• Title, Summary, Keyword: Aging Monitor

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Development of CANDU Reactor Aging Monitor (CANDU형 원전 경년열화 감시시스템(Aging Monitor) 개발)

  • Kim, Hong Key;Choi, Young Hwan;Ko, Han Ok
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Pressure Vessels and Piping
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.13-19
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    • 2009
  • As the operating time in nuclear power plants (NPPs) increases, the integrity of nuclear components may be continually degraded due to aging effects of systems, structures and components. Recently, a number of NPPs are being operated beyond their design life to produce more electricity without shutting down. The critical issue in extending a lifetime is to maintain the level of safety during the extended operation period while satisfying the international regulatory standards. Therefore, it is beneficial to build a monitoring system to measure an aging status. In this paper, the Aging Monitor (AM) based on lots of aging database obtained from the operating plants and research results on the aging effects was developed to monitor, manage and evaluate the aging phenomena systematically and effectively in NPPs. The AM for the CANDU is divided into 6 modules: (1) Aging Alarm/Coloring Monitor, (2) Aging Database, (3) Aging Document, (4) Real-time Integrity Monitor, (5) Surveillance and Inspection Management System, and (6) Continued Operation and Periodic Safety Review (PSR) Safety Evaluation. The proposed system is expected to provide the integrity assessment for the major mechanical components of an NPP under concurrent working environments.

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A Scan-Based On-Line Aging Monitoring Scheme

  • Yi, Hyunbean;Yoneda, Tomokazu;Inoue, Michiko
    • JSTS:Journal of Semiconductor Technology and Science
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.124-130
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    • 2014
  • In highly reliable and durable systems, failures due to aging might result in catastrophes. Aging monitoring techniques to prevent catastrophes by predicting such a failure are required. This paper presents a scan-based on-line aging monitoring scheme which monitors aging during normal operation and gives an alarm if aging is detected so that the system users take action before a failure occurs. We illustrate our modified scan chain architecture and aging monitoring control method. Experimental results show our simulation results to verify the functions of the proposed scheme.

Performance improvement of SOC indicator for electric vehicle using hydrometer (온-라인 비중계를 이용한 전기자동차용 바테리 잔존용량계의 성능개선)

  • 박종건;임영철;박철수;류영재
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.423-426
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    • 1996
  • The conditions to be satisfied with SOC(State-of-Charge) indicator installed on the electric vehicle were that it should be used under frequent loading conditions and that it should enable the monitor to adjust to the aging effect. But, the state-of-charge test requires a lengthy stabilization period after discharge cycles and the ampere-hour test requires the knowledge of the battery capacity in terms of amp-hours. However, a monitoring technique combining the state-of-charge test to enable the monitor to adjust to the aging effect with the ampere-hour test to use under frequent loading condition is studied and implemented on a microcontroller-based circuit in this paper. Specially, optical fiber is used to realize hydrometer which is immune to electromagnetic interference and toxic environment and makes it possible to be used in a wide temperature range.

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A novel method to aging state recognition of viscoelastic sandwich structures

  • Qu, Jinxiu;Zhang, Zhousuo;Luo, Xue;Li, Bing;Wen, Jinpeng
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.1183-1210
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    • 2016
  • Viscoelastic sandwich structures (VSSs) are widely used in mechanical equipment, but in the service process, they always suffer from aging which affect the whole performance of equipment. Therefore, aging state recognition of VSSs is significant to monitor structural state and ensure the reliability of equipment. However, non-stationary vibration response signals and weak state change characteristics make this task challenging. This paper proposes a novel method for this task based on adaptive second generation wavelet packet transform (ASGWPT) and multiwavelet support vector machine (MWSVM). For obtaining sensitive feature parameters to different structural aging states, the ASGWPT, its wavelet function can adaptively match the frequency spectrum characteristics of inspected vibration response signal, is developed to process the vibration response signals for energy feature extraction. With the aim to improve the classification performance of SVM, based on the kernel method of SVM and multiwavelet theory, multiwavelet kernel functions are constructed, and then MWSVM is developed to classify the different aging states. In order to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method, different aging states of a VSS are created through the hot oxygen accelerated aging of viscoelastic material. The application results show that the proposed method can accurately and automatically recognize the different structural aging states and act as a promising approach to aging state recognition of VSSs. Furthermore, the capability of ASGWPT in processing the vibration response signals for feature extraction is validated by the comparisons with conventional second generation wavelet packet transform, and the performance of MWSVM in classifying the structural aging states is validated by the comparisons with traditional wavelet support vector machine.

A Study on Opinion of Korean Feminine Seniors on the Life Support Appliances for Healthy Ageing - Medication Dispenser, Video Phone, Activity Monitor, Sleep Monitor - (재가노인 생활지원기기에 대한 한국 여성노인의 인식 - 알약분배기, 비디오폰, 활동모니터, 취침모니터를 중심으로 -)

  • Steggell, Carmen D.;Park, Kyoung-Ok;Kim, Sun-Joong;Kwon, Myoung-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.46 no.4
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    • pp.83-96
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study is to grasp the opinion of Korean feminine seniors on the life support appliances for their healthy ageing: medication dispenser, video phone, activity monitor and sleep monitor. The focus group interviews, asking the usability of the appliances, were answered by each 6 feminine seniors of more than 65 years, residing in Corvallis of U.S.(group I), Cheongju(group II), and Ulsan(group III) of Korea. The results are as follows. (1) The medication dispenser proved to be very useful to all the respondents. All the seniors, who take more than one medicine a day, felt it helpful that the medication dispenser makes them to take medicines at fixed time. In addition, they hoped the medicine envelope to be developed for the dispenser use by the supply side. (2) The seniors showed interest in the manner the video phone works; to work by the voice, rather than by the finger. They expressed the hope of the video phone to display the communication contents, in consideration of their weakening hearing. (3) The seniors who live alone, especially, felt intimacy to the activity monitor, thinking as if some helpers were beside them. The fact that it can send emergency calls immediately when situations happen, gave the seniors emotional safety as a patron. (4) The sleep monitor, although essential to the serious cases without moving ability, was proved less necessary to the healthy seniors. They expressed the hope of this appliance to be evolved for the use with the mattress without bed.

Acoustic Analysis of Normal and Vocal Pathologic Voice Using Dr. Speech Science (Dr. Speech Science를 이용한 정상 및 후두질환 환자의 음향분석)

  • Lee, Hyung-Seok;Tae, Kyung;Jang, Kyung-Jin;Kim, Kyung-Woo;Kim, Kyung-Rae;Park, Chul-Won
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Laryngology, Phoniatrics and Logopedics
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.166-172
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    • 1997
  • Background : For example, aerodynamic study, vibratory study, acoustic study, neuro-muscular test and psychoacoustic evaluation, a number of objective methods are now available for assessing pathologic voice change. They help to differentiate pathologic condition from normal condition and to monitor pathologic and aging change. These laboratory analyses are used commonly to monitor speech therapy and to follow a patient's recovery after surgery. Objectives : We investigated the values of jitter, shimmer and NNE of normal person and hoarseness patients in Korea. The values of Jitter and shimmer might be meaningful parameters distinguishing pathologic vibration from normal and recovery after surgery. Materials and Methods : Statistical significance between normal control and 48 subjects taken microlaryngeal surgery were compared with Dr. speech science program that is computerized system for acoustic analysis of voice production employed to determine vocal characteristics of pitch perturbation(jitter) and amplitude perturbation(shimmer). Results : The mean normal values of jitter and shimmer were 0.226${\pm}$0.110(%), 2.200${\pm}$0.421(%) in male and 0.164${\pm}$0.060(%), 2.063 ${\pm}$0.575(%) in female. In patients with vocal nodule, the preoperative and postoperative values of jitter and shimmer were valueless. In patients with vocal polyps, the preoperative and postoperative values of jitter and shimmer were valuable. Conclusion : Dr. speech science program was effective to monitor laryngeal disease and aging changes.

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A STUDY ON A CATALYTIC CONVERTER OBD BEFORE LIGHT-OFF

  • Yun, Seung-Won;Son, Geon-Seog;Lee, Kwi-Young
    • International Journal of Automotive Technology
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.33-40
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    • 2002
  • Increasingly stringent emission regulations of EU and CARB (California Air resource Board) require mandatory OBD (On Board Diagnostics) far the catalytic converters of a vehicle. It demands that MIL(Malfunction Indication Light) should be tuned on to inform the driver of catalytic converter failures. Currently dual oxygen sensor method Is widely used for the converter OBD. However, since it works only alter converter light-off, it has a serious limitation when applied to TLEV or more stringent emission regulations where more than 85% of total emission is coming out before converter light-off. In addition, a recent development in catalyst material. coating technology and additive catalysts leads to a much improved OSC (Oxygen Storage Capacity) after converter light-off, current methods are very difficult to determine levels of converter aging. Therefore, it is desired to develop an OSC detecting method before converter light-off to diagnose converter failures with higher reliability. In this study, OSCs of converters are measured by an absolute measuring method and a dynamic measuring method, and some of fundamental ideas are suggested about converter OBD before converter light-off. The converters are aged with two different aging methods; those are a furnace aging and an engine bench aging: to represent aging conditions in actual field applications. Dual oxygen sensor method at the lower temperature than light-off is also studied at a model gas bench with the converters. It is fecund that there is a certain point in temperature lower than light-off where difference due to aging level becomes maximum, thus a proper dynamic method to effectively monitor catalytic converters could be implemented fur the range lower than light-off temperatures. With this result, the aging level of converters is examined at an engine bench.

Analysis for luminescence property about an increase quantity of silicate phosphor and reliability (Silicate 형광체 증가에 대한 발광 특성 및 신뢰성 분석)

  • Yoon, Yanggi;Jang, Joongsoon
    • Journal of Applied Reliability
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.275-285
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    • 2012
  • This paper presents a changes of luminescence property for converted white LEDs with the commercially available silicate phosphor. If silicate phosphor's quantity increase step by step. luminescence property will be changing. we analyze luminescence property for these change and carry out the high temperature aging test for 7,000 hours, the high temperature and humidity aging test for 7,000 hours for reliability. LED degradation not only results in reduced light output but also in color changes. so we monitor correlated color temperature (CCT), chromaticity coordinates(x, y) and spectrum intensity. Those results suggest that humidity factor more bad effect in color changes than temperature factor and Lighting quality is related with quantity of phosphor.