• Title, Summary, Keyword: Analytical Analysis

### Augmented Displacement Load Method for Nonlinear Semi-analytical Design Sensitivity Analysis (준해석적 비선형 설계민감도를 위한 개선된 변위하중법)

• Lee, Min-Uk;Yoo, Jung-Hun;Lee, Tae-Hee
• Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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• pp.492-497
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• 2004
• Three methods for design sensitivity such as numerical differentiation, analytical method and semi-analytical method have been developed for the last three decades. Although analytical design sensitivity analysis is exact, it is hard to implement for practical design problems. Therefore, numerical method such as finite difference method is widely used to simply obtain the design sensitivity in most cases. The numerical differentiation is sufficiently accurate and reliable for most linear problems. However, it turns out that the numerical differentiation is inefficient and inaccurate because its computational cost depends on the number of design variables and large numerical errors can be included especially in nonlinear design sensitivity analysis. Thus semi-analytical method is more suitable for complicated design problems. Moreover semi-analytical method is easy to be performed in design procedure, which can be coupled with an analysis solver such as commercial finite element package. In this paper, implementation procedure for the semi-analytical design sensitivity analysis outside of the commercial finite element package is studied and computational technique is proposed, which evaluates the pseudo-load for design sensitivity analysis easily by using the design variation of corresponding internal nodal forces. Errors in semi-analytical design sensitivity analysis are examined and numerical examples are illustrated to confirm the reduction of numerical error considerably.

### Displacement-Load Method for Semi-Analytical Design Sensitivity Analysis (준해석 설계민감도를 위한 변위하중법)

• Yoo Jung Hun;Kim Heung Seok;Lee Tae Hee
• Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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• v.28 no.10
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• pp.1590-1597
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• 2004
• Three methods of design sensitivity analysis for structures such as numerical method, analytical method and semi-analytical method have been developed for the last three decades. Although analytical design sensitivity analysis can provide very exact result, it is difficult to implement into practical design problems. Therefore, numerical method such as finite difference method is widely used to simply obtain the design sensitivity in most cases. The numerical differentiation is sufficiently accurate and reliable fur most linear problems. However, it turns out that the numerical differentiation is inefficient and inaccurate in nonlinear design sensitivity analysis because its computational cost depends on the number of design variables and large numerical errors can be included. Thus the semi-analytical method is more suitable for complicated design problems. Moreover, semi-analytical method is easy to be performed in design procedure, which can be coupled with an analysis solver such as commercial finite element package. In this paper, implementation procedure fur the semi-analytical design sensitivity analysis outside of the commercial finite element package is studied and the computational technique is proposed for evaluating the partial differentiation of internal nodal force, so called pseudo-load. Numerical examples coupled with commercial finite element package are shown to verify usefulness of proposed semi-analytical sensitivity analysis procedure and computational technique for pseudo-load.

### Parametric Analysis and Experimental Testing of Radial Flux Type Synchronous Permanent Magnet Coupling Based on Analytical Torque Calculations

• Kang, Han-Bit;Choi, Jang-Young
• Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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• v.9 no.3
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• pp.926-931
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• 2014
• This paper presents the torque calculation and parametric analysis of synchronous permanent magnet couplings (SPMCs). Based on a magnetic vector potential, we obtained the analytical magnetic field solutions produced by permanent magnets (PMs). Then, the analytical solutions for a magnetic torque were obtained. All analytical results were extensively validated with the non-linear a two-dimensional (2D) finite element analysis (FEA). In particular, test results such as torque measurements are presented that confirm the analysis. Finally, using the derived analytical magnetic torque solutions, we carried out a parametric analysis to determine the influence of the design parameters on the SPMC's behavior.

### Consistent Displacement Load Method for Nonlinear Semi-Analytical Design Sensitivity Analysis (준해석적 비선형 설계민감도를 위한 보정변위하중법)

• Lee, Min-Uk;Yoo, Jung-Hun;Lee, Tae-Hee
• Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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• v.29 no.9
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• pp.1209-1216
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• 2005
• Three methods for design sensitivity such as numerical differentiation, analytical method and semi-analytical method have been developed for the last three decades. Although analytical design sensitivity analysis is exact, it is hard to implement for practical design problems. Therefore, numerical method such as finite difference method is widely used to simply obtain the design sensitivity in most cases. The numerical differentiation is sufficiently accurate and reliable for most linear problems. However, it turns out that the numerical differentiation is inefficient and inaccurate because its computational cost depends on the number of design variables and large numerical errors can be included especially in nonlinear design sensitivity analysis. Thus semi-analytical method is more suitable for complicated design problems. Moreover semi-analytical method is easy to be performed in design procedure, which can be coupled with an analysis solver such as commercial finite element package. In this paper, implementation procedure for the semi-analytical design sensitivity analysis outside of the commercial finite element package is studied and computational technique is proposed, which evaluates the pseudo-load for design sensitivity analysis easily by using the design variation of corresponding internal nodal forces. Errors in semi-analytical design sensitivity analysis are examined and numerical examples are illustrated to confirm the reduction of numerical error considerably.

### Theoretical analysis of Y-shape bridge and application

• Lu, Peng-Zhen;Zhang, Jun-Ping;Zhao, Ren-Da;Huang, Hai-Yun
• Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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• v.31 no.2
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• pp.137-152
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• 2009
• Mechanic behavior of Y-shape thin-walled box girder bridge structure is complex, so one can not exactly hold the mechanical behavior of the Y-shape thin-walled box girder bridge structure through general calculation theory and analytical method. To hold the mechanical behavior better, based on elementary beam theory, by increasing the degree of freedom analytical method, taking account of restrained torsiondistortion angledistortion warp and shearing lag effect at the same time, authors obtain a thin-walled box beam analytical element of 10 degrees of freedom of every node, derive stiffness matrix of the element, and code a finite element procedure. In addition, authors combine the obtained procedure with spatial grillage analytical method, meanwhile, they build a new analytical method that is the spatial thin-walled box girder element grillage analysis method. In order to validate the precision of the obtained analysis method, authors analyze a type Y-shape thin-walled box girder bridge structure according to the elementary beam theory analytical method, the shell theory analytical method and the spatial thin-walled box girder element grillage analysis method respectively. At last, authors test a type Y-shape thin-walled box girder bridge structure. Comparisons of the results of theory analysis with the experimental text show that the spatial thin-walled box girder element grillage analysis method is simple and exact. The research results are helpful for the knowledge of the mechanics property of these Y-shape thin-walled box girder bridge structures.

### Data intercomparison and determination of toxic and trace elements in Algae using Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis (중성자방사화분석에 의한 Algae중의 독성미량원소의 정량 및 실험실간 비교검증)

• Chung, Yong-Sam;Moon, Jong-Hwa;Park, Kwang-Won;Lee, KiI-Yong;Yoon, Yoon-Yeol
• Analytical Science and Technology
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• v.12 no.4
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• pp.346-353
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• 1999
• For the non-destructive multi-elemental analysis of environmental and biological materials, instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) was applied for the determination of toxic and trace elements in a set of three Algae samples provided by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). The analytical quality control was evaluated by comparing the analytical results of two standard reference materials of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST); Oyster Tissue (SRM 1566a) and Citrus Leaves (SRM 1572). According to given analytical procedure, the concentration of 15-25 elements including spiked elements such as As, Cd, Cr and Hg in Algae samples were determined. To identify and validate these results, a data intercomparison program using more than 35 analytical methods in 150 laboratories was carried out and the estimated statistical data are summarized. Result of INAA is favorable, therefore, it is illustrated that can be applied for routine analysis of essential and toxic elements in algae samples as well as analytical quality assurance.

### Statistical Analysis on the Sources of Variance in Proficiency Test of Quantitative Analysis of Medicines (의약품 함량분석 정도관리에서의 변이 요인에 대한 통계분석)

• Cho, Jung-Hwan
• Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation
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• v.37 no.1
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• pp.27-37
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• 2007
• Proficiency test is an essential tool far ensuring analytical ability of analytical chemists and analytical institutes. Usually, the standard protocol for proficiency test is focused on acceptability of reported analytical results of participants by calculating z-scores and related diagnostic parameters. The ultimate goal of this process is to reveal the sources of variability of analytical results and to find the way to reduce their influence. In this study, the method of analysis of variance (ANOVA) was applied to the analytical data collected from qualify control departments of pharmaceutical companies in KyungIn province in Korea in the year of 2000. As influencing factors of variability of analytical results, the use of internal standards for liquid and gas chromatograpy, the educational and professional background of participants, geological locations and yearly production sizes of participating companies were evaluated. To evaluate the variability in accuracy of analytical results, absolute differences from sample mean and sample median were used and to evaluate variability in precision of individual participants, the reported standard deviation of each participant was used. As a result, the use of internal standards in gas chromatographic analysis, participants' academic background and the yearly production sizes of pharmaceutical companies showed statistically significant influence to the accuracy and the precision of the reported analytical results used in this study.

### The Analytical Model Considering the Deformation of Panel Zone with Linear Element (선형요소를 사용하여 판넬존 변형을 고려한 해석 모텔)

• 조소훈;박찬헌;이동근
• Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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• pp.293-300
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• 2004
• As the structure is taller and its member is larger, the effect of the deformation of Panel zone on the displacement of structure becomes larger. The analysis using the centerline dimensions in the steel moment frame structure can not consider the accurate effect of panel ton And the finite element analysis using infinitesimal solid and shell element is impractical for the total tall building structure. Therefore, this paper proposes the analytical model using linear element in order to be able to evaluate the reasonable deformation of panel zone. the proposed analytical model makes the analysis of the building structure simple and ease because it uses the only linear elements. In addition it can easily incorporate the various parameters affecting the deformation of panel zone. In order to prove the validith of the prosed analytical model, the analysis result using the proposed analytical model is compared with the result using finite element analysis with shell element

### Nonlinear analysis of RC beams based on simplified moment-curvature relation considering fixed-end rotation

• Kim, Sun-Pil
• Computers and Concrete
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• v.4 no.6
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• pp.457-475
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• 2007
• A simple analytical procedure to analyze reinforced concrete (RC) beams with cracked section is proposed on the basis of the simplified moment-curvature relations of RC sections. Unlike previous analytical models which result in overestimation of stiffness and underestimation of structural deformations induced from assuming perfect-bond condition between steel and concrete, the proposed analytical procedure considers fixed-end rotation caused by anchorage. Furthermore, the proposed analytical procedure, compared with previous numerical models, promotes effectiveness of analysis by reflecting several factors which can influence nonlinearity of RC structure into the simplified moment-curvature relation. Finally, correlation studies between analytical and experimental results are conducted to establish the applicability of the proposed analytical procedure to the nonlinear analysis of RC structures.

### MS-Based Technologies for the Study of Site-Specific Glycosylation

• Kim, Unyong;Oh, Myung Jin;Lee, Jua;Hwang, Hee Yeon;An, Hyun Joo
• Mass Spectrometry Letters
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• v.8 no.4
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• pp.69-78
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• 2017
• Glycosylation, which is one of the most common post-translation modification (PTMs) of proteins, plays a variety of crucial roles in many cellular events and biotherapeutics. Recent advances have led to the development of various analytical methods employing a mass spectrometry for glycomic and glycoproteomic study. However, site-specific glycosylation analysis is still a relatively new area with high potential for technologies and method development. This review will cover current MS-based workflows and technologies for site-specific mapping of glycosylation ranging from glycopeptide preparation to MS analysis. Bioinformatic tools for comprehensive analysis of glycoprotein with high-throughput manner will be also included.