• Title, Summary, Keyword: Aging

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Aging Characteristics of Glass Fabric/Phenolic Composites for Tilting Train Using Accelerated Aging Tester (가속노화시험장치를 적용한 틸팅열차용 유리섬유직물/페놀릭 복합재의 노화특성 평가)

  • Yoon Sung-Ho;Nam Jung-Pyo;Hwang Young-Eun;Lee Sang-Jin;Shin Kwang-Bok
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.188-194
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    • 2005
  • Aging characteristics of glass fabric/phenolic composites for tilting train subjected to combined environmental aging factors were investigated. A 2.5KW accelerated aging tester with a xenon-arc lamp was used to provide environmental aging factors such as temperature, moisture, and ultraviolet. A series of aging tests were conducted up to 3000 hours and several types of specimens were prepared along the warp direction and the fill direction. Mechanical degradations for tensile, flexural, and shear properties were evaluated as a function of exposure times through a material testing system. Thermal analysis properties such as storage shear modulus, loss shear modulus, and tan 3 were measured through a dynamic mechanical analyzer. Finally exposed surfaces of the composites were examined using a scanning electron microscope. According to the experimental results, mechanical properties and thermal analysis properties of glass fabric/phenolic composites were found to be slightly degraded as a function of exposure times due to combined environmental effects.

Structural Equation Modeling on Successful Aging in Elders - Focused on Selection.Optimization.Compensation Strategy - (노인의 성공노화 구조모형 -선택.최적화.보상 전략을 중심으로-)

  • Oh, Doo-Nam
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.42 no.3
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    • pp.311-321
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: This study was designed to construct and test a structural equation modeling on specific domain health status and the Selection Optimization Compensation (SOC) strategy affecting successful aging in elderly people. Methods: The model construction was based on the SOC model by Baltes and Baltes. Interviews were done with 201 elderly people aged 65 or older. Interview contents included demographics, functional health status, emotional health status, social health status, SOC strategies, and successful aging. Data were analyzed using SPSS 15.0 and AMOS 7.0. Results: Model fit indices for the modified model were GFI=.93, CFI=.94, and RMSEA=.07. Three out of 7 paths were found to have a significant effect on successful aging in this final model. Functional health status had a direct and positive effect on successful aging. Emotional health status influenced successful aging through SOC strategies. Conclusion: This study suggests that interventions for improving functional health status and for strengthening SOC strategies are critical for successful aging. Continuous development of a variety of successful aging programs using SOC strategy is suggested.

Aging-Friendly Outdoor Exercise Environmental Design Guideline With Universal Design (유니버설디자인을 적용한 고령친화형 운동환경 디자인 가이드라인)

  • Lee, Yeunsook;Ahn, Changhoun;Lee, Dongjoo
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.47-57
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study is to develop an aging friendly guideline aging friendly outdoor exercise environment in Universal design aspect. The aim for this guideline is to suggest a creative method to cope with forthcoming aging society and meet the various demands of all park users. Documentary survey and field survey were used to extract notion of universal design and aging friendly design; based from the extracted notions three types of exercise environment were suggested, Small scale, Medium scale and Large scale. The significant of this guideline is as fallow: First, negative aspects of aging friendly design can be eliminated by adopting universal design; therefore the guideline can have social integration aspect. Second, reflected needs of residents can be suggested on the guideline; and it was extracted from documentary survey, PPP UD checklist and field survey. Third, classifying universal design and aging friendly design in one guideline can enhance ability to manage various composition of population. Fourth, by studying young child and old people's likeness and parallel resemblance, design guideline for forthcoming aging society can be suggested. Fifth, from three developed exercise environments, the guideline can be applied into different conditions of location. Sixth, canopy type design model can be very useful for old people.

Alterations in Seed Vigour and Viability of Soybean Related with Accelerated Seed Aging and Low Dose Gamma Irradiation

  • Hwangbo, Jun-Kwon;Kim, Jae-Sung;Lim, Ji-Hyeok;Baek, Myung-Hwa;Chung, Byung-Yeoup
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.48 no.4
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    • pp.334-338
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    • 2003
  • The objective of this study was to demonstrate whether or not the deleterious effects of accelerated aging on seed vigour and viability are alleviated by interaction with gamma irradiation. Seeds of soybean (Glycine max L.) were artificially aged and subsequently irradiated with 4 and 8 Gy of gamma irradiation. Germination rate was negatively affected by accelerated aging and positively by gamma irradiation, with a positive interaction of a 3day-seed aging treatment occurring with 4 Gy, possibly suggesting that 4 Gy of gamma irradiation partially offset the adverse effects of seed aging on germination. However, 5-day aged seeds did not gain any benefits from the gamma irradiation. Electrolyte leakage from the seeds increased with the duration in days aged. Irradiation, however, did not impose any effects on the leakage. Respiration rate of the seed with hypocotyl and primary root was significantly low for the aged seeds, but not for the seeds with both irradiation and aging treatments. Accelerated aging decreased the dry weight of the hypocotyl and primary root of the seeds without any measurable effects of irradiation. $\alpha$-Amylase activity decreased with seed aging and positively responded to gamma irradiation. The data is discussed with regard to the possible roles of gamma irradiation for improving the seed vigour and viability of aged seeds.

Aging Behavior of Beeswaxed Hanji(III) - Aging of Beeswaxed Hanji with $CO_2$, $O_3$, $SO_2$ and $NO_2$ Gas - (밀랍지의 열화 거동 (제3보) - $CO_2$, $O_3$, $SO_2$$NO_2$에 의한 밀랍지의 열화 -)

  • Kim, Kang-Jae;Lee, Min-Hyung;Eom, Tae-Jin
    • Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry
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    • v.43 no.3
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    • pp.73-79
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    • 2011
  • The annals of Joseon Dynasty is one of the UNESCO's Memory of the World Register. For the safety preservation of wax applied volumes of the annals of Joseon Dynasty, the aging behavior of beeswax and beeswaxed Hanji with $CO_2$, $O_3$, $SO_2$ and $NO_2$ gas has been evaluated. The weight loss of beeswaxed Hanji after aging under ozone gas were increased because of strong acidity of ozone. The acid value and relative intensity of carbonyl groups in beeswax were stabilized with aging time. The physical strength of dewaxed Hanji after ozone aging were rapidly decreased by aging time. The crystallinity of dewaxed Hanji were stabilized at all aging times.

Epigenetics: Linking Nutrition to Molecular Mechanisms in Aging

  • Park, Joo Hyun;Yoo, Yeongran;Park, Yoon Jung
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.81-89
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    • 2017
  • Healthy aging has become a major goal of public health. Many studies have provided evidence and theories to explain molecular mechanisms of the aging process. Recent studies suggest that epigenetic mechanisms are responsible for life span and the progression of aging. Epigenetics is a fascinating field of molecular biology, which studies heritable modifications of DNA and histones that regulate gene expression without altering the DNA sequence. DNA methylation is a major epigenetic mark that shows progressive changes during aging. Recent studies have investigated aging-related DNA methylation as a biomarker that predicts cellular age. Interestingly, growing evidence proposes that nutrients play a crucial role in the regulation of epigenetic modifiers. Because various nutrients and their metabolites function as substrates or cofactors for epigenetic modifiers, nutrition can modulate or reverse epigenetic marks in the genome as well as expression patterns. Here, we will review the results on aging-associated epigenetic modifications and the possible mechanisms by which nutrition, including nutrient availability and bioactive compounds, regulate epigenetic changes and affect aging physiology.

Research of policy direction of aging society's elderly residential centralized towards medical service (고령화 사회에 대응하는 노인의료주거단지의 유니버설디자인 계획특성 연구)

  • Kang, Jeongran
    • Journal of The Korea Institute of Healthcare Architecture
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.81-89
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    • 2014
  • Purpose : An aging phenomenon was recognized as only negative aspect, which impediment a development with the decrease of a developing population and increase of social burden. Nevertheless, the problem of aging cannot be treated as a problem of individuals or social burden. Because Every mankind sometime will be the person directly involved the aging. Methods : Korea, predict to reach the aging society with over 20 percent of elderly in the whole population in 2020, should find an active political plan for responding. Because a previous discussion about the aging phenomenon focused on social welfare, the housing plan for the elderly with a consideration of the physical environment for sustaining elderly's life with happiness will be primary task. Results : This research considers housing policy, focusing on the medical service. It is because statistics, which 85 percent of elderly people suffer from chronic diseases because of physical aging signify the importance of medical service to the elderly in every-day-life. Implications : We prescribe the elderly as a population over 65. In this duration, the elderly retirees from the workplace e and spend the majority of time in their home. Thus, for the elderly, the residential space is a field of action and passageway connecting with the surroundings For the solution of physical space preparing the aging phenomenon, the combination of residential and medical function creates a new type of a lifestyle.

A Review of Brain Magnetic Resonance Imaging Correlates of Successful Cognitive Aging (뇌자기공명영상의 노화에 따른 변화)

  • Ji, Eun-Kyung;Chung, In-Won;Youn, Tak
    • Korean Journal of Biological Psychiatry
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 2014
  • Normal aging causes changes in the brain volume, connection, function and cognition. The brain changes with increases in age and difference of gender varies at all levels. Studies about normal brain aging using various brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) variables such as gray and white matter structural imaging, proton spectroscopy, apparent diffusion coefficient, diffusion tensor imaging and functional MRI are reviewed. Total volume of brain increases after birth but decreases after 9 years old. During adulthood, total volume of brain is relatively stable. After 35 years old, brain shrinks gradually. The changes of gray and white matters by aging show different features. N-acetylaspartate decreases or remains unchanged but choline, creatine and myo-inositol increase with aging. Apparent diffusion coefficient decreases till 20 years old and then becomes stable during adulthood and increase after 60 years old. Diffusion tensor properties in white matter tissue are variable during aging. Resting-state functional connectivity decreases after middle age. Structural and functional brain changes with normal aging are important for studying various psychiatric diseases such as dementia, schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Our review may be helpful for studying longitudinal changes of these diseases and successful aging.

Analysis of Traffic Accident Severity by Aging Level (고령화 수준별 교통사고 심각성 분석)

  • Kim, Tae Yang;Park, Byung Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.105-110
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    • 2018
  • Korea has entered to 'aged society', which the elderly people over 65 years old is over 14% of total population. This paper aims to analyze the traffic accident by aging level. In pursuing the above, this paper focuses on modeling the traffic accident severity based on three aging levels. The main results are as follows. First, the ratio of fatal and serious injured persons (FSI) is judged to increase according to increasing aging level. Second, the null hypothesis that there is no difference in FSI among three aging levels (aging, aged, and super-aged) is rejected. Four accident severity generalized linear models which are all statistically significant have been developed. Third, the common variables are analyzed to be median age, the number of hospital beds per persons, and turn signal usage ratio. Fourth, the differentiated traffic safety policies fitted to aging levels are required. The enforcement of traffic law violation and safety enhancement of motorcycle in the region of 'aging society', improvement of traffic facilities in the region of 'aged society', and expansion of transportation facilities in the region of 'super-aged society' are evaluated to be indispensable.

Mitochondria: multifaceted regulators of aging

  • Son, Jyung Mean;Lee, Changhan
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.52 no.1
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    • pp.13-23
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    • 2019
  • Aging is accompanied by a time-dependent progressive deterioration of multiple factors of the cellular system. The past several decades have witnessed major leaps in our understanding of the biological mechanisms of aging using dietary, genetic, pharmacological, and physical interventions. Metabolic processes, including nutrient sensing pathways and mitochondrial function, have emerged as prominent regulators of aging. Mitochondria have been considered to play a key role largely due to their production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), resulting in DNA damage that accumulates over time and ultimately causes cellular failure. This theory, known as the mitochondrial free radical theory of aging (MFRTA), was favored by the aging field, but increasing inconsistent evidence has led to criticism and rejection of this idea. However, MFRTA should not be hastily rejected in its entirety because we now understand that ROS is not simply an undesired toxic metabolic byproduct, but also an important signaling molecule that is vital to cellular fitness. Notably, mitochondrial function, a term traditionally referred to bioenergetics and apoptosis, has since expanded considerably. It encompasses numerous other key biological processes, including the following: (i) complex metabolic processes, (ii) intracellular and endocrine signaling/communication, and (iii) immunity/inflammation. Here, we will discuss shortcomings of previous concepts regarding mitochondria in aging and their emerging roles based on recent advances. We will also discuss how the mitochondrial genome integrates with major theories on the evolution of aging.