• Title, Summary, Keyword: Antibody Production

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The Effect of Ginseng Saponin Fractions on Humoral Immunity of Mouse (생쥐의 체액성 면역에 미치는 인삼사포닌 분획물들의 영향)

  • Park, Han-U;Kim, Se-Chang;Jeong, No-Pal
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.63-67
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    • 1988
  • To investigate the effect of ginseng saponin fractions (total saponin, diol saponin and triol saponin) on the antibody production and on the recovery of immunosuppression in mouse, chick ${\gamma}$-globulin was used as immunogen and CY(cyclophosphamide) as immunosuppressive drug. The effect of ginseng saponin fractions on the production of total serum protein was investigated also. Circulating antibody was measured with ELISA method. Total saponin, dial saponin and triol saponin resulted 4 times higher titer values compared to control group in the production of antibody but resulted no effect on the recovery of immunosuppression induced by CY. From the above results ginseng saponin fractions are believed to effect on intact immune system and to promote antibody production by helping the cooperations among lymphocytes or the growth of lymphocytes. And the increase of total serum protein has no direct relations with the increase of circulatory antibody.

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EFFECTS OF PANAX GINSENG SAPONINS ON CHEMICAL MEDIATOR RELEASE FROM AIRWAY SMOOTH MUSCLE IN ACTIVELY SENSITIZED GUINEA PIG

  • Ro Jai Youl;Yoon Suk Jong;Lee Jong Wha;Kim Kyung Hwan
    • Proceedings of the Ginseng society Conference
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    • pp.84-93
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    • 1993
  • It has been reported that ginseng is effective in the central nervous system, immune system, and the strong inflammatory responses. However, there has been no research report yet about the effect of ginseng on allergic hypersensitivity reactivity. To confirm the ginseng effects on the release of mediators(histamine. leukotrienes etc.) which cause the hypersensitivity reactivity and inflammatory response, we used actively sensitized guinea pig airway tissues by utilizing the superfusion technique. In this procedure. the contractile response and mediators released after antigen stimulation of sensitized tissues, and IgG and IgE antibody products were measured in sera of immunized animals. Then the results of the controll group were compared to those of ginseng pretreatment groups. In the total saponin(TS) and panaxatriol(PT) pretreatment, histamine release decreased by $20\%$ in the tracheal tissues after active sensitization by ovalbumin(OVA, 10mg/kg), but in the lung parenchyma, histamine release decreased by $40\%.$ Panaxadiol(PD) significantly decreased histamine release by $40\%$ in the both tissues after active sensitization. TS, PT and PD of ginseng poorly blocked leukotrienes (LTs) and prostagrandin $D_2(PGD_2)$ release(less than $10\%$). Ginseng TS and PT had no effect on the serum IgG antibody production by ovalbumin, whereas PD significantly increased serum IgG antibody contents(approximately by 2 times). However, $IgG_1$ antibody products in the serum of guinea pig actively sensitized with ovalbumin after PD pretreatment were decreased, compared to that with ovalbumin alone. IgE antibody production by passive cutaneous anaphylaxis(PCA) titer in the TS pretreatment increased 3 times more than in the absence of TS(PCA titer by PT was not detected). These studies show that some ginseng saponins can in part act to inhibit mediator release in antigen - induced airway smooth muscle by inducing the IgG antibody production which has been changed in the specificity.

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Studies on Sexing of Bisected Mouse Embryos by Rat H-Y Antibody (Rat H-Y 항체에 의한 생쥐 분할란의 성 조절에 관한 연구)

  • 정장용;박희성;박충생
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.179-187
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    • 1991
  • This experiment was carried out to develop a new technique of identifying XX of XY-bearing bisected embryos prior to implantation by immunological method. H-Y antiserum prepared in inbred Wastar female rats by repeated immunization with spleen cells from males of the same strain. The reactivity of H-Y antibody was confirmed by culturing mouse embryos in the medium containing H-Y antiserum and complement obtained from the guinea pig. The optimal condition for the activity of H-Y antibody was also investigated by culturing embryos under the concentraton or affected H-Y antibody was also investigated by culturing embryos under the concentration or affected H-Y antibody and culture rate. However, production of live young or sex rates of male and female from embryos transferred with psudopregnant. The biological test with the morula stage embryos showed that H-Y antibody was formed in all female rats immunized with spleen cell, but it was formed only in 80% female rats immunized with the antigen. When the bisected mouse embryos were cultured in vitro for 5~6 hours in morula stage, of 457 bisected embryos 81.4% of then were developed to the blastocyst stage. When the concentration rate of complement to H-Y antiserum varied from 1.0~5.0${mu}ell$, the lysis-rate of embryo was 19.5 to 67.3%. The concentration rate of complement did not influence the lysis-rate of embryos(P<0.05). The morphology embryos of bisected, zona-free and intact embryos showed the embryos lysis rate of 58.6, 42.7 and 48.5% respectively(P<0.05). Pregnancy rate were 50.0, 45.5 and 57.1% in psudopregnant recipient transferred with bisected, zona-free and intact blastocyst embryos. However, production of live youngs, sexual rate of male or female was 24(50.0:50.0), 22(45.5:55.5) and 36(58.3:41.7)mice, but affected and non affected half embryos with H-Y antiserum treatment was 23.1 and 26.7%. Also production of live youngs and sexual rate was 14(92.9:7.1) and 17(17.6:82.4)mice in affected and non affected half embryos in H-Y antiserum treatment(P<0.05).

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Production of Humanised Anti-hepatitis B Antibody in Butyrate-Treated Chinese Hamster Ovary Cells (Butyrate처리된 차이니즈 햄스터 난소세포에서 Hepatitis B 바이러스 인간화항체의 생산)

  • Park Se-Cheol;Lee Jae-Sun;Lee Byung-Kyu;Kang Heui-Il
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.47-51
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    • 2006
  • Sodium butyrate (NaBu) is used as an enhancer for the production of recombinant proteins in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. However, NaBu is well-known for its cytotoxic effect, thereby inducing apoptosis. CHO cells which had been engineered to express a humanised anti-HBV antibody were cultured using serum-free medium, Ex-cell 301. From a seeding density of $2{\times}10^5$ cells/ml, CHO cells grown with serum-free medium reached a maximum cell density of $1.3{\times}10^6$ cells/ml after 9 days in culture and produced a maximal antibody concentration of 130 mg/l after 13 days in culture. In the perfusion culture system, CHO cells producing anti-HBV antibody grown in an 7.5 1 bioreactor seeded with $2{\times}10^5$ cells/ml reached a maximal antibody concentration of 85 mg/1 after 720 h in culture. The addition of 0.3 mM NaBu and lowering culture temperature to $33^{\circ}C$ elongated the culture period to 60 days and increased the production yield by 2-fold, compared to control culture.

Effects of Florfenicol and Chromium (III) on Humoral Immune Response in Chicks

  • Cao, Jiyue;Li, Kui;Lu, Xiaocong;Zhao, Yaxin
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.366-370
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    • 2004
  • One hundred and sixty day-old Hainan chicks were randomly allotted into eight pens to investigate the effect of different dietary concentrations of chromium (Cr) in the form of chromium chloride, and different dosages of florfenicol on humoral immune responses by determining antibody titers to Newcastle disease (ND) vaccines using the hemagglutination inhibition test. The results indicated that ND antibody titers were significantly higher in chicks receiving Cr at low (5 mg/kg feed) and middle (10 mg/kg feed) dose compared with the control (p<0.01). However, ND antibody titers were significantly decreased in chicks receiving Cr at a high dosage of 500 mg/kg feed (p<0.01), though the ND antibody titers of the early days (d 21 and d 28 of age) were higher than that of the control group. It is suggested that excessive Cr intake has detrimental effects on ND antibody production in chicks. No significantly lower response was measured in chicks that received florfenicol at a low dosage of 50 mg/kg feed (p>0.05), but the ND antibody titers were significantly decreased in chicks receiving 200 and 400 mg/kg feed of the drug (p<0.01). The ND antibody titers of group receiving 200 mg/kg feed of florfenicol plus 10 mg/kg Cr were slightly higher than that of the group receiving single florfenicol of 200 mg/kg although, no significant differences were observed between these two treatments. It is suggested that the humoral immune response impaired by florfenicol (200 mg/kg feed) could not be significantly reversed by Cr (10 mg/kg feed).

A study on production of early pregnancy diagnostic kit in cattle 1. Production of polyclonal antibody to progesterone and removal of anti-bovine serum albumin antisera (소의 조기임신진단 kit의 개발 1. Progesterone의 항체생산(抗體生産) 및 항(抗) BSA항체(抗體)의 제거)

  • Kang, Chung-boo;Lee, Hyo-jong;Choe, Sang-yong
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.217-222
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    • 1991
  • Most progesterone enzyme immunoassays(EIA) are used liquid phase double-antibody separation. These methods consume considerable time and reagents because of the requirements for several washing and centrifugation steps involving the reactants. Because of there several problems, we were prompted to develop an effective EIA system by the use of higher titer of progesterone antiserum free of anti-bovine serum albumin antibodies (anti-BSA). The results obtained were as follows. 1. The antibody of progesterone antiserum was high as $1.5{\times}10^5$. 2. Percent activity bound of progesterone antiserum was about 77 at a dilution to $5{\times}10^3$ times. 3. Progesterone antiserum was contained a large amount of anti-BSA antibodies. 4. The anti-BSA was completely absorbed by using of polymerised BSA. 5. The molecular weight of albumin polymer (polymerised BSA) obtained by using 2.5% glut. araldehyde was $5{\times}10^5$.

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Detection of antibody to porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus from pig sera collected during the period of January to December 2000

  • Jung, Hae-Sun;Kim, Su-Mi;Kim, Jong-Taik;Han, Tae-Uk;Kang, Shien-Young;Shin, Kwang-Soon;Kim, Chul-Joong;Park, Bae-Keun;Kim, Hyun-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.343-346
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    • 2001
  • During the period of January to December 2000, a total of 3,505 swine sera was collected from 208 farms, which are located throughout country, for the diagnosis of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome(PRRS). The antibody to porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus(PRRS) was tested by indirect immunofluorescent antibody(IFA) test. Of 208 farms tested, at least one or more than one pigs was positive for PRRSV antibody in 188(90.4%) farms. The overall seroprevalence of PRRSV antibody was 45.1% (1581/3505). Most pigs were infected with PRRSV at around 50- to 60-day old. The seroprevalence of antibody varied with age. The highest seroprevalence of PRRSV antibody was observed in the growing pigs at around 80-day old. About one-thirds of adult pigs including boar, gilt and sow were positive to PRRSV antibody. In many farms, the infection of PRRSV was chronic and confined to grower and/or finisher. However, antibody was detected from all production phase in some farms.

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Glucose Effects on Cell Growth, Antibody Production, and Cell Metabolism of Hybridoma Cells (Hybridoma 세포의 세포성장, 항체생산 및 세포대사에 미치는 Glucose의 영향)

  • ;Shaw S.Wang
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.323-334
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    • 1995
  • The effects of glucose on cell growth kinetics, monoclonal antibody productivity, and cell metabolism or hybridoma cells were investigated. The mouse-mouse hybridoma cell line VIII H-8 producing mouse IgG2a was used as a modal system. Glucose showed substrate inhibition type dependence on specific growth raie. The maximum cell density increased as initial glucose concentration increased up to 4 g/$\ell$. Glucose showed a strong influence on cell death kinetics, and an inverse relationship between specific death rate and glucose concentration was found. Cell viability and monoclonal antibody production increased as initial glucose concentration increased. The specific glucose consumption rate increased with glucose concentration, and cumulative specific lactate production rate increased with increasing initial glucose concentration. The overall kinetics of ammonium ion production was almost invariant with respect to initial glucose concentration, while the cumulative specific ammonium ion production rate was dependent on initial glucose concentration.

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Continuous Stable production of won Willerand Factor Monoclonal Antibody in Spin Filter Bioreactor with Bleeding Technology

  • Yun, Joung-Won;Lee, Soo-Young;Park, Byung-Wook;Han-Kyu oh;Kim, Se-Ho;Byum, Tea-Ho;Park, Soung-yong
    • Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering:BBE
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.130-135
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    • 2000
  • The characteristics of two different modes of perfusion culture, intermittent and continuous bleedings, were investigated by culturing the hybridoma cells producing von Willebrand Factor (vWF) monoclonal antibody (McAb) in a 15 L bioreactor without clogging the filter. Both culture methods exhibited similar profiles of cell density and metabolite concentrations during the culture period at the cell concentration of around 1${\times}$107 cells/mL. When the perfusion rate was increased, the intermittrnt bleeding culture showed problems of ammonia accumulation and decrease of cell viability. The continuous bleeding culture in terms of nutrient consumption and metabolite production kinetics. But the analysis of specific oxygen consumption rate showed that the specific oxygen consumption rate of intermittent bleeding culture was similar to that of exponential growth phase. The continuous bleeding culture showed higher specific oxygen consumption rate of intermittent bleeding culture. finally we proved the possibility of long-term operation of continuous bleeding culture and produced approximately 40 g of vWF McAb in a 15L bioreactor after one-month operation.

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