and Phrynarachne katoi, are rare species with a trend of decreasing density in recent years. Araneus rotundicornis has been discovered for the first time since its first report. This study may be useful in the conservative management and will contribute to knowledge of the distribution and biogeography of DMZ areas in the future.