• Title, Summary, Keyword: Aggression

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A Study on the Relations among Anger Expression Mode, Depression, and Aggression in Vocational High School Students (실업계 고등학생의 분노표현방식, 우울 및 공격성과의 관계)

  • Kim, Hee-Sook;Lee, Sung-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.270-279
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship among anger expression mode, depression and aggression in vocational high school students and to preview a method to help adolescents who have the tendency of anger, depression or aggression tendency in community mental health situation. Method: In order to get the data by self-reporting questionnaire, 372 subjects were selected from Oct. 1, 2006 to Dec. 18, 2006. The instruments for this study were Spielberger's Anger Expression Scale, Beck's Depression Scale, and Buss & Durkee's Aggression Scale. The dada was analyzed by percentage, mean, standard deviation, t-test, one-way ANOVA, and Pearson's correlation coefficient using the SPSS 12.0 program. Result: There were significantly positive correlations between anger-in and depression, and between anger-in and aggression. Also there were significantly positive correlations between anger-out and depression, and between anger-out and aggression. There was a significantly positive correlation between depression and aggression. Conclusion: It is necessary to develop a strategy to decrease depression and aggression, and to increase positive anger expression mode for vocational high school students.

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The Effects of Child Maltreatment on Reactive Aggression Amongst Middle-School Students and the Moderating Role of Self-Control (부모로부터의 학대 경험이 중학생의 반응적 공격성에 미치는 영향과 자기통제력의 조절효과)

  • Kwon, Min Jung;Park, Ju Hee
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.71-89
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    • 2015
  • The present study examined the effects of child maltreatment and self-control on reactive aggression amongst middle-school students and investigated whether students' self-control had any form of moderating effect on the relationship between child maltreatment and reactive aggression. The participants of this study consisted of 482 students (204 boys and 278 girls) from four middle schools located in Seoul and Gyoung-gi province. The Peer Conflict Scale (Marsee, Kimonis, & Frick, 2004) was used to measure the level of reactive aggression. The level of child maltreatment was assessed by means of the Child Trauma Questionnaire (Bernstein & Fink, 1998). Self-control was measured by the Self-Control Scale (Nam, 1999). Statistical analyses of data used for this study comprised the following methods; frequency, mean, standard deviation, and hierarchical regression. The moderating effect of self-control was analyzed by using the procedures proposed by Baron and Kenny (1986). The results indicated that the level of child maltreatment increased the level of reactive aggression whereas the level of self-control decreased the level of reactive aggression. In addition, self-control moderated the influence of child maltreatment on student's reactive aggression. As a result, the influence of child maltreatment upon reactive aggression was greater when the level of self-control was low, compared to when it was high.

Effect of Intention Attribution, Emotional Attribution and Language Ability on Proactive Aggression by Preschoolers According to Age and Emotional Condition of Counterpart Child (유아의 의도귀인과 정서귀인 및 언어능력이 주도적 공격성에 미치는 영향: 유아의 연령과 상대 유아의 정서조건에 따른 차이)

  • Jung, Hyun-Sim;Yi, Soon-Hyung
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.54 no.1
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    • pp.45-56
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    • 2016
  • This study investigates: (1) children's proactive aggression according to age and the emotional condition of the counterpart child, (2) if children's intention attribution, emotional attribution (victim and perpetrator) and language ability influences proactive aggression according to age and the emotional condition of the counterpart child. The subjects were 68 3-year-old and 70 5-year-old children. Each child was individually interviewed with picture cards. Collected data were coded and analyzed in SPSS with frequencies, percentiles, means, standard deviations, repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA), t -tests, Pearson correlations and multiple linear regression. The results showed that 3-year-old children showed more proactive aggression and physical aggression than 5-year-old children. They showed more proactive aggression when counterpart child was in a happy condition than in a fear condition. Intention attribution, emotional attribution, and language ability partially affected a children's proactive aggression according to age and the emotional condition of the counterpart child. This study has practical implications for teachers in regards to children's proactive aggressive behavior at child care centers. Teachers use specific to develop advantages as the basis for developing aggression prevention programs that consider emotional and cognitive factors.

Children's Relational and Overt Aggression in relation to their Negative Emotionality, Emotional Regulation, and Maternal Parenting Behaviors (유아의 관계적 및 외현적 공격성에 대한 부정적 정서성, 정서조절, 어머니양육행동의 영향)

  • Kwon, Yeon-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.927-940
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    • 2011
  • This study examined the effects of children's negative emotionality, emotional regulation, and maternal parenting behaviors on their relational and overt aggression. The participants were 355 children(174 boys, 181 girls; aged 4-5 years old) and their mothers. The teachers completed rating scales to measure the children's aggression and emotion regulation. The children's negative emotionality and maternal parenting behaviors were assessed by a mother reported questionnaire. The collected data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-tests, correlations, and hierarchical multiple regressions. Results showed that Children's negative emotionality was positively related to their relational and overt aggression. Children's emotional regulation had a negative relation to their relational and overt aggression. Mother's limit-setting and rejection-neglect was significantly related to children's relational aggression, whereas mother's warmth-encouragement and rejection-neglect was negatively related to children's overt aggression. Hierarchical regression analysis indicated that the interaction of children's negative emotionality and mother's overprotection-permission predicted children's overt aggression. Children's negative emotionality, whose mothers demonstrated middle and high level of overprotection-permission, was associated significantly with overt aggression. In addition, the association between mother's parenting behaviors and children's aggressions were mediated by their emotion regulation. The findings point to similarities and differences between relational and overt aggression in relation to children's negative emotionality, emotional regulation and maternal parenting behaviors.

The Influence of Parenting Behaviors, Marital Conflict, and Sibling Relations on Aggression in Children (부모의 양육행동, 부부갈등 및 아동의 형제자매관계와 아동의 공격성간의 관계)

  • Kim, Min Jung;Doh, Hyun Sim
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.149-166
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    • 2001
  • This study examined the effects of parenting behaviors, marital conflict and sibling relations on aggression with a sample of 301 6th graders (161 boys and 140 girls) living in P city. The subjects answered questionnaires regarding parenting behaviors, including sub-scales of physical punishment and psychological control, marital conflict, and sibling relations. Aggression was rated by peers. The results indicated that boys showed higher overt aggression than girls; children were aggressive when parents frequently used physical punishment and psychological control; the more children were exposed to marital conflict, the more aggressive they were, with particularly high correlations for girls; and the less positive and the more negative the sibling relations, the higher the aggression shown by children. Among the variables, parent's behaviors were the most highly correlated with aggression in both boys and girls.

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Father′s Parenting Behavior, Son′s Emotional Regulation as Related to Son′s Aggression (아버지의 양육행동 및 남아의 정서조절 능력과 공격성간의 관계)

  • 박혜경;박성연
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.40 no.8
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    • pp.87-98
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the relations among Father's parenting behavior, Son's emotional regulation and Aggression. The subjects of this study were 191 male-students of 5th, 6th-grade living in Seoul and Kyoung-ki province. The data were collected via questionnaires. As results, Father's rewarding attitude toward Son's aggression was significantly related to Son's reactive aggression. And Father's coercive parenting was the most predictable variable for Son's relational aggression. It is suggested that father's parenting behavior is very important antecedent variables to predict children aggression as well as emotional regulation.

A Relationship between Communication Situation and Adolescents' Aggression (커뮤니케이션 상황과 청소년의 공격성 간의 관계 분석(I))

  • 김정옥
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.89-105
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of the study was to investigate the causal relationships between communication situation - communication apprehension(CA), family communication orientation(FCO), individual viewing motives and perceived realism of aggressive films - and aggression. The data from 193 high school students were analysed by SAS program. The respondents were asked to complete the self-report questionnaires, and the data were analysed by Cronbach's to the reliability, factor analysis, frequencies, percentage, means, standard deviation, Pearson's correlation coefficient, Duncan's multiple test, multiple regression, and path analysis, The results showed that CA was positively related to both aggression against the materials, and potential aggression. FCO had no direct effect on aggression but concept-oriented family affected indirect effect on aggression through viewing motives. The ritualistic motives were more positively related to aggression and identity than instrumental motive.

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Affective Predictors of School-Age Children's Aggression and Peer Relationships: Direct and Indirect Effects (상호작용 상황에서의 정서표현, 정서이해 및 정서조절 능력이 학령기 아동의 공격성 및 또래관계에 미치는 직.간접적 영향)

  • Han, Eu-Gene
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.1-15
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    • 2006
  • This study explored the relationship between children's emotional competence, aggression and peer relationships. Participants were 164 third and 134 fourth grade children from five elementary schools in Seoul and Chenan. Emotional competence, aggression and peer relationships were assessed by means of a questionnaire, interview and observation. Results indicated that emotional understanding of self and others, sex, age, emotional expression and passive regulation strategies were significant variables in predicting children's aggression. Emotional understanding was the most predictable variable in relation to peer relationships. Emotional understanding, emotional regulation and emotional expression made independent contributions to aggression and peer relationships. Mediation analyses revealed that the significant connections between children's emotional competence and negative peer relationships were mostly mediated by aggression.

Effects of Child, Day Care, and Home Variables on Physical and Relational Aggression of Preschool Children (유아의 신체적 및 관계적 공격성에 영향을 미치는 유아 개인, 보육 및 가정 변인)

  • Lee, Sung-Bok;Shin, Yoo-Lim
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.49 no.9
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    • pp.111-120
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this research was to investigate the effects of child, day care, and home variables that influence physical and relational aggression of preschool children. The participants were 338 four and five year olds recruited from day care centers. Children's self-regulation, day care experiences and parenting stress were reported by mothers. Children's aggression and the teacher-child relationships were measured by teachers. The results showed that self-regulation was negatively correlated with physical and relational aggression. Years of day care experiences and parenting stress were positively related with physical and relational aggression. Moreover, teacher-child conflicts were positively associated with physical as well as relational aggression.

Friendship Quality of Aggressive Children and Their Best Friends (공격적 아동과 가장 친한 친구의 친구관계 질)

  • Shin, Yoo-Lim
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.133-141
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlations among physical, relational aggression and friendship quality and the similarity of perceptions of friendship quality between friends. Moreover, APIM was applied to examine the actor and partner effects of aggression on friendship quality. The subjects were 339 5th grade children recruited from 2 public primary schools located in Gyeonggi province. The results demonstrated that there were significant correlations between friendship quality and both types of aggression. The perceptions of help, intimacy, emotional stability, and conflict between friends were significantly similar. Finally, there were significant self-effects of physical aggression on friendship conflict. Moreover, there were self-and partner-effects of relational aggression on friendship conflict.