• Title, Summary, Keyword: Anopheles sinensis

Search Result 48, Processing Time 0.039 seconds

Vector competence of Anopheles lesteri, Baisas and Hu (Diptera: Culicidae) to Plasmodium vivax in Korea

  • E-Hyun SHIN;Tong-Soo KIM;Hyeong-Woo LEE
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
    • /
    • v.40 no.1
    • /
    • pp.41-44
    • /
    • 2002
  • Three anopheline mosquitoes in Korea were studied for their abilities as vectors for Plasmodium vivax. The female mosquitoes of Anopheles lesteri. An. pullus and An. sinensis were allowed to suck malaria patient blood until fully fed, and they were then bred for 2 weeks to develop from malaria parasites to sporozoites. The result from the above confirmed the sporozoites in one An. lesteri of one individual and five An. sinensis of six individuals. We also confirmed that An. sinensis was the main vector to transmit malaria and An. lesteri as well as An. sinensis were able to carry Korean malaria parasites. Therefore. we propose that diversified study is needed to manage malaria projects.

Seasonal Prevalence of Mosquitoes Collected with Light Trap - At a Pig Shed in the Vicinity of Daegu City, Korea- (誘蚊燈에 捕獲된 모기類의 季節的 發生消長: 大邱市隣近 한 豚舍를 對象으로)

  • 孫錫洛
    • The Korean Journal of Zoology
    • /
    • v.27 no.2
    • /
    • pp.117-125
    • /
    • 1984
  • Mosquitoes were collected with light trap at a pig shed in the vicinity of Daegu city from mid-April to the end of November in 1981 and 1982. A total of 12,942 and 118,061 individuals were collected in 1981 and 1982 respectively. The collection comprised 77% females and 23% males in 1981, and 96% females and 4% males in 1982. The catches were classified into following 7 species: Culex (Culex) pipiens pallens, C. (C.) tritaeniorhynchus summorosus, Anopheles (Anopheles) sinensis, C. (C.) vagans, C. (C.) oritntelis, C. (C.) bitaeniorhynchus, Aedes (Aedimorphus) vexans nipponii. The former three species showed distinct seasonal prevalence. Arranged in the descending order in size of the catches, in 1981, Culex (Culex) pipiens pallens was 44.9% of the total collection (at sex ratio of 0.85), Anopheles (Anopheles) sinensis 42.9% (0.05), Culex (Culex) tritaeniorhynchus summorosus 12.1% (0.00). On the contrary, Culex (Culex) tritaeniorhynchus summorosus 70.4% (0.00), Anopheles (Anopheles) sinensis 25.2% (0.05), Culex (Culex) pipiens pallens 4.4% (2.19) in 1982. The monthly percentages of collected mosquitoes to the total collection were 0.1% (in 1981) and 0.0% (in 1982) in May; 3.5%, 1.3% in June; 50.0%, 33.9% in July; 37.1%, in August; 8.8%, 11.9% in September; 0.5%, 0.8% in October and 0.0% in November. As for seasonal prevalence, mosquitoes appeared in May in both years and began to increase in number from the first week of June in 1981, but from the second week of May, ahead of three weeks in 1982. The highest peak time in 1982 was the second week of August, two weeks later than the fifth week of July in 1981. Culex (Culex) pipiens pallens showed the maximum activity for the fifth week of July in 1981, but for the third week of July, ahead of two weeks in 1982. Culex (Culex) tritaeniorhynchus reached the highest peak for the second week of August in both years. Anopheles (Anopheles) sinensis showed the maximum activity for the fifth week of July in 1981, but for the third week of July, two weeks earlier in 1982. The highest peak times of three main species were compared respectively as folows. Culex (Culex) pipiens pallens had the highest peak time in common with Anopheles (Anopheles) sinensis, Culex (Culex) tritaeniorhynchus summorosus showed the maximum activity for the second week of August in 1982.

  • PDF

Malaria Vector Surveillance in Ganghwa-do, a Malaria-Endemic Area in the Republic of Korea

  • Oh, Sung-Suck;Hur, Myung-Je;Joo, Gwang-Sig;Kim, Sung-Tae;Go, Jong-Myoung;Kim, Yong-Hee;Lee, Wook-Gyo;Shin, E-Hyun
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
    • /
    • v.48 no.1
    • /
    • pp.35-41
    • /
    • 2010
  • We investigated the seasonality of Anopheles mosquitoes, including its species composition, density, parity, and population densities of mosquitoes infected with the parasite in Ganghwa-do (Island), a vivax malaria endemic area in the Republic of Korea. Mosquitoes were collected periodically with a dry-ice-tent trap and a blacklight trap during the mosquito season (April-October) in 2008. Anopheles sinensis (94.9%) was the most abundant species collected, followed by Anopheles belenrae (3.8%), Anopheles pullus (1.2%), and Anopheles lesteri (0.1%). Hibernating Anopheles mosquitoes were also collected from December 2007 to March 2008. An. pullus (72.1%) was the most frequently collected, followed by An. sinensis (18.4%) and An. belenrae (9.5%). The composition of Anopheles species differed between the mosquito season and hibernation seasons. The parous rate fluctuated from 0% to 92.9%, and the highest rate was recorded on 10 September 2008. Sporozoite infections were detected by PCR in the head and thorax of female Anopheles mosquitoes. The annual sporozoite rate of mosquitoes was 0.11% (2 of 1,845 mosquitoes). The 2 mosquitoes that tested positive for sporozoites were An. sinensis. Malarial infections in anopheline mosquitoes from a population pool were also tried irrespective of the mosquito species. Nine of 2,331 pools of Anopheles mosquitoes were positive. From our study, it can be concluded that An. sinensis, which was the predominant vector species and confirmed as sporozoite-infected, plays an important role in malaria transmission in Ganghwa-do.

Mosquito Species Composition and Plasmodium vivax Infection Rates on Baengnyeong-do (Island), Republic of Korea

  • Foley, Desmond H.;Klein, Terry A.;Lee, In-Yong;Kim, Myung-Soon;Wilkerson, Richard C.;Harrison, Genelle;Rueda, Leopoldo M.;Kim, Heung-Chul
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
    • /
    • v.49 no.3
    • /
    • pp.313-316
    • /
    • 2011
  • Vivax malaria is a significant military and civilian health threat in the north of the Republic of Korea (ROK). The island of Baengnyeong-do is the westernmost point of the ROK and is located close to the southwestern coast of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK). Mosquitoes were collected using a black light trap on Baengnyeong-do, and Anopheles spp. were assayed by PCR, to identify the species, and screened for sporozoites of Plasmodium vivax. Of a subsample of 257 mosquitoes, Anopheles lesteri was the most frequently collected (49.8%), followed by Anopheles sinensis (22.6%), Anopheles pullus (18.7%), Anopheles kleini (7.8%), and Anopheles belenrae (1.2%). The overall sporozoite rate was 3.1%, with the highest rates observed in An. kleini (15.0%), An. sinensis (5.2%), and An. lesteri (1.6%). No sporozoite positive An. pullus or An. belenrae were observed. The results extend our knowledge of the distribution and potential role in malaria transmission of An. kleini, An. lesteri, and An. sinensis, for an area previously considered to be at a low risk for contracting vivax malaria.

Population Dynamics of Five Anopheles Species of the Hyrcanus Group in Northern Gyeonggi-do, Korea

  • Jeong, Kyoung-Yong;Un, Sun-Jin;Lee, Jong-Weon;Lee, In-Yong;Yong, Tai-Soon;Ree, Han-Il
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
    • /
    • v.48 no.4
    • /
    • pp.351-353
    • /
    • 2010
  • To investigate the population densities of potential malaria vectors, Anopheles species were collected by light traps in malaria endemic areas, Paju and Gimpo, Gyeonggi-do of Korea. Five Anopheles Hyrcanus sibling species (An. sinensis, An. pullus, An. lesteri, An. kleini, and An. belenrae) were identified by PCR. The predominant species, An. pullus was collected during the late spring and mid-summer, while higher population consists of An. sinensis were collected from late summer to early autumn. These 2 species accounted for 92.1 % of all Anopheles mosquitoes collected, while the other 3 species accounted for 7.9%. Taking into account of these population densities, late seasonal prevalence, and long-term incubation period (9-13 months) of the Korean Plasmodium vivax strain, An. sinensis s.s is thought to play an important role in the transmission of vivax malaria in the study areas.

Comparative study on longevity of Anopheles sinensis in malarious and non-malarious areas in Korea

  • Ree, Han-Il;Hwang, Ui-Wook
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
    • /
    • v.38 no.4
    • /
    • pp.263-266
    • /
    • 2000
  • An outbreak of vivax malaria has been occurring in northern part of Kyonggi-do and north-western part of Kangwon-do, where are located near the demilitarized Zone, since 1993. For understanding of epidemiological features of malaria, the probability of daily survival of Anopheles sinensis, the vector species of malaria was compared in malarious and non-malarious areas in July-August, 2000. Total 915 females collected at three locations in malarious areas were dissected for ovaries, and 64.6% of the parous rate was found. Total 758 females collected at three locations in non-malarious areas were dissected, and 57.8% of the parous rate was observed. It was estimated from the parous rates that the probability of daily survival of An. sinensis females was 0.864 in malarious areas and 0.850 in non-malarious areas, which was not significantly different.

  • PDF

Bionomics of Anopheles sinensis Wiedmann in Western Plain Area in Korea (마라리아 모개문 Anopheles sinensis Wiedmann 의 생태학적 조사)

  • 홍한기
    • The Korean Journal of Zoology
    • /
    • v.10 no.2
    • /
    • pp.18-22
    • /
    • 1967
  • The routine entomological investigations were carried out in the areas of Kaejeon-Myon, OkkuGun, Cholla Pukdo province in 1964 and Sinchang-Myon, Asan Gun, Chungchong Namdo province in 1965, for the better understanding of the behavior of the anpheline mosquitoes especially of the population density , resting , feedign, and breeding habits. The results are as follows : 1. During the investigation , three species of anopheline mosquitoes were recorded ; Anopheles sinensis Wiedmann 1825, A, sineroides Yamada 1935, and A. yatsushiroensis Miyazaki 1951. A . yatsushiroensis Myiyasaki 1951, so far only recorded in Japan, was recorded for the first time in Korea in 1964 ; the site was Kaejong Myon, Okku Gun, Cholla Pukdo province. 2. Anopheles mosquitoes begin to appear from the middle of April and disappear in October. The date of mosquitoes collected by resting place collection in cow shed are three weeks ahead to the night time cow biting collection. 3. Resting places of anopheline mosquitoes are mainly in cow shed and outdoors which provides high humidity and shadow. 4. The population density of a. sinensis sows a peak in late June and early July in cow shed and by cow biting collection respectively, and another small peak in late August and early September. 5, . the biting activity at night is throughout the night from dusk to dawn, sharply decreasing just before dawn. The peak period was different in each months, 2100-2200 hours in June, 2300-2400 in July , 0300-0400 in August , and 2300-2400 in September. 6. The minimum temperature required for the mosquito's biting activity is 15 $^{\circ}C$ and the optimum is between 24-$25^{\circ}C$ : over $25^{\circ}C$ the activity is decreased. 7.A , sinensis appeared to be zoophilic in Sinchang area but 13 times anthrophophilic in Kaejong area than the former. 8. the light attraction of a. sinensis is significantly low in middle June and early August. The parous rate of A. sinensis caught by cow biting collection appeared higher after midnight (2400-0300 hours) with no relation to the peak period of biting activity by month.

  • PDF

Characterization of Synechocystic PCC6803 transformed with cryIVD gene of Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. morrisoni PG-14 and its mosquitochidal effect on Anopheles sinensis (Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. morrisoni PG-14 cryIVD 유전자로 형질전환된 Synechocytis PCC6803의 특성과 학질모기에 대한 살충효과)

  • 이대원;박현우;김호산;진병래;유효석;김근영;강석권
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
    • /
    • v.35 no.1
    • /
    • pp.66-73
    • /
    • 1996
  • For the effective control of mosquito larvae, Anopheles sinensis, the expression vector pCYASK5-1 containing cryIVD gene of Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. morrisoni PG-14 was constructed and transformed into the cyanobacterium Synechocystis PCC6803. The transformants were selected on BG-11 medium containing kanamycin. The expression of cryIVD gene in transformant was confirmed by SDS-PAGE and Western blot analysis. The mortality of A. sinensis larvae was scored for 3 days. Furthermore, growth and distribution rate of transformant were examined. The results showed that Synechocystis PCC6803 transformed with cryIVD gene of B. thuringiensis subsp. morrisoni PG-14 was highly toxic to A. sinensis larvae, demonstrating that it will be a potential agent for mosquito control.

  • PDF

Biological Control of Malaria Vector (Anopheles sinensis Wied.) by Combined Use of Larvivorous Fish (Aplocheilus latipes) and Herbivorous Hybrid (Tilapia mossambicus niloticus) and Herbivorous Hybrid (Tilapia mossambicus niloticus) in Rice Paddies of Korea (천적포식어 (Aplocheilus latipes)와 식식성 어류 (Tilapia mossambicus niloticus) 의 병합적 처리에 의한 논에 서식하는 말라리아 매개모기 (Anopheles sinensis Wied.) 의 생물학적 방제)

  • 유효석;이준학
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
    • /
    • v.28 no.4
    • /
    • pp.229-236
    • /
    • 1989
  • A combined field release of indigenous larvivoroug fish (Aplocheilus latipes) and hybrid herbivore (Tilapia mossambicus miloticus) was conducted to determine the effectiveness of biological control, in particular, against malaria vector (anopheles sinensis), breeding in weedy habitat of rice fields at the University rice paddies at Suwon during the period of June through September in 1988. A combined fish introduction at the release rate of 2.0 fish per $M^{2}$ for Aplocheilus and 1-pair $10M^{2}$ water surface for Tilapia resuited in 70.8% Anopheles larval reducton in a week period, the rates of rontrol increased to 73. 5% and 80.2% in 4th and 5th week respectively after the fish introdurtion, maintaining mosquito suppression in range of 80~82% control after the 5th week against Anopheles and Culex spp. combined. In a single fish treatment with Aplocheilus at 2.0 $fish/M^{2}$ release rate, Anopheles larval reduction ranged on the average 51.4~56.5%in 4 wrek period which was later integratpd with B.t.i. (Rl53.78) treatment at 1.0 kg/ha dosage rate to suppress vector mosquito population down and the the results was compared with that of combined fish introdurtion.

  • PDF

Studies on Anopheles sinensis, the vector species of vivax malaria in Korea

  • REE Han-Il
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
    • /
    • v.43 no.3
    • /
    • pp.75-92
    • /
    • 2005
  • Extensive previous studies on taxonomy, behavior/bionomics and control of Anopheles sinensis are reviewed and summarized. Recent molecular identification revealed that the population of An. sinensis complex includes An. sinensis, An. pullus, An. lesteri and at least two new species, and An. yatsushiroensis is synonmy of An. pullus. An. sinensis is the main vector specie of vivax malaria in Korea. Larvae of An. sinensis breed in wide range of habitats which are naturally-made clean water, stagnant or flowing; main habitats include rice fields, ditches, streams, irrigation cannals, marshes, ponds, ground pools, etc. Their host preferences are highly zoophilic. Human blood rate is very low ($0.7-1.7\%$); nevertheless An. sinensis readily feeds on man when domestic animals are not found near by. They feed on hosts throughout the night from dusk to dawn with a peak period of 02:00-04:00 hours; they are slightly more exophagic (biting outdoors); much larger numbers come into the room when light is on. Main resting places are outdoors such as grasses, vegetable fields and rice fields. A mark-release-recapture study resulted that $37.1\%$ was recaptured within 1 km, $29.4\%$ at 1-3 km, $21.1\%$ at 3-6 km, $10.3\%$ at 6-9 km and $2.1\%$ at 9-12 km distance. An. sinensis hibernate outdoors (mostly under part of dense grasses) during October-March. At the end of the hibernation period (March-April) they feed on cows at daytime. Until today any single measure to effectively control An. sinensis population has not been found. Indoor residual spray with a long-lasting insecticide can not reduce vector population densities, but shorten their life spans in some degree, so contributes to malaria control.