• Title, Summary, Keyword: Airfield

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Performance Comparison and Test of Fixed FOD Automatic Detection System and Moving FOD Automatic Detection System (고정형 이물질(FOD) 자동 탐지 시스템과 이동형 이물질 자동 탐지 시스템의 성능 비교 및 시험)

  • Kim, Sung-Hee;Hong, Jae-Beom;Park, Kwang-Gun;Choi, In-Kyu;Hong, Gyo-Young
    • The Journal of Advanced Navigation Technology
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.495-500
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    • 2019
  • Foreign object debris (FOD) is a generic term for various metals and non-metal foreign object and materials with potential hazards to aircraft operations. Since the method of manual FOD detection and collection in the aircraft moving area is very low in efficiency and economic efficiency, it is essential to develop to FOD automatic detection system suitable for domestic environment. This paper is the result of the performance comparison test results of the two systems for the combined operation of each optimal detection time and 95% accuracy above 100 m for complex operation using the fixed FOD automatic detection system and the mobile FOD system using EO/IR camera and radar at Taean Airfield Hanseo University. It is expected that FOD can be performed unattended through continuous R & D.

The Analysis of Meterological Environment over Jeju Moseulpo Region for HALE UAV (장기체공무인기를 위한 제주도 모슬포 지역의 기상환경 분석)

  • Cho, Young-Jun;Ahn, Kwang-Deuk;Lee, Hee-Choon;Ha, Jong-Chul;Choi, Reno K.Y.;Cho, Chun-Ho;Kim, Su-Bo
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.469-477
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    • 2015
  • In this study, the characteristics of main wind direction, vertical temperature and wind speed profile near the Moseulpo airfield for HALE UAV(High Altitude Long Endurance Unmaned Aerial Vehicle) is investigated. The results are summarized as follows, main wind direction is governed by air mass according to season and local wind such as land-sea breeze. The directions of landing and take-off of HALE UAV will be selected as the south-east direction in June ~ August, north-west direction in October ~ March, and south-east direction at daytime in April ~ May, September. Annual variation of temperature at 100 hPa showed that temperature in summer season is lower than winter season. On the other hands, wind speed at 250 hPa in winter season is higher than summer season. The threshold values of temperature and wind speed for HALE UAV flight are $-75^{\circ}C$ and $90ms^{-1}$, which were determined by 5 % frequency value($1.96{\sigma}$), respectively.

A Study on Accuracy of Meteorological Information for Low Altitude Aerospace around the Airport on the West Coast (서해안 인접공항의 저고도 항공기상 정확도 연구)

  • Cho, Young-Jin;Yoo, Kwang Eui
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.53-62
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    • 2020
  • This study is to evaluate the accuracy of the meteorological information provided for the aircraft operating at low altitude. At first, it is necessary to identify crucial elements of weather information closely related to flight safety during low altitude flights. The study conducted a survey of pilots of low altitude aircraft, divided into pre-flight and in-flight phases, and reached an opinion that wind direction, wind speed, cloud coverage and ceiling and visibility are important items. Related to these items, we compared and calculated the accuracy of TAFs and METARs from Taean Airfield, Seosan Airport and Gunsan Airport because of their high number of domestic low-altitude flights. Accuracy analysis evaluated the accuracy of two numerical variables, Mean Absolute Error(MAE) and Root Mean Square Error(RMSE), and the cloud coverage which is categorical variable was calculated and compared by accuracy. For numeric variables, one-way ANOVA, which is a parameter-test, was approached to identify differences between actual forecast values and observations based on absolute errors for each item derived from the results of MAE and RMSE accuracy analyses. To determine the satisfaction of both normality assumptions and equivalence variability assumptions, the Shapiro-Wilk test was performed to verify that they do not have a normality distribution for numerical variables, and for the non-parametric test, Kruscal-Wallis test was conducted to determine whether or not they are satisfied.

The Utilization of DEM Made by Digital Map in Height Evaluation of Buildings in a Flying Safety Area (비행안전구역 건물 높이 평가에서 수치지형도로 제작한 DEM의 활용성)

  • Park, Jong-Chul;Kim, Man-Kyu;Jung, Woong-Sun;Han, Gyu-Cheol;Ryu, Young-Ki
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.78-95
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    • 2011
  • This study has developed various DEMs with different spatial resolutions using many different interpolation methods with the aid of a 1:5,000 digital map. In addition, this study has evaluated the vertical accuracy of various DEMs constructed by check point data obtained from the network RTK GPS survey. The obtained results suggest that a DEM developed from the TIN-based Terrain method performs well in evaluating height restriction of buildings in a flying safety area considering general RMSE values, land-type RMSE values and profile evaluation results, etc. And, it has been found that three meters is the right spatial resolution for a DEM in evaluating height restriction of buildings in a flying safety area. Meanwhile, elevation values obtained by the DEM are not point estimation values but interval estimation values. This can be used to check whether the height of buildings in the vicinity of an airfield violates height limitation values of the area. To check whether the height of buildings measured in interval estimation values violates height limitation values of the area, this study has adopted three steps: 1) high probability of violation, 2) low probability of violation, 3) inconclusiveness about the violation. The obtained results will provide an important basis for developing a GIS related to the evaluation of height restriction of buildings in the vicinity of an airfield. Furthermore, although results are limited to the study area, the vertical accuracy values of the DEM constructed from a two-dimensional digital map may provide useful information to researchers who try to use DEMs.

Noise Analysis and Countermeasures of Training Aircraft(C172) According to Flight Course (비행경로에 따른 훈련용 항공기(C172)의 소음 분석 및 대책)

  • Jeon, Seung-Joon;Kim, Woo-Jin
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.235-242
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    • 2018
  • This study has been conducted for current situation of and countermeasures for aircraft noise. Aircraft noise is difficult to control, because of its wide-range effects, and it needs a great deal of funding for noise prevention like removal airport or land purchasing. And, in effort of determine whether aircraft noise can have health effects such as hearing loss, hypertension and psychological stress. This study, which uses of noise data around flight training airports in Korea, tries to understand and confirm related laws and regulations, and present civil application and situation of countermeasures. And, by measuring data of flight training airport, the situation of training aircraft noise problem have tried to confirm. To overcome these limitations and establish appropriate measures against noise, we made noise map with INM version 7.0, FAA aircraft noise prediction program, and evaluated aircraft noise. To overcome these limitations and establish appropriate measures against noise, we made noise map with INM version 7.0, FAA aircraft noise prediction program, and evaluated aircraft noise. In particular, the FAA's Integrated Noise Model(INM) is widely used by the civilian aviation community for evaluating aircraft noise impacts in the vicinity of airports. We analyzed noise impact by applying several scenarios. As these analysis, we suggest flight route without overlapping with residential area and without affecting flight safety.

Fatigue Lives of Pavement Concrete According to Fatigue Test Methods (실험방법에 따른 포장 콘크리트의 피로수명)

  • Yun, Kyong-Ku;Kim, Dong-Ho;Hong, Chang-Woo
    • International Journal of Highway Engineering
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.11-20
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    • 2003
  • Concrete structures such as bridges, pavement, and offshore structures are normally subjected to repeated load. Because highway and airfield pavements are to resist tension in bending, fatigue failure behavior is very important the fatigue life of materials. Therefore, in this paper was carried according to the fatigue test method and experiment variables for pavement concrete. The fatigue tests were applied split tension($150{\times}75$ in size) and flexural($150mm{\times}150mm{\times}550mm$ in size) beam fatigue test method. Major experimental variable in the fatigue tests in order to consideration of fatigue life were conducted loading frequency of 1, 5, 10, 20Hz and loading shape of block, sine, triangle and moisture condition of dry and wet condition and curing age of 28day and 56day. The test results show that the effect of loading frequency increasing the frequency increased fatigue life, decreased significant at frequencies below 200 cycles. The effect of loading wave form on fatigue life show that a block decreased, triangular increased in comparison with sine. The effect of moisture condition decreased in wet condition in comparison with dry condition. The effect of curing age increased in 564ays in comparison with 28day.

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A development of multivariate drought index using the simulated soil moisture from a GM-NHMM model (GM-NHMM 기반 토양함수 모의결과를 이용한 합성가뭄지수 개발)

  • Park, Jong-Hyeon;Lee, Joo-Heon;Kim, Tae-Woong;Kwon, Hyun Han
    • Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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    • v.52 no.8
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    • pp.545-554
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    • 2019
  • The most drought assessments are based on a drought index, which depends on univariate variables such as precipitation and soil moisture. However, there is a limitation in representing the drought conditions with single variables due to their complexity. It has been acknowledged that a multivariate drought index can more effectively describe the complex drought state. In this context, this study propose a Copula-based drought index that can jointly consider precipitation and soil moisture. Unlike precipitation data, long-term soil moisture data is not readily available so that this study utilized a Gaussian Mixture Non-Homogeneous Hidden Markov chain Model (GM-NHMM) model to simulate the soil moisture using the observed precipitation and temperature ranging from 1973 to 2014. The GM-NHMM model showed a better performance in terms of reproducing key statistics of soil moisture, compared to a multiple regression model. Finally, a bivariate frequency analysis was performed for the drought duration and severity, and it was confirmed that the recent droughts over Jeollabuk-do in 2015 have a 20-year return period.

Transponder and Ground Station Systems for Drones

  • Kim, Ki-Su;Ha, Heon-Seong;Lee, Jong-Chan
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.9-15
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    • 2020
  • In this paper, we propose a case that drone (unmanned aerial vehicle), one of the representative technologies of the 4th Industrial Revolution, threatens airport safety and privacy infringement, and describes a drone control system proposal to solve the problem. Unmanned aerial vehicle (Drone) is creating a serious problem recently, In Korea, on May 21, 19, according to the Jeju Regional Aviation Administration, drones flew over Jeju Jeongseok Airfield twice in the same month, causing problems in aircraft operation. In overseas cases, two drones near the runway of Gatwick International Airport in the UK There has been a disturbance in which the takeoff and landing of the aircraft flies for a while, and various problems have occurred, such as voyeuring the private life of an individual using a drone. This paper is equipped with an Acess Point transponder mounted on a drone (unmanned aerial vehicle), and unspecified many who want to receive flight information (coordinates, altitude, and obstacles) of the drone access the drone AP, receive and receive the flight information of the drone, and receive unspecified multiple Drone AP flight information is collected and collected to provide the information of the drone currently floating on one user interface screen. In addition, an AP transponder is proposed to operate a safe drone (unmanned aerial vehicle) and the drone's flight information is transmitted., To receive and collect and collect data.

A Study on The Enhancement of Aviation Safety in Airport Planning & Construction from a Legal Perspective (공항개발계획과 사업에서의 항공안전성 제고에 대한 법률적 소고)

  • Kim, Tae-Han
    • The Korean Journal of Air & Space Law and Policy
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.67-106
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    • 2012
  • Today air traffic at the airport is complicated including a significant increase in the volume of air transport, so aviation accidents are constantly occurring. Therefore, we should newly recognize importance of the Air Traffic Safety, the core values of the Air Traffic. The location of airport that is the basic infrastructure of the air traffic and the security of safety for facilities and equipments are more important than what you can. From this dimension, I analyze the step-by-step safety factors that are taken into account in the airport development projects from the construction or improvement of the airport within the current laws and institutions and give my opinion on the enhancement of safety in the design and construction of airport. The safety of air traffic, as well as airport, depends on location, development, design, construction, inspection and management of the airport including airport facilities because we have to carry out the national responsibility that prevents the risk of large social overhead capital for many and unspecified persons in modern society through legislation regarding intervention of specialists and locational criteria for aviation safety from the planning stage of airport development. In addition, well-defined installation standards of airports and air navigation facilities, the key points of the airport development phase, can ensure the safety of the airport and airport facilities. Of course, the installation standards of airport and air navigation facilities are based on the global standard due to the nature of air traffic. However, to prevent the chaos for the safety standards in design, construction, inspection of them and to ensure the aviation safety, the safety standards must be further subdivided in the course of domestic legislation. The criteria for installation of the Air Navigation facilities is regulated most specifically. However, to ensure the safety of the operation for Air Navigation Facilities, performance system proved suitable for the Safety of Air Navigation Facilities must change over from arbitrary restrictions to mandatory restrictions and be applied for foreign producers as well as domestic producers. Of course, negligence of pilots and defective aircraft maintenance lead to a large portion of the aviation accidents. However, I think that air traffic accidents can be reduced if the airport or airport facility is perfect enough to ensure the safety. Therefore, legal and institutional supplement to prioritize the aviation safety from the stage of airport development may be necessary.

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