• Title, Summary, Keyword: Al-alloy

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Effect of Al Alloy Content on Processing of Reaction-Bonded Al2O3 Ceramics Using Al Alloy Powder

  • Lee, Hyun-Kwuon
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.215-220
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    • 2015
  • The effect of Al content on the processing of reaction-bonded $Al_2O_3$ (RBAO) ceramics using 40v/o ~ 80v/o Al-Zn-Mg alloy powder was studied in order to improve traditional RBAO ceramic processes that use ~ 40v/o pure Al powder. The influence of high Al content in starting $Al_2O_3$-Al alloy powder mixtures on its particulate characteristics, reaction-bonding, microstructure, physical and mechanical properties was revealed. Starting $Al_2O_3$-Al alloy powder mixtures with 40v/o ~ 80v/o Al alloy powder were milled, reaction-bonded, post-sintered, and characterized. With an increasing Al alloy content, the milling efficiency of Al alloy powder was lowered, resulting in a larger particle size after milling. However, in spite of the larger particle size of Al alloy powder, the oxidation, i.e., reaction-bonding, of the Al alloy was successfully completed via solid and liquid state oxidation, in which the activation energy of the oxidation was nearly the same regardless of Al alloy content. After reaction-bonding and post-sintering at $1600^{\circ}C$, RBAO ceramics from 80v/o Al alloy content showed a relative density of ~97% and a flexural strength of 251 MPa compared to ~ 96% and 353 MPa for RBAO ceramics from 40v/o Al alloy content, respectively. The lower flexural strength at 80v/o Al alloy content was due to the weak spinel phase that formed from Zn, Mg alloying elements in Al.

A Study on the Corrosion of Al-Alloy Propeller Used for a Coasting Vessel (연안 선박용 Al합금 프로펠러의 부식에 관한 연구)

  • LIM, Uh-Joh;PARK, Hee-Ok;YUN, Byoung-Du
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.176-183
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    • 2003
  • Recently, with the tendency of lightening, high-strength and high-speed in the marine industries such as marine structures, ships and propellers, it is rapidly enlarged the use of the aluminium alloy. Therefore, there occurs much interest in the study on corrosion characteristics of aluminium alloy. This paper was studied on the corrosion characteristics of Al-Mg alloy propeller used for a coasting vessel. Under the various pH of marine environment, the corrosion test of Al-Mg alloy was carried out. And thus polarization resistance, corrosion potential, and current density behavior of Al-Mg alloy and galvanic corrosion behavior of Al-brass and Al-Mg alloy coupled Al 5086 and SS 400 for hull were investigated. The main results are as following: 1. The corrosion potential of Al-brass propeller is more nobel than materials for hull, but that of Al-Mg alloy propeller is low or similar to materials for hull. Therefore, the galvanic corrosion of hull due to Al-Mg propeller don't occur. 2. The polarization resistance of Al-Mg alloy in sea water of pH 4 is highest, and corrosion current density of Al-Mg propeller is the most controlled. 3. As pH value decreases, potential showed Evans polarization diagram approaches cathodic potential. The corrosion current density of Al-Mg alloy is controlled to anodic reaction rate, therefore, the corrosion reaction of Al-Mg alloy is anodic control.

Milling and Particulate Characteristics of Al Alloy-Al2O3 Powder Mixtures for Reaction-Bonded Al2O3(RBAO) Process

  • Lee, Hyun-Kwuon
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.23 no.10
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    • pp.574-579
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    • 2013
  • The milling and particulate characteristics of Al alloy-$Al_2O_3$ powder mixtures for a reaction-bonded $Al_2O_3$ (RBAO) process were studied. A commercially available prealloyed Al powder with Zn, Mg, Cu and Cr alloying elements (7475 series) was mixed with a calcined sinter-active $Al_2O_3$ powder and then milled in centrifugal milling equipment for ~48 hrs. The Al alloy-$Al_2O_3$ powder mixtures after milling were characterized and evaluated in various ways to reveal their particulate characteristics during milling. The milling efficiency of the Al alloy increased with a longer milling time. Comminution of the Al alloy particles started with its elongation, showing a high aspect ratio. With a longer milling time, the elongated Al alloy particle changed in terms of its shape and size, becoming equiaxially fine particles. Regardless of the milling efficiency of the Al alloy particles, all of the Al alloy particles repeatedly experienced strong plastic deformation during milling, giving rise to higher density of surface defects, such as microcracks, and leading to higher residual microstress within the Al alloy particles. The chemical reactions, oxidation behavior and hydration behavior of the Al alloy particles and the hydrolysis characteristics of their reaction with the environment were also observed during the milling process and during the subsequent powder handling steps.

Precipitation Behavior of Al-Zn-Mg-Cu-(Sc) Alloy (Al-Zn-Mg-Cu-(Sc) 합금의 석출특성)

  • Choi, G.S.;Mun, H.J.;Woo, K.D.
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Heat Treatment
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.257-261
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    • 2006
  • Scandium(Sc) in Al-Zn-Mg-Cu based Al alloy on precipitation phenomenon was compared to a 7001(Al-7.2%Zn-3.2%Mg-1.8%Cu) Al alloy. GP zone and ${\eta}^{\prime}$ phases were the main strengthening phases at low aging temperature under $100^{\circ}C$, but ${\eta}^{\prime}$ and $Al_3Sc$ phases were the main strengthening phases at high aging temperature above $1600^{\circ}C$ in Sc added 7000(Al-7.7%Zn-2.0%Mg-1.9%Cu-0.1%Zr) Al alloy. With the addition of 0.1%Sc in 7000 Al alloy, the activation energy for the GP zone, ${\eta}^{\prime}$ and ${\eta}$ phase decreased compared to the 7001 Al alloy. This result indicates that the Sc accelerated the precipitation for the GP zone, ${\eta}^{\prime}$ and ${\eta}$ phases in 7000 Al alloy. Al-7.7%Zn-2.0%Mg-1.9%Cu-0.1%Zr-0.1 Sc alloy has higher strength than 7001 Al alloy, which has high strength.

Effect of Alloying Element Addition on the Microstructure, Tensile and Impact Toughness of the Modified Al-6.5Si Alloy (개량 Al-6.5Si 합금의 미세조직, 인장 및 충격 인성에 미치는 합금 원소 첨가의 영향)

  • Park, T.H.;Baek, M.S.;Yoon, S.I.;Kim, J.P.;Lee, K.A.
    • Transactions of Materials Processing
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.135-143
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    • 2020
  • Low-cost alloying elements were added to a modified Al-6.5Si alloy and its microstructure, tensile and impact toughness properties were investigated. The alloying elements added were Mg, Zn, and Cu, and two kinds of alloy A (Mg:0.5, Zn:1, Cu:1.5 wt.%) and alloy B (Mg:2, Zn:1.5, Cu:2 wt.%) were prepared. In the as-cast Al-6.5Si alloys, Si phases were distributed at the dendrite interfaces, and Al2Cu, Mg2Si, Al6 (Fe,Mn) and Al5 (Fe,Mn)Si precipitates were also observed. The size and fraction of casting defects were measured to be higher for alloy A than for alloy B. The secondary dendrite arm spacing of alloy B was finer than that of alloy A. It was confirmed by the JMatPro S/W that the cooling rate of alloy B could be more rapid than alloy A. The alloy B had higher hardness and strength compared to the values of alloy A. However, the alloy A showed better impact toughness than alloy B. Based on the above results, the deformation mechanism of Al-6.5Si alloy and the improving method for mechanical properties were also discussed.

Effect of Fe, Mn Content on the Tensile Property of Al-4 wt%Mg-0.9 wt%Si Alloy System for High Pressure Die Casting (고압 금형 주조용 Al-4 wt%Mg-0.9 wt%Si계 합금의 인장특성에 미치는 Fe, Mn함량의 영향)

  • Kim, Heon-Joo
    • Journal of Korea Foundry Society
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.103-112
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    • 2013
  • Effect of Fe and Mn contents on the tensile properties of Al-4 wt%Mg-0.9 wt%Si alloy system has been studied. Common phases of Al-4 wt%Mg-0.9 wt%Si alloy system were ${\alpha}$-Al, $Mg_2Si$, ${\alpha}-Al_{12}(Fe,Mn)_3Si$ and ${\beta}-Al_5FeSi$. As Fe content of Al-4 wt%Mg-0.9 wt%Si alloy system increased from 0.15 wt% to above 0.3 wt%, ${\beta}-Al_5FeSi$ compound appeared. When Mn content of the alloy increased from 0.3 wt% to 0.5 wt%, morphology of plate shaped ${\beta}-Al_5FeSi$ compound changed to chinese script ${\alpha}-Al_{12}(Fe,Mn)_3Si$. As Fe content of Al-4 wt%Mg-0.9 wt%Si-0.3 wt%Mn alloy increased from 0.15 wt% to 0.4 wt%, tensile strength of the as-cast alloy decreased from 191 MPa to 183 MPa and, elongation of the alloy also decreased from 8.0% to 6.2%. Decrease of these properties can be explained as the formation of plate shape, ${\beta}-Al_5FeSi$ phase with low Mn/Fe ratio of the alloy. However, when Mn content of Al-4 wt%Mg-0.9 wt%Si-0.3 wt%Fe alloy increased from 0.3 wt% to 0.5 wt%, tensile strength of as-cast alloy increased from 181 MPa to 194 MPa and, elongation of the alloy increased from 6.8% to 7.0%. These improvements attribute to the morphology change from ${\beta}-Al_5FeSi$ phase to chinese script, ${\alpha}-Al_{15}(Fe,Mn)_3Si_2$ phase shape-modified from with high Mn/Fe ratio of the alloy.

Fabrication and Mechanical Property of $Al_2$O$_.3$/Al Composite by Pressureless Infiltration (무가압 침윤법에 의한 $Al_2$O$_.3$/Al 복합재료 제조와 기계적 특성)

  • 이동윤;박상환;이동복
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.303-309
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    • 1998
  • The fabrication of Al2O3/Al composite by pressureless infiltration was investigated by the change of Mg and Si content in Al alloy infiltration process and infiltration atmosphere. The effect of alloying elements infiltration atmosphere and interfacial reactants between Al alloy matrix and Al2O3 particles were in-vestigated in terms of bendingstrength and harness test,. The fabrication of Al2O3/Al composite by the vestigated in terms of bending strength and hardness test. The fabrication of Al2O3/Al composite by the pressureless infiltration was done in nitrogen atmosphere with Mg in Al alloy. It was successfully fabricated at $700^{\circ}C$ according to Mg contents in Al alloy and infiltration condition. Because Mg in the Al alloy and ni-trogen atmosphere of infiltratio condition produced Mg-N compound(Mg3N2) it decreased the wetting an-gle between molten Al alloy and Al2O3 particles by coating on surface of Al2O3 particles. The fracture strength of Al2O3/Al-Mg composite was 800MPa and Al2O3/Al-Si-Mg composite was 400MPa. Si in Al alloy decreased the interfacial strength between Al alloy matrix and Al2O3 particles.

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Reaction-Bonded Al2O3 Ceramics Using Oxidation of Al Alloy Powder

  • Lee, Hyun-Kwuon
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.236-242
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    • 2014
  • Fabrication of reaction-bonded $Al_2O_3$ (RBAO) ceramics using Al-Zn-Mg alloy powder was studied in order to improve traditional RBAO ceramic processing using Al powder. The influence on reaction-bonding and microstructure, as well as on physical and mechanical properties, of the particulate characteristics of the $Al_2O_3$-Al alloy powder mixtures after milling, was revealed. Variation of the particulate characteristics of this $Al_2O_3$-Al alloy powder mixture with milling time was reported previously. To start, the $Al_2O_3$-Al alloy powder mixture was milled, reaction-bonded, post-sintered, and characterized. During reaction-bonding of the $Al_2O_3$-Al alloy powder mixture compacts, oxidation of the Al alloy took place in two stages, that is, there was solid- and liquid-state oxidation of the Al alloy. The solid-state oxidation exhibited strong dependence on the density of surface defects on the Al-alloy particles formed during milling. Higher milling efficiency resulted in less participation of the Al alloy in reaction-bonding. This was because of its consumption by chemical reactions during milling, and subsequent powder handling, and could be rather harmful in the case of over-milling. In contrast to very little dependence of oxidation of the Al alloy on its particle size after milling, the relative density, microstructure, and flexural strength were strongly dependent on particle size after milling (i.e., on milling efficiency). The relative density and 4-point flexural strength of the RBAO ceramics in this study were ~98% and ~365 MPa, respectively, after post-sintering at $1,600^{\circ}C$.

Microstructure and Mechanical Behavior of Al-Mg-Si/Al Hybrid Alloy by Duo-casting (듀오캐스트 Al-Mg-Si/Al 하이브리드 합금의 미세조직과 기계적 변형 특성)

  • Han, Ji-Min;Kim, Chong-Ho;Park, Jun-Pyo;Chang, Si Young
    • Journal of Korea Foundry Society
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.269-275
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    • 2012
  • Al-Mg-Si/Al hybrid alloy was prepared by Duo-casting and the mechanical behavior was evaluated based on their microstructure and mechanical properties. The hybrid aluminum alloy included the Al-Mg-Si alloy with fine eutectic structure, pure Al with the columnar and equiaxed crystals, and the macro-interface existing between Al-Mg-Si alloy and pure Al. The growth of columnar grains in pure Al occurred from the macro-interface. The tensile strength, 0.2% proof stress and bending strength of the hybrid aluminum alloy were almost similar to those of pure Al, and the elongation was much higher than the Al-Mg-Si alloy. The fracture of the hybrid alloy took place in pure Al side, indicating that the macro-interface was well bonded and the mechanical behavior strongly depends on the limited deformation in pure Al side.

A Study on the Relationship between Residual Stress and Wear Peroperty in Hypereutectic Al-Si Alloys (과공정 Al-Si 합금의 마모 특성에 미치는 잔류응력의 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Heon-Joo;Kim, Chang-Gyu
    • Journal of Korea Foundry Society
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.89-96
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    • 2000
  • The effects of modification processing on the refinement of primary Si and the wear behavior of hyper-eutectic Al-Si alloys have been mainly investigated. Refining effects of primary Si in Al-17%Si alloy was more efficient than that of B.390 alloy. Optimum condition of getting the finest primary Si microstructure was when AlCuP modifier is added into the melt at $750^{\circ}C$ and held it at $700^{\circ}C$ for 30 minutes. Wear loss in the specimens of as-cast condition decreases as the size of primary Si decreases, in the order of B.390 alloy, B.390 alloy with AlCuP addition, Al-17%Si alloy and Al-17%Si alloy with AlCuP addition. Wear loss in the aged condition of Al-17%Si alloy, B.390 alloy and B.390 alloy with AlCuP addition decreased due to the increase of compressive residual stress in the matrix by the aging treatment. While, wear loss increased in the aged specimens of Al-17%Si alloy with AlCuP addition and Hepworth addition in which compressive residual stress decreases by the aging treatment. Therefore, it is assumed that higher compressive residual stress in the matrix can reduce the wear loss in composite materials such as hyper-eutectic Al-Si alloys.

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