• Title, Summary, Keyword: Agricultural Trade

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A Study on Increasing Farmers'Income through Direct Trade of Agricultural Products between Urban and Rural (농산물직거래 활성화를 통한 농민의 소득증대 방안)

  • 김남선;이창수
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.40-55
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    • 1998
  • The objectives of this study are to 1)research the importance of direct trade of agricultural products between farmers and consummers, 2)invest the trade process of agricultural products, 3)survey the patterns of direct trade of agricultural products, 4)find out the situations of direct trade of agricultural products, 5)suggest the directions to improve the direct trade of agricultural products. The data were collected from Taegu city, Taechun city and Kyungsang poop do for this study. The major findings of this study to improve the direct trade of agricultural products between urban and rural are as follows; First, it is very important that producers and consummers have common sense to the direct trade between urban and rural. Second, local government related the trade of agricultural products should positively take parts in the direct trade of agricltural products between producers and consummers in administration and finance. Thirth, non-profit organizations above other organizations in urban and rural must lead the direct trade of agricultural products between urban and rural. Fourth, the markets for direct trade of agricultural products are to be opened according to basing on consummers'needs to agricultural products. Fifth, the engaged farmings between producers and consummers are to be more positive by significant relationship( promised brothers and sisters) between rural and urban. Sixth, people who moved to urban from rural should be finked out in each community(in rural), they can buy the agricultural products in the community that they were born. Seventh, The communities in rural must produce the specific agricultural products in each community.

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The Competitiveness of Korea-China-Japan agricultural products and Korea-China FTA Agricultural Trade impacts (한·중·일 농산물 경쟁력과 한·중 FTA 농산물 교역량증가 효과)

  • Nam, Kuk-Hyun;Li, Tianguo
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.71-83
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    • 2018
  • This study aims to analyze the competitiveness of agricultural products in Korea, China and Japan and the effect of increasing imports from Korea and China. and then we discussed how to cooperate in the agricultural trade field between the three countries. The results are summarized as follows. First, The intra-industry trade of agricultural products was the most active in Korea and China, followed by the intra-industry trade index between Korea and Japan. The intra-industry trade between China and Japan were the lowest. Second, The mutual complementarity of agricultural products trade between Korea, China and Japan is mostly high. Among them, Korea and Japan are the highest, while Japan and China have the lowest complementarity. Third, it was found that in tariff elimination, imports of rice and meat products increased the most, while the import growth rate of green tea, meat products and ginseng increased the most. Finally, the three countries in Korea, China, and Japan can consider the way to increase the trade of agricultural products in the region by internalizing the trade of complementary items while maintaining a constant level of production of mutually competitive products.

Prospect of FTA and Trade of Agricultural Products between Korea and China (한.중 FTA 추진에 따른 농산물교역의 과제와 대응방안)

  • Bae, Ki-Hyung;Cho, Sung-Je
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.167-195
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    • 2010
  • The global financial crisis, the instability of the global economy since the beginning of the growing economic interests of the countries to adjust to establish a new economic system was set up on occasion. Meanwhile, standing in the international trade environment, multilateral system of international trade for the country as the cumulative fatigue of open markets and trade liberalization as an alternative to lead the free trade agreements between countries. Currently in Korea and China, in addition to the geographical proximity in all areas, including economic exchanges and mutually dependent relationship that is deepening the world's No. 1 exporter in China and overseas investors have become partners. FTA with China by promoting the growth of emerging economies in the Chinese market by securing a stable economic growth of China as a driver of economic growth in the country to utilize the plan is being promoted from. This study is currently being promoted, in a discussion of the FTA's agricultural trade measures to address the challenges and poems. Agricultural trade with other goods to be different from the specificity of the discussion of market opening and liberalization of trade has been recognized in the main essentially nothing. We promote an FTA, according to one review and discuss the background and trends of the agricultural trade in a market, through the analysis of the status and trends and present problems for future bilateral trade negotiations with Korea for agricultural markets and propose countermeasures for. Agricultural trade, during a discussion of the FTA is essentially nothing in the review is expected to expand the bilateral trade in agricultural products, while protecting its agricultural markets to be trying to policy implications.

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An analysis of ex-post assessment on Korea-Chile Free Trade Agreement with respect to the agricultural sector

  • Han, Suk-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.43 no.3
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    • pp.468-480
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    • 2016
  • As the existing FTAs' implementations are being accelerated, ex-post assessments, such as tariff schedules and agricultural trade analyses results, have been emerging as important national issues for the agricultural sector. Korea-Chile FTA is the first FTA in Korea, and more than ten years have passed since April 2004. It will be necessary to measure the impacts of the agreement on the domestic agricultural industry by analyzing concessions made on traded items of farm products on prices, agricultural trade, and so on. The purpose of this study is to prepare for the request for ex-post assessments on the agricultural sector by trade negotiation procedural law. Additionally, by providing policy direction for agricultural policy segments requiring amendments and supplements through an ex-post assessment, we can more objectively evaluate the conflicting arguments between the agricultural and non-agricultural sectors. Current evaluation methods about ex-post impact assessment of FTA are generally comparison analysis on the change of trade balance before and after FTA implementation. However, this simple comparison analysis cannot be said to pure FTA effects and objective, tightening economic impact assessment of the FTA because of all combined situations such as effects of exchange rates, international macroeconomic changes, climate change, and the occurrence of pests. This research attempts to use dynamic analysis as its ex-post assessment methodology and is expected to contribute to future policy evaluation.

A Scheme of the Agriculture Export Logistics Improvement in E-Trade Era (전자무역시대 농산물 수출물류 활성화 방안 및 과제)

  • Park, Hyun-Hee
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.49-66
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    • 2009
  • The DDA negotiations, in 9th multilateral trade round, has focused on nine sectors including agriculture, non-agricultural market access, and service. After August 2004, member countries have intensified negotiations in order to reduce gaps between countries perspective. So most attention of members countries has been focused on agricultural trade and non-agricultural market access. Agricultural negotiation confront tough challenges because of different positions among members countries, and are not expected to reach perfect forms of modalities. Nevertheless based on the fact that many countries nearly reached agreement on some core. Under this circumstance, Korea has to prepare more practical strategics and more effective individual commitments to minimized the agricultural market opening. The other way, some Korean agricultural products will be exported by the DDA negotiation. Recently the understanding of Third-Party Logistics and Logistics Outsourcing are receiving increased attention as means of becoming competitive in agricultural products export improvement. So this paper presents a in-depth analysis for third-party logistics and its implications for Korea agricultural product export system improvement in E-trade Era.

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The Development Programs of State-operated Trade Corresponding WTO/DDA Agriculture Negotiation (WTO/DDA 농업협상에 대응하는 국영무역 발전방안 연구)

  • Lee, Byung-Ki
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.211-227
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    • 2003
  • According to the TRQ system created by WTO agreement on agriculture, Korea notified the WTO of the application of tariff rate quotas for 67 agricultural commodities(now, 63 commodities). Among these government administrate state-operated trade for 17 commodities. However, WTO/DDA negotiation will bring about lowering tariffs and increasing quantities of tariff quota. This study suggest the development programs corresponding WTO/DDA agriculture negotiation. First, from the viewpoint of the protection of domestic agriculture & improving transparency of agricultural import administration, the administration system of the state-operated trade will be necessary to be transformed for market oriented methods. Second, the administration system of the state-operated trade will be necessary to be rendered unified organization also. The current system of the state-operated trade shows the phenomena og many divergency. And third, The quantities of market access of FTA between Korea and Chile will be desirable to be administrate by state-operated trade. Because, according to diffusion of FTA treaties, the amount of market access quantities of FTA increase rapidly henceforth.

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Can Auto-ID make Trade Stable between Korea and China?

  • Choi, Jae-Seob
    • The Journal of Information Technology
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.119-127
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    • 2004
  • As increasing trade through the world, especially in food, asymmetry of information can make the trade shrink. With the industrial development, Korea's agriculture had shrunk dramatically. By the result of the nation's industrial restructuring, over than 3/4 of Korea food consumption comes from abroad. And China is an important source of agricultural product to Korea. Increasing family income and increasing importing food consumption, Korean consumers have been interested in food safety. Especially. after experiencing several cases like struggle for safety of GMO food, poultry influenza, lead contained Chinese fish import, mad cow disease, cheating origin, etc. Obviously, those unreliable cases will hinder the increase of world free trade as well as the trust of two countries. Furthermore, distrust will be a cause of adverse selection. So, it need to find a way to solve the distrust which caused by asymmetry of information. And automatic identification procedures can help mitigate asymmetry of information in trade. And it will make Korean consumers can avoid adverse selection. This paper suggests adoption of Auto ID to encourage agricultural trade between Korea and China.

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Study on the Trade Potentiality of Agricultural Products to South-east Asian Countries (동남아 제국과의 농산물 교역에 관한 연구)

  • Young-Kun Shim
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.11
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    • pp.133-142
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    • 1972
  • 1. The purpose of this study is to present effective way of increasing agricultural trade through investigating agricultural trade aspects of the south-east asian countries. 2. As the main industry of all the countries except Japan is agriculture, agricultural products occupies large part of products exported in these countries. However, due to the low level of technology and shorts of products to be exported, the traded amount of agricultural products is not so much. 3. In view of industralization, these countries are similiar to Korea. Therefore, Korea can hardly expect to increase trade amount only with the traditional agricultural products, for these countries emphasis on the import of capital goods. 4. The climate and the level of production technology of these countries differ greatly respectively. In order to increase exports, Korea has to develop strategic goods considering the facts mentioned above.

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An Urbanization Effect of Ruralto-Urban Land Conversion Under the Uruguay Round Agricultural Free Trade Policy : The Case of Korea (UR농산물개방에 따른 도.농 토지전용의 공간적 파급효과)

  • 최막중
    • Journal of the Korean Regional Science Association
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.61-78
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    • 1995
  • This study begins with a question of what spatial impact international trade policy would have following the Uruguay Round, particularly focusing on agricultural trade liberalization in Korea. Based upon the neoclassical urban economic model, it first identifies the channel in which agricultural market opening can ultimately affect both rural and urban are as; $\circled1$ Free trade will depress domestic price of agricultural products, $\circled2$ which will in turn depreciate agricultural land price. $\circled3$ The decrease in marginal supply cost for urban land will then facilitate urban sprawl, provided that the government relaxes restrictions on urban-rural land conversion. Theoretical analysis is further refined by empirical considerations that distinguish agricultural land value solely for production purpose from that for future urban, uses, and that distinguish the urbanization effect caused by the fall in the supply cost of urban land from that caused by the existing high level of demand. Utilizing the estimate of bid-price for paddy field derived from the revenue-cost relationship of rice production, simulation results show that the urban-rural boundary under trade liberalization can expand outward up to 70-85km radius in the Seoul metropolitan area, suggesting the emergency of a metropolis or even a megalopolis which extends from Seoul to the central part of the country. Since the geographic extent of urbanization effect can vary depending upon the urban spatial structure, however, it is recommended that the redevelopment option in the built - up area should always be tied up with the issue of whether to deregulate rural-to-urban land conversion.

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The economic effects of a Korea.China FTA on Gwangju-Jeonnam Region - Mainly Agricultural and Marine Products - (한.중 FTA체결이 광주.전남지역에 미치는 영향에 관한 소고)

  • Jung, Chul-Gi
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.353-372
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    • 2008
  • The economic development system of Korea is based on export-oriented strategy and the free trade agreement. So Korea is trying to conclude the free trade agreement with China, Japan, and EU. The reason is that Korea will have more chances to develop there economy scale and trade surplus, but it will give the worst economic situation. The research showed that the effects of FTA on Korea's GDP will be much greater than China's and Korea's trade surplus with China will expand in the manufacturing sector, but agricultural and marine products are layed in opposite situation. Especially comparing with other Provincial, Gwangju Jeonnam has a relative importance portion of agricultural and marine products. So, Gwangju Jeonnam have to prepare the effects of agricultural and marine products under the Korea China FTA.

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