• Title, Summary, Keyword: Air apocalypse

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Evaluation on the Expected Purification Efficiency of Air Ion and Analysis on the Generated Amount of Negative Air Ions by Plants for the Purification of Particulate Matter in Air (지표대기 미세먼지 정화를 위한 식물체 음이온 발생량 분석 및 음이온의 미세먼지 기대정화지수 평가)

  • Oh, Deuk-Kyun;Ju, Jin-Hee
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.29 no.6
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    • pp.623-631
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    • 2020
  • This study analyzes the effect of negative air ions on the concentration of airborne particulate matter and evaluates the expected purification efficiency of open spaces for particulate matter by investigating the amount of negative air ions generated by plants. This study establishes a negative air ion generation treatment environment, plant environment, and control environment to measure the purification efficiency of particulate matter under the conditions of each, analyzing the expected purification efficiency by designing a particulate matter purification model. Results show that the amount of generated negative air ion according to environment was negative air ion generation treatment environment > plant environment > control environment; this order also applies to the particulate matter purification efficiency. Moreover, it took 65 min for the negative ion generation treatment environment, 90 min for the plant environment, and 240 min for the control environment to reach the standard expected purification efficiency of particulate matter concentration of 960 mg/㎥ for PM10. For PM2.5, with the designated maximum concentration of 700 mg/㎥, it took 60 min for the negative ion generation treatment environment, 80 min for the plant environment, and more than 240 min for the control environment. Based on these results, the expected purification efficiency compared to the control environment was quadrupled in the negative ion generation treatment environment and tripled in the plant environment on average.

Formation of Internal Wind Paths of Open Space and Its Effect on Meteorological Factors and the Generation of Negative Air Ions (녹지 내부 바람통로가 기상요소와 음이온 발생량 변화에 미치는 영향)

  • Oh, Deuk-Kyun;Yoon, Yong-Han
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.403-413
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to understand the formation of internal wind paths of open space and its effect on meteorological factors and the generation of negative air ions. Various types of internal wind paths of open space were formed. Subsequently, changes in meteorological factors in each type were measured and the generated negative air ions were analyzed. The four key findings of the study are summarized as follows. First, the average wind speed formed inside the open space was analyzed such that the difference in wind speed was dependent on the difference in the composition of the wind path. Second, the negative air ion generation was observed to have the same trend as the average wind speed difference. Third, changes to the meteorological factors were more evident depending on the difference in wind path formation patterns. Solar radiation was expected to be highly affected by the physical structure (direction) of the target site. The relative humidity was found to show large difference depending on the different wind path type; however, this difference was significantly reduced when converting to absolute humidity. Fourth, it was found that the wind path formation type of open space affects meteorological factors through path analysis, and the changed meteorological factors affect the amount of generated negative air ions. Two conclusions can be obtained based on these results. First, the changes in internal wind speed formation of open space directly reduced the amount of generated negative air ions. Second, the changes in wind speed affect meteorological factors as well as the amount of generated negative air ions.