• Title, Summary, Keyword: Allium victorialis L

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Quality Characteristics of Rice Noodles with Added Allium victorialis Powder (산마늘 분말을 첨가한 쌀국수의 품질특성)

  • Park, Geum-Soon;Kim, Ji-Young
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.772-780
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    • 2010
  • This study investigated the quality of rice noodles containing different amounts of Allium victorialis powder. Rice noodles were prepared at ratios of 1, 3 and 5% Allium victorialis powder based on flour weight. The rice noodles containing Allium victorialis powder had higher moisture contents than that of control, whereas the levels of water binding capacity were lower. Regarding the cooking properties of the rice noodles, weight and water absorption were significantly lower in the 1, 3% Allium victorialis rice noodles compared to control. : 5% Allium victorialis rice noodle showed the highest score. Further, volume of the 5% Allium victorialis rice noodle showed the highest score. Allium victorialis rice noodles had lower L-values and a-values than those of control, and these values decreased with increasing amounts of Allium victorialis powder while the b-value increased. Sensory evaluation showed that high quality cooked noodles could be produced by 1, 3% inclusion of Allium victorialis powder. The pH of the rice noodles decreased gradually over 15 days of storage time. Rice noodles with added Allium victorialis powder had lower total and fungus plate counts than that of control during 15 days of storage.

Biological Activities of Water and Ethanolic Extracts from Allium victorialis L. Mature Leaves

  • Li, Chunmei;Lee, Young-Mee;Lee, Kyeong-Cheol;Han, Woong;Wang, Myeong-Hyeon;Han, Sang-Sup
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.236-241
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    • 2011
  • Allium victorialis L. (A. victorialis) is a very popular vegetable in Korea. The most commonly used parts of this vegetable are the bulbs and young leaves. To determine if the mature leaves have any beneficial properties, we investigated antioxidant, anti-${\alpha}$-glucosidase, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer activities of water and ethanol extracts from A. victorialis. Antioxidant activity was evaluated by measuring total phenolic content, DPPH and superoxide radicals scavenging activities. The water extract from A. victorialis ($W{\cdot}A$. victorialis) exhibited higher antioxidant ability than the ethanol extract ($E{\cdot}A$. victorialis). Moreover, the water extract showed strong inhibitory effect on ${\alpha}$-glucosidase. On the other hand, the ethanol extract had greater anti-inflammatory activity on murine macrophage cells (RAW 264.7) and greater anticancer activities against human colon cancer cells (HT-29). These results suggest that mature leaves from E·A. victorialis may have health-enhancing effects.

Analysis Growth Performance and Ascorbic Acid Contents of Allium victorialis var. platyphyllum, Ligularia fischeri, and L. stenocephala Under Changing Light Intensity (광도 변화에 따른 산마늘, 곰취, 곤달비의 생장 및 Ascorbic acid 함량분석)

  • Kim, Gil-Nam;Cho, Min-Seok;Kwon, Ki-Won
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.99 no.1
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    • pp.68-74
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    • 2010
  • The present study was conducted to investigate growth performance and ascorbic acid contents of Allium victorialis var. platyphyllum, Ligularia fischeri, and L. stenocephala growing under four different light intensity regimes (full sun, and 64~73%, 35~42%, 9~16% of full sun). The leaf area and total biomass of Allium victorialis var. platyphyllum were highest in 35~42% of the full sun. However, the leaf area and total biomass were highest in 64~73% of the full sun in Ligularia fischeri, and L. stenocephala. The leaf thickness decreased with increasing shading in all three wild vegetables. The growth of root comparing to that of shoot decreased as shading increased, and as the result, the ratio of shoot biomass to root biomass increased. Ascorbic acid contents were higher in Allium victorialis var. platyphyllum than in Ligularia fischeri and L. stenocephala. Allium victorialis var. platyphyllum showed the highest contents of ascorbic acid in 35~42% of full sun. Whereas Ligularia fischeri and L. stenocephala showed the highest in 64~73% of full sun.

Growing Three Wild Herbaceous Plants, Allium victorialis var. platyphyllum, Ligularia stenocephala, and Panax ginseng in the Understory of Larix kaempferi Plantation

  • Song, Jae Mo;Yi, Jae-Seon;Cheong, Eun Ju
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.108 no.4
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    • pp.522-530
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    • 2019
  • Two edible plants, Allium victorialis var. platyphyllum and Ligularia stenocephala, and one medicinal plant, Panax ginseng, were cultivated in the understory of an artificial Larix kaempferi plantation for ten years. Growth characteristics (number of leaves and flower stalks per plant, and leaf length and width), survival rate, and yield (fresh weight of plants) per unit area (1 ㎡) were investigated one year after planting, and six and ten years following cultivation. P. ginseng and L. stenocephala survived at a high percentage for two years after planting. Results showed that P. ginseng had longer and thicker roots when aged; however, a large number of plants died and the yield was low. In contrast, almost half of A. victorialis var. platyphyllum died within two years of planting. The surviving plants grew well for ten years and the yield was increased. The leaf length and width of L. stenocephala increased; however, the survival rate and the number of leaves per plant decreased as the period of cultivation was extended. In contrast, A. victorialis var. platyphyllum survived at a lower rate (50%) than the two other crops (98% for L. stenocephala and 83% for P. ginseng) during the early cultivation period, with little change in the survival rate over an extended time; however, the yields increased. This species showed an increase in the number of flower stalks and leaves, and as a result, the larger leaves increased the yield. We evaluated the understory cultivation of three crops in a L. kaempferi plantation under natural conditions, with no irrigation or fertilization, and Allium victorialis var. platyphyllum showed the greatest growth potential among the three tested crops.

Quality Characteristics of Allium victorialis Mul-kimchi during Fermentation (저장기간에 따른 산마늘 물김치의 품질특성)

  • Park, Geum-Soon;Kim, Gui-Sun
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.829-836
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    • 2008
  • This study was carried out to investigate the properties of mul-kimchi made with allium victorialis. Chemical and sensory characteristics were determined during fermentation at $4^{\circ}C$ for 4 weeks. The pH decreased with an increase in total acidity. Mul-kinchi showed salinity properties ranging within $1.0{\sim}1.5%$ during fermentation. Hunter's color L, a-values were gradually decreased, but b-value was increased. In the texture, hardness and strength decreased as the aging time increased. The numbers of total- and lactic bacteria cells rapidly increased up to the second week, and this slowly increased thereafter. Sensory evaluation of mul-kinchi was favored for appearance, flavor, taste, texture and overall acceptability during the second week. Sensory properties of well ripened odor and sour taste negatively correlated with physicochemical properties of pH and hardness. Sour odor and sour taste were positively correlated with acidity and total- and lactic acid bacteria.

Determination of Flavonoids from Allium victorialis var. platyphyllum and Their Effect on Gap Junctional Intercellular Communication

  • Hong, Eun-Young;Choi, Soo-Im;Kim, Gun-Hee
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.747-752
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    • 2007
  • This study was carried out to identify and quantify the flavonoids from 6 different plant parts of Allium victorialis var. platyphyllum (AVP), including the flower, leaf, root, stem, flower stalk, and flower seed, using liquid chromatography/ mass spectrometry. Two major flavonoids were structurally identified as quercetin (3,5,7,3'4,'-pentahydroxyflavone) and kaempferol (3,5,7,4'-tetrahydroxyflavone) at contents of 11.8-25.8 and $6.0-64.4\;{\mu}g/mL$, respectively. In particular, the flower and root plant parts contained the highest amounts of quercetin and kaempferol compared to the other parts. We also assessed the recovery effects of each plant-part extract of AVP on gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) in WB-F344 cells by the scrape-loading and dye transfer (SL/DT) method. According to the results, GJIC was reduced by approximately 70.2% ($62.3{\pm}12.5$ cells) compared to the control ($209{\pm}9.5$ cells, 100%) when 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) was treated alone in the WB-F344 rat liver epithelial cells. However, the stem extract (0.2 mg/mL) restored GJIC to basal levels (92%, $204{\pm}2.3$ cells, p<0.01) and the flower extract (0.2 mg/mL) stimulated GJIC to 82.5% ($172.6{\pm}8.3$ cells, p<0.05), when applied together with the TPA.

Characteristics of Seed Germination and Bulb Dormancy in Korean- Native Allium victorialis L. (韓國産 산마늘 種子의 發芽와 種球의 休眠 特性)

  • 강치훈;홍정기;최병곤;방순배;박영학;한종수
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.219-226
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    • 2000
  • The experiments were conducted to investigate the characteristics of the seed germination and the bulb dormancy in Korean-native Allium victorialis L. by the physicochemical treatments. The characteristics of two Allium victorialis seeds was similar in shape, color and threshing but different in other characters. Weight of 1,000 grains in Ullrung-native was 14.8g corresponding to 2.1 times as compared with Odae-native. Seeding immediatly after seed collection of Ullrung-native only germinated and chemicals didn't affect in germination improvement. The germination rate, average days to germination and coefficient of germination of Ullrung-native was 86%, 42 days and 2.05 at the dark condition of control, respectively. The germination rate, average days to germination and coefficient of germination of Odae-native was 70%, 47 days and 1.5 at the dark condition of control and 82%, 47 days, 1.75 at the light condition after 5$^{\circ}C$ prechilling for 30 days, respectively. The bedding days to reduce the physiological dormancy in the bulb of Odae-native assumed to be appropriate up to 45 days after the first prechilling.

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Effect of Methyl Jasmonate on in vitro Bulblet Formation and Enlargement from Shoot Clump of Allium victorialis (산마늘 다신초 덩어리로부터 인경 형성과 비대에 미치는 methy jjasmonate의 영향)

  • Park, So-Young;Ahn, Jin-Kwon;Lee, Wi-Young;Park, Hae-Chin
    • Journal of Plant Biotechnology
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.79-82
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    • 2004
  • The effect of abscisic acid (ABA) and methyl jasmonate (MeJA) on bulblet formation from the culture of Allium victorialis var. platyphyllum Makino was studied. Shoot clumps were cultured on MS medium containing ABA (0, 0.01∼2.0mg/L) and MeJA (0.01∼5.0mg/L). ABA at low concentrations (0.01mg/L) induced shoot proliferation without bulblet formation. However, bulblet formation started on the medium containing MeJA approximately in 4-6 weeks of culture. Furthermore, 1.0mg/L MeJA resulted in bulblet formation at high frequency (100%) as compare to the control (46.1%). Cortical cells of the bulblets enlarged on medium with MeJA had dense protein-like substance in expanded and round cells when examined under the microscope. The data described here show that formation and enlargement of bulblets from Allium victorialis can be improved by addition of appropriate concentration of MeJA.

Amino Acid Contents and Various Physiological Activities of Allium victorialis (산마늘의 아미노산 함량과 생리활성 효과)

  • Cho, Ja-Yong;Park, Yun-Jum;Oh, Dea-Min;Rhyu, Dong-Young;Kim, Young-Seon;Chon, Sang-Uk;Kang, Seong-Sun;Heo, Buk-Gu
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.150-159
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    • 2011
  • This study was conducted to gather the basic data on the alpine leek (Allium victorialis) for the expand of consumption and the production of its manufactured goods. Amino acid content in alpine leek leaves and various physiological activities were examined. Seventeen component amino acids and 38 free amino acids from alpine leek leaves were analyzed, and the total contents were 2,693.28 mg/100g for component amino acids and 535.39 mg/100g for free amino acids. Total phenolic compounds in the leaves of alpine leek showed the highest level from the methanol extract (37.7 mg/l), and followed by ethanol extract (31.9 mg/l) and hot water extract (25.4 mg/l). Total flavonoid contents in 1,000 mg/l extract was the highest in the methanol extract (22.2 mg/l). DPPH radical scavenging activity at 1,000 mg/l extract was high in the order of ethanol extract (51.6%), methanol extract (47.3%) and hot water extract (37.2%). nitrite radical scavenging activity Methanol extract from Allium victorialis leaves was the highest nitrite radical scavenging activity (79.5%). Hyperplasia suppression of lung cancer cells (Calu-6) and gastric cancer cells (SNU-601) by the methanol extract from the bulb of alpine leek were 99.9% in the extracting concentration of over 200 mg/l. No significant difference in antimicrobial activity among the 3 different solvents and extract concentrations was observed, and the inhibition zones against the gram-positive and negative microorganisms were ranged from 8.23 to 10.15 mm. It was concluded that physiological activities in a human body could be improved by the intake of alpine leek as a pharmaceutical material, and that it would be useful for the prevention of health risk such as lung and gastric cancers.

Phylogenetic Analyses of Nuclear rDNA ITS Sequences of Korean Allium L. Subgenus Rhizirideum(Alliaceae)

  • Lee, Nam-Sook
    • Animal cells and systems
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.283-290
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    • 2001
  • Phylogenetic relationships among the Korean taxa of the genus Allium subgenus Rhizirideum and some related taxa were assessed on the basis of in sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA. Twenty-eight accessions of the genus Allium L. consisting of subgenera Rhizirideum (19 taxa), Allium (5 taxa) and Amerallium (one taxon) were analyzed. The variation in the ITS region was informative at the levels of section except for sect. Reticulato- bulbosa which is known to be of multiple origin. The ITS 2 region was longer than the ITS 1 region, and all of the investigated Allium taxa were the same in length in the 5.8S region except for A. monanthum. Allium cyaneum var. cyaneum was the shortest (635 bp) and A. victorialis the longest (646 bp) among the investigated Korean taxa. The three morphologically similar taxa, A. thunbergii, A. sacculiferum that has been included in A. thunbergii, and A. deltoid- fistulosum, had the same ITS lengths of 641 bp, but were clearly distinguished in the phylogenetic analysis of their ITS sequences.

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