• Title, Summary, Keyword: Amendment

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Effect of Fertilizers and Neem Cake Amendment in Soil on Spore Germination of Arthrobotrys dactyloides

  • Kumar, D.;Singh, K.P.;Jaiswal, R.K.
    • Mycobiology
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.194-199
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    • 2005
  • Application of fertilizers such as urea, diammonium phosphate (DAP) and muriate of potash in soil adversely affected the spore germination of Arthrobotrys dactyloides. Amendment of soil with urea at the concentrations of 1.0%, 0.5% and 0.1 % completely inhibited spore germination and direct trap formation on the conidium, whereas muriate of potash delayed and reduced the spore germination even at the lowest concentration. DAP also inhibited spore germination at 1.0% concentration, while at lower concentration the percentage of spore germination was reduced. Application of neem cake at the concentration of 0.5% also inhibited spore germination after 24 h of amendment. The inhibitory effect of neem cake was reduced after 15 days of amendment, while after 30 days after amendment the inhibitory effect was completely lost and the spore germinated by direct trap as in unamended soil. Nematodes were not attracted to ungerminated spores after 24 h of amendment. After 15 days of amendment nematodes were attracted to agar blocks containing fewer germinated spores after 24 h of incubation but after 48 h of incubation large number of nematodes were attracted and trapped by the germinated spores with direct traps. After 30 days of amendment, larger number of nematodes were attracted and trapped by direct traps.

A Study on the Obligations and Liabilities of Advising Bank in UCP 600 (UCP 600에서 통지은행의 의무 및 책임에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Suk-Jae
    • The Korean Research Institute of International Commerce and Law
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    • v.47
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    • pp.107-127
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    • 2010
  • This work intends to study the obligations and liabilities of advising bank in UCP 600. An advising bank has two big obligations as follows : by advising the credit or amendment, the advising bank signifies that it has satisfied itself as to the apparent authenticity of the credit or amendment and that the advice accurately reflects the terms and conditions of the credit or amendment received. An advising bank may utilize the services of another bank("second advising bank") to advise the credit and any amendment to the beneficiary. If a bank is requested to advise a credit or amendment but elects not to do so, it must so inform, without delay, the bank from which the credit, amendment or advice has been received. An advising bank has some problems in connection with the delay of advice and the advice of forged letter of credit.

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Improvement of Sewerage Treatment System (하수도 업무추진체계 개선)

  • Lee, Chan-Hui
    • 수도
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.5-15
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    • 1997
  • This year the Ministry of Environment(MOE) made a fifth amendment to the Sewerage Act, which was enacted in August 1966. The first objective of this amendment is to introduce small public sewerage system that is designed to treat wastewater produced in rural areas. Before small public sewerage system was introduced to the Act through this amendment, only urban areas were covered by public sewerage system. Because small sewerage system was introduced, wastewater generated in urban areas as well as rural areas can now be treated by public sewage treatment plants. In addition to this, some authorities on sewerage affairs were moved from the MOE to local governments by this amendment in order to enhance the power and responsibility of local governments in relation to sewerage affairs. Also, this amendment enabled local governments to entrust the authority to establish and manage sewage treatment plants to private companies, and enabled the MOE to organize an advisory committee on sewerage to review economic and technical aspects ofsewage treatment plants. This amendment went into effect September 8, 1997.

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The Design and Implementation of The Amendment Statement Automatic Generated System for Attached Tables in Legislation (법령 내 별표 서식에 대한 개정지시문 자동 생성 시스템의 설계 및 구현)

  • Cho, Sung Soo;Jo, Dae Woong;Kim, Myung Ho
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.111-122
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    • 2014
  • Legislation are social norms that give directly or indirectly, huge impact on the social or corporate, personal problems, unlike a normal document. Also, over time it has a feature constantly changing by the laws enactment and amendment, repealed. The amendment statement automatic generated system is used for purpose of proclamation to those. However, existing system is able to generate amendment statement just text body of law how compare and analyze the current legislation and amendment legislation. However, actual legislation to be created attached table of the table form in complex structure besides simple text form as body text. In this paper, we additional implement attached table processing to existing the amendment statement automatic generated system that containing the table does not handle attached table. We were analyse to the amendment statement generated grammar and table structure in attached table of the legislation for processing to attached table. Also proposed a method to compare attached table in the table. So, it is enable the automatic generation with amendment statement which various forms of legislation the documents.

Effect of Surfactant-Coated Charcoal Amendment on the Composting Process and Nutrient Retention

  • Pinwisat, Phetrada;Phoolphundh, Sivawan;Buddhawong, Sasidhorn;Vinitnantharat, Soydoa
    • Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.37-40
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    • 2014
  • This research investigates the quality changes during composting of bagasse and pig manure amended with 30% of surfactant-coated charcoal (SC). Two treatments, 30% uncoated charcoal (UC) amendment and no charcoal (NC) amendment, were done as control. Charcoal was coated with 0.37 mM tetradecyltrimethylammonium bromide (TDMA), a cationic surfactant, at the dosage of 10 g/L. At the end of the composting period, the carbon to nitrogen (C/N) ratio of SC amendment was 9.7; whereas, the C/N ratios of UC and NC amendment were 12.6 and 21.4, respectively. Plant nutrients contents of the compost produced from SC amendment were 20.7 mg $NH_4{^+}-N/g$, 42.8 mg $NO_3{^-}-N/g$, and 41.7 mg P/g. High nitrate and phosphate concentrations in SC amendment were due to the adsorption of these anions on the positive charge of TDMA. Desorption of plant nutrients retained in the compost pellets was also investigated. It was predicted that nitrate was fully desorbed from a pellet at 23 days for SC amendment, which was later than UC (14 days) and NC (10 days) amendment. A slow release of nitrate from the compost pellet will reduce the nitrate leaching into the environment. Thus, the adding of SC in the compost pile is one of the alternative methods to improve the quality of compost and plant nutrient retention.

A Note of A Partial Amendment of Probability and Statistics Education Curriculum in Korea

  • Lee, Sang-Bock
    • Journal of the Korean Data and Information Science Society
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.1065-1071
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    • 2007
  • A partial amendment of probability and statistics education in Korea has carried out from January, 2007. We have compared between the patial amendment and 7th national mathematics curriculum. Some ideas are proposed to achieve goals of the revision; textbooks of mathematics are well supervised by well-trained statisticians and teachers are periodically trained for the statistical knowledge.

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A Study on Some Problems and Proposals of the Korea Life Saving and Rescue Act(Amendment, 1994) (수난구호법의 개정에 관한 비교법적 고찰)

  • 강동수
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Navigation
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.119-136
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    • 1994
  • In Korea, the System of search and rescue in water have came into force on the basis of the Korea Life Saving and Rescue Act. 1961. But It's a premodern administration law which is not fit for an international system of the search and rescue and become disconnected with reality in Korea. Recently the marine casualties occur frequently in Korea coastal area, therefore, we need to amend the 1961 Act. The amendment which is carried out by the Korea Maritime Police Agency is a provision to receive International convention(SAR, 1979). The amendment of this Act will give a epoch-making change to Korean policy of the life-saving and rescue, security to marine safety and contribution to National positon on system of "Search and Rescue". In this thesis, I propose a development scheme to be conductive to original task on "Search and Rescue" of International Convention in Korea Life Saving and Rescue Act(Amendment, 1994).t(Amendment, 1994).

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Effect of Structural Type of Clay Minerals on Physical Properties of Mountainous Grassland Soils

  • Choi, Seyeong;Park, Man
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.49 no.6
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    • pp.807-812
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    • 2016
  • Soil amendment, especially addition of clay minerals, has been widely conducted to improve the physical and chemical properties of cultivated soils. However, there are no systematic studies on the effects of the structural type of clay minerals added. This study was conducted to investigate the effects of structural type of clay minerals on physical properties of soils. Two experimental soils, layer-dominant and granule-dominant ones, were mixed with either a layer-type smectite or a granule-type zeolite at a level of 2.0 wt%. It was observed that water permeability of soils was decreased by smectite whereas not significantly changed by zeolite. This effect was much greater in layered clay-dominant soil than in granular clay-dominant soil. Our results clearly indicated that the relationship of structural type between a soil and an amendment plays a decisive role in the soil properties. Therefore, it is highly recommended that the structural types of both soil and amendment be taken into consideration for soil amendment by clay minerals.

A Study on the Cancellation and Amendment of Letter of Credit (신용장의 취소 및 조건변경에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Bang-Sik;Park, Suk-Jae
    • The Korean Research Institute of International Commerce and Law
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    • v.50
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    • pp.89-108
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    • 2011
  • This work intends to study some issues in relation to the cancellation and amendment of letter of credit. Those issues in relation to the cancellation are the significance and formation time of cancellation of letter of credit and some points for practical attention of UCP 600 in the case of cancellation of letter of credit. Those issues in relation to the amendment are the significance and formation requirements of amendment of letter of credit and some points for practical attention of UCP 600 in the case of amendment of letter of credit. If exporters receive letters of credit from foreign countries, they must confirm the indication of irrevocable letter of credit. When they find revocable letters of credit, they should amend the credits to be irrevocable credits. If issuing banks amend letters of credit against beneficiaries, the banks should receive the beneficiaries' consent. If amendments devalue applicants' expectations in the underlying transaction, the applicants for whom the credit issues are not liable to reimburse. Beneficiaries and issuing banks may amend a credit, but the issuing bank acts at its own peril if it does not obtain the applicant's consent.

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