• Title, Summary, Keyword: ApoC-III

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Synthesis of Reconstituted High Density Lipoprotein (rHDL) Containing apoA-I and apoC-III: the Functional Role of apoC-III in rHDL

  • Cho, Kyung-Hyun
    • Molecules and Cells
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.291-297
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    • 2009
  • Apolipoprotein (apo) C-III is a marker protein of triacylglycerol (TG)-rich lipoproteins and high-density lipoproteins (HDL), and has been proposed as a risk factor of coronary heart disease. To compare the physiologic role of reconstituted HDL (rHDL) with or without apoC-III, we synthesized rHDL with molar ratios of apoA-I:apoC-III of 1:0, 1:0.5, 1:1, and 1:2. Increasing the apoC-III content in rHDL produced smaller rHDL particles with a lower number of apoA-I molecules. Furthermore, increasing the molar ratio of apoC-III in rHDL enhanced the surfactant-like properties and the ability to lyse dimyristoyl phosphatidylcholine. Furthermore, rHDL containing apoC-III was found to be more resistant to particle rearrangement in the presence of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) than rHDL that contained apoA-I alone. In addition, the lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) activation ability was reduced as the apoC-III content of the rHDL increased; however, the CE transfer ability was not decreased by the increase of apoC-III. Finally, rHDL containing apoC-III aggravated the production of MDA in cell culture media, which led to increased cellular uptake of LDL. Thus, the addition of apoC-III to rHDL induced changes in the structural and functional properties of the rHDL, especially in particle size and rearrangement and LCAT activation. These alterations may lead to beneficial functions of HDL, which is involved in anti-atherogenic properties in the circulation.

Molecular Characterization of Apolipophorin-III in the Fall Webworm, Hyphantria cunea Drury

  • Kim, Hong-Ja;Lee, Sang-Dae;Seo, Sook-Jae
    • International Journal of Industrial Entomology
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.163-168
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    • 2001
  • We isolated and sequenced a cDNA clone corresponding to apolipophorin-III (apoLp-III) from the fall webworm, Hyphantria cunea. The cDNA for apoLp-III codes fer a 187-residue protein (561 bp) with a predicted molecular mass of 20 kDa. The calculated isoelectric point is 8.76. Multiple alignment analysis of the amino acid sequence revealed that H. cunea apoLp-III is most similar to that of Spodoptera litura (71.5% identity), followed by that of Manduca sexta (69.7% identity). They share five amphipathic $\alpha$-helices that are proposed to play a critical role in the binding of apoLp-III to lipophorin.

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Computational Analysis of Apolipophorin-III in Hyphantria cunea

  • Chandrasekar R.;Dhanalakshmi R.;Krishnan M.;Kim H. J.;Jeong H. C.;Seo S. J.
    • International Journal of Industrial Entomology
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.25-33
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    • 2005
  • Recently a cDNA clone of apoLp-III from Hyphantria cunea was isolated and subjected to computational analysis to compare with other available sequences. Multiple sequence alignments were carried out using the amino acid sequences of apoLp-III from six insects. It was found that the H. cunea apoLp-III has relatively high sequence identities to Spodoptera litura ($69.5\%$), Manduca sexta ($66.8\%$), Galleria mellonella ($65.1\%$), Bombyx mori N4 ($54.3\%$) but less identity to Locusta migratoria ($18.3\%$). The amino acid composition was compared with other insects using EXPASY tools; it shows that alanine (Ala), glutamine (Gln), leucine (Leu) and lysine (Lys) are the major amino acid components of apoLp-III in H. cunea as well as other lepidopterans. Homology modeling performed using PSI-BLAST (PDB template M. sexta) reveals that the apoLp-III molecules consist of five, long amphipathic alpha helical bundles with short loops connecting the helices and shows homology with other insects. Phylogenetic analysis shows that the orthopteran apoLp-III represented by locust was most distantly related to the lepidopteran insects.

Purification and Characterization of Apolipophorin-III in the Hemolymph of the War Moth, Galleria mellonella L.

  • Lee, Su-Jin;Lee, In-Hui;Gang, Chang-Su;Choe, Chung-Sik;Yun, Hwa-Gyeong
    • Animal cells and systems
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.367-370
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    • 1998
  • Two molecular species of apolipophorin-III (spoLp-III) were purified from the last instar larval hemolymph of Galleria mellonella by gel permeation chromatography (Sephadex G-100), ion exchange chromatography (DE-52), heat treatment (90C for 30 min) and Mono S FPLC, and were named apoLp-III-a and apoLp-lll-b, respectively. They were indistinguishable by SDS-PAGE but could be separated by native PAGE. The molecular mass of apoLp-III determined by SDS-PAGE was approximately 18 kDa. The N-terminal amino acid sequence of apoLp-III-b revealed high similarities with the apoLp-III from Manduca sexta.

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Molecular Cloning of a cDNA Encoding Putative Apolipophorin from the Silkworm, Bombyx mori

  • Yun, Eun-Young;Goo, Tae-Won;Kim, Sung-Wan;Hwang, Jae-Sam;Park, Kwang-Ho;Kwon, O-Yu;Kang, Seok-Woo
    • International Journal of Industrial Entomology
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.145-149
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    • 2003
  • ApolipophorinIII (apoLp-III) is a protypical exchangeable apolipoprotein that is abundant in hemolymph of many insect species. Its function lies in the stabilization of low-density lipophorin particles (LDLp) crossing the hemocoel in phases of high energy consumption to deliver lipids from the fat body to the flight muscle cells. But, recent studies with naive Galleria mellonella-apoLp-III gave first indication of an unexpected role of that protein in insect immune activation. In this research, we cloned a cDNA encoding putative apoLp-III from the silkworm, Bombyx mori injected with E. coli and characterized its role. We constructed a cDNA library using whole bodies of B. mori larvae injected with E. coli, carried out the differential screening, and selected the up-regulated clones. Among these clones, we focused on a cDNA showing a high sequence similarity to the apolipophorinIII from other insects and analyzed the nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequences. The pupative B. mori Jam123 apoLp-III cDNA contained 1,131 bp encoding 186 amino acid residues. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that the nucleotide and amino acid sequences of the B. mori apoLp-III cDNA formed a highly inclusive subgroup with Bombycidae. But, it was interesting that B. mori Jam123 is closer to B. mandarina than B. mori P50 and B. mori N4. Northern blot analysis showed a signal in the fat body, posterior silkgland and midgut.

Molecular Cloning of a cDNA Encoding Putative Apolipophorin III from the Silkworm, Bombyx mori

  • Yun, Eun-Young;Goo, Tae-Won;Kim, Sung-Wan;Hwang, Jae-Sam;Kwon, O-Yu;Kang, Seok-Woo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Sericultural Science Conference
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    • pp.85-86
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    • 2003
  • Apolipophorin III (apoLp-III) is a protypical exchangeable apolipoprotein that is abundant in hemolymph of many insect species. Its function lies in the stabilization of low-density lipophorin particles (LDLp) crossing the hemocoel in phases of high energy consumption to deliver lipids from the fat body to the flight muscle cells. But, recent studies with naive Galleria mellonella-apoLp-III gave first indications of an unexpected role of that protein in insect immune activation (Niere et al., 1999). (omitted)

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Effects of the Korean Mistletoe Hot-Water Extract on the Lipid Components and Blood Pressure Level in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (한국산 겨우살이 열수추출액이 본태성 고혈압쥐의 지질성분 및 혈압 저하에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Han-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.169-176
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    • 2006
  • This study was designed to observe the effects of Korean mistletoe(Viscum album L. var. coloratum Ohwi) hot-water extract administration on the improvement on the lipid components, apolipoprotein and blood pressure level in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR, Wistar strain, male) fed the experimental diets for 33 days. Concentrations of total cholesterol, triglyceride (TG), LDL-cholesterol, free cholesterol and atheroscieotic index in serum were significantly lower in the Korean mistletoe extract administration group [group KM(Korean mistletoe 10.0 g% hot-water extract)] than those in the control group. In the ratio of HDL-cholesterol concentration Korean mistletoe 10.0% hot-water extract administration group were higher percentage than in the control group. However, concentrations of total cholesterol and TG in liver and brain were significantly lower in the group KM than those in the control group. But the components of apolipoprotein (Apo) A-I and Apo A-II in serum were significantly higher in the KM group than in the control group. However, components of Apo C-II, Apo C-III, Apo E and ratio of Apo B to Apo A-I in serum were fairly reduced in the group KM than in the control group. The levels of systolic and diastolic blood pressure were significantly lower in KM cup than control group. From these results, Korean mistletoe hot-water extract administration were effective on the improvement of the lipid components, coronary heart disease and hypertension in spontaneously hypertensive rats. And particularly, Korean mistletoe extract administration were more effective as a therapeutic regimen for the control of blood pressure in hypertension.

Effects of the Feral Peach (Prunus persica Batsch var. davidiana Max) Extract on the Lipid Compositions and Blood Pressure Level in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (야생 돌복숭아(Prunus persica Batsch var. davidiana Max.) 추출액이 선천성 고혈압 흰쥐의 지질성분 및 혈압 저하에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Han-Soo
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.16 no.7
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    • pp.1071-1079
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to observe the effects of the feeding physiological activity substance in feral peach(Prunus Persica Batsch var. davidiana Max.) extract intake on the improvement of the lipid compositions, apolipoprotein and blood pressure level in spontaneously hypertensive rats(SHR, Wistar strain, male) fed the experimental diets for 33 days. Concentrations of total cholesterol, triglyceride(TG), LDL-cholesterol, free cholesterol and atherosclerotic index in serum were significantly lower in the feral peach extract intake groups[groups 5g% Ex.(basal diet+feral peach 5.0g% extract), 10g% Ex.(basal diet+feral peach 10.0g% extract)] than those in the group Control(basal diet+water). In the ratio of HDL-cholesterol concentration to total cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol concentration, feral peach 5.0g%, 10.0g% extract intake groups(group 5g% Ex. and 10g% Ex.) were higher percentage than in the group Control. However, concentrations of total cholesterol and TC in liver and brain were significantly lower in the groups 5g% Ex. and 10g% Ex. than those in the group Control. But the concentrations of apolipoprotein (Apo) A-I and Apo A-II in serum were significantly higher in the feral peach 5.0g% and 10.0g% extract intake groups(5g% Ex. and 10g% Ex.) than in the control group. However, concentrations of Apo C-II, Apo C-III, Apo E and ratio of Apo B to Apo A-I in serum were fairly reduced in the groups 5g% Ex. and 10g% Ex. than in the control group. The levels of systolic and diastolic blood pressure were significantly lower in feral peach 5g% Ex. and 10g% Ex. groups than control group. However, no significance was found in the effect of among the groups(groups 5g% Ex. and 10g% Ex.). From these results, physiological activity substance in feral peach(Prunus persica Batsch var. davidiana Max.) extracts were effective on the improvement of the lipid compositions and cardiovascular heart disease, hypertension in spontaneously hypertensive rats. And particularly, feral peach extracts were more effective as a therapeutic regimen for the control of blood pressure in hypertension.