• Title, Summary, Keyword: Antibody Production

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Studies on the Enhancing Effect of Polymyxin B on the Antibodies Response of Enterobacterial Antigens (Pomyxin B의 장계세균항원(腸系細菌抗原)에 대(對)한 항체산생(抗體産生) 증강작용(增强作用)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Lee, Jae-Koo
    • The Journal of the Korean Society for Microbiology
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.29-40
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    • 1971
  • Various kinds of antibiotics are generally believed to have inhibitory effects on the antibody response. However, as polymyxin B which belongs to the cyclic polypeptide group of antibiotic was found to have some enhancing effects on the antibody response of rabbits to enterobacterial common antigen(CA) under specified conditions, experiments were carried out on this problem with the following results. 1. When mixture of polymyxin B and CA derived from Salmonella typhimurium(STM) was treated 30 minutes at $37^{\circ}C$ and injected three times into rabbits by intravenous route, the antibody response to CA was weaker than rabbits injected CA only. 2. Mixture of polymyxin B and CA showed a marked antibody production when injected into rabbits primed with small amounts of heat-extracted antigen of STM, while the injection of CA alone showed low titers of response. 3. Mixture of polymyxin B and heat-extracted CA-containing antigen of Escherichia coli 014 also showed a increased antibody production than CA alone in rabbits primed with antigen of STM. 4. The effect of polymyxin B appeared in different ways. This antibiotic did not enhance the CA antibody response in rabbits primed with small amounts of E. coli 0111 and 055, but enhance in rabbits primed with Shigella flexneri. 5. No enhancing effect on the antibody response was observed by polymyxin B in rabbits primed with CA. 6. No enhancing effect on the antibody response was also noted in rabbits primed with STM antigen in case polymyxin B and CA were administered simultaneously but in veins of different places. 7. Bacitracin did not enhance the CA antibody response in primed rabbits with STM antigen, but neomycin slightly enhance the response. 8. Lipopolysaccharide showed no priming effect on the CA antibody response, and no enhancement of the CA antibody response in rabbits printed with STM. 9. The priming effect of STM antigen against CA antibody response was very weak as compared with the effect of CA derived from STM antigen.

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Production and characterization of a monoclonal anti-glutathione-S-transferase(GST) antibody

  • You, Je-Kyung;Shin, Chan-Young;Park, Kyu-Hwan;Ko, Kwang-Ho
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Applied Pharmacology
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    • pp.93-93
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    • 1997
  • Analysis of protein is often frustrated by the inability to isolate large amounts of purified protein from a native source. To overcome this problem, fusion protein expression systems such as pGEX system have been widely used. Using pGEX system, the desired protein could be easily obtained in a large amount in E. coli, and then the fusion protein could be used for the study of the function of the given protein. To analyze and purify the GST fusion protein, anti-GST antibody could be used as one of the system of choice. However, the production and characterization of monoclonal anti-GST antibody has not been studied extensively yet. To produce monoclonal anti-GST antibody, GST was purified from E. coli transformed with pGEX-cs, one of the pGEX system and was used as an antigen. The monoclonal antibody was produced by fusion of the immunized spleen cells with SP2-0 myeloma cells. The antibody was characterized by ELISA, western blotting, etc. The monoclonal antibody produced in this study (mAb-GSTA) showed strong and specific immunoreactivity against not only GST but also GST-fusion proteins. Also, mAb-GSTA was successfully used for the immunoaffinity purification of the GST ${\beta}$-Rc.-third intracellular-loop fusion protein. The results of the present study suggest that mAb-GSTA may be used for the identification and purification of GST fusion proteins.

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Immunological Studies on the Natural Products I -Production of Antibody Specific to Saikosaponin a-

  • Sung, Chung-Ki
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.127-132
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    • 1988
  • In the course of the immunological studies on the natural products, the antibody specific to saikosaponin a was producted. Saikosaponin a was treated with succinic anhydride to give 6'-O-hemisuccinyl saikosaponin a, which was successively converted to saikosaponin a-BSA conjugate (4. 5 mole saikosaponin a/mole of BSA) by carbodiimide method. The antibody obtained from rabbits immunized with saikosaponin a-BSA conjugate as usual manner reacted with both the conjugate and BSA, while after the absorption with BSA, the antibody reacted with the conjugate alone.

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Serological survey of avian pneumovirus infection in laying hens of Gyeongbuk province (경북지역 산란계에서 avian pneumovirus 에 대한 항체가조사)

  • 김순태;김성국;조민희;김영환
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.51-56
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    • 2003
  • Avian pneumoviros(APV), also known as avian rhinotracheitis virus(ARTV), affects both turkeys and chickens and is known to be the primary causative agent of turkey rhinotracheitis (TRT). The aim of this study was to establish the presence or absence of antibodies to avian pneumovirus in the commercial poultry population of Korea. For this purpose, chicken serum samples were obtained and tested by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The tested serum was collected in laying hens with reduction of egg production or normal in Gyeongbuk province. A total of 184 sera representing 42 different poultry farms of the Gyeongbuk region of Korea were included in this study. Laying hens of 16 different farms with reduction of egg production and laying hens of 26 different farms with clinically healthy at the time of serum sampling were considered positive to antibody against APV. In the farms with reduction of egg production, positive farm to antibody against avian pneumovirus were 11 of 16 different farms(68.8%) and positive sera were 47(58.8%) of 80 different serum. In the farms with clinically healthy flock, positive farm to antibody against avian pneumovirus were 12(46.2%) of 26 different farms and positive serum sample were 39(37.5%) of 104 different sera. According to the results tested to 42 different farms in 14 city, 8 of 14 city have flocks with antibody positive laying hens against APV, 1 of 14 city have antibody suspicious and 5 of 14 city shown antibody negative, respectively.

Inhibition of Tumor Growth in a Mouse Xenograft Model by the Humanized Anti-HGF Monoclonal Antibody YYB-101 Produced in a Large-Scale CHO Cell Culture

  • Song, Seong-Won;Lee, Song-Jae;Kim, Chang-Young;Song, Jae-Kyung;Jung, Eui-Jung;Choi, Yong Bock;Min, Sung-Won;Oh, Jong-Won
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.23 no.9
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    • pp.1327-1338
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    • 2013
  • The humanized anti-hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) monoclonal antibody (mAb) YYB-101 is a promising therapeutic candidate for treating various cancers. In this study, we developed a bioprocess for large-scale production of YYB-101 and evaluated its therapeutic potential for tumor treatment using a xenograft mouse model. By screening diverse chemically defined basal media formulations and by assessing the effects of various feed supplements and feeding schedules on cell growth and antibody production, we established an optimal medium and feeding method to produce 757 mg/l of YYB-101 in flask cultures, representing a 7.5-fold increase in titer compared with that obtained under non-optimized conditions. The optimal dissolved oxygen concentration for antibody production was 70% $pO_2$. A pH shift from 7.2 to 7.0, rather than controlled pH of either 7.0 or 7.2, resulted in productivity improvement in 5 L and 200 L bioreactors, yielding 737 and 830 mg/ml of YYB-101, respectively. The YYB-101 mAb highly purified by affinity chromatography using a Protein A column and two-step ion exchange chromatography effectively neutralized HGF in a cell-based assay and showed potent tumor suppression activity in a mouse xenograft model established with human glioblastoma cells.

Production of the standard antisera for blood typing of horses (마필(馬匹) 혈액형(血液型) 분류(分類)를 위(爲)한 표준항혈청생산(標準抗血淸生産)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Lim, Young-jae;Lee, Shi-young;Miura, N;Fujii, S;Mogi, K
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.397-402
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    • 1991
  • The present experiments were undertaken to produce the standard antiserum for equine blood typing. The following results were obtained through ISO and Hetero Immunizations of the horses whose blood typing was analysed in the Laboratory of Racing Chemistry of Japan. 1. Of the 21 combinations of ISO-immune, 17 horses were produced antibody (about 80%) 2. Antibody titers were increased from early 1 week to late 5 weeks and any antibody titers were not be obtained in spite of the using of adjuvant and 10 repeated injections in the other 4 horses. 3. High antibody titers were obtained within the earliest period in the Dd antigen but were not increased over 32 times in spite of 8~10 repeated injections in the antigen. 4. Antibody were easily produced in the Ca antigen of ISO-Immune but production of antisera were tailed due to abscence of absorbed blood cell. 5. Antibody titers of 1,024 times were obtained through 5 injections in the Ca of HeteroImmune 6. Of the produced 15 antisera (16 system), 13 antigen (5 system) were absorbed.

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Continuous Production of Immunoliposomes using a Microvalve-controlled Microfluidic Device (μFD)

  • Jin, Yan;Kim, So Hyun;Kim, Myunghee;Park, Sungsu
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.34 no.10
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    • pp.2921-2924
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    • 2013
  • Immunoliposomes (antibody-conjugated liposomes) are highly useful as both a drug carrier in drug delivery and as a reporting probe in immunodiagnostics. However, antibody conjugation is lengthy and cumbersome, because this includes several steps such as derivatization of the antibody, conjugation of the derivatized antibody to liposomes, and separation of the unbound antibodies from immunoliposomes. Recently, liposome preparation steps have simplified by using microfluidic devices (${\mu}FDs$) where liposomes are formed when a stream of lipids in solvent is hydrodynamically focused between two oblique buffer streams in a microchannel. Herein, we report a simple method for the production of immunoliposomes (rabbit IgG-conjugated liposomes) using microvalve-controlled ${\mu}FD$. The presence of antibody on the liposome was verified by observing the binding of immunoliposomes to rabbit IgG on the surface. The results suggest that immunoliposomes can be easily prepared through sequential mixing of antibody, conjugation reagents, preformed liposomes using microvalve-controlled ${\mu}FD$.

Asthma has an adverse effect on the production of antibody to vaccines (천식이 예방접종 후 항체 형성에 미치는 영향)

  • Sheen, Youn Ho
    • Allergy, Asthma & Respiratory Disease
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    • v.6 no.6
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    • pp.279-283
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    • 2018
  • Asthma is considered a chronic inflammatory airway disease. Mounting evidence reports that patients with asthma are at significantly higher risk of developing communicable diseases such as invasive pneumococcal disease, Haemophilus influenza, varicella, measles, pertussis and tetanus. While impaired innate immunity may play a role in increased risk of developing these infections, suboptimal adaptive immune responses have also been reported to play a role in asthmatic subjects with regard to increased risk of infections. This review discusses the currently underrecognized immunological effect of asthma on antibody to vaccines and recommends that clinicians be aware of less optimal antibody production in response to vaccines in subjects with asthma.

Immunomodulating Activity of a Polysaccharide Isolated from Mori Cortex Radicis

  • Kim, Hwan-Mook;Han, Sang-Bae;Lee, Ki-Hoon;Lee, Chang-Woo;Kim, Chul-Young;Lee, Eun-Ju;Huh, Hoon
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.240-242
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    • 2000
  • The immunomodulating activity of a polysaccharide isolated from Morus alba (PMA) root bark was examined in murine splenic lymphocytes. PMA enhanced proliferation of splenic lymphocytes in a synergistic manner in the presence of mitogens. However, PMA suppressed pri-may IgM antibody production from B cells, which was activated with lipopolysaccharide, a polyclonal activator, or immunized with a T-cell dependent antigen sheep red blood cells. Our observations showed that the immunomodulating activity of PMA increased lymphocyte proliferation and that PMA decreased antibody production from B cells, which was distinct from those of other plant-originated polysaccharides.

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Inhibition of T-cell-Dependent Antibody Production by Quercetin in Mice

  • Kim, Hyun-Pyo
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.43-46
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    • 2009
  • The immunosuppressive properties of flavonoids were examined for the first time by testing their effects on T-cell-mediated antibody production, using a classical plague-forming cell (PFC) assay in mice. Among the tested flavonoids including naringenin, chrysin, flavonol, galangin, quercetin, morin, myricetin and biochanin A, only quercetin, orally administered at 25 mg/kg, significantly inhibited the number of IgMproducing PFCs induced by sheep red blood cells (SRBC). Interestingly, biochanin A (isoflavone) increased the number of PFCs, suggesting an immunostimulatory effect. The other flavonoids tested did not inhibit or enhance PFC response significantly. Quercetin was also found to show thymus atrophy dose-dependently at 5-500 mg/kg. All these results indicate that quercetin inhibits in vivo antibody production probably by inhibiting T-cell function.