• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Anodic polarization

검색결과 243건 처리시간 0.043초

Corrosion Characteristics with Polarization Curve of Polymers

  • Park, Chil-Nam;Jung, Oh-Jin
    • Environmental Sciences Bulletin of The Korean Environmental Sciences Society
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    • v.10 no.S_4
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    • pp.181-187
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    • 2001
  • This study was carried out to measure the variations of potential and current density with polymers. The results were particularly examined to identify the influences on potential and rate of various factors including temperature and pH. The Tafel slope for anodic dissolution was determined by the polarization effect depending on these conditions. The optimum conditions were established for each case. The second anodic current density peak and maximum current density were designated as the relative polarization sensitivity$(I_r/I_f)$. The mass transfer coefficient value$(\alpha)$ was determined with the Tafel slope for anodic dissolution based on the polarization effect with optimum conditions.

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Redox Reaction on Polarization Curve Variations of Polymer with Enzymes

  • Park, Chil-Nam
    • Environmental Sciences Bulletin of The Korean Environmental Sciences Society
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.165-171
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    • 2000
  • Experiments were carried out to measure variations in the oxidation potential and current density using the polarization curves of polycarbonate. The results were then examined to identify the influences affecting the oxidation potential related to various conditions, such as temperature, pH, and oxydase(citrate and lipase). The lines representing the active anodic and cathodic dissolution shifted only slightly in the potential direction relative to temperature, pH, and the effect of the enzyme. The Tafel slope for the anodic and cathodic dissolution was determined such that the reversibility polarization was indicated as being effected by various conditions. The slope of the polarization curves describing the active-to-passive transition region shifted noticeably in their direction. Also, by varying the conditions, the optimum conditions for the most ready transform were identified, including temperature, pH, oxidation rate, and resistance of oxidation potential. The critical oxidation sensitivity(I(sub)r/I(sub)f) of the anodic current density peak and maximum passive current density was also determined, which is used in measuring the critical corrosion sensitivity of a polycarbonate.

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양극분극에 의한 흑연전극의 계면반응에 대한 연구 (Study on the Surface Reactions of Graphite Electrodes by Anodic Polarization)

  • 오한준;김인기;이종호;이영훈
    • 대한화학회지
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    • v.41 no.1
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 1997
  • 0.5 M $K_2SO_4$ 용액에서 여러 가지 세 탄소전극(glassy carbon, 인조흑연, graphite foil)에 대하여 양극분극에 따른 전극표면반응에 대한 연구를 임피던스 스펙트로스코피를 통하여 실시했다. Graphite foil 전극의 경우 이중츨 capacotance는 다른 두 전극재료에 비하여 높게 나타났으며, 양극분극시 glassy carbon과 인조 흑연(PVDF 혼합 graphite)은 전극계면에서 흡착현상에 의한 capacitance C의 영향이 현저하게 나타남을 알 수 있었다. 3종류 전극재료의 전기화학적 거동은 전극표면 조직의 차이에 의해 glassy carbon의 경우는 분극시 파라데이 임피던스의 영향을 받으며, graphite foil의 경우는 field transport의 지배를 받아 전압의 변화에 의한 임피던스 파라미터의 변화는 거의 나타나지 않았다.

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Comparison with Polarization Characteristic of Polymers

  • Choi, Chil-Nam;Yabg, Hyo-Kyung
    • 한국환경과학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.188-190
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    • 2001
  • We carried out to measure the variations of potential with current density polymers. The results were particularly examined to identify the influences on corrosion potential and corrosion rate of various factors including temperature and pH. The Tafel slope for anodic dissolution was determined by the polarization effect depending on these conditions. The optimum conditions were established for each case. The second anodic current density peak and maximum passive current density were designated as the relative corrosion sensitivity($I_{r}I_{f}$). The mass transfer coefficient value (${\alpha}$) was determined with the Tafel slope for anodic dissolution based on the polarization effect with optimum conditions.

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Redox Reaction of Poly(ethyleneterephthalate) Polymer in Aprotic Solvent

  • Choi, Chil-Nami
    • Environmental Sciences Bulletin of The Korean Environmental Sciences Society
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    • v.10 no.S_1
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    • pp.47-53
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    • 2001
  • We carroed our to measure the variations of potential with current density (polarization curves) for poly(ethyleneterephthalate). The results were particularly examined to identify the influences on corrosion potential and corrosion rate of various factors including temperature, pH, exposure time, salt, and enzyme. The Tafel slope for anodic dissolution was determined by the polarization effect depending on these conditions. The optimum conditions were established for each case. The second anodic current density peak and maximum passive current density were designated as the relative corrosion sensitivity$(I_r/I_f)$. The mass transfer coefficient value$(\alpha)$ was determined with the Tafel slope for anodic dissolution based on the polarization effect with optimum conditions.

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Affect of Corrosion Potential and Current Density on Polarization Curves Variations of Polyvinylchloride[II]

  • Park, Chil-Nam;Yang, Hyo-Kyung;Kim, Sun-Kyu
    • Environmental Sciences Bulletin of The Korean Environmental Sciences Society
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    • v.3 no.3
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    • pp.159-167
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    • 1999
  • This study performed experiments for measuring corrosion potential and current density variations in the polarzation curves of polyvinylchloride. The results were examined to identify particular influences affectingthe corrosion potential such as temperature, pH, enzyme, and salt. The lines representing active anodic dissolution were only slightly shifted in the potential direction by temperature, pH, enzyme and salt. The Tafel slope for the anodic dissolution was determined using the polarization effect with varying conditions. The slope of the polarization curves describing the active-to-passive transition region was noticeably shifted in the potential direction. In addition, using the variation in conditions, the best temperature and pH were determined for the corrosion rate, and resistance of corrosion. The second anodic current density peak and maximum passive current density were designated as degraded(IP/I0). The value of IP/I0 was used in measuring the extent of the degradation of the polyvinychloride. The potentiodynamic parameters of the corrosion were obtained using a Tafel plot.

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치과주조용 Ti-20%Zr(-5%Cr)합금의 양극분극특성 (Anodic Polarization Characteristics in Ti-20%Zr(-5%Cr) Alloys for Dental Castings)

  • 정종현;한석윤
    • 대한치과기공학회지
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.41-48
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    • 2004
  • Ti-20%Zr(-5%Cr) alloys not containing harmful Al and V were newly designed in order to reveal their possibility for dental casting and melted in an arc melting and casting furnace under Ar atmosphere. The corrosion resistance was studied by anodic polarization test. From the observation of anodic polarization behavior, it was found that the corrosion resistance was markedly increased by the addition of Cr. The corrosion resistance of Ti-20%Zr-5%Cr alloy was superior to that in Ti-6%Al-4%V alloy but almost similar to that in CP Ti using in market place today.

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Chloride용액에서의 아말감부식에 대한 연구 (A STUDY ON THE CORROSION OF AMALGAMS IN CHLORIDE SOLUTION)

  • 엄정문
    • Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.502-514
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study is to observe the corrosion characteristcs of four dental amalgams(CAULK FINE CUT, CAULK SPHERICAL, DISPERSALLOY, TYTIN) and to determine a function of chloride concentration through the anodic polarization curve obtained by using a potentiostat. After each amalgam alloy and Hg being triturated, the triturated mass was inserted into the cylinderical metal mold, and condensed by hydrolic pressure. Each specimen was removed from the metal mold. 24 hours after condensation, specimens were polished with the emery paper and stored at room temperature for 6 months. The anodic polarization curves were employed to compare the corrosion behaviours of the amalgam m KCl and KCl-NaCl solution, which had chlonde concentration of 0.4 g/l, 0.8 g/l, 1.2 gil, and 1.6 gil at $37^{\circ}C$ with 3-electrode potentiostat. After the immersion of specimen in electrolyte for 1 hour, the potential scan was begun. The potential scan range was - 1500mV ~+800mV(vs. S.C.E.) in the working electrode and the scan rate was 50mV/sec. The results were as follows, 1. The corrosion potential. the potential of anodic current peak, and transpassive potential in the solution of high chloride concentration shifted to more cathodic direction than those in the solution of low concentration, and the current density in the solution of high chloride concentration was higher than that in the solution of low concentration. 2. The corrosion potential, the potential of anodic current peak, and transpassive potential for CAULK FINE CUT amalgam were the most cathodic among the others, and the current density were the highest among the others. 3. In the solution of low chloride concentration, the corrosion potential, the potential of anodic current peak, and transpassive potential for DISPERSALLOY were the most anodic among the others, however in the solution of high chloride concentration, those for TYTIN were the most anodic among the others. 4. The anodic polarization curve for CAULK SPHERICAL was similar to that for high copper amalgams.

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고분자물질들의 분극 특성: Poly(vinylchloride), Poly(ethyleneterephthalate), Poly(propylene), Poly(carbonate) (Polarization Characteristics of Polymers: Poly(vinylchloride), Poly(ethyleneterephthalate), Poly(propylene), and Poly(carbonate))

  • 최칠남;양효경
    • 대한화학회지
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    • v.46 no.1
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    • pp.19-25
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    • 2002
  • 우리는 고분자 물질들에 대해서 전위와 전류 밀도의 변화를 측정하였다. 온도와 pH를 포함하여 전위와 속도에 대한 영향을 주는 여러 요인들에 밝히기 위하여, 연구 결과들이 주위 깊게 조사되었다. 양극 해리에 대한 Tafel 기울기는 이들 조건 하에서 분극 효과로 결정되었다. 각 경우에 최적 조건들이 확립되었다. 두 번째 양극 전류 밀도 피크와 최대 전류 밀도는 상대적 분극 감도$(I_r/I_f)$로 지정되었다. 최적 조건에서의 분극 효과를 바탕으로, 질량 전달 계수$({\alpha})$는 양극 해리에 대한 Tafel 기울기에 의해서 결정되었다.

Influence of Corrosion Potential and Current Density on Polarization Curve Variations using Polycarbonate[III]

  • Park, Chil-Nam;Yang, Hyo-Kyung;Kim, Sun-Kyu;Kim, Myung-Sun;Cheong, Kyung-Hoon
    • Environmental Sciences Bulletin of The Korean Environmental Sciences Society
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.43-50
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    • 2000
  • In this study, experiments were carried out to measure the variations in the corrosion potential and current density of polarization curves using polycarbonate. The results were particularly examined to identify the influences affecting the corrosion potential including various conditions such as temperature, pH, catalytic enzyme, and salt. The lines representing the active anodic dissolution were only slightly shifted in the potential direction by temperature, pH, enzyme, and salt. The tafel slope for the anodic dissolution was determined based on the polarization effect with various conditions. The slope of the polarization curves describing the active-to-passive transition region were noticeably shifted in direction. Also, from the variation in the conditions, the optimum conditions were established for the most rapid transformation, including temperature, pH, corrosion rate, and resistance of corrosion potential. The second anodic current density peak and maximum passive current density were designated as the critical corrosion sensitivity(Ir/If). The value of Ir/If was then used in measuring the extent of the critical corrosion sensitivity of the polycarbonate. The potentiodynamic parameters of the corrosion were obtained using a Tafel plot.

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