• Title, Summary, Keyword: Anti-diabetes

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Systematic Reviews of Current Domestic Studies of Herbaceous Plants on Anti-diabetes - since 2000 (국내 천연물 항 당뇨 실험연구의 체계적 논문 고찰 - 2000년 ~ 2010년)

  • Choi, You-Kyung
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.389-397
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    • 2011
  • This study tried to integrate the traditional oriental medical theories and results of experimental studies of herbaceous plants on anti-diabetes. And I tried to analyze recent experimental study trend on the anti-diabetic herb. I searched anti-diabetic herb studies on 4 korean databases and 10 korean journals by keywords, 'diabetes', 'blood glucose', 'glycometabolism', 'pancreatic ${\beta}$-cell', etc. In order to see detail review, searching was performed from 2000 to 2010. And I searched 125 study cases concerning anti-diabetic herb and 72 varieties herbaceous plants used in study of anti-diabetes. and I analyzed the choice motives of each herb for anti-diabetic study, the extract methods and anti-diabetic evaluation contents. And I analyzed anti-diabetic herbs from a traditional oriental medical point of view. When the researchers chose herb for anti-diabetic experiment, just 8.8% of the choice was based on the oriental medical evidences. I found that 60.6% of the herb shown to be effective in diabetes experimentally had oriental medical theory-based Properties(性). There were studies with whole plants(16.8%), aqueous extract(45.6%), methanol extract(8.0%), ethanol extract(8.0%) and comparative studies of more than 2 types of extracts or various fractions(18.4%). The most frequent experimental diabetic models was diabetic mouse induced by streptozotocin(STZ)(87.8%). And there were db/db mouse(6.7%), ob/ob mouse(1.1%), etc. 33.6% of all studies just measured hematological indices of diabetes, and 66.4% researches analyzed details. To improve herbaceous plants study on diabetes, we oriental medical scientists have to integrate the oriental medical theories and results of experimental studies.

The Anti-diabetes and Vasoelasticity Effects of Mori Folium and Aurantii Fructus in Streptozotocin Induced Type II Diabetes Mellitus Model (Streptozotocin 유발 당뇨 백서에 상엽 지각(桑葉 枳殼) 혼합물의 항당뇨 및 혈관탄성개선 효과)

  • Park, Jung-Sup;Park, Chong-Hyeong;Jun, Chan-Yong;Choi, You-Kyung;Hwang, Gwi-Seo;Kim, Dong-Woo
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.544-559
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    • 2007
  • Objectives : This study was designed to evaluate the anti-diabetes and vasoelasticity effects of Mori Folium and Aurantii Fructus in streptozotocin-induced type II diabetes mellitus model. Methods : The anti-diabetic effect of Mori Folium and Aurantii Fructus on rats induced with diabetes by streptozotocin was investigated through analyses of changes in body weight, blood glucose, urine volume of rats, viability of human umbilical vein endothelial cells(HUVECs), and elasticity of descending thoracic aorta in rats. The subjects in this study were divided into four groups(n=15): a normal group without any treatment (Con), a normal group with Mori Folium and Aurantii Fructus treatment(Con+P), a diabetes group induced by streptozotocin(STZ), and a Mori Folium and Aurantii Fructus treatment group under diabetes induced by streptozotocin(STZ+P). Rats were administered streptozotocin to induce diabetes. Results : The study showed that Mori Folium and Aurantii Fructus significantly reduced highly increased blood glucose levels(p<0.01) and prevented the diabetic rats from weight loss(p<0.01) and polyurea(p<0.05), Mori Folium and Aurantii Fructus also recovered decreased viability of HUVECs(p<0.01) and damaged elasticity of aorta induced by the streptozotocin (p<0.01). Conclusions: It was concluded from the results that Mori Folium and Aurantii Fructus have a distinct anti-diabetes effect and they also prevent damage of blood vessel induced by diabetes. resulting in prevention of cardiovascular diseases ascribed to diabetes.

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Effects of Oral Administration of Herb-combined Remedy of Diabetes Mellitus on Blood Glucose Levels and Anti-oxidative Enzymatic System in Streptozotocin-induced Diabetic Rats (한약복합처방의 경구투여가 Streptozotocin에 의해 유발된 당뇨병 백서의 혈당과 항산화효소계에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Eun-Bang;Cho, Myung-Rae;Kim, Jae-Hong;Ryu, Chung-Ryeol
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.57-72
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    • 2008
  • Objectives : The Herb-combined Remedy(HCR) for diabetes mellitus is known as an anti-hyperglycaemic agent. But its exact mechanisms are unclear. The present study was carried out to investigate its anti-hyperglycaemic and anti-oxidative effects in STZ-induced diabetic rats. Methods : Experimental diabetes was induced by injection of STZ(80mg/kg) to ratsvia the peritoneum. The experimental animals were divided into 4 groups : normal group, control group(STZ-induced diabetic rats with no treatment), HCR group(STZ-induced diabetic rats with HCR treatment), MF group(STZ-induced diabetic rats with Metformin treatment). The effects of HCR on STZ-induced diabetes was observed by measuring fasting blood glucose, changes of body weight, food uptake, and water uptake glucose levels in the normal state decline rates in blood glucose levels DPPH free-radical scavenging activity superoxide dismutase in RBC lysate catalase activity in RBC lysate and glutathione reductase activity in RBC lysate. Results : Treatment with HCR regulated blood glucose levels. Treatment with HCR also prevented weight loss in STZ-induced diabetic rats. In addition, oral glucose tolerance decreased following treatment with HCR. Direct anti-oxidative effects on DPPH free-radical scavenging were not observed, but treatment with HCR elevated SOD levels in blood cell lysates from STZ-induced diabetic rats. In addition, the HCR-treatment group showed an elevated tendency to glutathione reductase activity. Conclusions : These results demonstrate that HCR has anti-hyperglycaemic and anti-oxidative effects in STZ-induced diabetic rats.

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Anti-hyperglycemic Effect of Bangpungtongseong-san on Type II Diabetes Animal Models (제2형 당뇨 동물모델을 이용한 방풍통성산의 고혈당 개선효과)

  • Ko, Moon Hee;Cho, Hyun Woo;Nho, Jong Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.287-297
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    • 2020
  • Background: Type II diabetes is considered as one of the common diseases. Bangpungtongseongsan (BPS) has been used as a traditional medicine for treating obesity and hypertension in Korea. According to previous reports, it has anti-obesity, anti-chronic asthma, anti-oxidant, and anti-inflammatory properties. However, the effects of BPS on type II diabetes have not yet been elucidated. Thus, in this sutudy, we evaluated the water extracts of BPS using type II diabetes animal models. Methods and Results: Each group was orally administered with BPS (170, 850 and 1,700 mg/kg) for approximately 13 weeks. A mixture of 150 mg/kg metformin and 10 mg/kg sitagliptin (MS) was used as a positive control. The glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and glucose levels, and hematological parameters including blood urine nitrogen, creatinine, low density lipoprotein and total cholesterol, were measured using blood samples. Treatment with 170 mg/kg BPS decreased the HbA1c and glucose levels in blood without affecting the weights of the animals. However, threatment with 1,700 mg/kg BPS reduced the weights and fatty liver, and increased the blood glucose level in type II diabetes animal models Conclusions: These results indicate that a low dose of BPS for 13 weeks, which reduces HbA1c and blood glucose levels, could be used for the treatment of type II diabetes. However, further studies are required to elucidate how active ingredients of BPS influence HbA1c and glucose levels in blood.

Effect of Bambusae caulis in Liquamen on Streptozocin-Induced Diabetic C57BL/6 Mice

  • Deung Young-Kun;Park Seung-Kyu;Jin Dan;Yang Eun-Ju;Lim Soo-Jung;Kwon Ki-Rok;Kim Dong-Heui;Lee Kyu-Jae
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.343-347
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    • 2005
  • Bambusae caulis in Liquamen is one of the important herbal medicine produced by heating bamboo indirectly and is used for treatment of stroke, hypertension, and diabetes etc. Recently the mechanism of clinical effects on Bambusae caulis in Liquamen has been studied. This experiment was conducted to confirm the clinical effects of Bambusae caulis in Liquamen on type 1 diabetes and its related mechanism. We divided C57BL/6 mice into 3 groups and induced them to be type 1 diabetes by injection of streptozocin into peritoneum. The dosage of each group was 150 mg/kg once only, 140 mg/kg once only and 40 mg/kg for 5 days respectively. The two groups injected streptozocin for once took orally Bambusae caulis in Liquamen after the induction of diabetes, and the other one group was given Bambusae caulis in Liquamen during the diabetes inducing period. As the result, the two diabetes-induced groups showed blood glucose decreasing effect by Bambusae caulis in Liquamen on an average, but they didn't show the signiftcant differences statistically. But Bambusae caulis in Liquamen showed the anti-diabetic effect suppressing blood sugar rising trend during the diabetes inducing peried (P<0.05). The anti-oxidative effect of Bambusae caulis in Liquamen was measured with the hypoxanthine/xanthine oxidase (HX/XOD) system. The quantity of ROS was measured using DCFDA reagent indirectly. As the result, $10\%$ solution of Bambusae caulis in Liquamen showed anti-oxidative effect by scavenging $93.4\%$ superoxide as compared with control group. It is suspected that the anti-oxidative effect of Bambusae caulis in Liquamen suppressed the increase of blood glucose in the diabetes-inducing group. These results could be useful data to understand the effect of Bambusae caulis in Liquamen on type 1 diabetes and type 1 diabetes developing because ROS were closely connected with the induction and complications of diabetes.

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New anti-diabetic agents (새로운 당뇨병 치료제)

  • Kim, Doo-Man
    • Journal of the Korean Medical Association
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    • v.60 no.12
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    • pp.992-997
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    • 2017
  • Diabetes mellitus is characterized by hyperglycemia due to insulin deficiency and/or insulin resistance. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major comorbidity of type 2 diabetes mellitus, and is the most common cause of death in people with diabetes mellitus. Several clinical trials have addressed the long-term effects of near-normoglycemia on CVD, but did not find evidence of an effect. However, some recent clinical trials of sodium glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors (EMPA-REG [Empagliflozin Cardiovascular Outcomes and Mortality in Type 2 Diabetes Trial], CANVAS [Canagliflozin Cardiovascular Assessment Study]) or glucagon-like peptide-1 agonists (LEADER [Liraglutide Effect and Action in Diabetes: Evaluation of Cardiovascular Outcome Results-A Long Term Evaluation], SUSTAIN-6 [Trial to Evaluate Cardiovascular and Other Long-term Outcomes with Semaglutide in Subjects with Type 2 Diabetes]) showed very promising results regarding the prevention of CVD. In this review, I discuss some of these new anti-diabetic agents and present clinical information regarding these drugs.

Effects of Purslane Extract on Obesity and Diabetes in High-Fat Diet-Induced Obese Mice

  • Kang, Kwang-Soon
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.21 no.7
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    • pp.61-66
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    • 2016
  • The frequency of obesity has risen dramatically in recent years but only few safe and effective drugs are currently available. In addition, obesity can induce type 2 diabetes (T2DM), hyperlipidemia and fatty liver disease. Recently, protective effect of purslane extract (PE) on obesity has been reported, but little is known about the role and mechanism of PE in obesity. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of PE on obesity and diabetes in obese mice. In addition, the effect of PE was compared with anti-obesity and diabetes drugs. High-fat diet (HFD)-induced obese mice were treated for 8 weeks with drugs as follows: PE, orlistat, metformin, voglibose or pioglitazone. While PE mixed with normal diet did not have any effects on BW in non-obese mice, PE mixed with HFD significantly reduced BW gain, insulin resistance, and glucose intolerance, without affecting food intake and appetite in obese mice. The effect was comparable to the effects of anti-obesity and diabetes drugs. Furthermore, PE significantly increased the activity of hepatocellular anti-oxidant enzymes, leading to protection of liver from oxidative stress in obese mice. These results suggest that PE treatment may be a useful tool for preventing obesity and complication of obesity.

Characteristics and in vitro Anti-diabetic Properties of the Korean Rice Wine, Makgeolli Fermented with Laminaria japonica

  • Choi, Jae-Suk;Seo, Hyo Ju;Lee, Yu-Ri;Kwon, Su-Jung;Moon, Sun Hwa;Park, Sun-Mee;Sohn, Jae Hak
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.98-107
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    • 2014
  • New in vitro anti-diabetes makgeolli was produced from rice by adding various quantities of Laminaria japonica, and the fermentation characteristics of the L. japonica makgeolli during the fermentation process were investigated. The contents of alcohol and reducing sugar, and viable count of yeast, of L. japonica makgeolli were not significantly changed when the proportion of L. japonica was increased. The total acid content decreased with an increase in L. japonica concentration; the pH and total bacterial cell count increased in proportion with the increase in L. japonica concentration. The L. japonica makgeolli contents of free sugars, such as fructose, glucose, and sucrose, and of organic acids, such as acetic acid, citric acid, succinic acid, and lactic acid, were altered during fermentation and showed various patterns. The effects of the quantity of L. japonica added on the acceptability and anti-diabetes activities of L. japonica makgeolli were also investigated. In a sensory evaluation, L. japonica makgeolli brewed by adding 2.5 or 5% L. japonica to the mash showed the best overall acceptability; the 12.5% L. japonica sample was least favored due to its seaweed flavor. L. japonica addition did not increase the peroxynitrite-scavenging activity of makgeolli. L. japonica makgeolli showed potent anti-diabetes activity, particularly that containing >7.5% L. japonica. Therefore, L. japonica makgeolli may represent a new functional makgeolli with anti-diabetes properties.

The Effects of Platycodi Radix on Obese Type 2 Diabetes Mouse Model Induced by High Fat, High Carbohydrate Diet (길경 투여가 고지방, 고탄수화물 식이로 유발된 비만형 제2형 당뇨병 동물모델에 미치는 영향)

  • Kwon, Oh-Jun;Lee, Seung-Wook;Paik, Sun-Ho;Han, Su-Ryun;Ahn, Young-Min;Ahn, Se-Young;Lee, Byung-Cheol
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2013
  • Objectives: This study was designed to investigate the anti-obesity, anti-diabetic and anti-inflammatory effects of Platycodi radix on obese type 2 diabetes mouse model. Methods: Obese type 2 diabetes mouse model was induced by Surwit's high fat, high sucrose diet for 8 weeks. Models were divided into 4 groups of normal diet (ND, n=10), high fat and high sucrose diet (HFD, n=10), high fat and high sucrose diet with Platycodi radix (PR, n=10), and high fat and high sucrose diet with Metformin (Met, n=10). Body weights were measured every week. After 7 weeks fasting, blood sugar and oral glucose tolerance tests were conducted. After 8 weeks blood samples were taken from mouse hearts and analyzed biochemically. Lipid profile, fructosamine, leptin and weight of epididymal fat pad and liver were measured. Adipose tissue macrophage percentage was analyzed by fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS). Results: Compared with the HFD group, body weight, glucose level, fructosamine, weight of epididymal fat pad and adipose tissue macrophage percentage decreased in the PR group. Conclusions: These results suggest that Platycodi Radix has anti-obesity, anti-diabetic, and anti-inflammatory effects on obese type 2 diabetes mouse model.

Molecular Docking Study of Anti-diabetic Xanthones from Garcinia Xanthochymus

  • Babu, Sathya
    • Journal of the Chosun Natural Science
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.137-140
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    • 2017
  • Diabetes mellitus has become a major growing public health problem worldwide. More than 90% of all diabetes cases are classified as type 2 diabetes (T2D), which is also known as non-insulin dependent diabetes. Protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) plays an important role in the negative regulation of insulin signal transduction pathway and has emerged as novel therapeutic strategy for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. PTP1B inhibitors enhance the sensibility of insulin receptor (IR) and have favorable curing effect for insulin resistance-related diseases. Recently twelve anti-diabetic xanthones were isolated from the bark of Garcinia xanthochymus. Hence, in the present study, molecular docking was carried out for these twelve xanthones. The objective of this work is to study the interaction of the newly isolated xanthones with PTP1B. The docking results showed that xanthones have good interactions and has better docking score with PTP1B and suggest LYS120 and ASP181 are the important residues involved in interaction between PTP1B enzyme and the xanthones.