• Title, Summary, Keyword: Aging

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Comparison of the Interest in Anti-Aging, Need for Anti-Aging Services and the Performance of Health Promotion Behavior by Sex in their 20s (20대 성인에서 성별에 따른 항노화에 대한 관심도 및 건강증진행위 수행도 및 항노화서비스의 필요성 비교)

  • Her, Eun-Sil
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Industry Convergence
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.9-17
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    • 2021
  • This aim of this study examined the relationship among the interest in anti-aging, health promotion behaviors and the need for anti-aging services by their 20s. Survey was conducted among adults from their 20s in the Changwon City. 228 responses were used for analysis. The overall average score of the interest and effort of anti-aging were 2.97 point and 2.62 point (out of 5), respectively. And those were both higher in female than men (p<0.01~p<0.001). The overall average score of need for anti-aging service was 3.50 point(total score is 5). In The demand for each area of anti-aging service were ≥3.5 point in all 5 areas, and stress management (4.00 point) was the highest, while the beauty management (3.60 point) was the lowest. There were significant differences in all five areas by sex (p<0.01~p<0.001). The overall score of the performance of health promotion behaviors was 2.44 point(total score is 4), and the interpersonal relationship score (2.85 point) was the highest, while the health responsibility score (2.08 point) was the lowest. The interest in anti-aging and performance of health promotion behaviors showed positive relationship to anti-aging services, and their explanation powers were 34.6% (p<0.001). The results of this study suggest be used as data to establish strategies revitalizing various anti-aging service in the twenties.

Mechanism of aging and prevention (노화의 기전과 예방)

  • Kim, Jay Sik
    • IMMUNE NETWORK
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.104-108
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    • 2001
  • Aging is a senescence and defined as a normal physiologic and structural alterations in almost all organ systems with age. As Leonard Hayflick, one of the first gerontologists to propose a theory of biologic aging, indicated that a theory of aging or longevity satisfies the changes of above conditions to be universal, progressive, intrinsic and deleterious. Although a number of theories have been proposed, it is now clear that cell aging (cell senescence) is multifactorial. No single mechanism can account for the many varied manifestations of biological aging. Many theories have been proposed in attempt to understand and explain the process of aging. Aging is effected in individual by genetic factors, diet, social conditions, and the occurrence of age-related diseases as diabetes, hypertension, and arthritis. It involves an endogenous molecular program of cellular senescence as well as continuous exposure throughout life to adverse exogenous influences, leading to progressive infringement on the cell's survivability so called wear and tear. So we could say the basic mechanism of aging depends on the irreversible and universal processes at cellular and molecular level. The immediate cause of these changes is probably an interference in the function of cell's macromolecules-DNA, RNA, and cell proteins-and in the flow of information between these macromolecules. The crucial questions, unanswered at present, concerns what causes these changes in truth. Common theories of aging are able to classify as followings for the easy comprehension. 1. Biological, 1) molecular theories - a. error theory, b. programmed aging theory, c. somatic mutation theory, d. transcription theory, e. run-out-of program theory, 2) cellular theories - a. wear and tear theory, b. cross-link theory, c. clinker theory, d. free radical theory, e. waste product theory, 3) system level theory-a. immunologic/autoimmune theory, 4) others - a. telomere theory, b. rate of living theory, c. stress theory, etc. Prevention of aging is theoretically depending on the cause or theory of aging. However no single theory is available and no definite method of delaying the aging process is possible by this moment. The most popular action is anti-oxidant therapy using vitamin E and C, melatonin and DHEA, etc. Another proposal for the reverse of life-span is TCP-17 and IL-16 administration from the mouse bone marrow B cell line study for the immunoglobulin VDJ rearrangement with RAG-1 and RAG-2. Recently conclusional suggestion for the extending of maximum life-span thought to be the calory restriction.

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COLOR STABILITY OF CURRENT PROSTHETIC COMPOSITES UNDER ACCELERATED AGING AND IMMERSION IN A COFFEE SOLUTION

  • Kim, Hyo-Jin;Heo, Seong-Joo;Koak, Jai-Young;Chang, Ik-Tae
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.225-235
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    • 2002
  • The color stability of current prosthetic composites is unknown, even though the quality of composite materials has been improving. This study examined the intrinsic color stability of various current prosthetic resins (ceramic-polymers) after an accelerated aging process and the extrinsic color stability after immersion in a coffee solution. By comparing the amount of discoloration after aging with that without aging, the effect of the accelerated aging process on external discoloration could be evaluated. Three current prosthetic composites (Artglass, Targis, Sculpture), one light polymerized direct composite (Z100) and one dental porcelain control (Ceramco) were assessed. The color changes (${\Delta}$E) of all the specimens were determined using the CIE $L^{*}a^{*}b^{*}$ color order system with a reflected spectrophotometer. The results were as follows: 1. The prosthetic composite materials subjected to the accelerated aging test showed no significant difference in color changes (p >.05). 2. In the coffee solution immersion test after the aging process, the color changes of the Targis and Artglass groups were not different from that of the Z100 group, which showed the highest color change. 3. In the immersion only test, a significantly high color change was observed in the sculpture glazing group. 4. The aging process influenced on the color changes more in the Targis, Artglass and Z100 groups than in the Sculpture and Ceramco groups.

A study of the starch′s effect on the aging of Bread (전분이 합의 노화(Bread Staling)에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • 이명호
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.165-190
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    • 1999
  • There are no reliable data about the effect on the baking industry in Korea yet. The damage caused by the product's aging is so much in the confectionary and baking industries. Therefore, the aging of bread is an economical problem which determines its commercial lifespan. In order to solve out this aging problem, this article dealt with the factors which give rise to the effect of starch on the aging and its inhibitory methods. 1. Control of the moisture content : Because the aging of starch occurs at 30~60% of moisture most frequently, controlling the moisture content above or below the above percentage can help restrain the aging to a certain degree. 2. Addition of sugars : The sugars become hydrated through hydrogenation with the moisture in the food. Thus, the sugars suppress the phenomenon of crumbling inside the food acting as a kind of dehydrator. 3. Use of an emulsifying agent : The emulsifying agent increases the stability of starch colloid liquid and suppresses the precipitation of starch molecules and the formation of crystallized range to prevent aging. 4. Method by freezing : The aging of starch does hardly occur reaching -2$0^{\circ}C$~-3$0^{\circ}C$ below zero. 5. Maintenance of warm condition : The freshness of bread is maintained at the 80% of humidity at 5$0^{\circ}C$.

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The Relationship of Life Satisfaction, Health Behaviors and Successful Aging in the Elderly (지역사회 노인의 생활만족도, 건강행위와 성공적 노후간의 관계)

  • Lee, Seon-Hye;Moon, Myeong-Ja
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.204-214
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: This study was conducted in order to the relationship between life satisfaction, health behaviors, and successful aging and factors associated with successful aging. Methods: Participants in this study included 159 elders living in one city. Data on life satisfaction (Choi's Life Satisfaction Scale for Korean elderly, 1984), health behaviors (Choi & Kim's Health Behaviors Scale for Korean elderly, 1997), and successful aging (Kim & Shin's Successful Aging Scale for Korean elderly, 2005) were collected by trained interviewers. For analysis of collected data, the PASW 18.0 program was used, which included descriptive analysis, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe test, Pearson correlation coefficients, and Multiple regression. Results: Results showed a positive correlation between life satisfaction, health behaviors, and successful aging. Life satisfaction, self-perceived health status, and health behavior explained 60.8% of successful aging. Conclusion: There is a need to help improve health behavior and self-perceived health status of elders. We should also understand life satisfaction over their life span and establish a program that encourages healthy behavior in the community. Accordingly, these efforts will allow for achievement of a more successful aging process for the elderly.

Expanding the aging self: Investigating successful aging among Korean older adults using grounded theory

  • Park, Hyung-Ran
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.426-440
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: This qualitative study aimed to understand older adults' perspectives on successful aging and develop a model of a successful aging process, within the Korean socio-cultural context. Methods: This study used a Grounded Theory approach. Through theoretical sampling, 14 participants were selected from older adults at a public health center and a volunteer institution in Gyeonggi Province, South Korea. Results: The basic social process identified was "expanding the aging self", which was preceded by three phases, namely, adjusting to the changes, developing the valuable self, and embracing the environment. Participants used 2-3 strategies for successful aging in each phase. For adjusting to the changes, participants used strategies such as "adopting a positive attitude", "accepting the changes", and "being at the center of life". To develop the valuable self, "re-identifying capacities", "having something to do", and "advancing to a healthy lifestyle" were used. Participants embraced their environments with "sharing with others" and "embracing younger generations". The causal condition for expanding the aging self was the changes in participants' physical, mental, or psychosocial situations. Conclusion: These findings suggest a theoretical foundation for the development of potential nursing interventions to promote self-care management and the interpersonal relationship for successful aging among Korean elderly individuals.

ACCELERATED AGING USING $FOCAS^{(R)}$-A BURNER BASED SYSTEM SIMULATING AN ENGINE

  • Bykowski, B.B.;Bartley, G.J.J.;Webb, C.C.;Zhan, R.;Burrahm, R.W.
    • International Journal of Automotive Technology
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.245-249
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    • 2006
  • Accelerated aging of engine exhaust system components such as catalytic converters are traditionally performed using an engine/dynamometer test stand. $SwRI^{(R)}'s\;FOCAS^{(R)}$ system reduces or eliminates many of the engine based aging limitations. This paper will describe several studies. These include: 1) replication of engine based catalyst aging cycles with added precision and dependability; 2) catalyst aging with and without lubricating oil effects; 3) effects of lubricant phosphorus on catalyst performance; and 4) the potential to thermally age components beyond the capabilities of engine based systems. The first study includes the development of the SwRI FOCAS system to run programmed aging conditions with or without lubricating oil. A description of the subsystems is given. The second two studies used the SwRI FOCAS system to age catalysts. One study compared thermal-only aging using of the SwRI FOCAS system with equivalent aging on a traditional engine/dynamometer test stand. The other study examined the effect on catalyst performance of two lubricating oils containing different levels of phosphorus, and compared the results to field data generated using the same oils in a fleet of vehicles.

The Perception of Successful Aging among Korean Elderly (노인들의 인식을 통한 한국적인 성공적 노화의 개념)

  • Choi, Hye-Kyoung;Paik, Jee-Eun;Seo, Sun-Young
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2005
  • This study was conducted to examine how Korean elderly perceive elements of successful aging, and to explore the meanings of a successful life in the contexts of the life experiences of the Korean elderly. From life-contextual perspectives, this study explored differences in perception on successful aging by gender and by class (economic status). Forty elderly persons aged 65 and over participated in this study. The data on the perceptions of successful aging in their own life contexts were collected through in-depth interviews. The major result of this study indicates that there are differences in the key theme of successful aging by class (economic status), because cultural and economic contexts influenced the elderly persons' perception of successful aging. This study will help researchers, educators, and practitioners to understand successful aging experience as well as establish the concept of successful aging among Koreans.

Successful Aging according to Korean Elderly: The Definition, Types, and Predicting Variables (한국노인들이 기대하는 성공적인 노화의 개념, 유형 및 예측요인)

  • Paik Jee-Eun;Choi Hye-Kyoung
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.1-16
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    • 2005
  • This study explored the elements, types, and determining factors of successful aging for the Korean elderly. In order to examine the expectations of the Korean elderly, a sample of 377 elderly aged 65 and over living in Seoul and Kyunggi areas was selected and interviewed. The elements of successful aging that the Korean elderly pointed out in the interviews were: 'peaceful and comfortable life', 'self-maintenance,' 'secure social support,' and 'ostentation.' The expected elements of successful aging were further classified into three types of successful aging: 'idealized expectation.' 'self-centered expectation,' 'balanced self-other expectation.' The elderly groups sorted by the types exhibited significant differences in terms of demographic characteristics, self-evaluated economic status, and self-evaluated health status. The variables that affected the expectations were age, level of education, marital status, gender, and self-evaluated health condition. However, further analysis revealed that the factors that affected the expectation for successful aging were different for male and female elderly. The results suggest that the successful aging of Korean elderly should be understood in the context of Korean society and culture. The results could be used to better understand varied and unique life of Korean elderly, as well as in establishing a basis of intervention that meets the specific demands of the Korean elderly.

In Search of a Definition of Successful Aging: A Review of Literature (성공적인 노화 정의를 위한 문헌연구)

  • 홍현방;최혜경
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.145-154
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    • 2003
  • As the life-expectancy is ever-increasing, and the proportion of the elderly population is growing steadily in every society of the world, it is ever more important to establish what factors allow certain elderly people to age successfully and remain relatively independent while others grow old less successfully and require extensive intervention. However, there is no consensus yet as to what successful aging means. Researchers have defined successful aging in a variety of ways. This study attempted to define the concept of successful aging and to clarify some dimensions of it through literature review. Previous approaches of studying successful aging and related themes were examined. Early perspectives including activity, disengagement, and continuity theories, Selective Optimization with Compensation (SOC) model by Baltes and Baltes, three different conceptions of successful aging, that is, psychological well-being, physical health, and wisdom, and MacArthur research on successful aging have been reviewed for this study. The definition derived from the review is: Keeping up continuous developmental processes to achieve wisdom or ego-integrity, without suffering any major disabilities in either physical or mental functioning, while maintaining psychological well-being and employing SOC strategies, and participating in positive relationships with significant others. The dimensions of successful aging are 1) personal resources, including physical health, cognitive competences, self esteem, and social support 2) adaptation process of SOC, and 3) psychological aspects, including psychological well-being and wisdom.