• Title, Summary, Keyword: Anti-diabetic effects

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Effects of Oral Administration of Herb-combined Remedy of Diabetes Mellitus on Blood Glucose Levels and Anti-oxidative Enzymatic System in Streptozotocin-induced Diabetic Rats (한약복합처방의 경구투여가 Streptozotocin에 의해 유발된 당뇨병 백서의 혈당과 항산화효소계에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Eun-Bang;Cho, Myung-Rae;Kim, Jae-Hong;Ryu, Chung-Ryeol
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.57-72
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    • 2008
  • Objectives : The Herb-combined Remedy(HCR) for diabetes mellitus is known as an anti-hyperglycaemic agent. But its exact mechanisms are unclear. The present study was carried out to investigate its anti-hyperglycaemic and anti-oxidative effects in STZ-induced diabetic rats. Methods : Experimental diabetes was induced by injection of STZ(80mg/kg) to ratsvia the peritoneum. The experimental animals were divided into 4 groups : normal group, control group(STZ-induced diabetic rats with no treatment), HCR group(STZ-induced diabetic rats with HCR treatment), MF group(STZ-induced diabetic rats with Metformin treatment). The effects of HCR on STZ-induced diabetes was observed by measuring fasting blood glucose, changes of body weight, food uptake, and water uptake glucose levels in the normal state decline rates in blood glucose levels DPPH free-radical scavenging activity superoxide dismutase in RBC lysate catalase activity in RBC lysate and glutathione reductase activity in RBC lysate. Results : Treatment with HCR regulated blood glucose levels. Treatment with HCR also prevented weight loss in STZ-induced diabetic rats. In addition, oral glucose tolerance decreased following treatment with HCR. Direct anti-oxidative effects on DPPH free-radical scavenging were not observed, but treatment with HCR elevated SOD levels in blood cell lysates from STZ-induced diabetic rats. In addition, the HCR-treatment group showed an elevated tendency to glutathione reductase activity. Conclusions : These results demonstrate that HCR has anti-hyperglycaemic and anti-oxidative effects in STZ-induced diabetic rats.

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Anti-Diabetic and Anti-Inflammatory Effects of Green and Red Kohlrabi Cultivars (Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes)

  • Jung, Hyun Ah;Karki, Subash;Ehom, Na-Yeon;Yoon, Mi-Hee;Kim, Eon Ji;Choi, Jae Sue
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.281-290
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    • 2014
  • The aim of the present study was to evaluate the anti-diabetic, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant potential, and total phenolic content (TPC) of green and red kohlrabi cultivars. Anti-diabetic and anti-inflammatory activities were evaluated via protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP1B) and rat lens aldose reductase inhibitory assays and cell-based lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced nitric oxide (NO) inhibitory assays in RAW 264.7 murine macrophages. In addition, scavenging assays using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical, 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) diammonium salt (ABTS) radical, and peroxynitrite ($ONOO^-$) were used to evaluate antioxidant potential and TPC was selected to assess phytochemical characteristics. Between the two kohlrabi cultivars, red kohlrabi (RK) had two times more TPC than green kohlrabi (GK) and showed significant antioxidant effects in DPPH, ABTS, and $ONOO^-$ scavenging assays. Likewise, methanol (MeOH) extracts of RK and GK inhibited LPS-induced NO production in a dose dependent manner that was further clarified by suppression of iNOS and COX-2 protein production. The MeOH extracts of RK and GK exhibited potent inhibitory activities against PTP1B with the corresponding $IC_{50}$ values of $207{\pm}3.48$ and $287{\pm}3.22{\mu}g/mL$, respectively. Interestingly, the RK MeOH extract exhibited significantly stronger anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic, and antioxidant effects than that of GK MeOH extract. As a result, our study establishes that RK extract with a higher TPC might be useful as a potent anti-diabetic, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory agent.

Hepatoprotective and Anti-diabetic Effects of Pelvetia siliquosa, a Marine Algae, in Rats

  • Lee, Yeon-Sil;Jung, Sang-Hoon;Lee, Sang-Hyun;Choi, Yong-Jo;Shin, Kuk-Hyun
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.165-169
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    • 2002
  • The effects of various fractions from the whole plant of Pelvetia siliquosa Tseng et Chang (Fucaceae) on the $CCl_4$-induced hepatotoxicity as well as on streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes in rats were investigated. The ether fraction exhibited a potent rat lens aldose reductase (RLAR) inhibition in vitro and showed a significant inhibition of not only serum glucose concentrations but also sorbitol accumulations in the lens, red blood cells and sciatic nerves in the STZ-induced diabetic rats. When administered orally in Sprague-Dawley rats, $H_{2}O$ fraction was found to cause a significant inhibition of the rise in the serum transaminase activities in $CCl_4$-intoxicated rats. These results suggested that this plant might possess constituents with hepatoprotective, anti-diabetic effects and those effects on diabetic complications.

Anti-diabetic Effects of CCCA, CMESS, and Cordycepin from Cordyceps militaris and the Immune Responses in Streptozotocin-induced Diabetic Mice

  • Yun, Yun-Ha;Han, Shin-Ha;Lee, Seung-Jeong;Ko, Sung-Kwon;Lee, Chong-Kil;Ha, Nam-Joo;Kim, Kyung-Jae
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.291-298
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    • 2003
  • Anti-diabetic effect of various fractions of Cordyceps militaris (CM), CCCA (crude cordycepin containing adenosine), CMESS (ethanol soluble supernatant), and cordycepin were evaluated in streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic mice, CMESS showed potent inhibitory activity of 34.7% in starch-loaded mice (2 g/kg) while acarbose as a positive standard exhibited 37.8% of inhibition rate. After 3 days administration (50 mg/kg), cordycepin (0.2 mg/kg), and acarbose (10 mg/kg) dramatically reduced blood glucose level (inhibition ratio: 46.9%, 48.4% and 37.5% respectively). CCCA that has high contents of cordycepin (0.656 mg/4 mg) did not influence on reducing blood glucose level. The proliferation of splenocytes and peritoneal macrophages derived from STZ-induced diabetic mice administered samples were evaluated out by addition of mitogens to see the stability of the usage of these herbal medicines. Proliferation of T-lymphocyte was significantly decreased; while NO production was increased more than two fold to STZ control in the cordycepin-administered group. Changes of serum enzyme levels of glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (GOT) and glutamic pyruvic transaminase (GPT) were also evaluated. Cordycepin administered group was appeared to acarbose. We conclude that CMESS and cordycepin may be useful tools in the control of blood glucose level in diabetes and promising new drug as an anti-hyperglycemic agent without defects of immune responses and other side effects.

Beneficial Effect of Samgijiwhang-Tang on Diabetic Nephropathy Rats (삼기지황탕이 Streptozotocin에 의한 흰쥐의 당뇨병성(糖尿病性) 신증(腎症)에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Yong-Sung;Kim, Sang-Dae
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.77-87
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    • 2006
  • Objectives: The present study was carried out to investigate the preventive effects of Samgijiwhang-Tang(SJT) on streptozotocin(STZ)-induced diabetic nephropathy. Methods: SIT was given to rats through oral administration. The experimental animals were divided into a normal group of rats, a control group of STZ-induced diabetic rats, and a sample group with SIT administration. Rehmanniae Radix Preparat is combined in the original prescription of SIT, but in this experiment, Rehmanniae Radix was combined instead of Rehmanniae Radix Preparat to compare the effects of anti-diabetic nephropathy. Experimental diabetic nephropathy was induced by the injection of STZ(60mg/kg) in the rat via the peritoneum. The effect of SIT on STZ-induced diabetic nephropathy was observed by measuring the serum level of creatinine and BUN, in addition to urine secretion of albumin for 24 hours and the level of glucose found in the urine. Anti-oxidative stress of SIT administration in a living body was estimated by measuring lipid peroxide and GSH content in the cortex of kidneys. Results: STZ induced an increase of serum creatinine, urine glucose and renal cortical lipid peroxidation was lowered by Rehmanniae Radix Preparat combined SIT administration. Conclusions: The SIT treatment showed a protective effect on the rat diabetic nephropathy model, and action mechanism of the effect was thought to be concerned with anti-oxidative stress.

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Studies on the Anti-diabetic Activity of Eucommia ulmoides Oliver (두충나무의 항당뇨활성(抗糖尿活性)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Hong, Nam-Doo;Rho, Young-Soo;Won, Do-Hee;Kim, Nam-Jae;Cho, Bo-Sun
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.112-117
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    • 1987
  • The anti-diabetic effects of the methanol extracts of Cortex, Ramulus and Folium part of Eucommia ulmoides Oliver were investigated by the experimental diabetic model in rats. The increased blood glucose level in the diabetic rats induced by alloxan and streptozotocin was significantly lowered and a marked increase in body weight was shown with the treatments of the extracts of Cortex and Folium. The blood insulin level lowered by streptozotocin pretreatment was significantly recovered with the treatment of the extract of Folium. In glucose tolerance test, the extracts of Cortex and Folium displayed a significant inhibitory effect on the glucose level. The extracts of Cortex and Folium also caused a marked inhibition in increased blood pressure in the diabetic rats induced by alloxan.

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Anti-Diabetic Effects of Dung Beetle Glycosaminoglycan on db Mice and Gene Expression Profiling

  • Ahn, Mi Young;Kim, Ban Ji;Yoon, Hyung Joo;Hwang, Jae Sam;Park, Kun-Koo
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.151-162
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    • 2018
  • Anti-diabetes activity of Catharsius molossus (Ca, a type of dung beetle) glycosaminoglycan (G) was evaluated to reduce glucose, creatinine kinase, triglyceride and free fatty acid levels in db mice. Diabetic mice in six groups were administrated intraperitoneally: Db heterozygous (Normal), Db homozygous (CON), Heuchys sanguinea glycosaminoglycan (HEG, 5 mg/kg), dung beetle glycosaminoglycan (CaG, 5 mg/kg), bumblebee (Bombus ignitus) queen glycosaminoglycan (IQG, 5 mg/kg) and metformin (10 mg/kg), for 1 month. Biochemical analyses in the serum were evaluated to determine their anti-diabetic and anti-inflammatory actions in db mice after 1 month treatment with HEG, CaG or IQG treatments. Blood glucose level was decreased by treatment with CaG. CaG produced significant anti-diabetic actions by inhiting creatinine kinase and alkaline phosphatase levels. As diabetic parameters, serum glucose level, total cholesterol and triglyceride were significantly decreased in CaG5-treated group compared to the controls. Dung beetle glycosaminoglycan, compared to the control, could be a potential therapeutic agent with anti-diabetic activity in diabetic mice. CaG5-treated group, compared to the control, showed the up-regulation of 48 genes including mitochondrial yen coded tRNA lysine (mt-TK), cytochrome P450, family 8/2, subfamily b, polypeptide 1 (Cyp8b1), and down-regulation of 79 genes including S100 calcium binding protein A9 (S100a9) and immunoglobulin kappa chain complex (Igk), and 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoenzymeAsynthase1 (Hmgcs1). Moreover, mitochondrial thymidine kinase (mt-TK), was up-regulated, and calgranulin A (S100a9) were down-regulated by CaG5 treatment, indicating a potential therapeutic use for anti-diabetic agent.

Anti-diabetic activity of Thespesia lampas Dalz & Gibs on alloxan induced rats

  • Jayakar, B;Sangameswaran, B
    • Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.349-353
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    • 2008
  • Anti-diabetic effect was observed with Thespesia lampas Dalz & Gibs (Family: Malvaceae) when given as a root extract in normal as well as alloxan induced diabetic rats. The effects, however, were more pronounced in diabetic animals in which administration of plant extract for 15 days after alloxan induced diabetes, significantly reduced blood glucose levels. After alloxan induced diabetes it was observed that both standard drug (glibenclamide) and aqueous extract of Thespesia lampas were significantly superior to control in reducing blood sugar on long term treatment (15 days). The aqueous extract of T. lampas (300 and 600 mg/kg) reduced the blood glucose levels from $349.2{\pm}7.2$ to $120.7{\pm}4.6$ and $346.3{\pm}3.4$ to $101.8{\pm}6.3$, respectively. The data suggested that T. lampas could be of beneficial in diabetes mellitus in controlling blood sugar. The present investigation established pharmacological evidence to support the folklore claim as an anti-diabetic.

Anti-diabetic effects of water extract from the dietary mushroom Neolentinus lepideus in type 2 diabetic db/db mice

  • Yun, Ui jeong;Jung, Hyesun;Park, Kye Won;Park, Ki-Moon
    • Journal of Mushroom
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.99-103
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    • 2017
  • The objective of this study was to determine the anti-diabetic effect of the water extract of Neolentinus lepideus in a diabetic mouse model. Seven-week-old C57BL/KsJ-db/db mice were fed either a control diet (CD) or diet supplemented with 1% or 5% of N. lepideus water extract (NLWE1 or NLWE5) for 10 weeks. Oral administration of NLWE significantly decreased the body weight gain compared to that of CD-fed group. Mice in the NLWE group had significantly lower levels of fasting serum glucose, fatty acids, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol compared to those in the control group. These effects were accompanied by reduced fatty liver and improved glucose tolerance in the NLWE group. Taken together, these results suggest that N. lepideus might have potential as a dietary supplement to control diabetes.

Anti-diabetic Effect of Wen-Pi-Tang-Hab-Wu-Ling-San Extract in Streptozotocin-induced Diabetic Rats (Streptozotocin으로 유도한 당뇨병 쥐에서 $WHW^{(R)}$의 항당뇨 효과에 대한 연구)

  • Bae, Hyo-Sang;Nam, Jung-Ki;Jung, Jun-Ki;Oh, Seung-Yeol;Park, Yong-Ki
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.85-91
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    • 2008
  • Objectives : This study aimed to evaluate the anti-diabetic effect of Wen-Pi-Tang-Hab-Wu-Ling-San (WHW) extract in streptozotocin(STZ)-induced type-1 diabetic rats. Methods : Experimental diabetes were induced by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (60 mg/kg). Two groups of STZ-induced diabetic rats were given the following treatments for 2 weeks by oral Administrations : (1) WHW 10 mg/kg, (2) WHW 100 mg/kg. In addition, vehicle-treated diabetic and nondiabetic controls were used in the experiment. The effects of WHW extract on STZ-induced diabetes were observed by measuring the changes of body weights and the levels of fasting blood glucose, insulin, urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine level in sera of rats, respectively. Results : In comparison control group, WHW-treated groups (100 mg/kg) were significantly decreased fasting blood glucose levels and increased serum insulin levels in STZ-induced diabetic rats. Moreover, WHW-treated groups (100 mg/kg) were reduced s-creatinie levels in STZ-induced diabetic rats. In addition, the changes related to diabetic nephropathy with body weight were significantly lower in WHW extract-dosing groups than in the diabetic control. Conclusions : The study thus showed that WHW extract enhanced the anti-diabetic effect in STZ-induced diabetic rats by improving the hypoglycemia. It also increased pancreatic insulin content in these rats.

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