• Title, Summary, Keyword: Antagonistic Effect

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In vivo Antagonistic Effect of Lactobacillus helveticus CU 631 against Salmonella enteritidis KU101 infection

  • Bae, Jin-Seong;Byun, Jung-Ryul;Yoon, Yung-Ho
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.430-434
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    • 2003
  • In vivo antagonistic effect of Lactobacillus helveticus CU 631 and Lactobacillus spp. against typical enteritis causing pathogen Salmonella enteritidis KU 101 have been determined, which showed an increase in survival rate and the decline in viable cell numbers of pathogen in liver and spleen at sacrifice. A signifcant difference in the antagonistic effect against KU 101 were observed, which was species and/or strain dependent of Lactobacillus (p<0.01), the survival rate of the mice in the Salmonella infection by feeding L. helveticus CU 631 has been shown to be 157%, whereas those of L. rhamnosus GG ATCC 53103, L. acidophilus ATCC 4356, L. johnsonii C-4 were 137%, 132%, 119% respectively on the basis of lactobacilli non-associated control KU101 fed mice to be 100%. Viable cells of S. enteritidis KU101 in the liver and in the spleen at sacrifice were decreased in Lactobacillus spp. fed group with no significant difference. The higher level of total secretory IgA concentration in the intestinal fluid of lactobacilli fed mice than control mice have been observed. In vitro antagonistic activity of Lactobacillus spp. against KU101 have been determined, a prominent antagonistic activity of CU 631 against KU 101 were demonstrated.

Effect of Continuous Antagonistic Muscle Strengthening and Evjenth-Hamberg Stretching on Pulmonary Function of Forward Head Posture Subjects

  • Park, Joo Hyun
    • Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.871-877
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    • 2015
  • This research was conducted to investigate the effect of continuous antagonistic muscle strengthening exercise and Evjenth-Hamberg stretching on the pulmonary function of university students with abnormal transformation of forward head posture(FHP). The results of study subject to the continuous antagonistic muscle strengthening(CAS) group(n=10) and Evjenth- Hamberg stretching(EHS) group(n=10) that was conducted 3 times a week for 6 weeks are as follow. FVC, IVC, and MVV all were shown to be significant in the pre post comparison between the CAS group and EHS group(p<.05), and significant difference was shown for MW between the two groups(p<.05) in which the CAS group showed better effect. Based on the results above, it is considered that combining continuous antagonistic muscle strengthening exercise has better effect on pulmonary function compared to application of only Evjenth-Hamberg stretching.

Antimicrobial test of Antagonistic Microbes for Biological Control of Large patch of Zoysiagrass (잔디 Large patch의 생물학적 방제를 위한 길항 미생물의 선발과 항균력 검정)

  • Ma, Gi-Yoon;Lee, Geung-Joo
    • Proceedings of the Turfgrass Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.35-35
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    • 2011
  • A large patch disease caused by Rhizoctonia solani AG2-2(IV) is a serious problem in turfgrass sites including golf courses and sports fields in Korea. The objectives of this study were to isolate some antagonistic microorganisms and to explain some involving mechanisms. Initially single colonies which were formed from the filtrates of various soil samples were obtained from LB culture and then co-cultured with R.solani AG2-2(IV) on PDA plate to explore some antagonistic microbes against for large patch fungus, Rhizoctonia solani AG2-2(IV). Out of total 82 antagonistic isolates which commonly had inhibition effect on Rhizoctonia solani AG2-2(IV) mycelial growth, one candidate (YPIN22) showed the most antifungal effect, which was confirmed by the longest distance from the edge of bacterial colony to the mycelial edge of the Rhizoctonia solani AG2-2(IV) in the dual culture. A succeeding investigation was to test any potential effect of the isolate on growth inhibition of 5 other turfgrass pathogens including R. solani solani AG2-2(IIIB), P. ultimum, C. caudatum, C. lunata, and F.oxysporum. Preliminary result indicated that the new isolate YPIN22 was also found to have antagonistic potential on the growth inhibition of those turfgrass pathogenic fungi, which was explained by inhibition zones ranging from 8 to 22mm. A further explanation of some characteristics of the isolate YPIN22 will be discussed in detail.

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In Vitro Antagonistic Effects of Bacilli Isolates against Four Soilborne Plant Pathogenic Fungi

  • Kim, Wan-Gyu;Weon, Hang-Yeon;Lee, Sang-Yeob
    • The Plant Pathology Journal
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.52-57
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    • 2008
  • Twenty isolates of Bacillus spp. obtained from livestock manure composts and cotton-waste composts were tested for in vitro antagonistic effects against soilborne plant pathogenic fungi, Fusarium oxysporum, Phytophthora capsici, Rhizoctonia solani AG-4, and Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. Seven isolates of Bacillus spp. had antagonistic effects on mycelial growth of all the isolates of F. oxysporum tested. The bacterial isolate RM43 was the most effective to inhibit the mycelial growth of the fungal isolates. Twelve isolates of Bacillus spp. had antagonistic effects on mycelial growth of all the isolates of P. capsici tested. The bacterial isolates M34 and M47 were very effective to inhibit the mycelial growth of the fungal isolates. Thirteen isolates of Bacillus spp. had antagonistic effects on mycelial growth of all the isolates of R. solani AG-4 tested. The bacterial isolates M27 and M75 were very effective to inhibit the mycelial growth of the fungal isolates. Fourteen isolates of Bacillus sp. had antagonistic effects on mycelial growth of all the isolates of S. sclerotiorum tested. The bacterial isolates M49 and M75 were very effective to inhibit the mycelial growth of the fungal isolates. The antagonistic effects of most Bacillus spp. isolates against the isolates of the four fungi differed depending on the fungal species and the isolates of each fungus. The bacterial isolates M27 and M75 were the most effective to inhibit the mycelial growth of all four fungi.

In Vitro Antagonistic Characteristics of Bacilli Isolates against Trichoderma spp. and Three Species of Mushrooms

  • Kim, Wan-Gyu;Weon, Hang-Yeon;Seok, Soon-Ja;Lee, Kang-Hyo
    • Mycobiology
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.266-269
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    • 2008
  • Twenty isolates of Bacillus species obtained from livestock manure composts and cotton-waste composts were tested for their antagonistic effects in vitro against three green mold pathogens of mushrooms (Trichoderma harzianum, T. koningii, and T. viridescens). However, there exists a possibility Bacillus species may have antagonistic effects against mushrooms themselves, and thus the same 20 isolates were tested in vitro against three species of mushrooms (Flammulina velutipes, Lentinus edodes, and Pleurotus ostreatus). Of the 20 Bacillus species isolates tested, two inhibited mycelial growth of T. harzianum, seven that of T. koningii, and eight that of T. viridescens. Importantly, the bacterial isolates M27 and RM29 strongly inhibited mycelial growth of all the Trichoderma spp. isolates tested. The isolate M27 was subsequently identified as the most effective in inhibiting mycelial growth of all the Trichoderma species. Interesting results of the effect Bacillus isolates had upon the mushroom species followed. It was found that most Bacillus isolates except 5T33 at least somewhat inhibited mycelial growth of the three mushroom species or some of the mushrooms. Furhermore, the antagonistic effects of the bacterial isolates against the three species of mushrooms varied depending on the mushroom species, suggesting a role for mushroom type in the mechanism of inhibition. The bacterial isolates M27 and RM29 were identified as having the most antagonistic activity, inhibiting mycelial growth of all the Trichoderma spp. as well as mycelial growth of the three species of mushrooms. These results suggest that the bacterial isolates and their antagonistic effects on green mold pathogens should be further studied for their practical use for biological control of green mold in the growing room of the mushrooms.

Analysis on characteristics of antagonistic stiffness of the planar 3 degrees-of-freedom RCC mechanism (평면형 3 자유도 RCC 메카니즘의 상반효과로 인한 강성 특성 분석)

  • 이병주;김희국;이준용
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.718-721
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    • 1996
  • In this work, an effective stiffness generated by internal loading for a planar 3 degrees of freedom RCC mechanism is investigated. For this purpose, the internal kinematic analysis and antagonistic stiffness modeling for this mechanism are performed. It is shown that the antagonistic stiffness could be effectively created at the center of the mechanism in its symmetric configuration.

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Selection of Human-Originated Lactobacillus acidophilus For Production of Probiotics

  • Kim, Wang-June;Hong, Seok-San;Cha, Seong-Kwan
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.151-154
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    • 1994
  • Lactobacillus acidophilus KFRI 233, a strain isolated from human, was selected as a candidate for probiotics due to its excellent growth in MRS broth where no special anaerobic condition is required. Both simultaneous and deferred agar diffusion assays exhibited Lb. acidophilus KFRI 233 to possess an antagonistic effect against Clostridium perfringens. Its antagonistic effect was pH dependent Associative culture of KFRI 233 and Cl. perfringens in broth resulted in maximum 94.04% inhibition of Cl. perfringens. $\beta$-Galactosidase activity of KFRI 233 was higher than other tested strains that are sold as commercial probiotics. Survival of KFRI 233 in pasteurized skim milk (4$^{\circ}C$) and Sherbet mix (-15$^{\circ}C$) after 7 days of storage were 71.9 and 105.5%, respectively.

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Studies on White Clover Yield Increase by Antagonistic Bacteria (길항미상물에 의한 White Clover ( Trifolium repens L. ) 생산성 향상에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Ki-Chun;Youn, chang;Song, Chae-Eun
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.187-194
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    • 1998
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effect of antagonistic bacteria and pathogenic fungi on growth and yields of white clover(Trifo1iurn repens L.) in continuous cropping soil(CCS) and non-continuous cropping soil(NCCS). The gowth experiment of white clover was conducted at pots in a vinyl house. White clover was established by seeding into pots of 12 cm in diameter and 9 cm in depth containing 1:l mixture of soil and vermiculite with antagonistic bacteria and pathogenic fungi. In dark culture experiment, white clover lived longer in treatment of antagonistic bacteria than in treatment of control, but lived shorter in CCS than in NCCS. Dry weight of white clover was increased by the inoculation of the antagonistic bacteria(p< 0.05), but decreased by the inoculation of the pathogenic fungi(p< 0.05) both CCS and NCCS. In conclusion, bacterization of white clover with antagonistic bacteria enhances the growth and yield of white clover.

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Performance analyses of antagonistic shape memory alloy actuators based on recovered strain

  • Shi, Zhenyun;Wang, Tianmiao;Da, Liu
    • Smart Structures and Systems
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.765-784
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    • 2014
  • In comparison with conventional shape memory actuated structures, antagonistic shape memory alloy (SMA) actuators permits a fully reversible two-way response and higher response frequency. However, excessive internal stress could adversely reduce the stroke of the actuators under repeated use. The two-way shape memory effect might further decrease the range of the recovered strain under actuation of an antagonistic SMA actuator unless additional components (e.g., spring and stopper) are added to regain the overall actuation capability. In this paper, the performance of all four possible types of SMA actuation schemes is investigated in detail with emphasis on five key properties: recovered strain, cyclic degradation, response frequency, self-sensing control accuracy, and controllable maximum output. The testing parameters are chosen based on the maximization of recovered strain. Three types of these actuators are antagonistic SMA actuators, which drive with two active SMA wires in two directions. The antagonistic SMA actuator with an additional pair of springs exhibits wider displacement range, more stable performance under reuse, and faster response, although accurate control cannot be maintained under force interference. With two additional stoppers to prevent the over stretch of the spring, the results showed that the proposed structure could achieve significant improvement on all five properties. It can be concluded that, the last type actuator scheme with additional spring and stopper provide much better applicability than the other three in most conditions. The results of the performance analysis of all four SMA actuators could provide a solid basis for the practical design of SMA actuators.