• Title, Summary, Keyword: Al-alloy

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A study on the cutting character of soft materials(Cu alloy and Al alloy) with change of tool rake angles (공구 경사각의 변화에 따른 연질 재료(Cu alloy and Al alloy)의 절삭 특성에 관한 연구)

  • 염성하;현청남;오재응
    • Journal of the korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.85-96
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    • 1988
  • The optimum cutting condition for rake angle in turning was investigated in (6-4) Brass and Al alloy. Results of experiments in (6-4) Brass and Al alloy are as follow. Specific cutting resistance becames higher as the depth of cutting, feed or cutting velocity decreases at same rake angle and resistance appear low value 20.deg., 25.deg.(6-4)brass, 0.deg. 20.deg.(Al alloy). The optimum cutting condition for(6-4) Brass is depth of cutting 0.5mm, rake angle 25.deg., cutting velocity 80m/min, feed 0.1mm/rev and for Al alloy is depth of cutting 0.1mm, rake angle 0.deg., cutting velocity 200m/min, feed 0.5mm/rev. The rake angle for good roughness is 20.deg. at (6-4) Brass, and that for Al alloy is 15.deg. The roughness is influenced by feed and it has the lowest value at 0.1mm/rev and the cutting condition is influenced by rake angle only.

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Formation of $Al_2O_3$-Ceramics by Reactive Infiltration of Al-alloy into Insulation Fiber Board (Al-합금의 단열섬유판 반응침투에 의한 $Al_2O_3$-세라믹스의 형성)

  • 김일수
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.483-490
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    • 1997
  • Al2O3/metal composites were fabricated by oxidation and reaction of molten Al-alloy into two types of commercial Al2O3-SiO2 fibrous insulation board. The growth rate, composition and microstructure of these materials were described. An AlZnMg(7075) alloy was selected as a parent alloy. Mixed polycrystalline fiber and glass phase fiber were used as a filler. The growth surface of an alloy was covered with and without SiO2. SiO2 powder was employed as a surface dopant to aid initial oxidation of Al-alloy. Al-alloy, SiO2, fiber block and growth inhibitor CaSiO3 were packed sequentially in a alumina crucible and oxidized in air at temperature range 90$0^{\circ}C$ to 120$0^{\circ}C$. The growth rate of composite layer was calculated by measuring the mass increasement(g) per unit surface($\textrm{cm}^2$). XRD and optical microscope were used to investigate the composition and phase of composites. The composite grown at 120$0^{\circ}C$ and with SiO2 dopant showed rapid growth rate. The growth behavior differed a little depending on the types of fiber used. The composites consist of $\alpha$-Al2O3, Al, Si and pore. The composite grown at 100$0^{\circ}C$ exhibited better microstructure compared to that grown at 120$0^{\circ}C$.

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Corrosion Behavior of Aluminium Coupled to a Sacrificial Anode in Seawater (희생양극 하에서 알루미늄의 해수 부식 거동)

  • Kim Jong-Soo;Kim Hee-San
    • Journal of the Korean institute of surface engineering
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    • v.39 no.1
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    • pp.25-34
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    • 2006
  • Al-Mg alloy, an open rack vaporizer(ORV) material was reported to be corroded in seawater environments though the ORV material was coupled to thermally sprayed Al-Zn alloy functioning a sacrificial anode. In addition, the corrosion behavior based on the calculated corrosion potential did not match the observed corrosion behavior. Hence, the goal of this study is to get better understanding on Al or Al-Mg alloy coupled to Al-Zn alloy and to provide the calculated corrosion potential representing the corrosion behavior of the ORV material by immersion test, electrochemical tests, and calculation of corrosion and galvanic potential. The corrosion potentials of Al and Al alloys also depended on alloying element as well as surface defects. The corrosion potentials of Al and Al-Mg alloy were changed with time. In the meantime, the corrosion potentials of Al-Zn alloys were not. The corrosion rates of Al-Zn alloys were exponentially increased with zinc contents. The phenomena were explained with the stability of passive film proved by passive current density depending on pH and confirmed by the model proposed by McCafferty. Dissimilar material crevice corrosion (DMCC) test shows that higher content of zinc caused Al-Mg alloy corroded more rapidly, which was due to the fact that higher corrosion rate of Al-Zn makes [$H^+$] and [$Cl^-$] more concentrated within pit solution to corrode Al-Mg alloy. Considering electrochemical reactions within pit as well as bulk in the calculation gives better prediction on the corrosion behavior of Al and Al-Mg alloy as well as the capability of Al-Zn alloy for corrosion protection.

Effect of Grain Refiner and Eutectic Si Modifier on Casting Properties of Al-Si-Cu Alloy System Containing Recycled Scrap (재활용 스크랩 함유 Al-Si-Cu계 합금의 주조특성에 미치는 결정립 미세화제와 공정 Si 개량화제의 영향)

  • Sung, Dong-Hyun;Kim, Heon-Joo
    • Journal of Korea Foundry Society
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    • v.38 no.6
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    • pp.121-131
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    • 2018
  • The effect of additives on the castability of the AC2BS aluminum alloy, which contains 35% recycled scrap, was investigated. For the wide utilization of the recycled scrap AC2BS aluminum alloy, the research results were compared to those with the AC2B virgin alloy, which is typical Al-Si-Cu alloy system. It was confirmed that the addition of Al-5%Ti-1%B increased the ${\alpha}$-Al nucleation temperature during solidification and decreased the grain size through cooling curve and microstructural observations of the recycled alloy. It was also found that an addition of Al-10%Sr decreased the eutectic Si growth temperature during the solidification process and modified the shape of the eutectic Si of the recycled alloy. The characteristics of fluidity, shrinkage and solidification crack strength were evaluated. For the AC2BS aluminum alloy containing 35% recycled scrap, both ${\alpha}$-Al grain refinement due to Ti-B and eutectic Si modifications due to Sr contributed to the improvement of the fluidity. The macro- shrinkage ratio increased with additions of both Al-10%Sr and Al-5%Ti-1%B and the micro-shrinkage ratio increased with the addition of Al-10%Sr but decreased with the addition of Al-5%Ti-1%B. The casting characteristics of TiB and Sr-treated AC2BS aluminum alloy containing 35% recycled scrap are similar to those of AC2B virgin alloy. The improvement of the solidification crack strength of the AC2BS aluminum alloy was possible by the reduction of the grain boundary the stress concentration through the enhancement by both ${\bullet}{\cdot}$-Al refinement and eutectic Si modification. More extensive use of the AC2BS aluminum alloy containing 35% recycled scrap can be expected in the future.

The Study on the Galvanic Corrosion of Al-alloy for Heat Exchanger (Al합금 열교환기의 전지작용부식에 관한 연구)

  • LIM, U-Jo;LEE, Eun-Jeong
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.115-122
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    • 2003
  • Generally, material for radiator of automobile is composed of Al-alloy, but part of radiator material is still composed of Cu. Specially, Al-alloy replaces Cu and Cu-alloy as cooling and heating system material for light weight. Therefore, galvanic electronic cell is formed between Al-alloy and Cu for automobile radiator material, and Al-alloy corrosion is accelerated. So, in this study, galvanic corrosion test of Al-alloy coupling with Cu was carried out in distilled water, tap water, polluted environment and non-freezing solution. And thus corrosion potential and galvanic currrent density of Al-alloy coupling with Cu is investigated.

Differences in Cold Rolling Workability and Mechanical Properties between Al-Mg-Si and Al-Mg-Zn System Alloys with Cold Rolling (냉간압연가공에 따른 Al-5.5Mg-2.9Si계와 Al-7Mg-0.9Zn계 합금의 압연가공성 및 기계적 특성 차이)

  • Yang, Ji-Hun;Lee, Seong-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.26 no.11
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    • pp.628-634
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    • 2016
  • The cold rolling workability and mechanical properties of two new alloys, designed and cast Al-5.5Mg-2.9Si and Al-7Mg-0.9Zn alloys, were investigated in detail. The two alloy sheets of 4 mm thickness, 30 mm width and 100 mm length were reduced to a thickness of 1 mm by multi-pass rolling at ambient temperature. The rolling workability was better for the Al-7Mg-0.9Zn alloy than for the Al-5.5Mg-2.9Si alloy; in case of the former alloy, edge cracks began to occur at 50% rolling reduction, and their number and length increased with rolling reduction; however, in the latter alloy, the sheets did not have any cracks even at higher rolling reduction. The mechanical properties of tensile strength and elongation were also better in the Al-7Mg-0.9Zn alloy than in Al-5.5Mg-2.9Si alloy. Work hardening ability after cold rolling was also higher in the Al-7Mg-0.9Zn alloy than in the Al-5.5Mg-2.9Si alloy. At the same time, the texture development was very similar for both alloys; typical rolling texture developed in both alloys. These differences in the two alloys can primarily be explained by the existence of precipitates of $Mg_2Si$. It is concluded that the Al-7Mg-0.9Zn alloy is better than the Al-5.5Mg-2.9Si alloy in terms of mechanical properties.

Effect of Fe, Mn Content on the Castability of Al-4%Mg-0.9%Si Alloys for High Pressure Die Casting (고압 금형 주조용 Al-4%Mg-0.9%Si 합금의 주조특성에 미치는 Fe, Mn 함량의 영향)

  • Kim, Heon-Joo
    • Journal of Korea Foundry Society
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.55-62
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    • 2013
  • Effect of Fe and Mn contents on the castability of Al-4wt%Mg-0.9wt%Si system alloy has been studied. According to the analysis of cooling curve for Al-4wt%Mg-0.9wt%Si-0.3wt%Fe-0.3/0.5wt%Mn alloy, ${\alpha}-Al_{15}(Fe,Mn)_3Si_2$ and ${\beta}-Al_5FeSi$ phases crystallized above eutectic temperature of $Mg_2Si$. Therefore, these phases affected both the fluidity and shrinkage behaviors of the alloy during solidification. As Fe and Mn contents of Al-4wt%Mg-0.9wt%Si system alloy increased from 0.1 wt% to 0.4 wt% and from 0.3 wt% to 0.5 wt% respectively, the fluidity of the alloy decreased by 26% and 33%. When Fe content of the alloy increased from 0.1 wt% to 0.4 wt%, 23% decrease of macro shrinkage and 19% increase of micro shrinkage appeared. Similarly, Mn content of the alloy increased from 0.3 wt% to 0.5 wt%, 11% decrease of macro shrinkage and 14% increase of micro shrinkage appeared. Judging from the castability of the alloy, Al-4wt%Mg-0.9wt%Si alloy with low content of Fe and Mn, 0.1 wt% Fe and 0.3 wt% Mn, is recommendable.

Laser Cladding with Al-36%Si Powder Paste on A319 Al Alloy Surface to Improve Wear Resistance (A319 알루미늄 합금 표면에 Al-36%Si 합금분말의 레이저 클래딩에 의한 내마모성 향상)

  • Lee, Hyoung-Keun
    • Journal of Welding and Joining
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.58-62
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    • 2017
  • A319 aluminum alloy containing 6.5% Si and 3.5% Cu as major alloying elements has been widely used in machinery parts because of its excellent castability and crack resistance. However it needs more wear resistance to extend its usage to the severe wear environments. It has been known that hyper-eutectic Al-Si alloy having more than 12.6% Si contains pro-eutectic Si particles, which give better wear resistance and lubrication characteristics than hypo-eutectic Al-Si alloy like A319 alloy. In this study, it was tried to clad hyper-eutectic Al-Si alloy on the surface of A319 alloy. In the experiments, Al-36%Si alloy powder was mixed with organic binder to make a fluidic paste. The paste was screen-printed on the A319 alloy surface, melted by pulsed Nd:YAG laser and alloyed with the A319 base alloy. As experimental parameters, the average laser power was changed to 111 W, 202 W and 280 W. With increasing the average laser power, the melting depth was changed to $142{\mu}m$, $205{\mu}m$ and $245{\mu}m$, and the dilution rate to 67.2 %, 72.4 % and 75.7 %, and the Si content in the cladding layer to 16.2 %, 14.6 % and 13.7 %, respectively. The cross-section of the cladding layer showed very fine eutectic microstructure even though it was hyper-eutectic Al-Si alloy. This seems to be due to the rapid solidification of the melted spot by single laser pulse. The average hardness for the three cladding layers was HV175, which was much higher than HV96 of A319 base alloy. From the block-on-roll wear tests, A319 alloy had a wear loss of 5.8 mg, but the three cladding layers had an average wear loss of 3.5 mg, which meant that an increase of 40 % in wear resistance was obtained by laser cladding.

Age Hardening and Mechanical Property of Extruded Al-Zn-Mg-(Cu) Al Alloys with Sc addition (Sc 첨가된 Al-Zn-Mg-(Cu)계 알루미늄 합금 압출재의 시효 경화 거동과 기계적 성질)

  • Shim, Sung Yong;Lim, Su Gun
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Heat Treatment
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.243-249
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    • 2007
  • The age hardening behavior and mechanical properties of an extruded Al-Zn-Mg-(Cu)-0.1 wt.%Sc alloy were investigated with the Sc addition and ageing temperature. The results showed that the $Al_3Sc$ compounds were formed by Sc addition and distributed preferentially along the extrusion direction. The age hardening of Al-Zn-Mg-Cu-0.1 wt.%Sc alloy which was treated by T6 process was more significant than that of Al-Zn-Mg-0.1 wt.%Sc alloy. The tensile property of Al-Zn-Mg-Cu+0.1 wt.%Sc alloy was also higher than that of Al-Zn-Mg-0.1 wt.%Sc alloy, which is 691 MPa and 584 MPa in strength and 9% and 11% in elongation, respectively.

Corrosion characterization of Fe-aluminide alloys with various sulphuric acid solution ($H_2SO_4$ 수용액 변화에 따른 철 알루미나이드 합금의 부식특성)

  • Lee, B.W.;Choi, H.L.
    • Journal of the Korea Society For Power System Engineering
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.83-88
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    • 2006
  • Corrosion characterization of Fe-XAl-0.3Y(X=5, 10, 14 wt%) alloys in $0.1{\sim}1N$ sulphuric acid at room temperature was studied using potentiodynamic techniques. The morphology and components of corrosion products on surface of Fe-aluminide alloys were investigated using SEM/EDX, XRD. The potentiodynamic polarization curve of alloys exhibited typical active, passive, transpassive behaviour. Corrosion potential($E_{corr}$) and corrosion current density($I_{corr}$) values of Fe-XAl-0.3Y alloys followed linear rate law. $E_{corr}$ of 10Al alloy and 14Al alloy was ten times lower than 5Al alloy. Icorr of 14Al alloy was five times lower than 5Al alloy. The passive film on the surface of Fe-5Al-0.3Y alloy was formed iron oxide. Fe-10Al-0.3Y and Fe-14Al-0.3Y alloys passive films were aluminium oxide. especially, Fe-14Al-0.3Y alloy showed good corrosion resistance in $0.1{\sim}1N$ sulphuric acid. This is attributed to the forming of protective $Al_2O_3$ oxide on the surface of Fe-14Al-0.3Y alloy.

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