• Title/Summary/Keyword: Agricultural water supply capacity

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Assessment of Agricultural Water Supply Capacity Using MODSIM-DSS Coupled with SWAT (SWAT과 MODSIM-DSS 모형을 연계한 금강유역의 농업용수 공급능력 평가)

  • Ahn, So Ra;Park, Geun Ae;Kim, Seong Joon
    • KSCE Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.507-519
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    • 2013
  • This study is to evaluate agricultural water supply capacity in Geum river basin (9,865 $km^2$), one of the 5 big river basin of South Korea using MODSIM-DSS (MODified SIMyld-Decision Support System) model. The model is a generalized river basin decision support system and network flow model developed at Colorado State University designed specifically to meet the growing demands and pressures on river basin management. The model was established by dividing the basin into 14 subbasins and the irrigation facilities viz. agricultural reservoirs, pumping stations, diversions, culverts and groundwater wells were grouped and networked within each subbasin and networked between subbasins including municipal and industrial water supplies. To prepare the inflows to agricultural reservoirs and multipurpose dams, the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) was calibrated using 6 years (2005-2010) observed dam inflow and storage data. By MODSIM run for 8 years from 2004 to 2011, the agricultural water shortage had occurred during the drought years of 2006, 2008, and 2009. The agricultural water shortage could be calculated as 282 $10^6m^3$, 286 $10^6m^3$, and 329 $10^6m^3$ respectively.

Evaluation of Agricultural Water Supply Capacity Using MODSIM (MODSIM을 이용한 농업용수 공급능력 평가)

  • Ahn, So-Ra;Kwon, Hyung-Joong;Park, Geun-Ae;Kim, Seong-Joon
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.1442-1447
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    • 2009
  • 본 연구에서는 네트워크 물수지 모형인 MODSIM을 이용하여 36개년(1967-2002) 동안의 물수지 분석을 수행하여 농업용수 공급능력을 평가하였다. 금강권역을 21개의 중권역으로 분할하고 농업용 수리시설(저수지, 양수장, 보, 집수암거, 관정)을 고려한 물수지 네트워크를 구성하였다(Fig.1). 농업용 수리시설의 공급량 및 운영 자료도 추가로 고려하였다. 물수지 분석 결과, 과거 가뭄발생 기간에 농업용수 부족량이 다른 기간에 비해 많이 발생함을 확인할 수 있었으며, 대표적인 가뭄 년인 1994, 1995, 2001년의 부족량은 745.8$(10^6m^3)$, 661.1$(10^6m^3)$, 696.8$(10^6m^3)$로 분석되었다. 또한 36개년 동안의 소유역 평균 용수공급능력은 생 공용수의 경우 99.1%, 농업용수의 경우 84.4%로 비교적 낮은 공급능력을 보였으며, 1994, 1995, 2001년의 농업용수 공급능력은 74.8%, 79.2%, 77.9%로 소유역 평균보다 낮은 수준으로 분석되었다. 농업용 수리시설물의 기여도 평가를 수행한 결과 양수장과 보의 기여율은 32.5%, 집수암거와 관정의 기여율은 4.0%로 분석되었으며, 집수암거와 관정은 양수장과 보에 비해서 상당히 적은 기여율을 갖지만 농업가뭄 해소에 어느 정도 도움을 주는 것으로 분석되었다.

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Evaluating Water Supply Capacity of Embankment Raised Reservoir on Climate Change (기후변화에 따른 둑높임 저수지의 용수공급능력 평가)

  • Lee, Jaenam;Noh, Jaekyoung
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.57 no.4
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    • pp.73-84
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    • 2015
  • An embankment raising project on 113 agricultural reservoirs in Korea was implemented in 2009 to increase water supply capacity for agricultural water and instream uses. This study evaluated the future water supply capacity of the Imgo reservoir at which the agricultural reservoir embankment raising project was completed, considering climate change scenarios. The height of the embankment of the reservoir was increased by 4.5 m, thereby increasing its total storage from 1,657.0 thousand to 3,179.5 thousand cubic meters. To simulate the reservoir water storage with respect to climate changes, two climate change scenarios, namely, RCP 4.5 and RCP 8.5 (in which greenhouse gas reduction policy was executed and not executed, respectively) were applied with bias correction for reflecting the climate characteristics of the target basin. The analysis result of the agricultural water supply capacity in the future, after the agricultural reservoir embankment raising project is implemented, revealed that the water supply reliability and the agricultural water supply increased, regardless of the climate change scenarios. By simulating the reservoir water storage considering the instream flow post completion of the embankment raising project, it was found that water shortage in the reservoir in the future is not likely to occur when it is supplied with an appropriate instream flow. The range of instream flow tends to decrease over time under RCP 8.5, in which the greenhouse gas reduction policy was not executed, and the restoration of reservoir storage was lower in this scenario than in RCP 4.5, in which greenhouse gas reduction policy was executed.

Reassessment on the Four Major Rivers Restoration Project and the Weirs Management (4대강 살리기사업의 재평가와 보의 운용방안)

  • Lee, Jong Ho
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.225-236
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    • 2021
  • The master plan for the Four Rivers Restoration Project (June 2009) was devised, the procedure of pre-environmental review (June 2009) and environmental impact assessment (Nov. 2009), and post-environmental impact survey were implemented, and 4 times audits also inspected. and finally the Ministry of Environment's Four Rivers Investigation and Evaluation Planning Committee proposed the dismantling or partial dismantling of the five weirs of the Geum River and Yeongsan River. But controversies and conflicts are still ongoing. Therefore, this study intend to reestablish the management plan for the four major rivers by reviewing and analyzing the process so far. The results are as follows. First, a cost-benefit analysis should be performed by comparing the water quality impact of weir operation and weir opening. Therefore, it is inevitably difficult to conduct cost-benefit analysis. Second, according to the results of cost-benefit analysis on the dismantling of the Geum River and the Yeongsan River, the dismantling of the weir and the regular sluice gate opening was decided. However, there is a problem in the validity of the decision to dismantle the weir because the cost-benefit analysis for maintaining the weir is not carried out. Third, looking at the change in water quality of 16 weirs before and after the Four Major Rivers Restoration Project, COD and Chl-a were generally deteriorated, and BOD, SS, T-N, and T-P improved. However, in the cost-benefit analysis related to water quality at the time of weir dismantling, only COD items were targeted. Therefore, the cost of BOD, SS, T-N, and T-P items improved after the project were not reflected in the cost-benefit analysis of dismantling weirs, so the water quality benefits were exaggerated. Fourth, in the case of Gongju weir and Juksan weir, most of them are movable weirs, so opening the weir alone can have the same effect as dismantling when the water quality deteriorates. Since the same effect can be expected, there is little need to dismantle the weirs. Fifth, in order to respond to frequent droughts and floods, it is desirable to secure the agricultural water supply capacity to the drought areas upstream of the four majorrivers by constructing a waterway connected to the weir. At present it is necessary to keep weirs rather than dismantling them.