• Title, Summary, Keyword: Angelica dahurica

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Antibacterial Activities of Medicinal Herbs on Salmonella and E. Coli (생약재가 살모넬라균 및 대장균의 항균에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Gye-Yeop;Nam, Ki-Won;Jang, Seung-Joo;Kim, Jung-Eun;Iim, Joung-Soo;Ahn, Byung-Sun;Kwun, Du-Seog;Jung, Hun-Woo;Cho, Kyoung-Oh
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.619-623
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to observe the effects of antibacterial activities on various medicinal herbs. Medicinal herbs used this study was Curcuma aromatica, Scutellaria baicalensis, Angelica dahurica, Platycodon grandiflorum, Houttuynia corolata, and Forsythia saxatilis. To evaluation of the antibacterial effect, we used S. gallinarum(ATCC 9184), S. typhimurium(SAL-13, France), S. enteritidis (ATCC 10376), Escherichia coli(E-62, O78), and S. gallinarum(E. coli). Extracts from each medicinal herbs divided into 100mg/ml, 50 mg/ml, 25 mg/ml, and 12.5 mg/ml. Antibacterial activities achieved by the paper disc test. Antibacterial activities was showed at extracts from Scutellaria baicalensis, Houttuynia corolata, Forsythia saxatilis, but little found at Curcuma aromatica, Angelica dahurica, Platycodon grandiflorum.

Antifungal activities of coumarins isolated from Angelica gigas and Angelica dahurica against Plant pathogenic fungi (당귀와 백지로부터 분리한 Coumarin계 물질들의 식물병원균에 대한 항균활성)

  • Ryu, Shi-Yong;Kim, Young-Sup;Kim, Heung-Tae;Kim, Seong-Ki;Choi, Gyung-Ja;Kim, Jeoung-Seob;Lee, Seon-Woo;Heor, Jung-Hee;Cho, Kwang-Yun;Kim, Jin-Cheol
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.26-35
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    • 2001
  • In order to search potent antifungal substances from domestic plants, 40 plants cultivated in Korea were collected. After extracting with methanol (MeOH) and concentrating to dryness, the MeOH extracts were screened for in vivo antifungal activity against six plant diseases at a concentration of $2000{\mu}g/mL$. Fourteen extracts showed disease-controlling activity more than 90% against at least one of the 6 plant diseases tested; eight, seven, and three extracts controlled more than 90% the development of rice blast, tomato late blight, and wheat leaf rust, respectively. However, none of the extracts exhibited in vivo antifungal activity more than 90% against rice sheath blight, tomato gray mold, and barley powdery mildew. From the MeOH extracts of Angelica gigas and A. dahurica showing potent controlling activity against rice blast, 1 and 2 antifungal substances, respectively, were isolated by solvent partitioning and column chromatography. The three compounds were identified to be coumarins, namely, decursin, imperatorin, and isoimperatorin, by mass spectrometry and NMR spectroscopy. They were examined for in vitro and in vivo antifungal activities together with umbelliferone (7-bydroxycournarin) and scopoletin (6-methoxy-7-hydroxycoumarin) containing a free hydroxyl group at position 7 to investigate the structure-activity relationship. In vitro, most of 50% growth inhibitory concentrations ($IC_{50}$) were over $200{\mu}g/mL$, indicating that they have relatively weak antifungal activity. The antifungal activity of decursin and scopoletin, containing cyclic alkoxy groups instead of free hydroxyl group at position 7, was stronger than umbelliferone and scopoletin. Especially, decursin and imperatorin showed potent antifungal activities against Pythium ultimum and Magnaporthe grisea, respectively, with $IC_{50}$ values less than $25{\mu}g/mL$. In vivo, decursin and imperatorin showed potent antifungal activity against rice blast, whereas other coumarins hardly controlled the development of 6 plant diseases tested. These results suggest that the antifungal activity of 7-hydroxycoumarin derivative is substantially increased when the hydroxyl group at position 7 is protected by a stable cyclic alkoxy grouping.

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Anti-oxidative Activities of Angelica dahurica Radix Ethanol Extract (백지 에탄올추출물의 항산화 활성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Pil-Sun;Lee, Tae-Jong;Kim, Yang-Hee;Kim, Jung-Si
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.12 no.10
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    • pp.4378-4384
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    • 2011
  • In order to evaluate the anti-oxidative capabilities of Angelica dahurica Radix ethanol extract (ADEE), we analyzed the contents of polyphenol and flavonoid compounds and the electron donating ability from ADEE. For animal experimentation, the test agent was topically applied to the artificial tanning spots which were induced by 1,500 mJ/$cm^2$ of ultraviolet B radiation on the backs of brown guinea pigs weighing approximately 450~500g. The test agent of $30{\mu}{\ell}$ was applied (6areas per group) twice a day, five days a week, for five weeks. On completion of the experiment, the animals were sacrificed under anesthetization, and the artificial tanning spots were obtained by biopsy punch and stained with H&E to observe the histological change in the epidermis and dermis. As a result, the contents of polyphenol and flavonoid compounds in ADEE were 20.7mg/g and 19.5mg/g respectively. As the for electron-donating capability of ADEE, it was observed that ADEE displays a dose-dependent antioxidative capacity of 14.8% and 19.8% at the concentration of 500 and 1000 ${\mu}g/m{\ell}$ respectively. Tissue staining with H&E revealed that the epidermis of the control group was slightly thicker than that of the other groups. However no inflammation or any other undesirable effect on the skin tissue due to ADEE was observed. These results indicate that ADEE is of value as a natural antioxidant.

Whitening Effects of Angelica dahurica Radix Ethanol Extract (백지 에탄올추출물의 미백효능 연구)

  • Kim, Pil-Sun
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.12 no.9
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    • pp.4038-4045
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    • 2011
  • To investigate whitening Effects of Angelica dahurica Radix Ethanol Extract (ADEE), we used melan-a cell line, brown guinea pig, and HMB-45. We treated with ADEE of 6.25, 12.5, 25, and 50 ${\mu}g/m{\ell}$ concentration in order to evaluate the effect of ADEE on cell viability and on morphological observation of melan-a cells. Also we were induced the artificial tanning spots by 1,500 mJ/$cm^2$ of ultraviolet B radiation on the backs of brown guinea pigs (approximately 450~500g) and then the test agent of $30{\mu}{\ell}$ was applied on the spots twice a day, five days a week, for five weeks respectively. The visible whitening effect was evaluated once a week. At the end of the experiment, the animals were sacrificed under anesthetization. The artificial tanning spots were obtained by biopsy punch and stained with HMB-45 to observe the gp100 proteins which were melanosomes. Our results show that cell viability was not reduce at ADEE concentrations between 6.25 and 50 ${\mu}g/m{\ell}$, melanin synthesis and melanocyte dendricity were decreased in ADEE treated melan-a cells increasing ADEE concentration. In the gross observation, ADEE treated groups had lower pigmentation than the vehicle control groups. And in the histological observation, ADEE treated groups had lower melanocytes than the vehicle control groups. Also in the quantitative analysis of the gp100 proteins using image analysis software, ADEE treated groups had a significantly lower value (p<0.001) than the vehicle control group and this resultsagreed with the results of observation under microscope. From these results, weconcluded that ADEE had positive whitening effect.

Antioxidative and Physiological Activity of Extracts of Angelica dahurica Leaves (구릿대 잎 추출물의 항산화 효과 및 생리활성)

  • Lee, Yang-Suk
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.78-86
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    • 2007
  • This study prepared extracts of Angelica dahurica leaves using reflux water extraction (RW), reflux ethanol extraction (RE) and pressure heating water extraction (PW). The extracts were extraction for levels of polyphenol compounds, antioxidant activities, and inhibitory potencies for xanthine oxidase and tyrosinase. The PW extraction method yielded the highest content of polyphenol compounds (95.23 mg/g). The electron donating abilities (EDAs) of RE and PW extracts were 76.02% and 70.08% respectively. The superoxide dismutase (SOD)-like activities were 13.45 19.00%, when extracts were assayed at 1 mg/mL. The nitrite scavenging ability (pH 1.2) of the PW extract was 54.33% higher than levels shown (44.24%) by the RE and RW extracts. The inhibition of xanthine oxidase by the RW extract was highest (99.71% at 5 mg/mL) while that of the PW extract was over 97% at 500 g/mL. Tyrosinase inhibition was highest in the RE extract (46.25% at 5 mg/mL). All extracts showed dose-dependent inhibitory activities. The results indicated that the PW extract had the highest polyphenol content, the RW and RE extracts had the best nitrite scavenging ability, and the RE extract showed the most pronounced effect on EDA, SOD-like activity and tyrosinase inhibition.

Antioxidative Activity and Physiological Function of the Angelica dahurica Roots (백지의 항산화성 및 생리기능)

  • Lee, Yang-Suk;Jang, Sang-Min;Kim, Nam-Woo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.20-26
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    • 2007
  • We analyzed the contents of polyphenol compounds, the antioxidant activity and the physiological activity to investigate the functional effects of extracts from Angelica dahurica by the reflux water extraction (RW), reflux ethanol extraction (RE) and pressure heating water extraction (PW). The content of phenolic compounds of PW was the highest at 156.30 mg/g, and those of RW and RE were 31.69 mg/g and 26.34 mg/g, respectively. The electron donating ability (EDA) were in the range of 30.56% $\sim$ 52.74% and superoxide dismutase (SOD) like activity were 10.96% $\sim$ 23.24% at 1,000 ${\mu}g/mL$. The nitrite scavenging ability of PW at pH 1.2 was 61.47%, higher than those of RW (16.81%) and RE (17.78%). The xanthine oxidase inhibitory were 90.91% and tyrosinase inhibitory rate of RE was the highest (51.71%) at the concentration of 5,000 ${\mu}g/mL$. All extracts were increased with increments of the extract concentrations.

Effect of Byakangelicin from Angelica dahurica and its Semi-synthetic Derivatives on Aldose Reductase, Galactosemic Cataracts, the Polyol Contents and $Na^{+}$, $K^{+}$-ATPase activity in Sciatic Nerves of Streptozotocin-induced Diabetic Rats.

  • Lim, Soon-Sung;Jung, Sang-Hoon;Shin, Kuk-Hyun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Applied Pharmacology
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    • pp.184-184
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    • 1998
  • Aldose reductase(AR), a rate-limiting enzyme in the polyol pathway, has been demonstrated to cause the intracellular accumulation of sorbitol or galactitol and hence to play key roles not only in the cataract formation in the lens but also in the pathogenesis of diabetic complications such as neuropathy, retinopathy and nephropathy, etc. In a series of investigations to evaluate potential AR inhibitors from medicinal plants, we have shown that some hot water extracts exhibited a significant inhibition of a significant inhibition of bovine lens AR in vitro. Among active plants, the roots of Angelica dahuria (Umbelliferae) were shown to have relatively potent AR inhibitory activity. Systematic fractionation of the ether soluble fraction monitored by bioassay led to isolation of two furanocoumarins, byakangelicin(I) and ter-O-methyl byakangelicin( II), were identified as potential AR inhibitors, their $IC_{50}$ values being 6.2 M and 2.8 M, respectively.

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Studies on the Storage Characteristics of Angelica dahuricae Radix, Glehnia littoralis Radix Treated with Gamma-irradiation (감마선 처리에 의한 방풍, 백지의 저장성 연구)

  • Kim, Soo-Min;Kim, Eun-Ju
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2009
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study is to investigate on storage characteristics of Herbal materials treated with Gamma-irradiation(10 KGy). Methods : This experiments were carried out by field survey and storage characteristics were carried out by physicochemical determination. Results : Antimicrobial activity of oriental medicine materials(Angelica dahurica Radix, Glehnia littoralis Radix) were examined, together with investigation of effects on gamma-irradiation. Oriental medicine materials contaminated in microbial cell were tend to be pinhole in packaging materials(polypropylene) by bug and Larva. At the same time, PVDC (polyvinylldichloride) package also was founded in bug and Larva by microbial contamination during storage in room temperature. Conclusions : In conclusion, it is very desirable to dose gamma-irradiation(10 KGy) in these oriental medicine materials in order to prevent microbial activity.

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