• Title, Summary, Keyword: Allaska-pollack

Search Result 4, Processing Time 0.116 seconds

Preparation of Pronase Hydrolysate from Alaska-pollack (명태단백 Pronase 가수분해물의 제조)

  • 서형주
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
    • /
    • v.8 no.4
    • /
    • pp.335-343
    • /
    • 1995
  • In order to enhance the utility of alaska-pollack, the optimum conditions for the preparation of pronase hydrolysate. The optimum temperature and pH for the hydrolysis of alaska-pollack by pronase were 4$0^{\circ}C$ and pH 7.0. The reaction time and enzyme concentration were 4 hr and 1,000 units per g of substrate. Under the above optimum conditions alaska-pollack was hydrolysed by pronase yielding a hydrolytic degree of about 89eye. The bitterness and hyrophobicity of pronase hydrolysate were decreased with increasing reaction time. Hydrophobic amino acids(Tyr, Met, Ala, flu, Leu, and Phe) were increased for 2 hr, but fur thor hydrolysis was showed decrease of hydrophobic amino acids content. Palatable amino acids (Asp, Glu, Pro, Ser, Thr and Gly) were increased with hydrolysis time.

  • PDF

Changes of Sensory Properties of Alaska Pollack Sikhae during Fermentation (전통 명태식해의 숙성중 관능적 특성 변화)

  • Kim So-Jung;Jeong Eun-Jeong;Kim Hun;Cho Woo-Jin;Kim Kwang-Ho;Lim Chi-Won;Cha Yong-Jun
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
    • /
    • v.17 no.4
    • /
    • pp.405-411
    • /
    • 2004
  • The sensory properties in Alaska pollack sikhae were compared in 3 different temperature conditions, 5$^{\circ}C$, 20$^{\circ}C$ and alternating temperature(stored at 5$^{\circ}C$ after 10 days of fermentation at 20$^{\circ}C$), respectively, during fermentation. The change of instrumental texture including hardness, cohesiveness, adhesiveness and chewiness increased and/or decreased without significant difference in the sikhae fermented at 5$^{\circ}C$ during fermentation. Three profiles, hardness, chewiness and cohesiveness in the sikhae fermented at 20$^{\circ}C$ increased up to 12 day and then decreased, whereas those in alternating temperature decreased significantly. From the acceptance test during fermentation, sikhae products fermented for 14 days at 5$^{\circ}C$, 9 days at 20$^{\circ}C$ and 13 days at alternating temperature were superior in sensory properties. The score more over 5 point in overall acceptance was maintained until 14 days in 5$^{\circ}C$, 9 days in 20$^{\circ}C$ and 13 days in alternating temperature, respectively, and particularly, alternating temperature condition was superior to the different temperature conditions. The sensory texture and overall acceptance had the high positive correlation with chewiness and taste, respectively. From the result of quantitative descriptive analysis, the intensities of acidic odor and taste in alternating temperature maintained and/or increased during 27 days of fermentation, whereas those in sikhae fermented at 5$^{\circ}C$ decreased. These results demonstrated that cold chain system such as alternating temperature was needed for shelf-life extension and producing of marketable Allaska pollack sikhae.

Fatty Acid Composition of Dried Sea Food Products on Korean Market (국내시판(國內市販) 수산건제품(水産乾製品)의 지방산(脂肪酸) 조성(組成))

  • Lee, Eung-Ho;Oh, Kwang-Soo;Ahn, Chang-Bum;Kim, Jin-Soo;Jee, Sung-Kil;Kim, Woo-Jun
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.4 no.1
    • /
    • pp.83-89
    • /
    • 1987
  • The crude lipid contents of dried sea food products varied remarkably from 1.2 to 29.9% for dried fish products, from 2.8 to 12.3% for dried mollusk ones, and from 0.1 to 2.3% for dried seaweed ones. In fatty acid composition of dried fish products, the saturated acid was the most predominant component for dried anchovies, hair tail, Kstsuobushi, the monoenoic acid was the most predominant one for dried yellow corvenia, flat head, common carp, sea eel and conger eel. And the polyenoic acid was the most abundant one for dried cod. Allaska pollack, flounder, sole fish, ray, smelt and sardine. The major fatty acids of these dried fish products were 16:0, 16:1, 18:0, 18:1, 20:5 and 22:6. Fatty acid composition of dried mollusk products were mainly consisted of polyenoic acid, and followed by saturated acid, monoenoic aced. The major fatty acids of these products were similiar to those of dried fish products. And in case of dried seaweed products, saturated acid such as 14:0, 16:0 was the most predominant component, while polyenoic acid was abundant one in dried laver and sea mustard. The main fatty acids of dried seaweed products were 14:0, 16:0, 18:1, 20:1, 20:4, and 20:5. Judging from the results, dried sea food products were abundant of the highly unsaturated fatty acids in spite of the drying processing and storage.

Screening for the Raw Material of Gelatin from the Skins of some Pelagic Fishes and Squid (젤라틴의 원료로서 원양산 어류 및 오징어 껍질의 검색)

  • KIM Jin-Soo;KIM Jeong-Gyun;CHO Soon-Yeong
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
    • /
    • v.30 no.1
    • /
    • pp.55-61
    • /
    • 1997
  • In order to effectively utilize the fish and squid skin wastes derived from marine processing manufacture, the skin wastes of some pelagic fishes such as yellowfin sole, red cod, cod, Allaska pollack and flying squid were screened for the raw material of edible gelatin and studied some properties of those gelatins. The content of total collagen in the red cod skin was the highest (28.4 g/100 g wet skin), while that in the flying squid skin was the lowest (11.1 g/100 g wet skin) and those of another fishes were similar. Acid soluble collagens in the skins of the fishes and flying squid were $68.9\~84.8\%\;and\;44.3\%$, respectively. But showed no difference in the amino acid composition between acid soluble and insoluble collagens. Those collagens were consisted $\alpha\;and\;\beta$ chain and $\alpha$ chains extracted from fish skins except red cod and flying squid skins were hetero. The collagen of yellowfin sole skin exhibited slightly higher denaturation temperature $(25.4^{\circ}C)$ and also physical properties such as gel strength, melting point and gelling point were better than those of the other species.

  • PDF