• Title, Summary, Keyword: Aging

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The Effect of Green Coffee Bean Extract Supplementation on Body Fat Reduction in Overweight/Obese Women (과체중 여성에서 생커피두 엑기스의 섭취가 체지방 개선에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Ju-Yeon;Kim, Ji-Young;Lee, Sung-Pyo;Lee, Jong-Ho
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.43 no.4
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    • pp.374-381
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    • 2010
  • This study was performed to examine the diet effect of green coffee bean extract on body fat reduction. Overweight/obese women (body mass index > $23\;kg/m^2$ or body fat > 27%) who were not diagnosed any type of disease were included in this study and subjects were randomly assigned to green coffee bean extract group (n = 23) or placebo group (n = 20). We measured anthropometric parameters, abdominal fat distribution by computed tomography and blood components before and after the 8-weeks intervention period. After supplementation, green coffee bean extract group showed a significant reduction of body weight (p < 0.01), body fat percent (p < 0.01), total fat area at L1 vertebra (-4.8%, p < 0.05) and visceral fat area at L4 vertebra was(-4.7%, p < 0.05). In addition, total fat area and visceral fat area at L1 vertebra decreased significantly in green coffee bean extract group compared with placebo group (p < 0.05, p < 0.05 respectively). The result of present study demonstrated that the supplementation of green coffee bean extract for 8 weeks can give beneficial effects on body fat reduction and visceral fat accumulation.

Prevalence of anatomical alar band (콧방울띠의 유병율)

  • Kim, Jung Suk;Kim, Cheol Soon;Cha, Jung Yul;Kim, Hee Jin;Hwang, Chung Ju
    • Journal of the Korean Academy of Esthetic Dentistry
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.4-12
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: Due to the presence of various muscles around lips, variety of facial expression can be made and changes from aging process such as wrinkles can develop on the facial skin by the action of multiple muscles. In animals, skin and muscles are developed in the entire body. On contrast, they are well developed only in the face and just one is present in the neck and the palm. Alar band was defined as outer wrinkle formed by zygomaticus minor muscle, which is common in Koreans. This study aimed to investigate clinical prevalence of alar band. Materials & Methods: Subjects were chosen from 780 new patients who visited private clinic in Gyeonggi province for orthodontic treatment. Presence of alar band was examined from the smile extraoral photos. Correlation among skeletal form, lip protrusion, gender, and age were evaluated. Results: Prevalence of alar band was higher in women (27.9%) than in men (18.5%) with statistical significance (p<0.05). With respect to age, prevalence of alar band was 19.4% in age 0-9 y, 16.9% in age 10-19 y, 31.2% in age 20-29 y, 39.5% in age 30-39, 56.5% in age 40-49. Prevalence was gradually increased from patients in their 20s to patients in their 40s and statistical significance was found (p<0.001). Concerning SN_NP, prevalence was 26.2% in normodivergent facial type, 22.0% in hyperdivergent facial type, and 32.2% in hypodivergent facial type. Hypodivergent facial group had higher prevalence but statistical significance was not observed. Statistically significant difference was not found regarding upper lip. However, prevalence of the alar band was 26% in patients with normal lower lip, 14.7% in patients with pretruded lower lip, and 33.3% in retruded lower lip. The prevalence was higher in patients with retruded lower lip with statistical significance (p<0.05). Conclusions: 27.8% on previous anatomical study and this study showed 27.8% prevalence of alar band in clinical smile photographs. Clinical photograph study showed that alar band was more prominent in women, older people, and people with retruded lips with statistical significance. This will provide valuable diagnostic information for esthetic consideration.

Variation of Growth Characteristics and Quality Related Components in Korean Indigenous Tea (Camellia sinensis) Germplasms (한국 재래종 차나무(Camellia sinensis)의 작물학적 특성 및 품질관련 성분 변이)

  • Lee, Min-Seuk;Lee, Jin-Ho;Lee, Jeong-Dae;Hyun, Jin-Wuk;Kim, Young-Gul;Hwang, Young-Sun;Lee, Hyeon-Jin;Choi, Su-San-Na;Lee, Su-Jin;Choung, Myoung-Gun
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.53 no.3
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    • pp.333-338
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    • 2008
  • The tea has traditionally been used as a foodstuff by unique flavor, however recently not only the diversity of consumer demands but also the public interest in unique favorite and functional aspects have increased. It has been also reported that the main components contained in the leaves of tea (Camellia sinensis) include total nitrogen, free amino acids, polyphenols, and fiber, of which catechin has powerful bioactive effect such as anti-cancer, anti-aging, and anti-diabetic. (-)-Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) which is a major phenolic constituent of green tea extract has received considerable attention for a variety of important bioactivities. This study was carried out to obtain useful information for tea breeding programs, and to investigate the concentration of quality and functional related components in Korean indigenous tea germplasms. Korean indigenous tea lines were classified into three groups of sprout time, i.e, early, medium and late sprout time, and the ratio were 20%, 43% and 37%, respectively. There was a difference in characteristics among these Korean indigenous tea lines, leaf width of those ranged from 19.8 to 75 mm, leaf length was 35.5-160.0 mm, and leaf area was $660-8,400\;mm^2$. Experimental data on chlorophyll content (SPAD value) of Korean indigenous tea genetic resources ranged from 51.3 to 82.3. The concentrations of the total nitrogen, total free amino acids, and theanine were ranged 4.18-6.07%, 2.87-4.58%, and 1.64-2.66%, respectively. Also, catechin concentration showed from 11.54 to 15.07%, and concentration of caffeine was 2.82-4.23%. These results indicated indicated that it is possible to select elite lines with high concentration of quality related components and low concentration of caffeine from Korean domestic tea germplasms.

Reaction of Near-Isogenic Lines with Resistance to Bacterial Blight to Korean and Japanese isolates of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (한국 및 일본 균주에 대한 벼흰잎마름병 저항성 근동질 유전자 계통의 반응)

  • Kim, Bo-Ra;Yang, Cheol-Woo;Jin, Xuan-Ji;Han, Jin-Soo;Lee, Eun-Jeong;Choi, Jae-Eul
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.52 no.1
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    • pp.89-99
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    • 2007
  • To develop durable and stable breeding strategies far the control of rice bacterial blight (BB) disease, the near-isogenic lines (NILs) with diverse resistance genes to BB isolates were evaluated in plant at three different growth stages using four Korean ($K_1,\;K_2,\;K_3,\;K_{3a}$) and three Japanese isolates (I, II, III). The resistance of the NILs to seven BB isolates tended to increase with plant aging. At the seedling stage, the NILs with single resistance genes were mostly resistant to $K_1$ race but they showed partial or no resistance to other isolates. A NILs (IRBB5) possessing xa5 had full resistance to the four Korean isolates, illustrating that it is a useful source to give enhancement to Korean breeding program. At the maximum tillering stage, resistance of NILs to $K_2,\;K_3$, I and II isolates considerably increased while resistance to $K_1,\;K_{3a}$ and III were similar to those of seedling stage. NILs with resistance gene of Xa4, xa5 and Xa7 proved to be the most stable to BB isolates at the maximum tillering stage. At the heading stage, most resistance genes of NILs were effective against BB isolates, and xa5 showed the consistent resistance to all the BB isolates including $K_{3a}$ and III isolates, demonstrating that resistance genes of Xa4, xa5 and Xa7 can be used either alone or combined to enhance resistance to BB disease in Korea.

Synthesis and Characterization of Layered Copper Hydroxides in Highly Concentrated Solution (고농도 용액에서 Layered Copper Hydroxides의 합성 및 특성)

  • Nam, Dae-Hyean;Choi, Choong-Lyeal;Kim, Kwang-Seop;Seo, Young-Jin;Park, Man
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.43 no.6
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    • pp.872-879
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    • 2010
  • Layered copper hydroxides [LCHs, $Cu_2(OH)_3{\cdot}NO_3$] has the agricultural potentials as a fungicide because of its high crystallinity, excellent anion exchange capacity, and its regular layered particle size. The study, for the first time, has synthesized LCHs in highly concentrated solution and evaluated its physicochemical properties including the crystallinity and suspension stability. Optimal synthetic condition of LCHs was determined by crystallinity and stability of suspension as follow; 1) concentrations of $Cu(NO_3)_2$ and NaOH solutions were 3.0 M respectively, 2) reaction temperature and solution pH were $25^{\circ}C$ and 6.0, respectively, and 3) aging time after reaction was 2hr. Crystallinity of LCHs enhanced with increase in pH up to 9.0. Whereas, stability of suspension was decrease by increase in crystal size. Especially, increase in reaction temperature decreased stability of suspension. XRD patterns and SEM images exhibited that LCHs had regular layered particle size with 0.2~0.8 ${\mu}m$ and high crystallinity in optimal synthetic condition. The particle size was increased with increase in reaction temperature and pH. These results showed that LCHs synthesized in highly concentrated solution exhibited high stability of suspension as well as high crystallinity suitable to their potential as a fungicide.

Antimutagenic and Cytotoxic Effects of Ethanol Extracts from Five Kinds of Seaweeds (다섯 가지 해조류 에탄올 추출물의 항돌연변이 활성 및 암세포 성장억제 효과)

  • Kim, Sung-Ae;Kim, Jin;Woo, Mee-Kyung;Kwak, Chung-Shil;Lee, Mee-Sook
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.451-459
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    • 2005
  • The protective effects of ethanol extracts from 5 seaweeds on the mutagenic and cytotoxic damage were evaluated. They were separately extracted using ethanol from dried samples at room temperature, and freeze-dried. The inhibition effects on the mutagenicity in Salmonella assay by Ames test and cancer cell inhibitory effect in HeLa cell, MCF-7 cell and SNU -638 cell by MTT assay were assayed. Seaweed fusiforme, sea tangle and green laver showed strong inhibitory effect against 2-nitrofluorene, sodium azide- or 2-anthramine-induced mutagenicities in Salmonella Typhimurium TA 98 and TA 100 at the level of 2.5 mg ethanol extract per plate. Cancer cell inhibitory effect was shown with all of the seaweed extracts. Green laver, sea mustard, sea tangle and seaweed fusiforme showed strong cytotoxicity against HeLa and MCF-7 cells, with inhibiting by $92\~93\%$ and $89\~92\%$, respectively. These data show that 5 seaweeds tested in this study might be potent functional foods for cancer prevention, and consumption of these seaweeds in adequate amount is recommended.

The Health Status according to the Age and BMI of Male Workers in Daegu.Gyeongbuk Region (대구.경북지역 20, 30대 남성 근로자의 연령 및 BMI에 따른 건강상태)

  • Jang, Hyun-Sook;Choi, Ju-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.318-326
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    • 2007
  • The purpose for this study was to investigate the health status according to the age and BMI by interviewing male workers in their twenties and thirties in the Daegu Gyeongbuk region. The body measurement was assessed by height, weight, BMI, body circumference (waist, hip), waist-hip ratio and body fat mass. The health status has been analyzed and assessed as normal group, health concerned group and health suspected groups. Weight, percent ideal body weight (PIBW), BMI and body circumference (waist, hip) and waist-hip ratio was proven higher according to the order of obese group, overweight group and normal group. Waist-hip ratio was proved to be higher in the thirties group than the twenties. Body fat mass was higher in the obese, overweight and normal groups. In the concerns of health status, the ratio of health concerned group and health suspected group increased according to the increase of BMI. Blood pressure (SBP, DBP) was higher in the obese group than in the normal group and overweight groups, and blood glucose was higher in the thirties than in the twenties. SGOT, SGPT, ${\gamma}-GTP$ has been proven higher in the obese group than in the normal group and overweight group, ${\gamma}-GTP$ was higher in the thirties than in the twenties. Investigating the correlation of the anthropometric characteristics and biochemical characteristics, the heavy weight resulted in heavier BMI, PIBW, body circumference (waist, hip), waist-hip ratio and higher body fat mass. Blood pressure (SBP, DBP), total cholesterol, blood glucose, SGOT, SGPT and ${\gamma}-GTP$ all became higher according to these influences. In conclusion, male workers have to recognize that health status becomes worse and possibilities of chronic disease prevalence rate increases according to aging and the increase of BMI. Accordingly, it is necessary to make an effort to prevent chronic diseases.

Effect of Cynanchi wilfordii Radix Extracts on Lipid Compositions and Blood Pressure in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (백하수오(Cynanchi wilfordii Radix) 추출물이 선천성 고혈압 흰쥐의 지질성분 및 혈압에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Jun-Hweok;Lee, Hye-Sung;Kim, Young-Eon;Kim, Byoung-Mok;Kim, In-Ho;Lee, Chang-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.41 no.3
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    • pp.345-350
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to observe the effects of Cynanchi wilfordii Radix extracts (CRE) on the improvement of the lipid compositions and blood pressure level in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) fed an experimental diet for 5 weeks. The rats were divided into 3 groups: a control group, a 0.5% CRE treated group, and a 1% CRE treated group. Consumption of CRE extract for 5 weeks in SHR significantly suppressed blood pressure rise with aging (p<0.05). After eating the experimental diets, the triglycerides in serum was significantly lower in the CRE group than that in the control group. The fasting glucose levels of the 0.5% and 1% CRE group had a tendency to be lower compared with those of the control group. Total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol and HTR (HDL-cholesterol/total cholesterol) of the SHR in the 0.5% and 1% CRE diet were significantly increased compared to the control diet. Thus, long term consumption of CRE might be beneficial in lowering high blood pressure and the improvement of lipid metabolism in SHR rats.

Isolation and Identification of Antioxidant Polyphenolic Compounds in Mulberry (Morus alba L.) Seeds (오디씨로부터 항산화성 폴리페놀화합물의 분리 및 동정)

  • Lee, Yu-Jin;Kim, Eun-Ok;Choi, Sang-Won
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.40 no.4
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    • pp.517-524
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    • 2011
  • Eleven polyphenolic compounds, including procatechuic and chlorogenic acids, (+)-dihydroquercetin, rutin, isoquercitrin, quercitrin, (+)-dihydrokaempferol, trans-resveratrol, moracin, quercetin and 4-prenylmoracin were isolated and purified from the methanolic extract of defatted mulberry seed residue by a series of column chromatography including silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, and ODS-A, and their chemical structures were identified by spectral analysis. The antioxidant activities of the eleven isolated polyphenolic compounds were measured spectrophotometrically using DPPH radical. Among the eleven polyphenolic compounds tested, rutin ($IC_{50}=20.2\;{\mu}M$), isoquercitrin ($IC_{50}=22.5\;{\mu}M$), quercitrin ($IC_{50}=24.6\;{\mu}M$), quercetin ($IC_{50}=27.8\;{\mu}M$), (+)-dihydroquercetin ($IC_{50}=28.9\;{\mu}M$), and chlorogenic acid ($IC_{50}=30.6\;{\mu}M$) exhibited stronger antioxidant activity than L-ascorbic acid ($IC_{50}=31.5\;{\mu}M$) and ${\alpha}$-tocopherol ($IC_{50}=52.3\;{\mu}M$), whereas procatechuic acid ($IC_{50}=68.2\;{\mu}M$) showed lower activity. In addition, (+)-dihydrokaempferol ($IC_{50}=33.8\;{\mu}M$), trans-resveratrol ($IC_{50}=36.2\;{\mu}M$), moracin ($IC_{50}=47.6\;{\mu}M$), and 4-prenylmoracin ($IC_{50}=48.2\;{\mu}M$) exhibited moderate antioxidant activity. Furthermore, levels of the eleven polyphenolic compounds from three different types of mulberry seeds were quantified by HPLC, and their contents were as follows: rutin (311~60.0 mg/100 g)> quercitrin (7.2~34.2 mg/100 g)> (+)-dihydroquercetin (13.2~33.1 mg/100 g)> quercetin (15.8~19.5 mg/100 g)> 4-prenylmoracin (10.5~43.3 mg/100 g)> isoquercitrin (5.8~15.4 mg/100 g)> chlorogenic acid (0.0~15.3 mg/100 g)> moracin (4.7~7.2 mg/100 g)> procatechuic acid (0.0~11.6 mg/100 g)> (+)-dihydrokaempferol and trans-resveratrol (<0.1 mg/100 g). The 'Daesungppong' mulberry seeds among the three cultivars had higher flavonoid contents, such as rutin and quercetin derivatives, while the 'Iksuppong' seeds had the highest contents of phenolic acids and moracin derivatives. 'Cheongilppong' had lower amounts of polyphenolic compounds than the other two mulberry seeds. These results indicate that mulberry seeds containing antioxidant polyphenolic compounds may be potentially useful sources of anti-diabetic, anti-hypertensive, and anti-aging agents for functional foods and cosmetics.

Rubus coreanus Miquel Improves on Impairment of Memory in Senescence-Accelerated Mouse (SAM) (노화촉진마우스를 이용한 복분자의 기억력 감퇴 개선 효과)

  • Choi, Mi-Ran;Lee, Min-Young;Kim, Jeong-Eun;Hong, Ji-Eun;Jang, Kuen-Hye;Lee, Jae-Yong;Chun, Jang-Woo;Kim, Tae-Hwan;Shin, Hyun-Kyung;Kim, Eun-Ji
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.41 no.9
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    • pp.1253-1258
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    • 2012
  • In the present study, we investigated the effects of Rubus coreanus Miquel (RCM) on memory ability of senescence-accelerated mice (SAM). Prone 8 strains of SAM mice (SAMP8), which is a useful animal for investigating the mechanism of brain aging and senile dementia, were fed a diet containing 100 mg/kg body weight/day of RCM for 8 weeks. Memory ability of mice was examined by using passive avoidance test and Morris water maze test. SAMP8 mice showed remarkable memory impairment compared with senescence-resistant 1 strains of SAM (SAMR1). RCM significantly improved memory ability of SAMP8 mice. In addition, acetylcholineasterase activities decreased in the brain of SAMP8 mice treated with RCM. Taken together, these results suggest that RCM may act as an acetylcholineasterase inhibitor, thereby improving senescence-related memory impairment.