• Title, Summary, Keyword: Allium monanthum MAX

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Development of Biologically Active Compounds from Edible Plant Sources-IV. Isolation of Galactosyldiglyceride from the Allium monanthum Max. (식용 식물자원으로부터 활성물질의 탐색-IV. 달래(Allium monanthum Max.)로부터 Galactosyldiglyceridem의 분리)

  • 백남인;안은미;김해영;박영두;장영진;김세영
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.93-96
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    • 2001
  • n-BuOH fraction obtained from MeOH extracts of Allium monanthum was applied to repeated silica gel column chromatographies to give a glycosylglyceride. The chemical structure of the compound was determined to be 1-O-linolenoyl-2-O-linolenoyl-3-O-$\beta$-D-galactopyranosyl-누-glycerol on the basis of NMR data and by the adaptation of chemical methods.

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Hepatoprotective Effects of Allium monanthum MAX. Extract on Ethanol-Induced Liver Damage in Rat

  • Choi, Byun-Suk;Lee, Myung-Yul;Jeong, Yoonhwa;Shin, Gil-Man
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.245-252
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    • 2004
  • This study investigated the effects of an ethanol extract of Allium monanthum MAX. (AME) on ethanol-induced hepatotoxicity in rat liver. Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 100~150 g, were divided into 5 groups; normal group (NOR), AME 200 mg/kg treated group (S1), ethanol (35%, 10 mL/kg) treated group (S2), AME 200 mg/kg and ethanol (35%, 10 mL/kg) treated group (S3) and AME 400 mg/kg and alcohol (35%, 10 mL/kg) treated group (S4). AME was fractionated by the following solvents: n-hexane, chloroform, EtOAC and n-BuOH. Antioxidant index of the n-BuOH fraction was 600 ppm, highest among fractions. The growth rate and feed efficiency ratio were decreased by ethanol, but gradually increased to the corresponding level of the normal group by administering AME. The serum ALT activities that were elevated by ethanol were significantly decreased by AME administration. It was also observed that the hepatic activities of SOD, catalase, xanthine oxidase and GSH-Px that were increased by ethanol were also markedly decreased in the AME treated group with compared to ETB. These results suggest that ethanol extracts of Allium monanthum MAX. may have a protective effect on ethanol-induced hepatotoxicity in rat liver.

Antioxidative Activities and Inhibitory Effects on Tyrosinase and Elastase by Water Extracts of Allium sp. (Allium 속 식물 물 추출물의 항산화 활성과 Tyrosinase 및 Elastase 저해 효과)

  • Jia, Yuan;Yang, Ming;Park, Inshik
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.247-252
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    • 2015
  • Three different Allium plants, including wild garlic (Allium monanthum Max; AMM), onion (Allium cepa L.; ACL) and green onion (Allium fistulosum L; AFL), have been widely used as spicy food in daily life. This study was attempted to investigate the properties of antioxidant, whitening and anti-wrinkle activities in water extracts in Allium plants. The antioxidant, whitening and anti-Wrinkle activities were evaluated by performing DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging activities, inhibitory effects on tyrosinase, and elastase, respectively. The water extract (10 mg/mL) of onion, wild garlic and green onion exhibited DPPH radical scavenging activities of 28.46%, 28.45%, and 15.91%, respectively. The inhibitory effects of tyrosinase activities by wild garlic, green onion, and onion were increased by heating the extracts at $90^{\circ}C$. Additionally, the wild garlic extract showed higher elastase inhibitory activity than those of other plant extracts. These results suggest that water extracts of Allium plants may be useful as potential sources of beauty foods due to higher antioxidant, anti-melanin and anti-wrinkle activities.